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augustes essays An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers. Thesis Autobiography. Despite vanquishing his opponents in the long series of essay in it civil wars 49-45 BC, Caesar did little to address the underlying ills of the Republic. His concerns were first and foremost the defeat in the field of his political opponents. During these years, and following his final victory, he was content to maintain control by a combination of the good statement consulship and the revived, albeit reviled, dictatorship. Extensive and excessive honors of all sorts were also voted to Caesar by a sycophantic senate: he refused none, save attempts to crown him king. Nevertheless, his broad disregard for tradition and precedent, and the general air of arrogance and high-handedness that marked Caesar's dealings with his peers, made him appear Rome's king in all but name. To be sure, he passed various items of legislation dealing with immediate problems (for instance, debt relief or the calendar), but he made no serious effort to systematize his position or tackle the issues that had generated the Roman Revolution in the first place. In fact, in the last months of his life he was planning to leave Rome for several years to campaign against the Parthians in the East. Fiji Carbon Negative Case Study. That the cabal of nobles who conspired to kill Caesar included disaffected members of his own party constitutes stark testimony as to the effects of Caesar's tactlessness.
On 15 March, 44 BC C. Julius Caesar, dictator for life, was surrounded by the conspirators at a meeting of the senate and cut down with twenty-three stab wounds. He died at the foot of a statue of his great rival, Pompey. The senatorial Liberators, covered in good, blood and brandishing their daggers, rushed out to in it accept the gratitude of the liberated. Thesis Autobiography. They met with a somewhat different reception. Questions Color. The people had loved Caesar, even if his recent behavior had been disappointing [] . Good Thesis Statement. The Liberators, who were led by L. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus, held public meetings in the Forum, but the reaction of the people was equivocal at best. The senate, meeting on March 17, vacillated and declared an amnesty for the Liberators (inferring legitimacy for their act of tyrannicide) while ratifying all of Caesar's acts and decreeing him a public funeral in the Forum (inferring legitimacy for Caesar's power). It may have seemed a workable compromise, but when Caesar's mutilated body was displayed to the crowd and on weapons of mass destruction, the contents of his will were made public--in which some gardens were bequeathed to good autobiography the public and an individual stipend given to each member of the Roman people--the dam of emotion burst and rioting ensued. The Liberators fled the city. Power seemed firmly in the hands of the pro-Caesar camp and, in cover letter follow, particular, in those of thesis M. Antonius (Mark Antony), Caesar's right-hand man. The dictator's will, however, had contained something of a political bombshell that was to write statement shake this situation to its foundations.
For Caesar named as his chief heir and good autobiography, adopted son one of his three great-nephews, C. Octavius. The nature of the relationship between Caesar and the young Octavius is not clear. Dio claims (45.1.2) that after Octavius reached maturity (in 48 BC), Caesar took him in and began training him to be his successor. This assertion is clearly more informed by on recent trend in it, later imperial behavior than by Late Republican practice, and thesis, is unlikely in any case, since Caesar was much occupied with the civil wars at this time (49-45 BC). There is no evidence that the two actually met before Octavius was in writing homework ideas 2, his mid-teens, but that the dictator noticed Octavius is hardly to be doubted. Suetonius ( Aug . Good Thesis Autobiography. 8.1) presents a more likely series of events.
In 48 BC the young Octavius was elected to the pontifical college. Cover. When Caesar celebrated his multiple triumphs in September 46 BC, Octavius took part in the procession and was accorded military honors. At some time in this period, Octavius was also adlected into the patrician order. He then followed Caesar to good statement Spain when the latter went to fight the Pompeians at Munda (45 BC). He earned the admiration of the dictator for the daring of his journey, which included a shipwreck; he was to show this same daring repeatedly in future months and trend, years. In 44 BC Caesar nominated the good statement autobiography magistrates several years in advance (another shunning of tradition on Caesar's part), and the young man was included as his Master of Horse for 43 or 42 BC. Despite these indications of favor, it is fair to say that in the broad scheme of follow up things Octavius was a non-player and a political nobody in March 44 BC, when his great-uncle was killed.
When he heard of Caesar's murder, Octavius was in Apollonia in autobiography, Illyricum, preparing to join Caesar on his Parthian campaign. His friends and some senior army officers urged him to take refuge with the army in Macedonia; his family advised that he lie low and come to Rome unthreateningly as a private citizen. He opted for the latter course of action and arrived in southern Italy, south of Brundisium. Essay Questions On The Color Of Water. Here, he heard more details about Caesar's death and of his own adoption. His family, now fearful for his life, urged him to renounce the adoption and good thesis statement autobiography, inheritance in order to secure his personal safety. In a tremendous act of daring, he instead made directly for Brundisium and the large concentration of essay trend in it troops there. [] Entrance into Politics: April 44-November 43 BC [] Antony paid no attention, at least officially. He sent no deputations to meet Octavian and good thesis, inquire as to his intentions. Perhaps he dismissed the youth's actions as a sideshow bearing little relevance to the main thrust of politics. [] At that time Antony was deeply occupied with several important matters, not the least being to secure powerful provinces for on recent in it himself while downgrading those of Cassius and Brutus, the leaders of the Liberators. Thus, when Octavian finally entered Rome toward the end of thesis statement autobiography April, Antony continued to ignore him.
Octavian kept his cool and arranged a meeting. When he showed up--ironically, in the gardens of Pompey on on recent in it, the Oppian Hill--he was pointedly kept waiting. Statement Autobiography. The ensuing exchange did not go well. Carbon. [] In subsequent weeks, Antony blocked Octavian's moves to have his adoption officially recognized and also prevented him from standing for thesis public office. But Octavian curried favor with the crowd, and carbon negative, tensions with Antony rose. [] Events around Mutina in good thesis autobiography, northern Italy brought matters to a head, both between the essay questions color Caesarian camp and the Liberators and between Antony and Octavian. Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus had been a supporter of good thesis statement Caesar's -- and 2, one of his assassins. The dictator had appointed him to the governorship of Cisalpine Gaul (roughly the thesis statement autobiography Po Valley region of modern Italy), an appointment confirmed by the senate. The senate had also assigned Antony, consul in 44 BC, the province of Macedonia. Through tribunician legislation in June 44 BC, Antony had his command in Macedonia exchanged for up that in proximate and powerful Cisalpine Gaul. Decimus Brutus's term was up at the end of 44 BC, but Antony decided to assume command of Cisalpine Gaul in November.
Decimus Brutus resisted and was supported by a senate largely well disposed toward the Liberators, whom it regarded as tyrannicides. [] Against this backdrop of looming crisis between the Caesarians and the Liberators, the relationship between Antony and Octavian continued to deteriorate, despite occasional public reconciliations. Good Thesis. Antony accused Octavian of plotting against him, while Octavian attempted, through agents, to undermine the loyalty of the army that Antony was bringing to Italy from Macedonia. Antony went to Brundisium to writing ideas year 2 secure his army (things did not go well there for him), at statement autobiography which juncture Octavian showed his daring once more. Despite the risk of being branded a public enemy, he toured the Caesarian colonies of Campania and, relying on old loyalties, raised a private army from among Caesar's veterans, perhaps 10,000 strong. For A Psychology. It was a vivid demonstration of the power of the name Caesar. Good Thesis Statement. Antony, meanwhile, returned to writing ideas Rome and intended to denounce Octavian to the senate when he heard that two of his five legions from Macedonia had defected to Octavian.
Fearing the worst, he took the remainder of his force and hastened to attack Decimus Brutus in Cisalpine Gaul. Thesis Statement. [] The situation was now highly volatile. Decimus Brutus, backed by how to write for a, the senate, was resisting Antony under arms, and retired to the fortified town of Mutina in Cisalpine Gaul. Antony had four legions, Octavian had five. All the armed parties were mutually antagonistic. The senate, led by Cicero in his last great political action, identified Antony as the greater threat. [] Cicero and Antony were now on opposing sides, following an acrimonious oratorical exchange in the senate that started in September 44 BC. At this crucial juncture, then, Cicero deployed his considerable rhetorical skill to Octavian's benefit and began to champion his cause as a foil to Antony's power. As a result, on 1 January, 43 BC Octavian's essentially illegal command of statement men under arms was legitimized with a grant of propraetorian power. As such, Octavian continued his preparations to attack Antony, now declared a public enemy, who had begun besieging Decimus Brutus at essay on recent Mutina. Octavian, now an official representative of the republic, led his force into the region and moved against Antony. [] In two engagements in April, Antony was bested and good thesis statement autobiography, fled over write a thesis for a, the Alps to his political allies in Transalpine Gaul. Both consuls for 43 BC, however, perished in the fighting around Mutina, and Octavian, as the senior commander on the spot, refused to cooperate any further with Decimus Brutus, a murderer of his father.
The senators, it appears, hoped that Octavian would now go away. Thesis. They appointed Decimus Brutus to the overall command against Antony, issued decrees of public thanks to him, and palmed Octavian off with an cover follow up ovation. When a commission to distribute land to veterans was set up, Octavian was pointedly omitted. Smarting at good such insulting treatment, Octavian bided his time and put in requests for a consulship (with Cicero as his colleague) and of mass, a triumph. Meanwhile, Antony was preparing to return to Cisalpine Gaul with enormous forces gained from thesis statement Caesarian commanders in Transalpine Gaul. The situation remained unstable. [] In the face of all these developments, Octavian once more acted with courage and determination, even if with shocking directness. Having secured his army's loyalty, he marched on Rome and seized the city with eight legions. Three legions brought from outside Italy to counter him defected. Unsurprisingly, Octavian was elected consul to cover follow replace the deceased consuls of 43 BC. He now carried the long-delayed ratification of his adoption, paid out the remainder of good autobiography Caesar's legacy, revoked the amnesty for the Liberators, and tried and convicted them en masse and in absentia on carbon negative study, a single day.
Despite his control of Rome, Octavian's position was perilous. Antony was massing huge forces in Cisalpine Gaul and, across the Adriatic, Cassius and thesis statement, Brutus had taken the opportunity offered by the enmity between the Caesarian leaders to gain control of most of the eastern empire, it might be noted, with no great regard for fiji either legality or scruple. [] These complicated events have been treated here in detail due to their immense importance in establishing Octavian in the mainstream of Roman politics. Dismissed by good statement autobiography, Antony and then by writing year 2, the senate as a bit player, he proved repeatedly capable of deft and resolute action in defence of his interests. Thesis Statement. On account of his tender years, he lacked the nexus of influential support that most leading Roman politicians, including Antony, found essential to their success and ideas year, therefore he had to rely more on direct appeals to the mob, his troops, and supporters of good Caesar. His actions might not have been always scrupulous or admirable, but Late-Republican politics was a vicious and cutthroat business and few involved adhered solely to fiji carbon principle (the Liberators, for instance, went about the eastern empire seizing provinces and only had their acts ratified post factum by a compliant senate). Octavian had only two reliable tools available to him at this early stage in good thesis statement autobiography, his career: his name, Caesar, and promises of bounty to the soldiers, and he deployed both with daring and trend in it, decisiveness when he had to.
In the autumn of 43 BC, he was to make his most ambitious move yet. The Triumvirate I: Early Challenges, 43-36 BC. The rule of the three got off to good statement an inauspicious start. Their first act was the implementation of cover letter follow proscriptions, unused since the horrible days of Sulla's dictatorship. Since the property of the proscribed was forfeited, the main motive of the triumvirs in instigating the terror appears to have been financial, as many of their most implacable enemies were not in Rome or Italy at all but with Brutus and Cassius in the East. Statement. A recent interpretation has questioned this view and argues that the proscriptions were a purely political act, designed to root out all opposition to negative study the triumvirs in autobiography, Italy.
Our sources preserve, in excruciating detail, dozens of tragic anecdotes about the proscribed as well as the text of the chilling proclamation announcing the essay questions color proscriptions. Cicero, Antony's bitter enemy, was one of the first victims, with Octavian's compliance. The apparent financial reason for the triumvirs' need for money was soon to be made clear, when mass veteran settlements took place. Thousands perished in the chaos and mayhem that inevitably followed hard on good thesis, the heels of the proscriptions. [] Next, the Liberators had to be dealt with. After a prelude in Africa early in 42 BC, in which a pro-senate governor was ousted by Octavian's appointee, Antony and trend, Octavian moved on Cassius and Brutus in the summer and autumn of that same year. Thesis Autobiography. The campaign took place in the Balkans and culminated in a double battle some weeks apart in October at Philippi in Macedonia.
The Liberators were decisively defeated, Cassius and negative, Brutus committed suicide, and thesis statement, the Caesarians established their control over the whole Roman world. Octavian, who had not played a glorious part in essay on weapons destruction, the battles, showed complete implacability in executing any and all of thesis autobiography those implicated in the murder of Caesar who fell into his hands. A reshuffling of the provinces was required in water case study, light of the new situation: Antony got the East but retained Transalpine and thesis autobiography, Narbonese Gaul; Octavian got most of the West; Lepidus, fast being overshadowed by his more ambitious and ruthless partners, was effectively sidelined in Africa. Following Philippi, Antony moved east, Octavian returned to Italy, and of mass, a new polarization of the Roman world began to manifest itself. [] In the thesis West, Octavian faced an immediate problem: the settlement of some 40,000 veterans in Italian communities. On Recent In It. Veteran settlement was of paramount concern, since it spoke to Octavian's trustworthiness as a patron and good statement, so could influence the future loyalty of how to write a thesis for a psychology his armies.
The procedure entailed the forcible eviction of inhabitants from their land followed by its redistribution as individual plots among the ex-soldiers. Good Thesis Autobiography. Prior to Philippi, eighteen rich towns in Italy had been promised to the soldiers--now it was time to pay up. Beginning in ideas 2, 41 BC and continuing for perhaps a year or more afterward, life in the towns and good thesis, regions selected for settlement underwent massive disruption. It seems that the cover follow up dispossessed were not compensated for their loss, so that the whole process made Octavian enormously unpopular in Italy. [] This unpopularity generated an opportunity for the opponents of the triumvirate and led to the so-called Perusine War. One of the consuls of 41 BC was L. Antonius, brother of Mark Antony. Playing on Octavian's poor reputation among the Italians, he stirred up as much trouble for the triumvir as he could. He began spreading rumors that Antony's veterans were being shabbily treated compared to Octavian's and, along with Antony's wife Fulvia, started lobbying for the dispossessed Italians. His actions carried grave political dangers for Octavian, who could not allow army loyalties to be divided in Italy. The big question in all this remains how cognizant, even complicit, Mark Antony was in his brother's agitation. By late in thesis, 41 BC the situation had so deteriorated that war between Octavian and L. Essay On Recent Trend In It. Antonius in Italy was inevitable. When hostilities broke out, operations focused on autobiography, Perusia, where Octavian holed Lucius and Fulvia up in early 40 BC up.
After several months of writing ideas year 2 siege, Lucius surrendered and was magnanimously spared by Octavian, though the councilors and people of Perusia were not so fortunate: Octavian executed the local council and gave the thesis town over to his soldiers to plunder. He then adjourned to water carbon study Gaul, there to good statement supervise the transfer of the region to his own command, since the Antonian governor had died. [] Mark Antony reacted to this situation by moving west in the spring of 40 BC and besieging Brundisium. Octavian gathered his forces and water carbon negative study, marched south to confront him. The triumvirate appeared to be over, its two chief members at war. However, neither army was keen for war and negotiations produced an agreement instead, termed the Pact of good thesis Brundisium. By means of this agreement, Antony ceded Gaul to essay trend Octavian, relinquishing his last foothold in good thesis autobiography, the West, but was confirmed in the East. Lepidus continued to languish in Africa.
Further, Antony was married to Octavian's sister, Octavia. (Fulvia had unexpectedly, and conveniently, died in Greece in the interim.) The triumvirs then travelled to Rome amidst scenes of great public rejoicing. [] The attention of the triumvirs was then directed toward Sextus Pompeius in Sicily, who was posing a challenge to their authority in the West. Sextus, the youngest son of follow Pompey, is one of the more colorful characters of the Roman Revolution. Surviving the Pompeian defeat at Munda in 45 BC, he fought guerilla warfare in Spain and thesis autobiography, then took to the sea as a pirate leader. When he was recalled to how to write a thesis psychology paper Rome following Caesar's murder, he cautiously sailed to Massilia and awaited developments. During the war at Mutina, when the good thesis statement autobiography fortunes of the senate and the Liberators appeared to be in the ascendant, he found himself appointed prefect of Rome's fleets and Italy's coastal zones (on 20 March, 43 BC). With the establishment of the how to write a thesis triumvirate six months later, he seized Sicily and, as a beacon of resistance against the triumvirs, was greatly reinforced by refugees from the proscriptions, survivors of Philippi, those dispossessed by the veteran settlements in Italy, and any remaining forces of republican sentiment.
He beat off attempts by Octavian to thesis autobiography oust him from Sicily. Antony formed a pact with him, in order to make his move against Octavian in 40 BC but, if Sextus had hoped for some concrete reward for on recent trend this service, he got none: he benefited in no way from the Pact of Brundisium and good, was not officially recognized by the triumvirs. Now he exacted revenge by blockading Italy and placing a stranglehold on how to a thesis statement psychology, Rome's grain supply. Antony and Octavian were forced to act. Incapable of assailing Sextus militarily, they were forced to negotiate.
At a meeting off the coast at Misenum or Puteoli, an agreement was reached (the Treaty of Misenum [or Puteoli]) in the summer of 39 BC. This agreement saw Sextus's control over Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily made official with a promise that he'd be given the Peloponnese and a consulship in due course. Sextus appeared well entrenched in triumviral politics, a fourth important player in the complex game. [] The Treaty of Misenum was to have a short shelf life. Antony returned to the East, to Cleopatra and indecisive campaigns against the Parthians. Octavian remained in Italy and worked at extending his circle of followers and his influence in general.
Toward that end, the presence of Sextus Pompeius was an obstacle. When the autobiography Peloponnese did not come his way as had been promised, Sextus blockaded Italy again in water case, 38 BC. Good Statement Autobiography. Octavian moved against him, but lost a naval engagement at Cumae and much of his fleet in how to write a thesis statement, a subsequent storm. He now appealed to Antony for help. The two met at good autobiography Tarentum in the summer of 37 BC. Aside from Octavian's acquisition of write a thesis for a paper some 120 ships from Antony for the effort against Sextus (in return for a promise of 20,000 Italian troops for Antony's planned Parthian campaign), the thesis statement autobiography meeting saw the triumvirate renewed for a further five years.
The office had expired on 31 December, 38 BC, but none of the incumbents had paid any attention to that inconvenient detail and continued to exercise its prerogatives (illegally) for the first months of 37 BC. Now their power was renewed. [] Since equilibrium had been restored with Antony, Octavian now turned his full attention to defeating Sextus. How To Write Paper. Elaborate preparations, mostly under the direction M. Vipsanius Agrippa, finally readied Octavian's fleet for action in 36 BC. While Agrippa held Sextus's fleet at bay, Lepidus was marshalled from Africa, to assault Sicily from the south. Good Statement. Another of Octavian's generals was to converge on cover letter follow, Italy from the northeast, while Octavian himself would move from Campania. But ship-destroying storms and another naval defeat for good autobiography Octavian at the hands of Sextus seemed to on weapons of mass destruction signal the failure of the entire operation. Agrippa, however, saved the day and took several of Sextus's ports before engaging and destroying the rebel's fleet at the battle of Naulochus on 3 September, 36 BC. Sextus fled east but was murdered not long afterward. Despite reverses, then, Octavian had ultimately emerged victorious and, in Sextus, had eliminated one the rivals to his position of dominance in the West. Good Autobiography. Fate allowed him to fiji carbon negative study neutralize the other.
Lepidus, so long in the shadows, now decided to make a play for power. Finding himself in control of twenty-two legions in Sicily, he defied Octavian and made demands that he quit the island for good statement good. Octavian marched in his direction, at which point Lepidus's men deserted him. At an trend in it embarrassing scene in Lepidus's camp, Octavian spared his former triumviral colleague but stripped him of his powers and confined him to house arrest at the pleasant seaside town of autobiography Circeii. There he lived out his life unmolested until he died, of natural causes, in 12 BC. Ideas Year 2. [] Octavian was now the unchallenged master of the Roman West. In one campaigning season he had rid himself of the open challenge of Sextus Pompeius and the sleeping challenge of Lepidus. He set about consolidating his position for the inevitable clash with Antony. The Triumvirate II: Showdown with Antony, 36-30 BC. In the East, Antony was not faring terribly well.
He had, since 36 BC, been involved in sporadic and difficult contests with the Parthians and Armenians. There had been no decisive outcome and, in fact, there was a rather hasty retreat back to Syria. This was all the more regrettable (in Antony's eyes), since Octavian had been successful against Sextus and then, in 35-33 BC, against thesis autobiography the tribes of Illyricum. But Antony's behavior in the East raised problems for how to write for a paper him in the political arena, fully exploited by Octavian. His continuing link with Cleopatra, despite his marriage to Octavia, was among the most troublesome, and it had produced two children. Good Thesis Autobiography. Antony also appeared to have gone native, wearing eastern dress, with an eastern despot as a consort, and practising eastern customs. Even more appalling, having seized Armenia in 34 BC, Antony staged a spectacle in Alexandria's gymnasium known since as the Donations of Alexandria. In this spectacle, Antony declared Cleopatra Queen of Kings and her son by Caesar, Caesarion, King of Kings; he then divided up the eastern Roman Empire among Cleopatra, Caesarion, and his own children.
