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book report loser Brennan Barnard is the director of college counseling at the Derryfield School in no dissertation, Manchester, N.H. Whether you are counting down the last days of school or have already started your summer break, we hope your summertime plans involve a good book. We’ve asked a number of college admission deans and high school counselors for their summer reading suggestions. What follows is obama wednesday a sampling of their recommendations. Some are specific to college admission, and others are just great reads. Recommended by Bruce A. Berk, assistant director of no dissertation, college counseling, the Derryfield School, Manchester, N.H. Why I Want To Be Designer Essay. Recommended by Alison Slater, assistant director of admissions, Denison University, Granville, Ohio.
Recommended by Peter Jennings, director of phd degree, college counseling, Concord Academy, Concord, Mass. Jacques Steinberg of The Choice, a senior editor at The New York Times, appeared on NBC#8217;s “Today#8221; show on Friday morning to obama wednesday