It seemed, from an Italian perspective, that Antony was under the spell of Cleopatra, whose ultimate goal, it was rumored, was to essay on recent in it become Queen of Rome. Furthermore, Antony's recognition of Caesarion as Caesar's son undercut Octavian's most fundamental claim to political leadership. In an atmosphere such as this, tensions rose between Antony and Octavian. At Rome, meanwhile, Octavian further heralded his new image by having his righthand-man Agrippa appointed aedile in 33 BC to see to the restoration of many long-neglected services in the city, especially the sewer system and good thesis, water supply. The city was also beautified with new buildings and the restoration of dilapidated ones, often by Octavian's supporters acting at his instigation.
The popular image of Octavian's caring, popular administration must have been greatly bolstered by these actions. [] The year 32 BC was a difficult one and saw Octavian and essay, Antony finally embark openly on the road to war. In the first place, Octavian's second term of triumviral powers ran out on 31 December, 33 BC. This made his legal position somewhat delicate, but the niceties of legality were far less important than his demonstrable exercise of power and influence, especially among his troops. Who was going to challenge him? It is interesting to observe that Octavian immediately ceased using the good title triumvir; Antony did not. In dropping the writing homework ideas 2 title, Octavian once more ostentatiously respected Roman tradition. As matters turned out, events at good thesis statement Rome were to offer Octavian a new basis for claiming legitimate leadership of the Roman people, albeit a non-legal one.
On 1 January, 32 BC, the carbon negative Antonian consul, C. Sosius issued a speech denouncing Octavian and proposing something that required a tribunician veto to good statement quash (the precise content of the proposal is unknown). Octavian, not in the city at the time, soon entered with an armed escort, convened the senate, and denounced Antony. This action so effectively cowed the Antonians that Sosius and his fellow consul Ahenobarbus fled eastward followed by the other pro-Antony senators. News then reached Rome that Antony was forming his own senate in Alexandria from homework ideas 2 among the exiled senators and that he had officially renounced Octavia as his wife. Octavian, enraged, seized Antony's will from the Vestal Virgins (a completely illegal and unscrupulous act) and read it aloud in the senate.
Its contents shocked Roman sentiment: Antony wished to be buried in Alexandria, next to Cleopatra. It seemed to many that, after all, he was indeed planning to establish a renegade eastern empire with a foreign queen at its helm. War was declared on Cleopatra, and traditional rituals revived to emphasize that the official enemy was a foreigner, not a fellow Roman. As preparations for war geared up in the summer of 32 BC, a remarkable thing happened. First Italy and then the western provinces swore an oath of good allegiance to Octavian personally. Whether the oath was voluntary, as Augustus later claimed in his Res Gestae , or a more carefully orchestrated piece of political theater, Octavian could now claim to homework be the people's choice for good thesis the war against Cleopatra.
It was not a legal position, but it was an unassailable one. [] In prospect, the war between Antony and Octavian promised to be the largest civil conflict ever conducted by the Romans. Arrayed against each other were the resources of the entire empire, East against West. The not inconsiderable resources of Ptolemaic Egypt, the last surviving major Hellenistic kingdom, were also in the mix. Write Statement Paper. In the end, however, the war ended not with a bang but with a fizzle. Thesis Statement. The massive forces moved against each other and follow, converged in Greece, as had Caesar and Pompey at the outset of an earlier great conflict. The two sides encamped on the north side of the good Ambracian gulf, near the promontory of Actium . Cleopatra's presence proved problematic for on the Antony, and there were defections to Octavian. Meanwhile, Antony and autobiography, Cleopatra managed to get their ships blockaded in the gulf by on weapons destruction, Octavian's fleet, under Agrippa's able command. Good Thesis Statement. In an attempt to break out on 2 September, 31 BC (almost five years to the day since Sextus' defeat at Naulochus) Antony was decisively defeated. In ancient accounts, Cleopatra and then Antony fled the battle prematurely. The land forces never engaged, but Antony's men defected to Octavian en masse.
Everything had been decided in a few hours of naval warfare. [] The victory of Octavian was complete. Antony and Cleopatra fled to follow Egypt. Octavian made his way there via Syria, securing the loyalty of all as he went. Antony's forces and statement autobiography, former supporters defected in droves. On reaching Egypt and Alexandria in the summer of 30 BC, Octavian faced Antony's forces on land and sea. A great battle seemed imminent -- until Antony's navy and cavalry defected en masse before the very eyes of their general and his infantry were defeated (1 August, 30 BC). Antony and on the color, Cleopatra committed suicide, and passed from historical reality into the realm of romantic legend. Good Autobiography. Octavian had Caesarion and Antony's eldest son (Antyllus) executed, and he annexed Egypt as a province of Rome, ending the Ptolemaic period of essay trend that country's history.
He was now sole master of the entire Roman world. If, indeed, it had been his intention from the start to reach this position, it must have been a particularly rewarding day. For fourteen years he had played a careful, dangerous, and patient game. Now it was time to secure the future, for himself and for Rome. [] From Octavian to Augustus: A New Order Established. In the good thesis wake of Actium , however, there was work to be done. After taking Egypt and negative case, settling affairs there, Octavian stayed away from Rome as he saw to the organization of the East. For the good thesis statement autobiography most part, Antony's arrangements were left in place, as long as old loyalties were suitably redirected. Octavian returned to Rome and of mass, Italy, amid tumultuous celebrations, in thesis, August of 29 BC. On Recent Trend. Large numbers of veterans were settled (perhaps 25 legions totalling 40,000 men or more) both in Italy and the provinces, this time without complaint, since the statement autobiography vast wealth of Egypt allowed for ample compensation. When he entered Rome, he celebrated three triumphs over three days (over Dalmatia, Actium, and Egypt).
Legally, his difficult position of 32 BC had been bypassed and Octavian held the consulship every year from 31 BC onwards (until 23 BC). Just as important, however, was the destruction non-legal basis for his dominance, later expressed by Augustus as universal consent. The roots of this consent must lie in good statement, the oath of 32 BC, now extended in principle, if not in practice, to carbon negative case embrace the entire empire and all its armies. Octavian was, as he later put it, in complete control of affairs precisely because everyone wanted him to good statement autobiography be and, just as significantly, because he was the last man standing. There is political posturing in his claim to universal consent, to be sure, but possibly also some kernel of truth. He had ended the essay color civil wars, and all hopes for good thesis autobiography a peaceful future now rested with him and him alone.
In light of this, the senate and people voted him numerous honors in 29 BC, some of which Octavian judiciously refused, consonant with his image as respecter of tradition. [] Octavian's holding continuous consulships would be insufficient as a mode of administration in essay on weapons of mass, the long term, especially if, as he intended, the old order was to be seen to be restored. He needed, somehow, to find a firm place simultaneously within and thesis statement, above established norms. His position at the head of affairs therefore needed careful consideration, and this no doubt explains the cover letter follow up eighteen-month gap between his return to Rome in August 29 BC and good statement, the so-called First Constitutional Settlement of 13 January, 27 BC which, with the broadest of brush strokes, began painting the portrait of the new order. Trend In It. Memories of good autobiography Caesar's fate must have loomed large. Cover Letter Follow Up. Despite that dictator's huge popularity among the masses, his complete victory over his enemies in civil war, and thesis statement, the devotion of his troops, he had been laid low by a few dozen disillusioned aristrocrats. Among the uppermost considerations pressing on Octavian, therefore, must have been the fiji water carbon need to appease the sensibilities of the good thesis statement elite. In addition, the divided loyalties of of mass highly politicized armies had been a plague on the Late Republic. Autobiography. This situation too would require remedying. These two issues, in fact, were at the heart of the essay questions on the color First Settlement, staged in the senate on good thesis autobiography, 13 January, 27 BC. Case Study. [] On that day, Octavian entered the thesis autobiography senate and, to the shock of those not in the know, surrendered his position and retired to private life. The senators, possibly confused, reacted with indignance and fiji carbon negative case, insisted that Octavian remain at the helm of the state.
After a show of reluctance, Octavian graciously accepted a share in the running of the state, gaining command of Spain (except Baetica), Gaul, Syria, Cyprus, and Egypt while the senate and people kept the rest. Within his extended provincia , granted for ten years, Octavian could appoint legates to administer regions on his behalf. Modern scholars have failed to reach agreement on thesis statement autobiography, the exact legal status of Octavian's command over his provinces (was it by virtue of imperium consulare or proconsulare , imperium maius or aequum ?), but the case for cover letter follow up imperium proconsulare is the stronger; it also had precedents, in the form of the extraordinary commands of thesis Pompey or Caesar in the Late Republic. This situation would have appealed to writing homework ideas 2 Octavian's desire to appear to be maintaining traditions while also doing nothing alarmingly new or innovative. Other honors and privileges were also forthcoming, at a second meeting on 16 January. Here Octavian was named Augustus, a word ringing with religious (augur) and social ( auctoritas ) meaning but not suggestive of overt political dominance.
C. Julius Caesar Octavianus now became Imperator Caesar Augustus. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. Other honors carried more symbolic meaning (laurels placed on the door of his house; award of the corona civica for saving the lives of citizens; the Shield of essay of mass destruction Virtues erected in his honor) but they were no less significant for that: they helped establish Augustus's pre-eminent place in the state and craft the beginnings of an Augustan ideology. By means of this settlement, Augustus was simultaneously commander, leader, savior. [] In the summer following the settlement, Augustus left Rome to tour Gaul and thesis autobiography, Spain. The journey kept him away from how to a thesis statement psychology paper Rome until 24 BC--probably a wise choice on his part, to be out of the public eye while the thesis autobiography new arrangements took root. Cover Follow. While he was away his aides Agrippa and Maecenas supervised matters in good statement autobiography, Rome. Up. The summer after his return, probably in June or July, the Second Constitutional Settlement was staged. At around this time a conspiracy was unearthed and good statement, two principals, Fannius Caepio and Varro Murena, were executed. In the absence of evidence, scholarly debate has raged about the how to a thesis statement paper timing, aims, methods, and members of the conspiracy: was the statement Second Settlement a reaction to on the of water the conspiracy, or vice versa? Or were the events unrelated? In the end, the conclusion has to be left open, but the case for the conspiracy's occurring after the settlement seems the stronger, though any causative links between events remains little more than putative.
The outline of the Second Settlement itself is clear enough, even if several details remain debatable. Augustus relinquished the consulship (which he had been monopolizing since 31 BC) and was only to take it up on two further occasions in the rest of his life, for dynastic reasons. In return, he received an empire-wide grant of statement autobiography proconsular power ( imperium proconsulare ) for five years. It is debated whether this imperium was greater ( maius ) than that of any other governor or equal ( aequum ) to essay of mass it. Five decrees found in Cyrenaica, dated to the period 6-4 BC, show Augustus intervening in thesis, the internal affairs of this province. The implication is that his imperium overrode that of the governor on the spot (and so was maius ), though the possibility that it was co-extensive with it must also be allowed (making the imperium aequum ). Whatever the legal details, by cover letter, virtue of this grant of imperium in 23 BC, he could intervene in the affairs of autobiography any province in the empire. Unlike other governors, he was also given dispensation to fiji case study retain his power within the city limits of Rome (the pomerium ), probably for purely practical reasons: otherwise, every time he left the city, his proconsular power would need to be renewed. In relinquishing the good thesis autobiography consulship, Augustus lost certain powers and privileges within the city of Rome and its polity (his proconsular power notwithstanding).
These were now compensated for by a grant of tribunician power ( tribunicia potestas ), also for writing 2 five years, that allowed him all the rights and privileges of a tribune of the people, without actually holding that office: he could summon the people, propose legislation, veto meetings and proposals, and so on. With both his tribunician power and proconsular power, Augustus now had the ability to direct affairs in autobiography, every wing of domestic and foreign administration. These two powers were long to remain the twin pillars of the Roman emperors' legal position. [] While the essay color major settlements of 27 and 23 BC established the good bases of Augustus's position, further refinements were necessary. As with the settlement of 27 BC, Augustus soon left Rome for the East (22-19 BC). Before he left, he was forced to refuse offers of the dictatorship or perpetual consulship pressed on him by the people, who appear to have completely missed the subtleties of the Second Settlement the year before.
Over the coming years, he received, piecemeal, some significant privileges and honors. Write Statement Paper. In 23 BC, for instance, he was given the right to convene the senate whenever he saw fit ( ius primae relationis ). Good. In 22 BC, he was appointed to oversee Rome's grain supply (for how long is cover follow up unclear). In 19 , when he had returned from the East, he was given censorial powers for five years. When Lepidus finally died in 13 or 12 BC, Augustus became chief priest ( pontifex maximus ). Finally, in 2 BC, he was granted the title Father of good thesis statement autobiography his Country ( pater patriae ), a title of which he was immensely proud. On The Color Of Water. It is not hard to see why, since the thesis autobiography title placed Augustus in a relationship with the Roman state analogous to that of a paterfamilias over his charges: he was to questions color be in complete control of everything. In addition, there was his membership of all the colleges of priests, numerous symbolic privileges (e.g., immunity from taxes), and thesis, the matter of auctoritas . This personal quality, impossible to translate into English with a single word, was a combination of authority and influence derived from one's social and political position, family, abilities, and achievements. Essay Of Mass Destruction. It was, most importantly, an informal virtue: it could not be voted to anyone by statement, the senate or the people. In this way, the extent of Augustus's auctoritas reflected the essay color extent and success of his life's work, and it helped him get a lot of business done without constantly invoking his legally-conferred powers. Augustus simply had to make known his preferences for matters to transpire accordingly, so that, for instance, candidates for office whom he favored invariably got elected. No wonder he was proud to boast that he surpassed all in auctoritas . [] The complex edifice of the Augustan Principate was, at heart, a sham.
But, like any successful sham, it was one that people could believe in. Thesis. Above all, there was political genius in Augustus's slow and careful acquisition of overarching authority in every area of public life. At every step of the way--from the oath of carbon 32 BC through the constitutional settlements and the honors and privileges conferred upon him piecemeal--he could present himself as the passive partner. On all occasions, the senate and people of Rome voluntarily conferred powers, privileges, and honors on him. He sought nothing for himself; he was no Caesar.
Indeed, he often expressed reluctance to accept offices and honors that struck him as excessive, and occasionally he refused them outright. Good Autobiography. In sharp contrast to essay on recent in it Caesar, Augustus constantly had one eye on aristocratic sensitivities. Furthermore, none of his cardinal powers were conferred for life but, rather, for fixed periods of five or (later) ten years. That these powers were never rescinded when they came up for renewal is entirely beside the point: there was the illusion of choice. That is what mattered. Thesis Autobiography. The vocabulary Augustus chose to express his power, too, was a model of tact: leading citizen ( princeps ) not dictator, authoritative influence ( auctoritas ) not command ( imperium ). Throw into the equation his modest lifestyle, affable approachability, routine consultation of the senate, and genuinely impressive work ethic, and we have in Augustus one of the greatest and most skillfully manipulative politicians of any nation in any age. The Nature of the Principate and The Problem of the essay on weapons destruction Succession. After Actium, Augustus moved on the succession problem quickly. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. He began to show signs of ideas 2 favor to his nephew, Marcellus. He himself only had one natural child, Julia, his daughter by his second wife, Scribonia. The first sure sign of favor to Marcellus was his participation in Augustus's triple triumph of 29 BC.
In 25 BC, Marcellus was married to Julia, forming a closer family link with Augustus. The following year, Marcellus became aedile and, on Augustus's request, was granted the privilege of sitting as an ex-praetor in the senate and of standing for the consulship ten years in advance of the legal age. Statement. By 23 BC he was widely considered, in Velleius's words, Augustus's successor in power ( successor potentiae ). Then, a surprise. Augustus fell seriously ill in 23 BC. As he lay on writing year, what he thought was his deathbed, he handed an account of the state's resources to the consul Cn. Calpurnius Piso, and his signet ring to Agrippa. The symbolic message was clear: Marcellus was too young; experience was yet preferred at the top. Augustus recovered from his illness, but later that same year Marcellus fell ill and was not so fortunate. He was nineteen when he died and thesis autobiography, was entombed with all due pomp and ceremony in Augustus's family mausoleum. [] The career of Marcellus, short though it was, already revealed the elements of Augustus's methods: he was to use family links (marriage or adoption) in conjunction with constitutional privileges (office-holding and the privilege of standing for office early) to fiji carbon case study indicate his successor.
His inspiration appears to have been his personal experience: as Caesar had presented Octavius to the public at his triumphs of September 46 BC, so now did Augustus display Marcellus at his own triumphs in August 29 BC; as the senate had Octavius granted the right to stand for the consulship ten years in advance of the legal age in 43 BC, so Augustus had the same right granted to Marcellus in good, 24 BC; and just as Caesar had bound Octavius to write statement for a paper him by a familial link, so now did Augustus with Marcellus's marriage to Julia (although such political alliances through family ties had long been a staple of the Roman nobility). Each event had its precedent; it was their combination that was significant. Statement. [] Marcellus was soon replaced by Agrippa. Shortly before Marcellus's death, Agrippa had left for the East. In the face of Marcellus's earlier preferment, the sources abound with rumors of essay in it Agrippa's voluntary departure in high dudgeon or of his forcible exile, but such speculations are demonstrably without merit. Agrippa had been favored when Augustus was ill in 23 BC and subsequently went East with a grant of imperium proconsulare , a share in thesis statement autobiography, Augustus's own powers. This is cover letter not what Augustus would have done with a man of whom he was suspicious or who had fallen in any way from favor. Augustus had business in the East, to which he was shortly to attend personally, and Agrippa was doubtless sent ahead to pave the way. Maecenas, Augustus's other chief advisor and no friend of Agrippa, is reported to have commented in autobiography, 21 BC that Agrippa had now been raised so high that either Augustus must marry him to Julia or kill him. Augustus chose the former route. Julia was married to write a thesis for a Agrippa in that year. Until his death in 12 BC, Agrippa was clearly intended to be Augustus's successor.
Aside from his marriage to Julia, in 18 BC Agrippa's proconsular power was renewed and, more significantly, he received a share of good thesis statement tribunician power (renewed in 13 BC). [] By virtue of write statement for a paper these powers and privileges, had anything happened to Augustus in the years 21-13 BC, Agrippa would have been ideally placed to take over the reins of good statement autobiography government. Coins of the period 13-12 BC depict Agrippa as virtual co-emperor with Augustus, although the latter was always the senior partner. This straightforward interpretation of the situation in these years has been complicated by Augustus's treatment of Agrippa and Julia's sons, Gaius (born in questions of water, 20 BC) and Lucius (born in 17 BC). When Lucius was born, Augustus adopted them both as his own sons and they became Gaius and Lucius Caesar. A further complication is added when the ongoing careers of Augustus's stepsons, Tiberius and Drusus, who were also advanced over these years, are taken into consideration.
The intent behind these labyrinthine machinations appears to have been to create a pool of eligible candidates, headed by a frontrunner. Any other princes as were advanced in the background are best considered as insurance against fate or as indicators of Augustus's preferences for the third generation of the Principate. In this way, Agrippa was to succeed Augustus, but the adoption of Gaius and Lucius signalled Augustus's desire that one of good thesis statement autobiography them succeed Agrippa (which one was to be preferred remains unclear, given subsequent events). Tiberius and Drusus, as imperial princes, can be expected to have enjoyed high public profiles and earned various privileges, but they were very much on the backburner in these years. Notions of Regency (Agrippa over Gaius and Lucius) or paired succession (Gaius and Lucius, Tiberius and essay on weapons of mass, Drusus) proposed by good thesis statement, modern scholars seem remoter possibilities. Writing Homework Ideas 2. [] Augustus's vision for the succession can be seen in action again in 12 BC, when Agrippa died. Good. Julia, now widowed a second time, was married to Tiberius the following year. Tiberius was Augustus's stepson and the most senior and experienced of the secondary princes in the imperial house. As such, he was a natural choice. Not long afterward, Tiberius left for campaigns in Germany and Pannonia, possibly with a grant of proconsular imperium . In 7 BC he entered his second consulship and the following year his position was made plain when he received a large commission in the East and a grant of tribunician power.
In short, between 12 and questions on the color, 6 BC Tiberius was upgraded to take Agrippa's place in Augustus's scheme and was installed to be Augustus's successor. But it was to be a rocky road indeed that led to his eventual succession in good statement autobiography, AD 14. In 6 BC Tiberius unexpectedly retired to statement psychology Rhodes, despite his prominent public position. Good Thesis. Augustus, apparently angered by Tiberius's action, had little choice (Drusus, Tiberius's brother had died in Germany in 9 BC). He appears to letter up have relied on his increasingly robust health to good thesis statement autobiography see his adopted sons Gaius and homework, Lucius Caesar to their maturity.
But fate intervened once more and both young men died, Lucius in AD 2 and good thesis autobiography, Gaius two years after that. In a burst of dynastic activity in June of AD 4, Tiberius was rehabilitated and negative case study, adopted by Augustus, as was Agrippa Postumus (the youngest child of Julia and Agrippa); Tiberius was constrained to adopt his nephew Germanicus . Again, debate has swirled around these arrangements but, following the suggestions made above, it is probably best to avoid notions of regency or paired succcession and see here an statement attempt by Augustus to re-establish a pool of princes from which to writing ideas draw candidates, with Tiberius as the favored successor and Germanicus to come behind him. The adoption of Agrippa Postumus remains puzzling, but he was still only a teenager at good the time and the move may have been intended only to secure his prominence in future succession plans. Germanicus , twenty years old at the time of his adoption by Tiberius , was clearly the frontrunner for the third generation of the Principate. Through him, also, Augustus could hope for a Julian heir to the throne, but it is far from clear whether this remote consideration played any decisive role in Augustus's thinking. [] The succession issue was not a happy one for the imperial house and carried in its train some domestic tragedies. Aside from the deaths of the various princes, Augustus banished his own daughter Julia in 2 BC and her daughter, also named Julia, in AD 8. In AD 6-7 Agrippa Postumus was disinherited and banished to the small island of Planasia, only to fiji negative be murdered shortly after Augustus's death. The banishment of good statement Julia the Elder is emblematic of this group of events. Julia's marriage to Tiberius had not been successful and write a thesis for a psychology, she appears to have sought solace in the arms of various noblemen and equestrians.
In 2 BC her indiscretions were brought to good thesis Augustus's attention and, enraged, he banished her to the island of Pandateria. She never returned to Rome. The sources unanimously ascribe Julia's fate to her licentiousness and immorality, but modern scholars have rightly questioned this presentation and seen instead dynastic scheming behind Julia's actions and subsequent banishment. Writing Ideas Year 2. Whatever the thesis actual degree of Julia's political acumen, the informal and allusive nature of the succession system itself was the how to statement for a root cause of her demise. For, in the Augustan system, an imperial princess who had been married to no less than three indicated favorites (Marcellus, Agrippa, and Tiberius ) and who then brought outsiders into good thesis statement, her bed was also bringing them into on the, the heart of the good statement dynasty. That could not be tolerated. That Augustus interpreted his daughter's misdeeds in political terms, at least in part, is suggested by the trial for treason of one of carbon negative case study Julia's lovers, Iullus Antonius, and his subsequent execution or suicide; others of her lovers were banished. The same can be said for the fall of Agrippa Postumus and then of Julia the Younger. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. However murky the details in each case, they can all be seen as victims of the Augustan succession system. Writing Ideas Year. [] In all, then, the succession problem was a difficult one for Augustus, and his solutions only perpetuated it for statement autobiography all future emperors.
Despite the internal difficulties engendered by the issue, Augustus was keen to follow present a united image of the imperial house to the populace. This is best illustrated by the Altar of the Augustan Peace ( Ara Pacis Augustae ), dedicated in good, January, 9 BC, and laden with symbolic significance largely outside the purview of this biography. For our current purposes, most important is the presentation to the people, on the south frieze, of the imperial family--women and children included--as a corporate entity. The message of dynastic harmony and the promise of future stability emanating from the imperial house is palpable. The reality, as we have just seen, was rather different. Letter Follow Up. Augustus and the Empire I: the thesis autobiography Army. Augustus completed the ongoing professionalization of the Roman military by establishing a force of 28 standing legions (three were to be lost in Germany in essay on recent, AD 9), made up of volunteer recruits. For the good autobiography citizen soldiers of the legions, service was for a prescribed period (first 16, then 20 years), on a regular wage, and with fixed rewards upon discharge. On The. After 14 BC, land grants were discontinued in favor of statement autobiography cash pension payments; such payments were funded, after AD 6, by a new public treasury (the aerarium militare ). For the first time, military service became a career choice in and of fiji carbon negative case study itself.
Augustus also created a non-citizen wing of the army (corresponding to the Republican era's allies and extraordinarii ). These auxiliary troops were formed into cohorts of infantry and wings ( alae ) of cavalry, usually 500 or 1000 strong, sometimes under their own commanders, sometimes under a Roman officer (an ex-centurion or tribune). Under Augustus, auxiliary units were mostly raised as needed and thesis, disbanded when the campaign(s) ended; some units were incorporated into the new permanent force, on terms of service similar to those for the legionaries. Augustus also regularized the organization and terms of service in the Roman navy and created the praetorian guard, a personal force which he discreetly and tactfully billeted in townships around Rome. [] Augustus was careful to channel the loyalties of this new professional army solely in his direction. The troops' loyalty to Augustus was assured by cover letter follow, their taking a personal oath of loyalty to autobiography him and by fiji water negative study, his role as their sole paymaster and guarantor of their rewards on thesis statement autobiography, discharge. In short, he was their patron. The army's commanders on-the-ground were handpicked legates of Augustus; its campaign commanders were often the likes of Agrippa, Tiberius , or Gaius Caesar, that is, members of Augustus's own family or immediate circle. He also kept the army busy in major campaigns in Spain, the Alpine regions, along the Danube and Rhine rivers, across the Rhine in Germany, and in numerous small-scale actions all along the empire's frontiers. Essay Trend In It. Where active campaigns were not prosecuted, as in Gaul or in the East, the thesis statement army was used as a means of aiding political settlements (as in the return of the Parthian eagles in water carbon, 20 BC or the meeting of C. Caesar and good thesis statement, the Parthians on an island in the Euphrates in AD 2) or as a garrison over local populations (as in Gaul). While Augustus did not go so far as to station the legions along the frontier as a defensive garrison force (as was to happen in later ages), he at least removed them from the center of power and writing homework ideas year, began the thesis autobiography process of keeping them in fiji carbon negative case, the vicinity of the frontiers.
Although Augustus appears to some scholars to have been aiming at establishing scientific frontiers along the Rhine/Elbe and Danube lines, the good thesis statement autobiography whole issue of his foreign policy--indeed, whether even such a policy existed--remains most unclear. For the scientific frontiers view to be true, certain problematic assumptions are requisite, not the least concerning the Romans' cartographic capabilities and questions on the, their appreciation of geographic realities well beyond their immediate purview; it is also questionable to what degree the administration of the empire in good autobiography, general adhered to essay questions color of water clearly conceived policy on anything, rather than reacting ad hoc as circumstances and local conditions dictated. On the whole, then, we should probably avoid notions of Roman imperial policy on statement autobiography, the model of modern national policies. One of the chief political values of Augustus's campaigns was that it kept his new professional army busy--idle trained killers can be a somewhat destabilizing element in society--and afforded him considerable personal military glory, which further reinforced his claim to the loyalty of the troops. [] The importance to Augustus, as well as to the state, of his monopolization of army loyalties is revealed in two suggestive incidents in 27 BC, when the Augustan order was still in its infancy. At this delicate time, M. Cover Letter. Licinius Crassus, grandson of the great Late Republican magnate, raised a serious problem for good autobiography Augustus. As governor of Macedonia he had undertaken successful campaigns south of the Danube in essay trend, 29-28 BC and had personally killed the enemy leader in battle. In 27 BC, then, he was awarded a triumph but he went further: he claimed the ancient honor of spolia opima (the most honorable spoils), awarded to a Roman commander who had slain his counterpart with his own hand. These honors, involving the dedication of the enemy commander's captured panoply to Jupiter Feretrius, had only thesis autobiography been earned on three prior occasions in of water, all of Roman history. Since Crassus's claim to the spolia opima would have raised Crassus into the uppermost echelons of military glory, it had the potential to confuse the soldiers' loyalty toward Augustus.
So Augustus blocked the claim on a technicality. Crassus held his triumph and promptly disappears from our records. (It is unlikely that he was killed but, rather, that his public profile died a death in thesis, the face of Augustus's displeasure, a good example, if true, of the workings of auctoritas .) Not long afterward, another governor proved problematic. How To Statement. C. Cornelius Gallus had been appointed the first prefect of Egypt on its annexation in good thesis statement autobiography, 30 BC. Fiji Negative Case Study. Like Crassus, he had embarked on campaigns to surpress revolts and to attack neighboring people. He then celebrated his successes with statues of himself and good statement, bragging inscriptions, one of which has survived. Enraged, Augustus let it be known that he no longer considered Gallus his friend. Charges were immediately brought and proposals laid that Gallus be convicted in essay on recent in it, absentia , exiled, and his property given to Augustus.
His social status and political career in ruins, his very life perhaps in danger, Gallus committed suicide (possibly in 26 BC). Both of these men had behaved fully within the good boundaries of republican precedent but had failed utterly to appreciate a fundamental rule of the fiji water carbon negative study new order: there was to be no military glory but Augustus's. In contrast, Agrippa, for so long Augustus's right-hand man, repeatedly refused honors and triumphs granted to him; all his victories were celebrated by Augustus. [] Augustus and autobiography, the Empire II: Administration. In the sphere of external affairs, many of the cover follow army's conquests were formed into new provinces, especially along the south shore of the Danube (Moesia, Pannonia, Noricum, and statement, Raetia) and the Alps (Alpes Cottiae and Maritimae). In the East and in Mauretania in North Africa, client kingdoms and principalities were allowed to exist, sometimes in very complex arrangements, as with the Tetrarchs in Palestine or the numerous lesser kingdoms that dotted the interior and eastern reaches of Asia Minor.
From 27 BC onward these provinces were divided into those that fell into the vast provincia of Augustus (the imperial provinces) and those that were retained by the senate and people (the senatorial or public provinces; see above, From Octavian to Augutus: A New Order Established). When the disposition of the provinces is essay on recent in it examined (as it stood on Augustus's death in AD 14), it shows that the imperial territories outnumber the public ones by a factor of almost two, and that all but one of the empire's twenty-five legions then in service fell under the emperor's command. Further, the Cyrenaica decrees reveal the emperor making decisions about the internal operation of this, a public province. Such interference on Augustus's part was legitimated by the improved imperium proconsulare granted him in the settlement of 23 BC and brings into question any notions of joint rule by senate and princeps (so-called dyarchy). Ultimately, all the thesis autobiography provinces were Augustus's concern. Cover Up. [] Overall, it is fair to say that the provinces, whether public or imperial, benefited enormously from Augustus's reign. Not only had he brought them peace, he also brought them good government. Legates in imperial provinces were appointed by Augustus for periods of good autobiography three years or more depending on essay questions on the of water, local conditions, whereas proconsuls in good, the public provinces continued to rotate annually. Writing Homework Ideas Year 2. The men varied in rank from good thesis autobiography senators (proconsuls, usually of praetorian rank, in writing homework year, public provinces; legates of praetorian or consular rank in good, imperial ones) to equites (governing as prefects, as in essay on weapons of mass destruction, Egypt and some of the thesis statement smaller, unarmed provinces).
Whatever their status, under the new order governors had no reason to extort from cover letter follow their provinces the huge sums of money that Republican-era proconsuls and thesis statement autobiography, propraetors had used to bankroll their domestic political careers, since the success of those careers now depended less on victory at the polls and more on the emperor's favor. Indeed, extortion in the provinces could be positively dangerous, as it raised suspicions about the questions on the color nature of good autobiography one's ultimate ambitions. These strictures applied no less in the public than in the imperial provinces, since all governors were now answerable to a single source of authority in a way they had not been under the essay on recent trend in it Republic. This does not mean that rapacious governors entirely disappeared as a breed but that, for the most part--the disappointments of Gallus and good thesis statement autobiography, Crassus aside--Augustus's gubernatorial appointments were sound. We hear of no major failings in the management of the essay color of water provinces during his reign and certainly nothing on a par with the autobiography rapacious activities of the likes of Caesar or Sulla under the Republic. Augustus, by virtue of proconsular power, could also intervene directly in letter follow, any provincial dispute, as he did famously in good thesis statement autobiography, Cyrenaica. Hardly surprising, then, is the fact that of statement paper all the emperors, Augustus's image is the most commonly found in the provinces, even long after his death.
The remarkable period of peace and prosperity ushered in by Augustus's reign is known not only as the Pax Romana but also as the Pax Augusta . Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. [] Augustus, as the protector and guardian of Roman tradition, also sought to inculcate a return to writing year 2 that tradition by good thesis statement, means of legislation: by writing ideas year, new laws passed at my instigation, I brought back those practices of our ancestors that were passing away in our age ( RG 8.5). Thus, for instance, he passed laws limiting public displays of extravagance (so-called sumptuary legislation) in the manner of the thesis old Republican senate, and he attempted through marriage regulations to on recent trend put a cap on divorces and punish childlessness and adultery among the elite. He also reinforced the traditional social hierarchy, making sure that everyone knew their place in it. Thesis Statement Autobiography. Minimum property qualifications for membership of the upper orders were reinforced, and status symbols for all the classes, especially the amorphous equestrians, clearly established. The convergence of this sort of legislation is illustrated by the series of laws pertaining to freed slaves, passed between 17 BC and homework 2, AD 4. In the statement autobiography first place, the numbers of slaves that could be informally manumitted or freed in wills was restricted in proportion to the total number of slaves owned. This is a piece of sumptuary regulation, limiting overly extravagant displays of wealth and generosity in public. Second, informally freed slaves were placed into fiji negative, a special class of quasi-citizenship termed Junian Latinity that was capable of being upgraded to good statement autobiography full citizenship only after the Junians had proved themselves worthy; one way of achieving worthiness was to have children. Such regulations, then, encapsulated the Augustan attitudes toward public extravagance, maintenance of the social hierarchy, and marriage and reproduction. In his private life, Augustus fell short of his own ideals (witness the turmoil engendered in his family by fiji case, adultery and infidelities of all sorts), but the thrust of his social legislation was less to good thesis regulate individuals' private behavior than to cover letter maintain the statement autobiography proper outward appearance of dignitas and decency that Augustus felt had been lost during the homework Late Republic. As such, it pertained to the ruling classes of the state and hardly at all affected the statement autobiography commoner on the street. [] Finally, there is the issue of the worship of Augustus.
The imperial cult evolved gradually over many centuries, and it has been long recognized that ruler worship extended back well before Roman times in the eastern Mediterranean. In the East, then, the worship of Augustus as a god commenced not long after Actium. Augustus, reticent in this regard, often rejected divine honors outright or insisted that his worship be coupled with that of Rome. He probably had an eye on Caesar's fate in so acting. The situation in the West, however, was more difficult. In Rome itself there could be no question of Augustus being worshipped as a living god, which would go against the grain of the Principate. In any case, he was already the son of how to write statement for a a god and the revered one (Augustus).
A compromise solution appears to have been to thesis autobiography have his will ( numen ) or essence ( genius ) recognized as divine. In Italy and a thesis psychology paper, out in the western provinces Augustus did not actively block direct worship, and two major cult centers were established at Lugdunum in Gaul and good statement, Cologne on the Rhine with altars at each place to Rome and Augustus, maintained by officials drawn from the local elite. In communities all across the West, in cover letter up, fact, altars and temples to Rome and autobiography, Augustus and to Augustus himself are attested, all staffed by locals. Such cult centers therefore acted not only to promote unity in the previously barbarous western provinces and to direct loyalties accordingly, but they also facilitated the assimilation of local populations into a Roman way of life. [] The Augustan literary scene was also exceptionally vibrant. This is the era of some of Rome's most famous and influential writers, including Vergil, Horace, Ovid, Propertius, and Tibullus in poetry, and Livy in prose. Vergil, in particular, crafted a new national epic for the Romans in the Aeneid , which quickly came to replace Ennius's Annales as the on recent trend poem every schoolchild learned by heart. This great flowering of literary activity was generated by the development of literary circles of patronage, which had been mostly in abeyance since the second century BC.
The most famous literary, indeed artistic, patron of his day was C. Maecenas, a close associate of Augustus from the very beginning but one who never played an active role in politics (in contrast to Agrippa). Something of a bon vivant , he actively supported the careers of Vergil and statement, Horace, for instance, until his death in 8 BC. Essay. Another circle formed around M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus, who promoted the careers of autobiography Tibullus and Ovid. For the historian the most intriguing question such literary circles prompt is the degree to which the essay questions color of water political and cultural sentiments expressed by autobiography, these writers were officially directed, and so in effect provided propaganda for the Augustan regime. When all the cover letter follow up evidence is thesis statement weighed, there can be no question of a state-controlled literature (on the model of media in modern totalitarian states) but there may have been encouragement from the top to express the correct view coupled, no doubt, with genuine gratitude and relief on the part of the patrons and writers alike that Augustus had restored peace and carbon case, stability to public affairs. In this way, Vergil's Eclogues and Georgics can reflect the hope Augustus brought for a restoration of peace to the Italian countryside, while the Republican sentiments of Livy's history could be so pronounced that Augustus jokingly termed him my Pompeian. Autobiography. The point is that both authors flourished under the regime. Essay Trend. [] The inscription entitled The Achievements of the Divine Augustus ( Res Gestae Divi Augustae ; usually abbreviated RG ) remains a remarkable piece of evidence deriving from Augustus's reign. The fullest copy of it is the bilingual Greek and good thesis statement, Latin version carved into the walls of the Temple of Rome and Augustus at Ancyra in essay, Galatia (for this reason the RG used to be commonly referred to as the Monumentum Ancyranum ). Other evidence, however, demonstrates that the original was inscribed on two bronze pillars that flanked the entrance to the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome. Statement. The inscription remains the only first-person summary of any Roman emperor's political career and, as such, offers invaluable insights into the Augustan regime's public presentation of itself. [] In looking back on the reign of Augustus and its legacy to fiji water the Roman world, its longevity ought not to be overlooked as a key factor in its success. People had been born and reached middle age without knowing any form of government other than the Principate.
Had Augustus died earlier (in 23 BC, for autobiography instance), matters may have turned out very differently. The attrition of the civil wars on the old Republican aristocracy and the longevity of Augustus, therefore, must be seen as major contributing factors in the transformation of the Roman state into essay on weapons, a monarchy in good statement, these years. Augustus's own experience, his patience, his tact, and his great political acumen also played their part. All of these factors allowed him to put an ideas year 2 end to the chaos of the Late Republic and re-establish the good statement autobiography Roman state on a firm footing. He directed the future of the empire down many lasting paths, from the existence of a standing professional army stationed at or near the frontiers, to the dynastic principle so often employed in the imperial succession, to writing ideas the embellishment of the capital at the emperor's expense. Augustus's ultimate legacy, however, was the peace and prosperity the empire was to enjoy for the next two centuries under the statement autobiography system he initiated. His memory was enshrined in the political ethos of the Imperial age as a paradigm of the good emperor; although every emperor adopted his name, Caesar Augustus, only a handful earned genuine comparison with him. Benario, H.W., Octavian's Status in essay on the of water, 32 BC, Chiron 5 (1975): 301-9.
Birch, R.A., The Settlement of good 26 June, AD 4 and its Aftermath, CQ 31 (1981): 443-56. Bleicken, J., Zwischen Republik und Prinzipat: Zum Charakter des Zweiten Triumvirats (Göttingen, 1990). ________. Augustus (Berlin, 1998). Bradley, K.R., Slaves and Masters in the Roman Empire (Oxford, 1987). Cover Letter. Braund, D., Augustus to Nero: A Sourcebook on Roman History 31 BC - AD 68 (London, 1985). Carter, J. M., The Battle of Actium: The Rise and good statement autobiography, Triumph of Augustus Caesar (New York, 1970). Conlin, D.A., The Artists of the Ara Pacis (Chapel Hill, 1997). Corbett, J.H., The Succession Policy of essay on the color Augustus, Latomus 33 (1974): 87-97. Crook, J., Consilium Principis: Imperial Councils and Counsellors from Augustus to Diocletian (Cambridge, 1955).
Demougin, S., L'Ordre equestre sous les Julio-Claudiens (Rome, 1988). Durry, M., Les Cohortes Prétoriennes (Paris, 1938). Eck, W., Die Verwaltung des römischen Reiches in thesis statement, der hohen Kaiserzeit , 2 volumes (Basel, 1995). W. Eck, The Age of Augustus (Oxford: Blackwell's, 2003) Eder, W., Augustus and letter up, the Power of Tradition: The Augustan Principate as Binding Link between Republic and Empire, in Raaflaub and thesis, Toher, 71-122.
Fishwick, D., The Imperial Cult in the Latin West (Leiden, 1987). Galinsky, K., Augustan Culture: An Interpretive Introduction (Princeton, 1996). Gowing, A.M. The Triumviral Narratives of Appian and Cassius Dio (Ann Arbor, 1992). Gray, E.W., The Imperium of M. Questions. Agrippa, ZPE 6 (1970): 227-38. Gruen, E. S., The Imperial Policy of Augustus, in Raaflaub and thesis, Toher, 395-416 (expanded on in his entry in CAH vol. 10) Gurval, R.A., Actium and Augustus: The Politics and Emotions of cover follow up Civil War (Ann Arbor, 1995). Hadas, M., Sextus Pompey (New York, 1930; reprint, 1966). Issac, B., The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East , revised edition (Oxford, 1992). Jameson, S., Augustus and good thesis autobiography, Agrippa Postumus, Historia 24 (1975): 287-314.
Kaiser Augustus und die verlorene Republik, eine Ausstellung im Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 7. Juni-14. Essay On Weapons Destruction. August 1988 . (Mainz, 1988) . Keppie, L., Colonisation and good autobiography, Veteran Settlement in Italy, 47-14 BC (London, 1983). ________. The Making of the Roman Army: From Republic to Empire , updated edition (Norman, 1998). Kienast, D., Augustus: Prinzeps und Monarch (Darmstadt, 1982). ________. Römische Kaisertabelle , 2nd edition (Darmstadt, 1996). Kolb, F., Zur Statussymbolik im antiken Rom, Chiron 7 (1977): 239-59.
Lacey, W.K., Augustus and the Principate: The Evolution of the System (Liverpool, 1996). Lanza, C., Auctoritas Principis (Milan, 1996). Levick, B., Drusus Caesar and the Adoptions of AD 4, Latomus 25 (1966): 227-44. ________. Abdication and Agrippa Postumus, Historia 21 (1972): 674-97. ________. Julians and Claudians, Greece and Rome 22 (1975): 29-38.
Lintott, A., Imperium Romanum: Politics and Administration (London, 1993). Jones, A.H.M. Fiji Water Carbon. Augustus (London, 1970) Magdelain, A., Auctoritas Principis (Paris, 1947). Mette-Dittman, A., Die Ehegesetze des Augustus: Eine Untersuchung im Rahmen der Gesellshaftspolitik des Prinzeps (Stuttgart, 1991). Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. Millar, F., The Emperor, the on weapons of mass Senate and the Roman Provinces, JRS 56 (1966): 156-66. ________. Triumvirate and Principate, JRS 63 (1973): 50-67. ________. The Emperor in the Roman World (London, 1977). ________.
The Roman Empire and good, its Neighbours , 2nd edition (London, 1981). Millar, F. and E. Segal, Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects (Oxford, 1984). Ostrow, S.E., The Augustales in the Augustan Scheme, in Raaflaub and Toher, 364-78. Pollini, J., Man or God: Divine Assimilation and cover follow up, Imitation in thesis statement autobiography, the Late Republic and Early Empire, in Raaflaub and Toher, 334-63. Prince, S.R.F., Rituals and Power: The Roman Imperial Cult in destruction, Asia Minor (Cambridge, 1984) Raaflaub, K., and L. J. Samons II, Opposition to Augustus, in Raaflaub and Toher, 417-54. ________. and M. Toher (eds.), Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate (Berkeley, 1990). Ramage, E.S., The Nature and Purpose of Augustus's Res Gestae (Stuttgart, 1987).
Rawson, E., Discrimina Ordinum: The Lex Julia Theatralis, PBSR 55 (1987): 83-114 (reprinted in her Roman Culture and good thesis statement autobiography, Society: Collected Papers [Oxford, 1991], 508-45). Rich, J.W., Cassius Dio and the Augustan Settlement (Warminster, 1990). Reinhold, M., Marcus Agrippa: A Biography (Rome, 1965). Essay Trend In It. Roddaz, J.-M., Marcus Agrippa (Rome, 1984). Salmon, E.T., The Evolution of Augustus's Principate, Historia 5 (1956): 456-78.
Schlüter, W. Good Thesis Statement. The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest: Archaeological Research at Kalkreise near Osnabrück, in J.D. Creighton and R.J.A. Wilson (eds), Roman Germany: Studies in letter, Cultural Interaction (Portsmouth, RI, 1999), 125-59. Shotter, D.C., Augustus Caesar (London, 1991) Simon, E., Augustus: Kunst und Leben in good thesis autobiography, Rom um die Zeitenwende (Munich 1986). Southern, P., Augustus (London, 1998).
Syme, R., The Roman Revolution , rev. ed. (Oxford, 1952). ________. History in Ovid (Oxford, 1978). ________. The Augustan Aristocracy (Oxford, 1986). Talbert, R.J.A., The Senate of Imperial Rome (Princeton, 1984). Taylor, L. Water Carbon Negative. R., The Divinity of the good thesis statement autobiography Roman Emperor (Middletown, 1931; reprint, New York, 1979). Write A Thesis Psychology. Von Premerstein, A. Vom Werden und Wesen des Prinzipate. (Munich, 1937). Ward-Perkins, J.B., Roman Imperial Architecture , 2nd edition (Hammondsworth, 1981). Weigel, R.D., Lepidus: The Tarnished Triumvir (London, 1992). Whittaker, C.R., Frontiers of the Roman Empire: A Social and Economic Study (Baltimore, 1994). Williams, G., Did Maecenas 'Fall from Favor'? Augustan Literary Patronage, in Raaflaub and Toher, 258-75.
Zanker, P., The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus (Ann Arbor, 1988). NOTES (throughout the notes, items in the bibliography are referred to in abbreviated form) [] The chief ancient sources for the life of Augustus (mostly available as Penguin Classics or in the Loeb Classical Library) are: Appian B. Civ . books 3-5; Dio, books 45-56; Cicero, Philippics and some letters; Nicolaus of Damascus, Augustus ; Plutarch, Mark Antony ; Suetonius, Augustus ; the Res Gestae Divi Augusti (see the edition by P.A. Brunt and J.M. Moore [Oxford, 1967]). Fragments of the biography of Augustus by Nicolaus of Damascus (fl. ca. 20 BC) are especially valuable, since this work is widely accepted as preserving elements of Augustus's lost De Vita Sua (covering the years down to 25 BC; Suet.
Aug . 1-18 appears also to be based on this autobiography). The surviving text of Nicolaus, however, only treats Octavian's life down to the raising of good his private legions in 44 BC (for editions with English translations and notes, see J. Bellemore, Nicolaus of Damascus: Life of essay questions on the color of water Augustus [Bristol, 1984]; C.M. Hall, Nicolaus of Damascus: Life of Augustus [Baltimore, 1923]). There are also innumerable references to him in other ancient literary works and good thesis statement autobiography, inscriptions, and large quantities of iconographic evidence (statues, busts, reliefs, gems, etc). Letter. The number of modern accounts is also formidable, with useful and concise introductions to be found in Shotter, Augustus Caesar and thesis, Jones, Augustus . More thorough and specific treatments include Bleicken, Augustus ; Kienast, Augustus ; Millar and Segal, Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects ; Raaflaub and on recent, Toher, Between Republic and Empire ; Southern, Augustus ; Syme, Roman Revolution ; id. History in Ovid . In the interests of conciseness, the statement notes emphasize the ancient evidence; most of the secondary studies just cited tackle the issues addressed in how to write for a psychology paper, this article. Good Thesis. [] The fall of the Roman Republic has also generated vast quantities of bibliography; see, esp., P.A. Brunt, The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays (Oxford, 1988); M. Crawford and M. Beard, Rome in cover letter follow up, the Late Republic (Ithaca, 1985); F. Millar, The Crowd in Rome in statement, the Late Republic (Ann Arbor, 1998); E. Gruen, The Last Generation of the Roman Republic (Berkeley, 1974); Syme, Rom.
Rev . [] The lack of popular enthusiasm for essay in it Caesar's naked autocracy is reflected in good autobiography, a famous incident during the Lupercalia (15 February) in 44 BC. Caesar had twice been offered a royal diadem in essay questions of water, front of the thesis statement crowd. The crowd, we hear, reacted badly to this spectacle, remaining largely silent, despite the writing ideas presence of a pro-Caesar claque in their midst. Only when Caesar refused the thesis statement crown did the crowd cheer wildly. Trend In It. See Dio 44.11-12; App. Thesis. B. Civ . 2.109; Plut. Caes . 61-62. Suet.
Caes . 79.2 only alludes to the incident. [] Ancient accounts of questions of water Augustus's birth and early life are seriously marred by fantastical prophesies of good thesis statement autobiography future greatness, so that the historical reality is hard to weed out. He seems, however, to have lived a largely uneventful first nineteen years. See Dio 45.1-2; Suet. Aug . 1-8; Nic. Aug . 2-5; Tac. Dial . 28.5 Cicero's letters provide the only contemporary evidence for Augustus's early career, and are indispensable for that, but provide little information on his early life. A note on names: Augustus was born C. Octavius, became C. Julius Caesar Octavianus (usually abbreviated Octavian in homework, modern sources) in 44 BC, and was renamed yet again as Imperator Augustus Caesar in 27 BC. Following standard practice, I shall refer to him by good autobiography, his appropriate name in each period. [] Association with Caesar: Nic. Aug . 7-12.
Aftermath of murder: App. Water Carbon Case Study. B. Civ . Good Thesis. 3.9-11. Octavian seems to have arrived in Italy in early April or late March: Cicero, in a letter from Astura dated 11 April, inquired of letter follow up Atticus how it went ( Att . 14.5.3 = SB 359). Note that the influential Caesarian L. Munatius Plancus had taken note of the young Octavius prior to Caesar's murder, so the young man had not gone entirely unnoticed by the elite; see Cic. Fam . 10.24.5. [] For ancient narratives of the events here described, see App. B. Civ . 3.11-98; Dio 45.5.1-46.52.4; Nic. Aug . 16-31; Suetonius ( Aug . 8.3-12) presents a conflated and rather confused account. Augustus's own summary of this phase of good thesis autobiography his career ( RG 1.1) is restricted to the simple and tendentious assertion he successfully championed the letter liberty of the republic when it was oppressed by the tyranny of a faction. [] Technically, however, the adoption was not made official until October/November 43 BC. That is why, it seems, Cicero comments that, when he met Octavian at Puteoli on 22 April, 44 BC, his followers call him Caesar, but Philippus [Octavian's stepfather] does not, so neither do I ( Att . 14.12.2 = SB 366); the good thesis statement Liberator M. Junius Brutus also refers to Octavian as Octavius (Cic.
Ad Brut . 17.5-6, 25.1, 2, 7, 8, 11; dated June and July 43 BC). In contrast, L. Munatius Plancus, a Caesarian, calls Octavian Caesar in letters roughly contemporary with Brutus's (e.g., Cic. Up. Fam . 10.23.6, 10.24.4-8). The political importance of the name was beyond doubt to contemporaries. [] Cicero first met Octavian in Naples on 19 April, 44 BC, one day after Octavian had arrived in the city ( Att . Statement Autobiography. 14.10.3 = SB 364). A few days later, on 22 April, he had decided that Octavian's influence on events could not be good, since his supporters were threatening death to the Liberators ( Att . 14.12.2 = SB 366). [] For his part, Cicero paid little attention to Octavius, at least initially: on 12 April, 44 BC he wrote to Atticus ( Att . 14.6.1 = SB 360), As for Octavius -- it's neither here not there. [] Appian ( B. Civ . 3.14-21) puts windy speeches into both their mouths: Octavian asks for his inheritance, Antony refuses by claiming the money is tied up in litigation, largely spent already, or not yet counted. In contrast, Dio (45.5.3) merely comments that Antony insulted Octavian, despite the latter's deference and failure to demand his inheritance. Regardless of the details, in both accounts the meeting was not successful. [] Cicero, in writing ideas year, letters to Atticus dated 11 and 18 May, 44 BC ( Att . Autobiography. 14.20.5 = SB 374, 14.21.4 = SB 375, and 15.2.3 = SB 379), makes reference to Octavian addressing a contio in Rome and preparing to give games (see Dio 45.6.4).
C. Matius, an obscure but affluent Caesarian, saw to the games at Octavian's request (Cic. Fam . 11.28.6). [] See App. B. Civ . 3.27, 30; Dio 45.9.3. [] All of this took place in of mass destruction, October and November 44 BC, as Cicero's letters make plain ( Att . 16.8.1-2 = SB 418; Fam . 12.23.2). See also App. B. Civ . 3.40-48; Dio 45.12. Statement Autobiography. [] Cicero, however, had been from the outset doubtful about Octavian's nature and intentions; see Att . How To Write A Thesis For A Paper. 14.12.2 = SB 366 (April 44 BC) and 16.9 = SB 419 (November 44 BC).
Needless to say, it was also to the political benefit of the Liberators and their supporters (Cicero among them) to keep the Caesarian leadership quarrelling. [] Cicero's speeches against good Antony, called the Philippics , have survived. In Philippics 3-5 (dated 20 December, 44 BC - 1 January, 43 BC), Cicero secured Octavian's appointment as propraetor from the essay trend in it senate. See also Cic. Fam . 10.28.3 (dated 2 February, 43 BC) [] App. B. Thesis Autobiography. Civ . 3.49-73; Cic. Fam . 11.8.2 (Cicero to Decimus Brutus, dated late January, 43 BC), 10.30.4 (letter from Ser.
Sulpicius Galba serving with consuls at Mutina, dated 15 April, 43 BC), 10.33.3-4 (letter from C. In It. Asinius Pollio, dated late May, 43 BC); Cic. Phil . 14; Dio 45.12-46.38. Cicero's quip, reported back to him by Decimus Brutus in a letter dated 24 May, 43 BC ( Fam . 11.20.1) was that the youth [Octavian] should be praised, decorated, immortalized (the Latin-- laudandum, ornandum, tollendum --is deliberately ambiguous: tollere can mean both raise up and good thesis statement, destroy). [] App. B. Civ . 3.74-95; Cic. Homework Ideas. Fam . 11.10.2, 11.13.1, 11.14.2 (correspondence to and from Decimus Brutus, dated May, 43 BC), 10.23.6 (letter from Plancus, dated 6 June, 43 BC). Octavian's election to the consulship took place on 19 August (as attested in the Feriale Cumanum , InscIt 13.2.278ff.), though his demand for the consulship appears to have begun in June (Cic. Ad Brut . 18.3); Dio 46.39-49. On Cassius and Brutus in the East, see App. B. Civ . 3.26, 63, 77-79, 96; Dio 47.20-36. [] Overtures to Antony: App. B. Civ . 3.80-81.
Meeting and formation of the thesis statement triumvirate: App. B. Civ . 3.96-4.3 (Appian places the meeting at Mutina); Dio 46.54.3-55.5. Passage of the lex Titia : App. On Weapons Of Mass Destruction. B. Good. Civ . 4.7; Dio 47.2.2. The terminal date of the triumvirate is unequivocally established by the Fasti Colotiani . On the legalities of the questions on the color of water Second Triumvirate, see Bleicken, Zwischen Republik und Prinzipat ; see also Millar, Triumvirate. Thesis Statement Autobiography. [] See App. Questions On The. B. Civ . 4.8-9 (text of proclamation) and 4.10-51 (anecdotes of the proscribed); see also Dio 47.9-13. Death of Cicero: App.
B. Civ . 4.19; Dio 47.8.3-4; Plut. Cic. 46-49. Plutarch ( Cic . 49.5) preserves the moving anecdote of Augustus, years later, unexpectedly confronted by his compliance in Cicero's murder. When visiting one of his grandsons, the fearful child attempted to conceal the book of Cicero he was reading. Augustus took the book, read it for some time, and gave it back to thesis autobiography the boy saying, A learned man, my boy, learned and a true patriot. Dio (47.8.1), Pliny ( HN 7.147), Plutarch ( Ant . 21), Suetonius ( Aug . 27.1), and Velleius (2.66.1-3) unite in blaming the proscriptions mainly on essay questions color of water, Antony (and Lepidus), the former public enemies out for revenge; there has to be a suspicion of pro-Augustan retroactive finger-pointing here. (Perhaps the later tradition of good thesis autobiography Octavian's reluctance stems from questions on the color of water apologia in Augustus's own Memoirs , now lost.) The final count of the dead is given by Appian ( B. Civ . 4.5) as 300 senators and 2,000 Knights. Good Thesis Autobiography. Southern (57-59) joins Kienast (35) in arguing forcefully that the letter follow up proscriptions were motivated by the mentality of the political purge, not financial need. [] Africa: App. B. Civ . 4.53-56. Campaign of Philippi: App.
B. Civ . 4.86-139; Dio 47.37-49. Octavian's limited role in the fighting: Dio 47.41.1-4; Pliny HN 7.148. Re-alignment of the triumviral provinces: App. B. Civ . 5.3, 12; Dio 48.1.2-3. (Cisalpine Gaul now ceased to be a province and was finally integrated into Italia.) [] On the depradations of the soldiers in Italy, see Dio 47.14.4-5. On this settlement, see Keppie, Colonisation , 58-69.
On the good methods and questions on the of water, impact of veteran settlement, see ibid., 87-133. The eighteen towns: App. B. Civ . 4.3 (Appian says the towns were remarkable for their wealth and fine lands and good statement, houses). It should be noted that where the territory of a designated veteran colony proved insufficient for how to statement psychology the requirements of settlement, the good statement territory of neighboring towns would be encroached upon, occasionally to follow the point of total subsumption (e.g., Caudium, entirely absorbed by the settlement at Beneventum). Thus, many more than the eighteen towns mentioned by Appian were affected by the settlement process. [] On the Perusine War, see App. B. Civ . Thesis. 5.14, 30-51; Dio 48.13-14 . Antony's complicity: App. B. Civ . Questions On The. 5.21-22; Dio 48.28. Execution of councilors: App. B. Civ . 5.48; Dio 48.14.3. Acquisition of Gaul: App.
B. Civ . Thesis Statement. 5.51, 53; Dio 48.20.1, 3. [] Threatened war and Pact of Brundisium: App. B. Civ. 5.52-65; Dio 48.28-30. [] Career of Sextus: App. B. Civ . 2.105, 122, 3.4, 4.25, 36-54 (passim), 83-85, bk. 5 (passim); Dio 47.36.4, 47.49.4, 48.16-20. Date of appointment of Sextus to the prefecture of the fleet: Cic. Phil . 13.13.
Sextus's pact with Antony: App. B. Civ . 5.56. Treaty of Misenum/Puteoli: App. B. Civ . 5.67-74 (Appian places the meeting at Puteoli); Dio 48.36-38. The scene at the latter was almost comical (as described by Appian): Antony and Octavian sat on a platform built over the sea close to the land; Sextus had his own, more seaward platform with his ships behind.
A narrow strip of water separated the two platforms. Negotiations were then shouted across the sea until agreement was reached. On Sextus Pompeius, see also Hadas, Sextus Pompey . In Syme's view ( Rom. Rev ., 221), the letter follow up Peace of Puteoli enlarged the Triumvirate to include a fourth partner, which is something of an overstatement, given its evidently expedient nature. [] Collapse of thesis statement autobiography Misenum/Puteoli agreement and war: App. B. Civ . 5.77-92; Dio 48.45.4-49 . Cover Follow. Treaty of thesis Tarentum and renewal of essay triumvirate: App. B. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. Civ . 5.93-95; Dio 48.54.1-6. The issue of the duration of the second period of the triumvirate has proven difficult: was it renewed at Tarentum (September?, 37 BC) retroactively from fiji negative case 1 January, 37 BC (to end on 31 December, 33 BC) or did it run directly from September(?), 37 BC (to end sometime toward the good thesis end of 32 BC)? The more convincing case is on the side of the retroactive view: see the on weapons of mass destruction excellent summary in Benario, Octavian's Status. See also Bleicken, Zwischen Republik und Prinzipat , 65-82; id., Augustus , 269-70; W. Eder, Augustus and the Power of Tradition: The Augustan Principate as Binding Link Between Republic and Empire, in Raaflaub and Toher, 97-98; Jones, 31; Kienast, 55; Southern, 94. In all likelihood, Republican legalities played a lesser part in the considerations of the time than the observable reality of the triumvirate's dominance and, therefore, in the actual operation of its power; see below, n. 29.
On the growth of Octavian's party at this time, see Syme, Rom. Rev ., 227-42. [] Final campaign against Sextus: App. B. Civ . 5.96-144; Dio 49.1-18. Lepidus: App. B. Civ . 5.123; Dio 49.11.2-12.4; see also Weigel, Lepidus . Lepidus's rash actions were, in Syme's words, sparked by a strange delusion ( Rom. Rev ., 232). Thesis Statement. These events in Sicily were capped by unrest among the legions there, with the essay on recent in it soldiers demanding rewards for service. Octavian discharged 20,000 of them on good statement autobiography, the spot and promised the rest bounties after campaigns in Illyricum; see Appian and Dio locc. citt.; Keppie, Colonisation , 69-73. [] One of the honors allegedly given to Octavian after Naulochus, late in 36 BC, was the tribunician power (App. B. Civ . Cover Follow Up. 5.132). However, Augustus later reckoned his tribunician power from 23 BC, which settles the argument decisively: he did not get it in 36 BC.
Dio is probably correct (49.15.6) in saying that he was given a tribune-like protection from insult or injury ( sacrosanctitas ). Refusal of the pontificate: App. B. Civ . 5.131; Dio 49.15.3; Suet. Aug . 31.1. Burning of the records: App. B. Civ . 3.132. [] Antony's wars in the East: Dio 49.19-30; Plut. Ant . 37-52. Octavian in Illyricum: App. Ill . 12-28. Antony's behavior and thesis statement, the Donations of Alexandria (much of essay questions it no doubt drawn from statement pro-Augustus propaganda): Dio 49.41, Plut.
Ant . 54.3-6 (Donations); Dio 50.4-5 (behavior). Cleopatra's ambitions: Dio 50.4.1, 5.4. Rising tensions: Plut. Ant . 54-55. Agrippa's aedileship and munificence instigated by Octavian: Dio 49.43.1-4; Pliny HN 36.121; Roddaz, 145-57 (aedileship); Suet. Aug . 29.4-5; Vell.
Pat. 2.89.4 (munificence). [] On the date of the trend expiration of the triumviral powers, see above n. 25. It is thesis statement autobiography my opinion that many modern scholars, wedded to contemporary paradigms of legally-sanctioned government, have overstated the importance of legalities in a thesis psychology, establishing the powers of Roman Republican officials; precedent, ritual, and appearance were just as important, if not more so. Certainly traditional procedures and practices were used during the Republic to legitimate magisterial authority, but many of these niceties had fallen by the wayside in the years since Pompey and Caesar. Time and again in the period after Sulla extraordinary powers and privileges had been voted to good thesis statement autobiography generals in recognition of their de facto supremacy. How To Statement For A. So too now, with Octavian. Technically, his triumviral powers had lapsed. No one, however, not even the Antonian consuls for 32 BC, C. Good. Sosius and essay on recent trend in it, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, were going to point that out publicly; although the content of Sosius's anti-Octavian speech of 1 January, 32 BC has not survived, that he focused on the expiration of the triumviral powers is unlikely, since the lapse applied to Antony as well. The reality of Octavian's pre-eminence in the West overshadowed the strict legalities of good his position.
On ritual, ceremony, and appearance in Republican magistracy, see D.J. Gargola, Lands, Laws and Gods: Magistrates and Ceremony in the Regulation of essay on recent trend Public Lands in Republican Rome (Chapel Hill, 1995), esp. 16-24; R. Stewart, Public Office in Early Rome: Ritual Procedure and Political Practice (Ann Arbor, 1998). The 1 January meeting of the senate and aftermath: Dio 50.2.3-7. Reading Antony's will: Dio 50.3.1-4.1, Plut. Ant . 58.3-4. Thesis Autobiography. Oath: RG 25.2; Dio 50.6.3-4 (where the oath is essay unmentioned but implicit); Suet. Good. Aug . 17.2.
Augustus himself ( RG , loc. cit.) states that the oath was voluntary ( sponte sua ), but it may not have been (see Dio and essay on recent trend in it, Suetonius, locc. citt.). Syme ( Rom. Rev ., 284) was convinced the oath came before the denunciation of thesis statement Antony in the senate and the declaration of war and, in a rousing phrase, believed the oath riveted the shackles of [Italy's] servitude. [] Campaign at Actium: Dio 50.10-35; Plut. Water Negative Case. Ant . 61-68.3; Vell. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. Pat. 2.84-85; Carter, Battle of Actium . The forces on questions on the, each side were monumental: about 30 legions apiece, and Antony had 500 warships to Octavian's 250 (Plut. Ant . 61). For the later reception of the Actian campaign, see Gurval, Actium and Augustus . [] Aftermath of Actium: Dio 51.1-17; Plut.
Ant . 68.4-86. Date of the fall of Alexandria: Fasti Praenestini and Amiterini ( InscrIt . 13.2.107 and 13.2.185). Cleopatra, according to Plutarch ( Ant . 78-86.3), was taken alive by Octavian, who planned to display her at his triumph. But she had an asp smuggled into a banquet she was holding, hidden among a plate of figs. Thesis Statement. (The asp bit her on the arm, not the breast, according to essay on weapons of mass Plutarch [ Ant . Statement. 86.1-3] and Dio [51.14.1-2].) The revolt or plot of Lepidus is a shadowy affair: Vell. Pat. 2.88; Dio 54.15.4; Suet. Aug . 19.1. [] Settling affairs in the East: Dio 51.18. A Thesis Statement For A Psychology. Veteran settlements: Keppie, Colonisation , 73-82. Wealth of Egypt used for settlements: Dio 51.17.6-8.
Three triumphs: Dio 51.21.6-9. By universal consent I was in complete control of statement affairs: RG 34.1. On 11 January, 29 BC the on recent in it doors of the Temple of Janus in Rome were closed, symbolizing that the entire Roman world was at peace (though Dio is quick to point out the various wars still in good statement, progress in diverse locales): it had only happened twice before in all of Roman history (Dio 51.20.4-5). Such a symbolic gesture must have had a powerful effect on those who witnessed or heard about it and reinforced the notion of Octavian as the bringer of peace. Honors: Dio 51.19-21. [] None of on the this is meant to suggest that the system later called the Principate was, in good, its entirety, planned out and effected according to a pre-ordained blueprint, but rather that Octavian, in writing ideas year 2, the run up to the First Settlement, must have given careful thought to his position and acted accordingly.
That attitude, in fact, had marked his behavior from the very outset of his career and was encapsulated in his favorite aphorisms, Rush slowly ( festina lente ) and Whatever is done well enough is done quickly enough ( sat celeriter fieri quidquid fiat satis bene ; see, for both, Suet. Autobiography. Aug . 25.4). These are the mottoes of on recent a patient and careful planner. Good Autobiography. Nevertheless, that the Principate emerged piecemeal over almost three decades was demonstrated long ago by E.T. Salmon in his seminal article, The Evolution of Augustus's Principate; see also Lacey, Augustus and the Principate . Need for essay questions of water a rector : Cic. Rep . 2.51; 5.5, 6; 6.13. As consul in 28 BC, Octavian had annulled all the illegal acts of the triumvirate, effectively wiping the slate clean in that department (Dio 53.2.6); his behavior in this year, with Agrippa as his colleague, was generally traditional, generous, and exemplary (Dio 53.1-2). Good. A new beginning was being heralded, support for it organized, and on recent trend, its nature indicated: later, Augustus himself considered the events of 28 and 27 BC as part of a single process of transferring the republic from my power to the dominion of the senate and people of thesis statement autobiography Rome ( RG 34.1). [] First Settlement: Dio 53.3-17.1; RG 34.1-2; Suet. Aug . 28.1; Vell. Water. 2.89.
Settlement staged: Dio 53.2.7. Division of provinces: Dio 53.12; see also Millar, The Emperor, the Senate and the Roman Provinces. Debate over legal status of Octavian: Southern, 111-13. Imperium proconsulare is more likely to have been granted for ten years than imperium consulare , which Octavian already held by virtue of his consulship: or was it expected he would be consul every year for the following ten years? On the settlement, see, e.g., Bleicken, 315-42; Rich, Cassius Dio ; Southern, 111-17; Syme, Rom. Rev . Good Statement Autobiography. 313-30. [] Travels of Augustus: Dio 53.22.5. Illness and recovery: Dio 53.30.3; Hor. Epist . 1.15; Pliny HN 25.77; Suet. Aug. 81.1.
Conspiracy: Dio 54.3.2-3 (who dates the event to 22 BC, so breaking the direct link between it and the Settlement of 23); Vell. Pat. 2.91.2; the cover details are perceptively discussed by Raaflaub and Samons, Opposition to Augustus, 425-27; see also Rich, Dio Cassius , 168-69. Second Settlement: Dio 53.32; RG 10.1; Suet. Aug . 28.1. For the Cyrenaica decrees, see below n. 48. Good. [] Refusal of dictatorship et al.: Dio 54.1.3-4; RG 5.1-2; Vell. Cover Letter Up. Pat. 2.89.5; Suet. Aug . 52. Cura annonae : Dio 54.1.3. Ius primae relationis : Dio 54.3.3.
Privileges of 19 BC: Dio 54.10.3-7; RG 6.1; Suet. Aug . 27.5. Father of the Country: Dio 55.10.10; RG 35.1; Suet. Aug . Statement Autobiography. 58. Priesthoods: RG 7.3. Auctoritas : RG 34.3; see also Cic. Off . 2.2; Magdelain, Auctoritas Principis ; Lanza, Auctoritas Principis ; a useful overview is now Galinsky, 10-41. Dio (55.34.2) reports that in AD 8, when he had become too infirm to attend elections in person, Augustus would post the names of the fiji candidates for office he favored; it's hard to imagine such candidates failing. Galinsky (42-79) surveys the establishment of the Principate with emphasis on the terminology of power Augustus uses to describe it. [] Continuity of Principate: Suet. Aug . 28.1-2. [] Before marrying Livia Drusilla in 39 BC, he had been married to good autobiography Clodia, stepdaughter of Antonius ( PIR 2 C 1057), from 43-41 BC; and then to Scribonia ( PIR S 220), from 40-39 BC.
Appearance at triumph: Suet. Tib . 6.4. Marriage: Dio 53.27.5. Aedile/legal age: Dio 53.28.3. Essay On Weapons Of Mass Destruction. Successor in power: Vell. Pat. 2.93.1. Deathbed scene: Dio 53.30.1-2; Suet. Aug . 28.1. Death and burial of Marcellus: Dio 53.30.4.
Livia 's rumored hand in his demise (Dio 53.33.4.) is good thesis statement entirely unproven; that summer in Rome was considered particularly unhealthy and death by illness was widespread (Dio loc. cit.). Marcellus was not adopted by Augustus: the RG (21.1) refers to him as my son-in-law as does Marcellus's epitaph (Braund, 27). [] Octavius in Caesar's triumph: see n. 5. Octavius granted right of standing early: App. B. Civ . 3.51. [] Agrippa goes East: Dio 53.31.2-4; Pliny HN 7.149; Tac. Ann . 14.53.3; Suet. Aug . 66.3, Tib . 10.3. Agrippa's power in the east: Gray, Imperium of essay questions on the M. Good Thesis. Agrippa. Maecenas's quip: Dio, 54.6.5. Marriage: Dio 54.6.5; Suet. Aug . Trend In It. 63.1. Agrippa's powers: Dio 54.12.4-5 (18 BC), 54.28.1 (13 BC). [] Coins: RIC nos. 407, 408, 414.
Gaius and Lucius Caesar: Dio 54.18.1, Tac. Ann . 1.3. Tiberius and Drusus' advancement: see DIR's Tiberius . As to the Regency or paired-succession propositions (for which, see, respectively, R. Seager, Tiberius [London, 1972], 18-22, 24-26, 29-38, recently restated in Southern, 162, 168; and B. Levick, Tiberius the Politician (London, 1976), 19-67; ead., Drusus Caesar), what ensured that Agrippa the regent would step down when required to do so? What mechanisms realistically existed for depriving an incumbent regent or princeps of good thesis statement his powers? Indeed, if Agrippa did not step down but died in office, what makes him a regent and not an emperor?
The paired accession idea is no more convincing, since Augustus was under no illusions as to the extreme inadvisability, if not impossibility, of attempting to how to write a thesis statement paper share supreme power (see Suet. Aug . 28.1): his own career as triumvir was illustration enough of good thesis autobiography that. As it was, joint accessions were not seriously entertained until the second century and beyond, when the Principate was well established, and most were unsuccessful. That Augustus was blind to the danger of presenting two equally qualified and favored candidates to the armed forces is all but inconceivable. [] Death of Agrippa: Dio 54.28.2-3, 29. Marriage of Tiberius and Julia: Dio 54.31.2. For more detailed discussion of these events with reference to the ancient material involved, see the DIR's Tiberius , C. and L. Caesar, Germanicus , Agrippa Postumus. See also, Birch, Settlement; Levick, Drusus Caesar; Seager, Tiberius , 35-38. Germanicus, the essay of mass son of Tiberius' brother Drusus, was himself a Claudian but his marriage to Agrippina (Augustus's granddaughter) offered hope of a Julian heir in the fourth generation. [] Fall of Julia the Elder: Dio 55.10.12-16; Suet. Aug . 65.1, Tib . 11.4; Tac. Ann . 1.53.1; Vell.
Pat. 2.100.2-5. For the political scheming view, see Levick, Julians and Claudians. Fall of Agrippa Postumus: Dio 55.32.1-2; Suet. Aug . Good Statement. 65.1, 65.4; Levick, Abdication; Jameson, Augustus and Agrippa Postumus. Fall of Julia the cover follow up Younger: Suet. Aug . 19.1, 65.1. [] For a concise account of the good thesis Roman army under Augustus, see Keppie, Making of the fiji water carbon case study Roman Army , 145-71; also Bleicken, 541-63, Jones, 110-16. On the autobiography praetorians, see Durry, Cohortes Prétoriennes , esp.
65-89. [] On Augustus's campaigns, see RG 26-27; Keppie, loc. Fiji Water Carbon Case. cit. in n. Good Statement. 44. On the Varan disaster, see Schlüter, The Battle of the on weapons of mass destruction Teutoburg Forest. For an good thesis statement autobiography overview of Augustus's foreign policy, see Gruen, Imperial Policy. On the bigger question of frontiers and imperial growth, see Isaac, Limits of Empire , esp. 372-418; Whittaker, Frontiers of the how to statement psychology Roman Empire , esp.
10-98 (who includes discussion of ancient concepts of space and cartography). On the reactive nature of good autobiography ancient government, see Millar, Roman Empire and writing homework year 2, its Neighbours , esp. 52-80. For the good autobiography stations of the legions on Augustus's death, see n. 48. [] On the essay on the of water Crassus affair, see Dio 52.23.2-27.3; Livy 4.19-20 (the previous awards of spolia opima were to A. Statement. Cornelius Cossus in the late fifth century BC and M. On Recent. Claudius Marcellus in 222 BC). On Gallus, see Dio 53.23.5-24.1. The inscription ( ILS 8995) is worth quoting: C. Cornelius Gallus, son of Cnaeus, Roman knight, appointed the autobiography first Prefect of Alexandria and of Egypt after its kings had been defeated by Caesar, son of a god; he [Gallus] was twice victor in pitched battles during the Theban revolt, within 15 days, in essay of mass destruction, which he defeated the good thesis statement autobiography enemy; he took by assault five cities (Boresos, Coptus, Ceramice, Diospolis Magna, and essay questions of water, Opheium) and captured the leaders of their revolts; he led an army beyond the cataphract of the Nile, into which region arms had not previously been borne either by the Roman people or by the kings of Egypt; he took Thebes, the shared fear of all the kings (of Egypt); he received ambassadors of the Ethiopian king at Philae and statement, received that king into his protection; he appointed a ruler over the Ethiopian region of fiji water negative study Triacontaschoenus. He [Gallus] gave and good statement autobiography, dedicated this monument to the ancestral gods and the Nile, his helper. A useful overview of both incidents is how to statement for a psychology provided by Southern (115-17). Augustus arrogated for himself victories won by his generals: the successes of Tiberius and Drusus on thesis autobiography, the Rhine and Danube in 12 and 11 BC caused him to add two imperatorial acclamations to his titles; Tiberius and Drusus got none (Dio 54.33.5). Agrippa refusing triumphs: Dio 53.23.4 (general modesty of Agrippa), 54.11.6 (over the Cantabri), 54.24.7 (over the Bosporus). [] For a useful overview of this subject, see Lintott, Imperium Romanum , 111-28.
On the consilium , instituted between 27 and 18 BC, see Dio 53.21.3-5 (quote at 53.21.6); Suet. Aug . 35.4; Crook, Consilium Principis . On the color of water role of the imperial senate, see Talbert, Senate of Imperial Rome , esp. Part Three: Functions. On suffect consuls, see ibid., 202-7. Newly-created positions: Suet. Aug . 37. On the equestrians, see Demougin, Ordre Equestre . The rosy picture of imperial rule painted by Velleius Paterculus (of equestrian status) reflects, perhaps, not only Velleius's sycophantic personality but also a genuine sense of gratitude toward the imperial regime on the part of his class as a whole. Note also Syme, Augustan Aristocracy . [] Cyrenaica decrees: SEG 9 (1944) 8 = FIRA 1.68.
The disposition of the empire's territories on Augustus's death was as follows: Territory Status Type of Governor Legions. Baetica Public proconsul (ex-praetor) - Lusitania Imperial legat. Aug. (ex-praetor) - Tarrocensis Imperial legat. Aug. (ex-consul) 3. Narbonensis Public (23 BC) proconsul (ex-praetor) - Aquitania Imperial legat. Aug. (ex-praetor) - Belgica Imperial legat. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. Aug. (ex-praetor) - Lugdunensis Imperial legat.
Aug. (ex-praetor) - Germany (after AD 9, the area west of the essay trend in it Rhine) Military zone n/a 2 legat. Aug. (ex-consuls) 8 (4 and 4) (Upper and Lower) Cottian Imperial equest. pref. - Maritime Imperial equest. pref. Statement Autobiography. - Upper Danube region. Raetia Imperial equest. pref. - Noricum Imperial equest. pref. - Lower Danube region/northern Balkans. Illyricum Imperial (11 BC) legat. Aug. (ex-consul) 2. Pannonia Imperial legat. Aug. (ex-consul) 3. Moesia Imperial legat. Aug. (ex-consul) 2. Macedonia Public proconsul (ex-praetor) - Achaea Public proconsul (ex-praetor) - Thrace Client kingdom - - Asia Public proconsul (ex-consul) - Bythinia-Pontus Public proconsul (ex-praetor) - Galatia Imperial legat. Aug. (ex-praetor) - Lycia Free federation - - Pontus Client kingdom - - Cappadocia Client kingdom - - Several client principalities - - Syria Imperial legat.
Aug. (ex-consul) 4. Judaea Imperial equest. pref. Homework Year 2. - Several client principalities - - Egypt Imperial equest. pref. Autobiography. 2. Cyrenaeca Public proconsul (ex-praetor) - Africa Public proconsul (ex-consul) 1. Color. Mauretania Client Kingdom - - Sicily Public proconsul (ex-praetor) - Sardinia Imperial (AD 6) equest. pref pro legato - Corsica Imperial (AD 6) equest. Statement Autobiography. pref pro legato - Cyprus Public (23 BC) proconsul (ex-praetor) - Crete was part of Cyrenaeca. [] For a concise overview of Augustus's arrangement and administration of the provinces, see Jones, 94-109. See also Bleicken, 391-438; Eck, Verwaltung , 1.83-158. In the regions of Augustus's military activity, of on weapons of mass course, matters were not so pleasant; see Dio 56.16.3 on the comment of Bato, leader of the Pannonian revolt of AD 6-9, that the Romans were responsible for the war, since you send as guardians of good your flocks not dogs or shepherds, but wolves. Sulla in the East: Plut. Sulla 12.3-9 (pilfering of on weapons destruction Greece), 22.5 (indemnity from Mithridates), 25.2 (vast fine extorted from Asian communities). Caesar in statement autobiography, Spain and color, Gaul: Plut.
Caes . 12.4 (Spain), 29.3-4. On Augustus's image, see Zanker's seminal work, The Power of Images . [] There remains to good statement autobiography be written a comprehensive account of Augustus's legislation and social programmes; most of the standard biographies contain pertinent chapters or sections of essay on the color of water chapters (e.g., Jones, 131-43; Southern, 146-52). On the marriage laws, see Mette-Dittman, Ehegesetze . On the status symbols of the autobiography equestrians, see Kolb, Status-symbolik. A good example of his stiffening of the social hierarchy was the regulation of seating arrangements at letter follow up spectacles by good statement autobiography, social class, enforced empire-wide: see Suet. Aug . 44.1; Rawson, Discrimina Ordinum. Legislation on manumission and freedmen: Bradley, Slaves and Masters , 84-95. Augustus's private foibles: Suet. Aug . In It. 68-71. [] On the imperial cult, see the still classic study of Taylor, Divinity . For regional studies, see Fishwick, Imperial Cult (on the West) and good statement, Price, Rituals and Power (on the East). On the growth of the writing homework cult in statement autobiography, Augustus's lifetime, see Galinsky, 312-31; Ostrow, Augustales ; Pollini, Man or God.
On the contemporary worship of essay Augustus's numen , see, e.g., Hor. Epist . 2.1.15; Ovid Trist . 3.8.13. Good Thesis Autobiography. [] Quote: Dio 56.30.3; Suet. Aug . 28.3. Building projects: RG 19-21, 24. Augustus's building activity and his encouragement of others to munificence: Suet. Aug . 28.2-29.5; Vell. Pat. Essay On Recent In It. 2.89.4. A succinct survey of the Augustan building programme in Rome remains Ward-Perkins, Roman Imperial Architecture , 21-44.
On the good autobiography much-studied Ara Pacis, see RG 12.2; Dio 54.25.1-4; recent analyses include Conlin, Artists of the Ara Pacis ; Galinsky, 141-55. For a survey of the questions on the color of water varied artistic achievements of the period, see Galinsky, 141-224; Kaiser Augustus und die verlorene Republik . [] On the literature of the period, consult any standard history of Latin literature (e.g., the thesis Cambridge History of Classical Literature , vol. 2, ed. E.J. Kenney, ); for a concise overview, see Galinsky, 225-87. Cover Letter. On Maecenas, see Williams, Did Maecenas 'Fall from Favor'? (note also the individual chapters in Raaflaub and Toher treating Livy, Vergil, Horace, and Ovid). For the definitive presentation of the state-controlled model of Augustan literature, see Syme, Rom.
Rev ., 459-75. For more moderated views, see., e.g., Galinsky, passim (esp. 229-34). My Pompeian: Tac. Ann . 4.34.4 (the anecdote, ironically, appears in the context of the trial of a later historian, A. Cremutius Cordus, charged with maiestas under Tiberius in thesis statement, AD 25 for water carbon praising Brutus and Cassius in good thesis, his history). [] Withdrawal: Dio 55.33.5, 55.34.2, 56.26.2-3, 56.28.1-2; see also Southern, 181-90. Writing Homework Ideas 2. Tiberius's position: Suet.
Tib . Statement. 21.1; Vell. Pat. 2.121.1. Livia 's alleged involvement: Dio 56.30. Death and burial: Dio 56.29-42; Suet. Aug . Questions Color. 98-101. Will: Dio 56.32; Suet. Aug . Good Thesis Statement Autobiography. 101.4. [] Original position of the RG : RG pr.; Suet. Aug . Writing Homework Ideas Year. 101.4. ). For a recent analysis, see Ramage, Nature and Purpose . Copyright 1999, Garrett G. Fagan. This file may be copied on the condition that the entire contents, including the header and this copyright notice, remain intact. Updated: 5 July 2004.
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Museum Visit Essays and Research Papers. I had the good thesis statement autobiography, pleasure of essay destruction visiting The Miami Art Museum and was very impressed by what I encountered and viewed. I have never found interest in art . Autobiography? until I got to see the museum . Throughout my exploration at the Miami Art Museum I was able to on weapons destruction, view a wide selection of art. In this venture, I viewed the thesis statement, most beautiful artwork I had ever seen, observed interesting non European/North American art, was alarmed by the most disturbing works , explored a breath taking exhibition, and actually found work that. Art , Chuck , Miami 1022 Words | 3 Pages. VISIT TO UST MUSEUM Date of Submission: December 14, 2011 As a Thomasian, it is just appropriate to on weapons, visit . the UST Museum where it showcases its rich collection of artifacts and important figures that defines our history. Here’s an historical background of the museum . The UST Museum is the oldest museum in good statement autobiography the Philippines featuring a rich natural history collection, with a diorama of selected Philippine fauna. Other exhibits include the ethnography collection (cultural artifacts), the essay on recent in it, oriental. Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language , Filipino people 1555 Words | 4 Pages. When I was first told I was to statement autobiography, visit the Cummer Museum I thought, This is going to be boring. How can I write a paper on questions color of water, just . art?
However, after my visit , I found there were more things to good thesis, write about than I had imagined. I come from Washington, D.C. and I'm used to visiting museums but I had never seen one with so many different kinds of artwork. From various oil paintings and ancient sculptures to modern photography and ceramic figures. There was even a beautiful garden to enjoy. According. Ancient Egypt , Art , Christ 1070 Words | 3 Pages. ?Running head: VISTING A MUSEUM Visiting a Museum Victoria Johnson Dr. Gerald Franz Humanities – World Cultures II . March 16, 2014 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to share the experience I had visiting a museum for the first time.
I believe it was a great event and feel every person should go to one in their life. During my visit I learned about the trend in it, author of the classical novel, about the many artifacts on good thesis statement, display, and about different characters, and their achievements. Fiji Case Study? After you. Display case , Film , Gone with the Wind 1254 Words | 7 Pages. Earned Revenue *Earned revenue* is *revenue* created by the business operations of the thesis statement, facility. Sources that contribute to museums ’ earned . revenue include admissions, gift shops, food and beverage sales, memberships, facility rentals, and essay questions on the color, fees for research services. Statement? Essentially, any product or service that is cover up offered by the museum and good autobiography, generates income is how to write considered earned income. *Unearned revenue* is money that is not generated by the business operations of the good autobiography, facility, but is provided. Income , Museum , Revenue 2671 Words | 7 Pages. Museum Visit Report Jon Fairbanks Norton Simon Museum February 21.2013 Why did you visit this . museum ? I decided to visit this museum because I have been to the Getty museum and essay on weapons of mass, wanted to try something new. I have gone on tours of the famous Green and Green home in Pasadena and truly enjoyed it. I felt that a visit to thesis statement, this museum would be beneficial.
How long were you at the museum ? I was at the museum for approximately 3.5 hours. Which parts of the museum did you visit ? I did a whole sweep. Art museum , Auguste Rodin , Getty Center 450 Words | 2 Pages. Background Museum : The McNeil Museum of Art (MMA) is essay trend a not-for-profit museum founded in the city of good thesis statement autobiography . Universal, in writing year 2 the western United States. Originally chartered in statement autobiography 1925, under the founding name Fannel County Museum of Fine Arts, the museum went through a name change in 2000 to reflect the essay trend, museum’s main benefactor, Jonathon A. McNeil. Before the good thesis statement, museum went through a name change, however, in 1997 MMA benefited from how to a thesis statement psychology paper a $28 million dollar bond election. This election allowed MMA to expand their. Collection , Curator , Fee 1482 Words | 5 Pages. Section 6381 Authentic Assessment Stage 2 June 3, 2015 Museum Tour What museum did you visit ? (Provide . information about the museum , location, etc.) On Wednesday June 3, 2015, I visited The Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in thesis statement Washington DC.
The Smithsonian is on recent trend located in the heart of Downtown DC near the National Mall on good autobiography, Constitution Ave. The Smithsonian Institution museum is home to a variety of diverse collections with the Museum of write a thesis for a psychology Natural History being one of them. Thesis Statement? How was artwork. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden , Museum , National Air and Space Museum 484 Words | 2 Pages. capturing what the on recent in it, eye sees, reflecting the light of the sun perfectly onto the water and creating a shimmering effect that would be apparent if one could . see this scene in actuality. According to Deborah Gribbon, the director of the J. Paul Getty Museum , his goal was apparently not to just portray the play of light across the water, but to recreate the same effects. Short dabs of paint create optical liveliness(Getty audio tour).
The painting is good thesis autobiography clearly a work of the Impressionist period, noticeable. Camille Pissarro , Claude Monet , Getty Center 1230 Words | 4 Pages. Analysis: A son of the president of a university dedicated an study, Art Museum to good thesis, a university he was once an alumnus in. The son was a rich . investor in a Bank and gave the letter up, Art Museum his small high quality collections of art. He worked as the art museum director without payments until he passed away. During his management to the museum , he collection some art pieces from other universities. The museum’s visitors were very limited. After the death of the founder, the statement autobiography, university wanted to hire a new. Academia , Art history , Doctorate 1227 Words | 4 Pages. Museums as rituals Scott Cunningham, a writer, once said, “Rituals developed as a means of contacting and utilizing the on weapons of mass, energy . within humans as well as in the nature world” (Ascension Gateway).
This thought provoking quote could be used to spark the thinking of how rituals are practiced in our daily secular lives. Thesis Statement? Carol Duncan does a great job with showing how rituals are practiced in our secular lives; she uses museums to essay trend in it, emphasize this point. Carol Duncan’s Civilizing Rituals: Inside. Anthropology of thesis statement autobiography religion , Art museum , Florence 2711 Words | 7 Pages. then what about conjugal visits ? The term has an old-fashioned ring to it, evoking images of prisoners' wives sneaking into the big house while . the questions on the, guards turn a blind eye. But conjugal visits actually do take place in a handful of states as a means to preserve family relationships during the period of incarceration.
In our society there are many who agree that conjugal visits are good for autobiography, prisoners and his or her significant other(s). It is believed that conjugal visits leads to strong family. Conjugal visit , Family , Human sexuality 1118 Words | 3 Pages. Criminal Justice Department in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in write a thesis for a psychology Criminal Justice Systems . 2013 Introduction .In recent years, lawmakers have expressed concern about conjugal visits in the United States. Thesis? The question that can be posed, are they fair to offer to a criminal serving time in fiji water case study prison. Some agree that this issue needs attention by good thesis statement autobiography keeping and expanding the program, saying that “it is a necessary tool to help reintegrate. Conjugal visit , Corrections , Crime 848 Words | 4 Pages. Notes • Citation Generator • More a Visit To Murree Essays and Term Papers Top of Form • [pic] • Bottom of Form 1 - . 20 of 1000 • Visit To Muree Pindi Point Chair Lift Pindi point is one of the prime points to visit in Murree.
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COLEMAN ART MUSEUM The problem: The problem with Coleman Art Museum is the inability to thesis autobiography, produce any revenue from the past . three years as well as the company had gone into their financial reserves in order to cover costs from follow up losses. Company overview: The Coleman Art Museum (CAM) is a nonprofit corporation located in Universal City, which is a large metropolitan area in autobiography the western United States. CAM was founded in 1925, it was originally named Fannel county Museum of Fine Arts. But in 2000. Art , Art museum , Collection 1700 Words | 6 Pages. I've never had a chance to visit any museum in real life, and color, it's even harder for me now since I've just arrived to the USA for good statement, . 3 months.
But I'm an art addicted, so I usually visit famous museums around the world on the internet. One Of my favourite museums is The Walters Art Museum . How To A Thesis Statement Psychology? The Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland is internationally renowned for its collection of art, which was amassed substantially by two men, William and Henry Walters, and thesis, eventually bequeathed to. 20th century , 20th Century Fox , Art museum 346 Words | 2 Pages. National Protrait Museum Visit in Washington Dc. NATIONAL PROTRAIT MUSEUM VISIT IN WASHINGTON DC . by On May 1st, 2010, my wife, my three children () and I went to the National Portrait Gallery Museum in Washington, DC. Left our home at 11:30am, on a sunny day, we arrived in national Capital at 1pm on a sunny day with a temperature around 85 degree. Abraham Lincoln , African American , Great Depression 1304 Words | 3 Pages. Holden Caulfield And The History Museum. History is Eternal, Especially in essay trend in it a Museum Where the Exhibits Never Change In J.D. Good Autobiography? Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, Holden reflects very . fondly of the Museum of Natural History.
He wants to go there to find his sister Phoebe, but he remembers that “it was Sunday and Phoebe wouldn’t be there.” (119) But none the less, “even though it was so damp and lousy out,” (119) he decided to walk all the way through the park to the museum . While he is on his way to the museum , he recollects how every time you. Museum 936 Words | 3 Pages. of news about Museum of essay on recent trend in it Modern Art (MoMA) drew my attention. It said that this nonprofit museum suffered decreasing investment . and donation since the worldwide financial crisis in 2008; indeed, it lost about 18% money. It is no doubt that the statement autobiography, great power of on recent in it financial crisis damages the development of thesis statement nonprofit museums , which rely on the endowments and donations from the individuals, institutions, government, etc. There may be some negative expectation on 2, the future of nonprofit museums because of the. Art museum , Federal government of the United States , Manhattan 2661 Words | 7 Pages.
My First Museum Trip When I read this assignment I realized that I have never actually been to statement, an art museum . Water Carbon Study? I . immediately logged onto the computer and autobiography, discovered that I live only a few miles from the how to statement for a psychology paper, Chrysler Museum of Art in thesis statement autobiography Norfolk, Va. I was very interested to put the questions on the of water, things that I have learned during my art class to use in the museum . Although I was not sure what style of art I would like or dislike, I was going to take my time and look at them all. The Chrysler Museum has wide range. Abstract expressionism , Art , Arts 788 Words | 3 Pages. University Art Museum, Organizational Theory and Design. Art Museum If you only good thought the movie “Nights at the Museum ” was hectic in its twisted realism, nothing is more real than . How To A Thesis Statement For A Psychology Paper? deciding what the future beholds. Just like the characters in statement autobiography the museum was ship to the Smithsonian in letter follow up the movie, so the identity of this well academically renowned university art museum management strategy has been shipped into statement, dealing with a future dilemma of what purpose it will accommodate. Trend In It? In observation of the reading, it is obvious that this well-endowed museum is. Academia , Corporate governance , Faculty 994 Words | 3 Pages.
Government Museum and Art Gallery, Chandigarh, India. The Government Museum and Art Gallery in Chandigarh, India. On June 2nd and thesis statement autobiography, 3rd 2008, I was conducted my research on this site. I come . from a multicultural family who always appreciated both the visual and perceptual meaning of art. When I was growing up, my family would encourage us (me and my younger siblings) to acknowledge the concept and beauty of the efforts that one expressed in essay questions on the color of water their collection, whatever it may be. That has inspired me so much that I paint as well as sketch, from time. Centuries , Gautama Buddha , History of India 861 Words | 3 Pages.
? My trip to Dallas Museum of Art On the 18th of good thesis autobiography June 2013, I decided to visit one of the essay on recent trend in it, greatest . museums in Dallas. I was very excited to visit the museum because I have never been to any of the museums before in Dallas since I came to the United States of America. Good Thesis Statement Autobiography? Therefore, when the professor said it is the part of a grade so I got more excited. I reached the downtown by noon, and parked our car outside the Dallas Museum of Art. Color? Dallas Museum of Art significantly improved.
Art , Art world , Arts 888 Words | 4 Pages. Art Museum as a Ritual Duncan begins her article, “The Art Museum as Ritual,” by comparing art museums to thesis, . religious/ceremonial spaces, not only in architectural design but also in their purpose. She states, however, that unlike churches or temples, museums are secular places where “the secular truth became the authoritative truth.” Thus, a separation of church and writing homework year 2, state came to be an, as Duncan states, “religion…kept its authority only for voluntary believers.” She then goes on statement, to the differences. Art museum , Florence , Kunstmuseum Basel 1000 Words | 3 Pages. ? Denver Art Museum Visit Visiting the how to write a thesis statement for a psychology paper, Denver Art Museum for the first time can be something of clouded . experienced. There is good thesis statement almost too much for one day for your mind to overcome; the essay on recent trend in it, architect, surrounding area and, of course, the many wondrous works of art can overwhelm any first-timer. Although originally dating back all the way to thesis autobiography, 1948, the Denver Art Museum , as well as the essay on weapons of mass destruction, surrounding Civic Center buildings have dramatically changed and become a work of art themselves.
As anyone is good thesis driving. Art museum , Arts , Denver 1422 Words | 6 Pages. Anthropology Dr. Jean Marcus November 16, 2012 Cobb Museum Paper The Cobb Institute Museum at water carbon negative study, Mississippi State University . displays items from the Old World and the New World. When I visited the thesis statement, museum I noticed a wide variety of artifacts.
The Old world side contained pieces from many Old World countries, while the New World side featured a lot of cover pieces that are from local areas. Since there was such a vast number of artifacts at the Cobb Museum , I have decided to focus on the clay vessels and. Ancient Egypt , British Museum , Demotic 1329 Words | 4 Pages. Beautiful cities must be explored beautifully. Good Thesis Autobiography? So what better way than to visit the Museum of the Acropolis to admire the full . beauty of this relic of an ancient civilisation? As I stroll down the pedestrian avenue and admire the view of the write statement psychology paper, majestic Acropolis on my right, I can feel that I am in thesis the heart of ancient Athens, with the cobbled walkway and old buildings on either side of me, that add to the atmosphere of classic antiquity. How To Write A Thesis Statement Psychology Paper? But suddenly, as I turn my head to the left, I come face to. Acropolis , Acropolis Museum , Acropolis of statement Athens 1345 Words | 4 Pages.
in our lives. I had a chance to visit two museums during my fall break, and I enjoyed this event very much. Philadelphia . Museum of Art made great impression on me as usual. I was there several times before, and I really love this place. This time the exhibition of the African Art was very memorable to fiji water carbon negative study, me because I never seen such collection before as we don't have them a lot in the country where I'm from. This exhibition was organized by the Seattle Art Museum , and it took an insider's approach. Auguste Rodin , Philadelphia , Philadelphia Museum of Art 650 Words | 2 Pages. In Friedrich Durrenmatt’s play, The Visit , a great deal of literary feature is employed in good thesis statement autobiography order to elicit critical thinking from the follow, audience. . Durrenmatt implements the demonic motif to make the audience contemplate the play’s allegorical relevance to The Bible, as he uses Claire Zachanassian’s representation of the devil and juxtaposes it with Alfred Ill’s representation of Jesus Christ, the Savior. The character of Claire Zachanassian is utilized by Durrenmatt to represent the thesis, devil.
Her red. Christian mythology , Critical thinking , Devil 585 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Museum as a Racist Institute Racism, particularly against those of letter follow African descent, is a very dark past for the Western world, one that . Good Thesis Statement Autobiography? still prevalently haunts and invades the on weapons of mass destruction, future. As racism is a part of societies’ history, cultural institutions that present said history, such as museums , deal with the idea of statement racism every day in the exhibits within their walls. Many efforts are made to fiji water carbon case, show how terrible the racism of the past was and is, but the thesis, line between the racism of the past and.
African American , Art museum , Black people 2204 Words | 7 Pages. Why Do People Visit Museums When They Travel to New Places? Essay#4 Why do people visit museums when they travel to new places? Every new place that we visit has . different history and culture. People can get to know about a new place by either asking from local people and travelling or visiting museums . Visiting museums is writing homework year 2 a convenient and easy way to good thesis, understand and get better knowledge about a new place because we will be able to see such significant things such as handicrafts and archaeological finds with our own eyes. Museums are the of water, places where centuries. Emotion , Feeling , History 449 Words | 2 Pages. lots of mild action violence, though battles on the museum floor usually have a humorous edge. Story Summary Greatness has eluded Larry . Daley.
Attempts to make a name for good thesis autobiography, himself have left this down-and-out dreamer and divorced dad in need of a job and desperate to earn his 10-year-old son’s respect. Larry feels a sense of urgency now that his ex-wife is trend set to remarry, so he grudgingly accepts a menial night-watchman position at New York’s Museum of Natural History. Cutbacks have forced the thesis, curator. Anne Meara , Attila the Hun , Ben Stiller 1630 Words | 5 Pages. Should Art Museums Be Democratized? The art museum is fiji negative case study a place that collects and preserves very valuable and profound pieces of art created by thesis statement autobiography some of the statement psychology, most influential artists . of all time. Not everyone can understand the emotions and profound ideas that are expressed in statement autobiography old works of art. Only a fraction of letter up all people can really appreciate a fine work of art and understand its true meaning. Many people that go to good, the art museum do not belong. They do not hold the higher level of cover letter follow education needed to look at a painting and see its. Art , Art museum , Arts 1561 Words | 4 Pages.
? Museum as Framing Devices A museum is an statement autobiography, institution devoted to the procurement, care, study and display of objects of lasting . interest or value1. On Recent In It? Museums are not used for making profit or for economic purpose. They are intended to attract visitors, to thesis statement autobiography, admire and to educate people with important pieces of humanity’s history. They contain permanent or temporary exhibitions of art all of essay around the world. However, museums “frame” or shapes our understanding of the works of art they exhibit. A long. Antony Gormley , Art , Art museum 1116 Words | 3 Pages. Advantages and Disadvantages of Dubai Museum. THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE DUBAI MUSEUM LOCATION AND IMPLICATION OF VISITING PATTERNS WORD COUNT: 1500 SUMMARY Research was . conducted through distributing questionnaires to the visitors of the Dubai museum . The findings illustrated that the advantages of the location showed that it was easy to locate, and is located near the metro station. However, findings have also showed that the autobiography, parking spaces at the Dubai museum are limited and lanes are more congested making it harder for. Dubai , Dubai Museum , History of Dubai 1612 Words | 6 Pages.
The Department of National Museum is a non-ministerial government department in Sri Lanka responsible for maintaining the National . Museums . There are other museum in year 2 the country run by the Department of Archaeology and the Central Cultural Fund, Sri Lanka.  National Museums * National Museum of Colombo * National Museum Kandy * Colombo Dutch Museum * National Museum Galle * National Museum Maritime * National Museum Ratnapura * FOLK Museum , Anuradhapura * Walisinghe. Colombo , Galle , Kandy 1102 Words | 3 Pages. New Revenue Streams for the National Maritime Museum. The National Maritime Museum mission statement is “to illustrate for everyone the importance of sea, ships, time and stars and their . relationship with people”. Swan (2012), explained in her presentation that “this is the thesis autobiography, largest maritime museum in the world which attracted 2.45 million visitors in how to write statement psychology 2010 /2011 and statement, 709.000 visitors just at the National Maritime Museum alone”. Essay On The Of Water? Museum is the place for learning, education and statement, socialisation. Sources that contribute to museums ’ earned revenue include.
Birthday , Maritime history , Maritime museum 2202 Words | 6 Pages. Blockbuster Exhibitions: a Case Study. Blockbuster Exhibitions: A Case Study The contemporary blockbuster exhibit, which emerged in the museum world in fiji water carbon the late twentieth century, . has become increasingly popular among museums in the past few decades. Defined by Albert Elsen as a “large-scale loan exhibition which people who normally don’t go to museums will stand in line for hours to see,” these exhibits produce mass interest and thesis autobiography, wide-ranging excitement. In my paper I tackle the issue of the blockbuster exhibit and debate the. Exhibition , Harry Potter , Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix 1852 Words | 6 Pages. The Cambridge Dictionary Online defined museums as places of study, buildings where objects of historical, scientific or artistic interest are . kept, preserved and exhibited.
To The Museums Association, a museum is an institution which collects documents, preserves, exhibits and interprets material evidence and associated information for the public benefit. Essay On The Of Water? Since 1998, this definition has changed. Museums now enable the public to explore collections for inspiration, learning and enjoyment. They. British Museum , Imperial War Museum , London 2906 Words | 7 Pages. EDUCATION BEYOND THE CLASSROOM Introduction The assignment is going to outline how ‘Eureka! A Museum for Children’ plays a part in learning . outside the classroom environment. The museum will be examined to see how it plays a role in life-long learning. We define learning outside the classroom as: “The use of places other than the good statement, classroom for teaching and learning.” Every young person should experience the world beyond the classroom as an essential part of learning and essay on the, personal development. Education , Educational psychology , Learning 2146 Words | 7 Pages.
opportunity. The debate over free entry into museums Campaigners have hailed the success of free access to thesis statement, museums which have . attracted an extra 30 million people to the nation's great artistic and cultural collections since admission charges were scrapped six years ago. Water Carbon Negative Study? Entrance fees to national museums across the country were scrapped on good thesis autobiography, 1 December 2001. A report last year by the LSE found that before free admissions the color, total number of good thesis museum visits per year was approximately 27 million. By 2005. Cost , Economics , Externality 846 Words | 3 Pages. and techniques. I hope you will consider me worthy enough and essay of mass destruction, give me an opportunity to do this course. Sonali Jain NATIONAL . MUSEUM INSTITUTE OF HISTORY OF ART, CONSERVATION AND MUSEOLOGY (DEEMED TO BE UNIVERSITY) NATIONAL MUSEUM , JANPATH, NEW DELHI-110 011 Phone No. 23012106, 23014483, 23019327, Fax 23012988 Visit us at www.nmi.gov.in Admission Form (For Short Term Courses - 2014) Name of the Course (please specify) : . Appreciation , Art , Help me 398 Words | 4 Pages.
Florence vs. Statement? Dublin Travel Experience. 1001-40588 Clark December 9, 2010 Florence vs. Dublin Travel Experience People travel around the world to visit new places and learn about . the culture of the city and its civilians. Some may travel in follow search of thesis attaining more knowledge, such as studying abroad. Others travel for a simple vacation in hope of exploring something new. Two popular cities around the world tourists commonly visit are Florence, Italy and Dublin, Ireland. Florence is a flourishing city that is known as the city of fiji water carbon negative case rebirth. Filippo Brunelleschi , Florence , Florence Cathedral 989 Words | 3 Pages.
Millenium Project - British Museum. based on The British Museum Queen Elizabeth II Great Court, which is the largest covered square in Europe and it is part of the Millennium . Commission Projects (Millennium Commission, n.d.). The paper includes background and history of the museum explaining how it was decided to reconstruct The Great Court, what was it aim and who it was designed from. Then, will analyse the cost of the project including money invested, what is believed to be beneficial for good autobiography, the British Museum and what might be the. British Museum , British Museum Reading Room , Department for Culture, Media and letter follow up, Sport 1751 Words | 5 Pages. Australia: The Land Down Under Our International Travel Plan.
the Sydney Shuttle Club. The next day, the 22nd, we wanted to start visiting the great museums Sydney has to good statement, offer so the first . museum we went to was the ideas 2, Powerhouse Museum . The Powerhouse Museum had a variety of exhibits. We went to the Student Fashion Exhibit to view the next generation of fashion design in good autobiography Australia. On Weapons Of Mass? The designs were very interesting. The goal of our trip was to research the music and museums of Australia so we picked the tea cosy exhibit to go to because tea cosys are an statement autobiography, important. Australia , Culture of Australia , Indigenous Australians 1196 Words | 4 Pages.
This essay is about my visit to Walters Museum and a description of the case study, pieces Ankhen-sekmet Entertained by a Harpist (Egyptian Civ.) and Relief with Winged Genius (Assyrian Civ.) Introduction: Going to the museum is one of my favorite things to thesis statement, do. I just acquired this hobby last year, when I took my first art class. . Since then, I have been to writing homework ideas year, many museums in Baltimore, New York and the DC area, however, the Walters Museum is by far my favorite. I looked forward to going again, and reacquainting myself with my favorite art pieces, as well as doing the assignment. However, the blissfulness I expected from this encounter turned out not to be, as the Eternal Egypt collection. Ancient Egypt , Assyria , British Museum 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Museum Guidance System - E commerce. School of Computing E-COMMERCE (ECRET) Museum Guidance System Individual Element Student name Student Id Word Count Modhitha Iroshan . Thesis? Weerasundara mudiyanselage 632831 1360 Page | 1 Contents 1. Introduction . Color? 3 2. Success of the proposed mobile application . Thesis Autobiography? 3 2.1. Information. British Museum , Ethics , Mobile computing 1589 Words | 7 Pages. ?Curtis Hess Museum Experience The outside activity that I chose to do was to visit a museum . The . museum in cover which I visited was the Brandywine River Museum . This museum is located in Chadds Ford PA, which is right outside of Philadelphia, and good statement autobiography, like the essay on weapons destruction, name says it sits right along the Brandywine River.
I went to this fine art museum with my sister who lives in the area and we did not take a guided tour, instead we just walked around on our own time and were able to talk about the paintings with. Andrew Wyeth , Brandywine Creek , Brandywine River Museum 1096 Words | 4 Pages. ? MUSEUM REPORT ‘ISTANBUL MUSEUM of modern art’ ISTANBUL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART History . of the Museum In 1987, the project of statement Istanbul Modern arose at the first International Contemporary Art Exhibition, namely the International Istanbul Biennial. Nejat F. Eczac?bas?, founder of essay Istanbul Foundation of Culture and Arts, impressed by the dynamism of the good thesis statement autobiography, exhibition and proceeded to establish a modern art museum which is permanent. The Feshane, textile manufacturing. Art museum , Conceptual art , Contemporary art 821 Words | 3 Pages. Museum Museum , institution dedicated to helping people understand and appreciate the natural world, the history of . On Recent? civilizations, and good statement, the record of humanity’s artistic, scientific, and technological achievements. Write A Thesis For A Paper? Museums collect objects of scientific, aesthetic, or historical importance; care for statement autobiography, them; and trend, study, interpret, and exhibit them for the purposes of public education and the advancement of knowledge. There are museums in good thesis statement autobiography almost every major city in the world and in many smaller communities. Art museum , Collection , Egyptological collections 10749 Words | 30 Pages. Reaction paper about National Museum.
?The only time I went to National Museum was when we were required visiting and taking a photo of the manunggul jar, as part of our historic . appreciation in our History subject. On July 26, 2013, my peers and I went to National Museum to see antique and essay in it, prehistoric things about the early times. I feel humiliated and good thesis, embarrass for not visiting a museum while I find time to letter up, go to arcade doing nonsense things. I didn’t know that there are two museums , but we were informed by good the guard on duty when. Filipino language , Filipino people , Jar 1062 Words | 2 Pages. new works of art or artifacts for statement psychology, a museum is to preserve culture and good autobiography, history. Another purpose is to educate others who would like to learn . about letter, these certain subjects. Good Autobiography? Art demonstrates glimpses of history, or just new styles of art, which serve as inspiration to other artists and people.
Artifacts from the past, show a realistic viewpoint of how a certain era of people lived, also showing how our society has advanced throughout time. If I were to open a museum , my main goal would be to enrich the. Abby Aldrich Rockefeller , Art , Art museum 667 Words | 2 Pages. Declare your research interests and questions based on writing year, classroom presentations of Lois Weinthal’s interior design theory reader. Which chapter interests you and why? to the good thesis statement autobiography, occupants. When designing a space, I visualize how the essay questions on the color of water, space would be lived in, the patterns that would be made in response to interactions and good autobiography, . Essay Questions? movement within the space. The placement of objects in a space, such as a museum creates patterns from good statement autobiography movement. A museum creates relationships between the viewer and writing homework ideas, object and between the view and viewer. Moving through a space can be related to a narration, there is always a beginning and an end, and patterns are created as you move through the. Design , Geography , Interior design 1256 Words | 4 Pages.
? Museum Field Trip Last night I had an amazing experience. I toured museums in multiple States and on two . Continents. Good Thesis? This also happened to follow, be the least expensive cultural experience of my life since it was done from the privacy of my own home. Good Thesis? “How is that possible?” you may ask. Essay On The Color Of Water? I toured each museum from my computer. Each museum had its own unique experience, complete with different types and eras of art. All of the good thesis statement, art was beautiful in its own way. However, I’d like to. Art museum , Context menu , Graphical user interface 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Museums and negative case, tourism Stakeholders, resource and sustainable development Master’s Dissertation International Museum Studies . Good Thesis Statement? Museion/Goteborg University Spring term 2004 Author: Gu?brandur Benediktsson Supervisor: Cajsa Lagerkvist LIST OF CONTENTS FOREWORD. Essay On Recent In It? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Good Statement Autobiography? . . . . . . . . Homework Year 2? . . . Good? 1. INTRODUCTION. . . . Cover Letter Follow? . . . . . . . . Thesis Autobiography? . . . . On Weapons Of Mass? . . . . . . . . 1.1.
Aims and objectives. . Statement Autobiography? . . . . . . . A Thesis For A Psychology Paper? . . . Good Thesis Statement Autobiography? . Essay On Weapons Of Mass Destruction? . . . . . . 1.2. Theoretical approaches and sources. . . . . Good Autobiography? . . . . Cultural heritage , Cultural studies , Museology 25591 Words | 74 Pages. ZNANOSTI Ak. Godina 2010./2011. On Recent? Mirna Huhoja Museums in good autobiography England Seminarski rad Kolegij: Engleski jezik (redovni studij) . Zagreb, 2011. Contents Contents 2 Tate Modern 3 The British Museum 3 The Victoria and Albert Museum 3 The Science Museum 3 The Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery 4 World Museum 4 Design Museum 4 The National Portrait Gallery 4 The Wallace Collection 4 Madame Tussauds 5 Imperial War Museum 5 A museum is an institution that houses and cares for a collection. British Museum , Exempt charities , London 1326 Words | 5 Pages. Although the Orlando Art Museum was the last Cultural place I visited it was definitely my favorite. The insane art fixtures and sculptures I . saw left me baffled at destruction, what I thought art really was. I always saw art as something sort of boring, and I wasn’t all that excited for good thesis statement autobiography, visiting this art museum . But after this my opinion about trend in it, art definitely changed completely and I would love to visit more museums like this one.
A lot of paintings and sculptures caught my eye while visiting. The Painting. African people , Aztec , Collage 516 Words | 2 Pages. Postmodern Concepts' Influence on Museology. exhibitions, under the good thesis autobiography, effect of museum classifications which determine the audiences’ perspectives on exhibitions. Postmodernism is highly . influential and appealing because it is avant-garde (challenging past traditions). Homework Year 2? People appreciate new concepts, especially those that challenge the concept of art. The process of thesis statement curation not only fiji carbon negative study considers the organisation of the exhibition but is highly influenced by conceptual frameworks, postmodernism being part of the world agency.
Museum classifications affect. Aesthetics , Art , Conceptual art 934 Words | 3 Pages. Museum of Natural History: Holden’s World “The best thing, though, in that museum was that everything always . Autobiography? stayed right where it was.” –Holden. In the on the, story Catcher in the Rye, author J.D Salinger delivers many reasons that show how strong the symbolism of the Museum of Natural History is. The Museum of Natural History holds sentimental value to Holden. That place is where Holden spent his childhood and held many memories. The symbolism of the good thesis statement, Museum of Natural. Change , Museum , Natural history 724 Words | 5 Pages. Every privately owned company’s goal is to minimize their costs as much as possible.
Museums , which are operated similar to private companies, . have the same goal. In order to decide where to allocate their capital a museum must asses some essential questions such as what attracts visitors to their museum , what is the opportunity cost to how to write a thesis for a paper, allocating capital to one resource over another and how the museum can maximize the use of the funds spent. These questions depend on many external, constantly changing. Art museum , Lists of museums , Louvre 2034 Words | 6 Pages.
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Telecommunications Manager - Verint / Avaya Experience Preferred. Raleigh , NC 27608. Telecommunications Manager - Verint / Avaya Experience Preferred. Description Conduent is the world's largest provider of diversified business process services with leading capabilities in transaction processing, automation, analytics and constituent experience. We work with both government and commercial customers in assisting them to deliver quality services to the people they serve. We manage interactions with patients and the insured for thesis statement a significant portion of the U.S. healthcare industry. We are the customer interface for large segments of the writing homework ideas, technology industry and the operational and processing partner of choice for thesis statement public transportation systems around the questions of water, world. Whether it's digital payments, claims processing, benefit administration, automated tolling, customer care or distributed learning - Conduent manages and modernizes these interactions to create value for both our clients and good statement autobiography, their constituents. Of Mass. Learn more at www.conduent.com . If you meet the good thesis statement, requirements of of mass destruction, this position and good statement, want to work for a world-class company with a great marketplace reputation, apply today.
Telecom Manager Candidate will be responsible to holding team accountable to adhering to SLAs on the Conduent's incident management system Required: *3 Years call center experience *3 Years of Avaya experience *Bachelors Degree or equivalent work experience * Telecom Team Management experience *Excellent written and verbal communication skills * Avaya AES * AVAYA Aura Communications Manager 4.x and higher * Avaya Enablement Services (AES)- ACME SBC Call routing * SIP, H.323, VoIP troubleshooting.- Signaling level of the VoIP protocols * Avaya Communication Manager, Avaya Session Manager, Avaya Gateways G450, G650, G350, G700 . Preferred: Verint Call Recording - Preferred Modular Messaging Preferred ACME Packet Preferred Cisco CUBE Preferred Cisco UCCE Preferred May perform one or more of the following: Manages the water carbon case, planning, development, and installation of network systems by evaluating current and future business requirements. Ensures all software and hardware products are compatible with network integration. Manages the installation, maintenance, and monitoring of the organization's local area network system. Directs and good statement autobiography, controls the activities of design, analysis, planning, and implementation of network components. Oversees the development and evaluation of network performance criteria and measurement methods. Manages the testing and analysis of year 2, all components of network facilities to statement ensure operational status. Identifies network problems and oversees resolution of problems. Drives the planning, design, implementation, organization, and on the, operation of the data communications network. Manages voice, data, and good autobiography, video communication systems throughout the essay questions color, organization, including the planning, design, installation, and thesis statement, maintenance of networks in support of information systems. Directs and essay questions on the, manages the research, design, planning, and good, development of new advanced network technologies, network components, and how to write a thesis psychology paper, radio frequency and/or wireless transmission.
Conduent is an Equal Opportunity Employer and considers applicants for all positions without regard to good thesis statement autobiography race, color, creed, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, gender identity, sex, marital status, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability, use of a guide dog or service animal, military/veteran status, citizenship status, basis of genetic information, or any other group protected by trend law. People with disabilities who need a reasonable accommodation to good statement apply or compete for employment with Conduent Business Services or one of essay on weapons of mass destruction, its subsidiaries may request such accommodation(s) by good statement autobiography sending an e-mail to accommodations@Conduent.com . Be sure to include your name, the cover letter up, job you are interested in, and the accommodation you are seeking. Service Delivery Client Network Services. Primary Location United States-North Carolina-Raleigh. Other Locations United States-Georgia-Atlanta, United States-Kentucky-Lexington, United States-North Carolina-Charlotte, United States-Virginia-Chesapeake, United States-TX-Houston.
Ongoing Virtual/work from thesis statement autobiography, home? Create a job alert for Telecommunications Manager - Verint / Avaya Experience Preferred at Raleigh, NC. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for Telecommunications Manager - Verint / Avaya Experience Preferred at Raleigh, NC. Create a job alert for Telecommunications Manager - Verint / Avaya Experience Preferred at Raleigh, NC. Verint Systems, Inc.
Posted 2 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 **Project Manager** Location **US-Remote-MidAtlantic** Job ID **11959** Apply Now Verint Systems, Inc. has an immediate Project Manager opening available (US - REMOTE with a preference in essay on weapons of mass the Manassas, VA area). **Project Manager** This role includes end-to-end accountability for complex projects or group of projects from its inception to final customer acceptance: • Manage project/s scope, control budget, and manage risks, problems, delays from mitigation to autobiography recovery • Maintain direct contact with customers and build long term relationship • Responsible for master work plan across company divisions: operations, RD, QA, Integration, service, H/W, etc. • Act as the customer focal point, and on the color, define, prioritize, negotiate and communicate customer requirements • Manage third-party suppliers • Take active involvement at good statement, the presale stage • Ensure customer satisfaction **Requirements** : • Minimum 5 years’ experience as senior project manager • Experienced managing complex technical systems/telecom companies/security systems • Experience working in a global environment with global customers • Experience managing remote delivery teams in multiple locations • Experience working in on recent a high tech project-oriented company and thesis statement, management in matrix environment with cross-functional teams Ability to pass a background screening process including, but not limited to, employment verifications, criminal search and security clearance • Flexibility for frequent traveling to customer sites • Good interpersonal skills • Technical-marketing orientation • Presale experience – preferred • Telephony/IP experience – preferred As an equal opportunity employer, Verint Systems Inc. Cover Up. prides itself in providing employees with a work environment in which all individuals are treated with respect and dignity. This means we are committed to providing equal opportunity to all qualified employees and applicants for employment without regard to one’s race, color, religion, national origin, age, gender, disability, alienage or citizenship status, marital status, creed, genetic predisposition or carrier status, sexual orientation, Veteran status or any other classification protected by applicable federal, state or local laws. This policy applies to all terms and conditions of employment including but not limited to good thesis statement hiring, placement, promotion, compensation, training, leave of absence or termination. Verint Systems, Inc. Raleigh NC. Regional Vice President Sales Northeast.
Verint Systems, Inc. Posted 22 hours ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 **Regional Vice President- Sales Northeast** Location **US-Remote-Northeast** Job ID **12144** Apply Now **Overview of Job Function:** The Regional Vice President of essay questions on the color of water, Sales located in the Northeast region is responsible to maximize revenue production in thesis autobiography the assigned region. Write Psychology. This role will build and manage relationships of all customers prospects in the region. The RVP will lead, manage and motivate multiple sales professionals, to deliver the sales targets in good thesis statement a large specified geographic area or specific industry or product segment on a national or geographic basis. This position will cover our top customers and prospects. The RVP is responsible to set the region’s strategy and vision and puts together a plan to execute both the tactics and follow, strategies necessary to hit both quarterly and annual sales objectives. The RVP, Sales is responsible to align objectives set by senior leadership; the company strategy and statement, the annual business plan and has built a proven track record of success in cover letter follow management, as well as in selling software solutions. As a RVP, Sales, you will focus on managing Account Executives in North America who use creative consultative sales techniques to establish long-term relationships with client.
This position will manage the contracts process. This role acts as the “GM” of their individual regional boundaries. **Principal Duties and thesis autobiography, Essential Responsibilities:** •Proven ability to identify, prospect, qualify and close potential business transactions. You must motivate your AE’s to cover up consistently meet or exceed given sales quota, as well as aid in the negotiation and close of statement autobiography, sales deals. •Hold regular calls and assign tasks with accountability to virtual team members to on weapons destruction hit business objectives. •Insures overall of good thesis statement autobiography, customers in write statement for a paper region •Owns the good autobiography, overall pipeline and responsible for driving opportunities through our process to closure. •Motivates, focuses and leads the region to success via accountability and hitting all core metrics expectations. •Groom, mentor, develop, and grow staff. How To For A Paper. •Forecast accurately and timely. Good Thesis Statement. •Deliver quarterly and FY quota sales revenues. - Focus and drive sales teams to deliver exceptional results, •Form strategic relationships with clients, demonstrating influence to on the of water ensure first class relationships are established to maximize business opportunities. •Oversee the hiring, development and mentoring of sales staff, appropriate for thesis statement the company's maturity size. •Be a role model and drive the Company's culture. •Ensures the company's sales processes are clearly understood and followed to fiji water case study ensure success and provide the sales leadership into the rest of the thesis statement, organization. •Develop and drive sales strategy in chosen markets segments and in conjunction with leadership, providing structured reporting and regular updates on all key opportunities and new market opportunities. •Work with individual sales people to develop and execute plans to increase penetration within existing territories in respect of demand creation, cross selling and upselling. On The Of Water. •Participate actively in good sales calls and product/solutions demonstrations as appropriate and contribute to the rapid growth of sales, demonstrating outstanding sales management and closing skills to the team. •Provide weekly sales forecasts to sales leadership in an agreed format, providing detailed insight into the sales function using agreed tools such Salesforce.com. **Minimum Requirements:** •Bachelor's degree, MBA or MA preferred or equivalent work experience. •8 years of of Sales Leadership experience coupled with 12 years of overall sales experience within the Software or related industry. •Previous experience in sales of software solutions •Demonstrated Leadership experience with proven success in performance management and professional team development •Ability to letter follow plan and manage at both the thesis statement, strategic and operational levels. •Established contacts and relationships with potential customers. •Outstanding consultative selling abilities and excellent interpersonal skills with executive level customers and partners. •Proven sales track record in a new product/new market environment. •Ability to essay on weapons destruction work collaboratively with colleagues and staff to create results driven, team oriented environment. •Experience with a specific sales methodology, sales funnel management and CRM software preferably Salesforce.com. •Exceptional interpersonal, oral and thesis, written communications skills to effectively communicate to a wide range of audiences. •Ability and cover follow up, proven experience interfacing with all levels of management including C level and other senior levels of management •Exceptional team management skills and customer facing skills. •Track record of driving and good thesis autobiography, developing talented sales professionals. •This position requires travel 50% of the time. •Successful completion of the background check process, including but not limited to employment, education, criminal convictions, OFAC, SS Verification and credit, where available and in accordance with federal and local regulations **Preferred Requirements:** •Certification in solution selling methodologies such as Miller Heiman Strategic Selling and/or Solution Selling a plus. As an equal opportunity employer, Verint Systems Inc. prides itself in providing employees with a work environment in which all individuals are treated with respect and dignity. This means we are committed to providing equal opportunity to questions of water all qualified employees and applicants for employment without regard to one’s race, color, religion, national origin, age, gender, disability, alienage or citizenship status, marital status, creed, genetic predisposition or carrier status, sexual orientation, Veteran status or any other classification protected by good statement applicable federal, state or local laws. On Recent. This policy applies to thesis statement all terms and conditions of essay trend in it, employment including but not limited to hiring, placement, promotion, compensation, training, leave of absence or termination. Verint Systems, Inc. Raleigh NC. Regional Sales Manager SIS (Central) Verint Systems, Inc. Posted 2 days ago.
VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 **Regional Sales Manager, SIS (Central)** Location **US-Remote (United States)** Job ID **11796** Apply Now **Verint Situational Intelligence Solutions Overview:** Verint Situational Intelligence Solutions (SIS) is a leading provider of Enterprise VMS and thesis, Situational Awareness solutions for Mission Critical security networks globally. Excelling in complex Transportation, Critical Infrastructure, and Campus Enterprise environments, SIS combines robust, flexible, and highly scalable product offerings with outstanding end-to-end Professional Services and fiji water negative case study, deep customer engagement to help ensure success even in the most demanding deployments. By bringing together traditional physical security with Cyber and IT security solutions to create Actionable Intelligence, Verint is changing the face of Security. **Overview of Job Function:** The Regional Sales Manager (RSM) located in the US will have overall responsibility for statement autobiography expanding the follow, Verint SIS business presence in good autobiography the region. Working both with channel partners and directly with End-Users within the region, the RSM will develop and nurture relationships, grow existing accounts, and develop new opportunities to grow the sales pipeline. The Sales Manager will be assigned an individual sales quota of destruction, bookings responsibility within an thesis statement assigned region and/or end user verticals. **Principal Duties and Essential Responsibilities:** + Develop and execute an on recent trend in it overall Territory Plan that aligns with the SIS strategy and lays the foundation for sustainable growth in the region. + Utilize existing and extensive relationships with Fortune 1000 corporations and good statement, Government Agencies in our targeted markets to water carbon negative case study build and maintain a robust opportunity pipeline + Drive complex opportunities to closure using Solution Selling techniques to articulate the value-add of Verint’s offerings + Establish and statement, maintain strong relationships with key Channel Partners in the regions to support our customer base and essay of mass, facilitate lead generation + Develop, educate and maintain strong relationships within the consultant community within assigned region and/or vertical + Provide effective sales presentations/product demonstrations to prospective customer management, including hosting Company site visits if necessary. + Maintain effective relationships with established customers and partners, acting as an thesis autobiography entry point into the Verint organization and writing, identifying growth opportunities within the account + By way of the company’s CRM tool, provides the sales management team with accurate and timely reporting of activities including weekly and monthly sales forecasts, the autobiography, status of the sales pipeline and results of prospecting activities. Follow. + Provides routine updates to the Company’s sales database with account activity and thesis statement autobiography, status. + Maintain a thorough on-going knowledge of Verint products and technology, as well as industry trends. + When appropriate work with larger Verint sales team in order to leverage subject matter expertise, product knowledge and market positioning in order to more efficiently close business within region and/or vertical. + Provide ad hoc reports and essay on recent, perform assigned projects as needed. **Minimum Requirements:** + College Degree or equivalent experience + Minimum of thesis, five (5) years of experience selling enterprise software solutions, complex security and/or video-based technology. Must have experience managing large, high dollar value projects and accounts + Comprehensive experience with in-direct sales through integrators, leveraging a strong network of relationships. + Extensive end-user relationships in destruction the territory + Broad knowledge of thesis autobiography, market needs in the field of letter follow, situational awareness, video-based security technologies including information technology, local and wide area networks, and software analytics. + Strong technical competency to understand and effectively communicate information about Verint products + Proven capability to successfully develop and manage relationships with senior level contacts and thesis, influencers. + Creative problem solver with sound judgment and on weapons of mass, high degree of thesis autobiography, integrity + Strong selling and homework ideas year, closing techniques with a proven history of high dollar sales success within the security space. Thesis Autobiography. + Excellent written and verbal communications skills at essay on weapons of mass, all organizational levels + Proficiency in Outlook, Excel and good, PowerPoint + Willingness to travel on occasion outside of assigned region and throughout the U.S. region as required + Successful completion of the background check process, including but not limited to employment, education, criminal convictions, OFAC, SS Verification and credit, where available and in how to a thesis statement psychology paper accordance with federal and local regulations **Preferred Requirements:** + IT background preferred + Prior experience in the security industry preferred + Familiarity with VERINT Products is preferred + Four year degree preferred As an equal opportunity employer, Verint Systems Inc. prides itself in providing employees with a work environment in which all individuals are treated with respect and good thesis statement, dignity. This means we are committed to color of water providing equal opportunity to all qualified employees and good statement autobiography, applicants for essay destruction employment without regard to one’s race, color, religion, national origin, age, gender, disability, alienage or citizenship status, marital status, creed, genetic predisposition or carrier status, sexual orientation, Veteran status or any other classification protected by applicable federal, state or local laws.
This policy applies to all terms and conditions of employment including but not limited to hiring, placement, promotion, compensation, training, leave of good autobiography, absence or termination. Verint Systems, Inc. Raleigh NC. Telecommunications Manager - Verint / Avaya Experience Preferred. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Fiji Water Negative. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Don’t have a cover letter?
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8 Business Analyst Resume Secrets You Need to Know (Especially If Don#8217;t Have the BA Job Title) Are you looking to get your business analyst resume into the #8220;yes#8221; pile when you apply to a business analyst job? Are you wondering how you can showcase your business analysis experience and qualifications when you#8217;ve never held the good thesis statement autobiography, job title of business analyst? Would you like to know some honest ways to construct an effective business analyst resume that do not involve gimmicks and trickery? In this article, we#8217;ll cover the essay trend, 8 secrets you need to know so that you hear back from more business analyst job applications. Good Thesis. They#8217;ll help you showcase your business analyst qualifications, even if you#8217;ve never held the job title of a thesis paper, #8220;business analyst.#8221; Before I forget, I want to good thesis autobiography be sure you know about year my step-by-step BA career planning course (it’s free) that’s designed to help you, the mid-career professional, kick-start your business analysis career. Now, onto the 8 secrets. 1 Your Business Analyst Resume Does Not Need to Catalog Your Work History. Many professionals fall into good thesis the trap of thinking they need to include a complete catalog of homework ideas year, their work experiences and skills in their resume. The first secret you need to be #8220;in#8221; on when putting together your resume is that your resume is not a catalog, it#8217;s a sales document.
This means you can be selectively honest about the skills and statement, experience you include and emphasize in essay, your resume, and you should organize your resume so that it presents your qualifications in statement autobiography, the best possible way. Provided you are applying to business analyst jobs you are reasonably well qualified for, something we talk about in our business analyst job search process, the next 7 secrets will help you create a resume that sells your qualifications in a way that doesn#8217;t make you uncomfortable. 2. Create a Specific Summary So Your Resume Isn#8217;t Quickly Sent to the #8220;No#8221; Pile. Because most recruiters scan your resume instead of fiji water study, read it, there are a few elements of thesis autobiography, your resume that will get you the writing ideas year, most attention. Good Thesis. The first one of on recent trend, these is your objective or summary statement.
While it may seem that being vague or general will open up more possibilities, the reality is just the opposite . Highlight your business analysis accomplishments and make it crystal clear that you are qualified for good statement autobiography the types of BA jobs to which you are applying. Because many recruiters skip right past the objective on your resume, you need to make sure that other parts of carbon study, your resume draw them in good statement autobiography, too. Let#8217;s move on to those other parts. 3. Tweak Your Job Titles to cover letter Get Your Resume Read. If the recruiter skims right past your objective and accomplishments section, their eyes are going to good autobiography rest on the most recent job titles you’ve held . These are typically in how to write a thesis for a psychology, bold (if not, they probably should be) and stand out. Good Thesis Statement. Do your job titles present you as a candidate that is essay, qualified for the types of jobs to which you are applying? If your most recent job title is listed as “Network Engineer,” “Software Developer” or “Customer Support,” you are most likely to get calls for jobs with similar titles.
Instead, consider tweaking your job titles to thesis statement present your recent job roles honestly and accurately. Writing Homework Ideas Year. For more on being honestly creative , check out our post, How to Handle Job Titles on a Business Analyst Resume. 4. Highlight Your Most Relevant Skills and Still Be Honest. Remember how we said that your resume is a sales document? That means that you have the good thesis, license to on recent trend in it selectively highlight your most relevant skills.
One way to thesis do this is to focus on the projects where you held the most BA responsibilities this enables you to writing homework ideas get beyond being a #8220;jack of all trades#8221; and focus on your business analysis career experiences. And it does not mean #8220;overselling#8221; yourself it#8217;s just a matter of selectively telling the truth . Statement. Out of all the business analyst resumes I review, by and large this is where most professionals need to psychology invest the most time. (By the way, you#8217;ll learn how to get your resume noticed for business analyst jobs in Building a BA Resume that Lands You Interviews a virtual, self-study course that helps you highlight your relevant business analysis experience even if you#8217;ve never held a #8220;business analyst#8221; job.) Here are some of the good statement autobiography, mistakes I see. Fiji Water Carbon Negative. A software developer talks about the coding language they used, not the business problem they analyzed and solved. A customer support person details their primary responsibilities and the “special project” they participated in as an good thesis, SME/BA is relegated to writing ideas year a single bullet point that goes unnoticed. A prior manager is so “accomplishments focused” that they overshadow their abilities to statement roll up their sleeves and homework 2, do business analysis work such as role definition, business process analysis, managing change, and obtaining buy-in across multiple departments. 5. Use Business Analysis Terminology to thesis statement Demonstrate Your Capabilities.
Let me let you in on another secret. As a qualified business analyst job candidate, you know more about business analysis than the average recruiter. While you know that #8220;process flows#8221; and #8220;workflow diagrams#8221; mean the same thing, the person doing the on weapons destruction, first-pass review of your resume might not. This means that you#8217;ll hear back from the most opportunities if you use the good thesis statement autobiography, right terminology to talk about ideas year your experiences in your resume. These are called transferable business analysis skills. Here#8217;s an example from my own resume: As a QA Engineer I coordinated multiple business groups to review a particular application before it went live to our customers. At the time, we called this activity #8220;data testing.#8221; Later I learned the formal term was #8220;user acceptance testing.#8221; I now use #8220;user acceptance testing#8221; on thesis statement, my resume. It#8217;s accurate and honest and presents me as more qualified for certain business analysis positions. Once you have selected your most relevant skills and the right terminology for negative them, you#8217;ll want to craft bullet points that clearly communicate those skills and build instant credibility. And that leads us to secret #6. 6. Get Instant Credibility by Blending Accomplishments and good thesis, Responsibilities in Your Bullet Points.
I#8217;m often asked whether to highlight your accomplishments (what you achieved for your project or organization) or your responsibilities (what you did for your organization) in your work history section. In the your resume#8217;s bullet points, you want to show how you used a business analysis skill and achieved something significant by applying that skill. So you essentially back-up an accomplishment with a qualification, using the 2, right terms you#8217;ve selected above. You can add to statement autobiography your credibility by using a variety of concrete details to talk about your contributions. On Weapons. Even if you don#8217;t have access to precise project results, you can include a variety of numbers and details that help give shape to good statement your experiences, thereby helping your reader see what kinds of things you might be able to essay trend do for their organization. Autobiography. 7. Address Any Employment Gaps Clearly. Some of the of mass destruction, resume gurus will tell you to autobiography hide an on the color, employment gap in your resume by reorganizing it in a functional resume format. Good Autobiography. In all the work I#8217;ve done with new business analysts and how to write for a psychology paper, transitioning professionals, I#8217;ve never seen this approach work. Assume the statement, person reading your resume is a relatively intelligent human being who is a thesis statement for a psychology, not going to miss a gap because you#8217;ve reorganized your work history in a confusing way. Assume instead they will doubt your transparency (which just happens to be a key business analyst trait). Giving others the opportunity to make false assumptions about you and your work, will only get your resume into the #8220;no#8221; pile.
Proactively address your employment gap on thesis autobiography, your resume. Tell an honest story that shows you are ready, able, and willing to do the work of a business analyst. 8. Someone Else Cannot Write Your Resume For You. Creating a resume that clearly showcases your best business analysis qualifications is not easy work. Cover Letter. If your written language skills are lacking, hiring a resume writer could help you craft bullet points that honestly communicate your qualifications. But keep in mind that as a business analyst you will be writing a lot of documentation, so your resume is an artifact that demonstrates your ability to fulfill a key business analysis competency, just like the business analyst job interview is a time to good autobiography demonstrate you can ask insightful questions. A resume writer may or may not have a deep understanding of the trend, business analysis profession. They can hone and tweak your resume, but you need to good thesis statement autobiography own your business analysis qualifications and give them a significant amount of content to work with. Yes, I know it’s painful to, yet again, update your resume. But if you aren’t getting calls for the right type of jobs, then this is exactly where your job search time will be best spent. (Getting your resume right will also help you prepare for the job interviews that come for essay questions on the color it, so that#8217;s an added bonus.) And if you’d like my help creating a resume to showcase your business analyst qualifications, check out good thesis Building a BA Resume that Lands You Interviews.
In this virtual, self-study course, you#8217;ll learn my step-by-step process to creating a resume that gets beyond tricks and gimmicks by applying tested patterns to a thesis statement for a draw out your business analyst qualifications and catch the attention of potential interviewers. Stay informed about statement new articles and course offerings. (You'll get a free step-by-step BA career planning course too). your details are safe with us. Step-By-Step BA Career Planning Course New Articles to Help You Succeed as a Business Analyst Information on New Course Sessions, Books, and Work Aids. ***Business Analyst Webinars (Complimentary)*** What Experience #8220;Counts#8221; as Business Analyst Experience? (5 Examples) Being a BA is Not for the Faint of fiji carbon negative case, Heart. How Do I Convince My Team to Adopt Better Requirements Practices? Why This Might Be Taking Longer Than You Expect.
Use Cases: A Personal History (and a bit of a love affair) What To Do When a Developer Says #8220;That#8217;s Impossible#8221; No content on this site may be reused in any fashion without permission from Laura Brandenburg.
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Ethnography Paper Example Essays and Research Papers. (Insert Picture) Ethnography : A Study of the good State University Recreation Center Introduction Heath, as defined by the World Health . On Recent. Organization, is a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and statement not merely the absence of disease and year infirmity”. When studying the concept of health and healthy lifestyles, from a sociological standpoint, this definition remains the basis for all perspectives. Health is not only a biological state, but a bounty of social occurrences, therefore. Ethnography , Exercise , Observation 2781 Words | 7 Pages. Ethnography Paper This is my first time that I come to New York, so I am curious about many things in thesis autobiography, this new place, such as . the famous resorts, and the people here. Questions Color Of Water. As we know, the Times Square is very famous in New York. Good Thesis. When I was in cover follow up, China, I hope I can visit Times Square, because I saw Times Square was very great in some of the opening of American series.
Now, I am in good thesis statement, New York, and on recent trend in it I have enough chances to visit Times Square whenever I want. In there, it gives me a new horizon to thesis statement autobiography understand. Broadway , Manhattan , Midtown Manhattan 1813 Words | 5 Pages. ? Objective Description: The Video I decided to essay choose for my Ethnographic Paper is “Denver Homeless”. Thesis Statement. The video is essay of water, a collection of . interviews from people who are homeless in Denver. Created by “Isaac, John, Steven and thesis statement Austin: the video goes to ideas 2 show a lot of things. They go on good statement autobiography to ask a series of questions including: How do you view Denver life? Why are you here?
What is year, urban peak? How do kids end up here? What leads to kids being homeless? How do programs build relationships? How is life outside. Homelessness , Homelessness in the United States , Poverty 1880 Words | 7 Pages. Interpersonal Ethnography Melissa M Mata Communication II November 14, 2012 Fresno City College Interpersonal Ethnography . The concept studied in this ethnography was based on my own interpersonal communication over a 24 hour period. Interpersonal communication is the process of sending and receiving information between two or more people. When studying my interpersonal communication I will be addressing characteristics, patterns, emotions and encounters displayed over good thesis the time period. Cultural studies , Emotion , Family 361 Words | 3 Pages.
Abdullah (08456762) Is ethnography fact or fiction? Writing ethnography is always a sensitive proposition since it involves . Essay On The Color Of Water. representing a culture and social realities with countless factors to be taken into consideration, for example : power. Although, at times one still hears of it referred to as ideal and thesis statement autobiography neutral ethnography that yields reality in the way it is presented without being questioned, criticised and letter up diagnosed by personal values (Pratt, 1986:27). Ethnography cannot be easily pinned. Anthropology , Bronislaw Malinowski , Cultural anthropology 1840 Words | 9 Pages. groups and people as they go about their everyday lives.” Ethnographers do this by statement autobiography, going out and “getting close” to the participants for a thesis paper prolonged periods . of time in their natural setting. Emerson et al. Thesis Autobiography. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes, p.1 Ethnography moves from the specific to the general. Cover Letter Up. (inductive) Practice of good thesis autobiography, providing ethnographic reports through a thick description--- notes that exhibit depth and complexity. As Neuman noted, an event could take 3 minutes, but require many pages of descriptive. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Ethnography 520 Words | 2 Pages. ?The difference in ethnographies This essay is about ethnographies . Carbon Negative Study. It critically explains and good statement autobiography compares . ethnographies at published at different times by carbon negative case, different authors .This is done to good statement autobiography trace the differences with time.
This is done mainly to identify the language of the authors, the themes, writing styles, how they appeal to the reader and also how they did their research in reference to essay on weapons of mass destruction the people studied. Thesis Autobiography. In this essay Ruth benedict’s patterns of culture is compared with primitive mind by. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Cultural relativism 1887 Words | 6 Pages. Ethnography (from Greek word ethnos = folk/people and grapho = to write) is essay questions on the of water, a qualitative research method aimed to learn and understand . cultural phenomena which reflect the knowledge and system of meanings guiding the statement life of a cultural group (Agar 1996). It was pioneered in the field of socio-cultural anthropology but has also become a popular method in various other fields of social sciences—particularly in sociology, communication studies, and history —that study people, ethnic groups and other. Anthropology , Ethnography , Participant observation 1222 Words | 4 Pages. administrative and military costs (Ayers et al. 2005, 14).
The program Grenville started in 1764 with the Sugar Act which charged duties on sugar and the . Currency Act in 1764. This act caused hardship because the how to statement for a colonies were forbidden from good statement issuing paper money and caused a shortage of currency (Ayers et al. Essay. 2005, 23). Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 which in turn caused a revolt among the thirteen colonies. The act required publications and official transactions to be subject to good statement autobiography these. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Boston Tea Party 1026 Words | 5 Pages. Anthropology 110 Ethnography Paper April 10th 2013 The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down It was typically Hmong for . patients to a thesis statement for a psychology appear passively obedient – thus protecting their own dignity by concealing their ignorance and their doctor’s dignity by good thesis, acting deferential – and writing homework ideas year then, as soon as they left the hospital, to ignore everything to which they had supposedly assented” (page 68). This quote by thesis autobiography, author, Anne Fadiman, of ethnography The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down demonstrates quite. Anne Fadiman , Anthropology , Culture 1456 Words | 4 Pages.
?Caroline Proper Sociology 101 Final Ethnography Paper The Mexican culture is a very distinct culture. Over the break I . was fortunate enough to visit Tijuana, Mexico and analyze the cultural differences represented at the border. Fiji Water Carbon Negative. The way that I traveled to thesis statement autobiography Mexico was by walking across the border at the San Diego/Tijuana joint border location. In doing so I was able to essay on the of water actively participate and evaluate the good cultural clashes and intensification in this border “society” environment. Before. Anthropology , Culture , Mexico 1437 Words | 5 Pages.
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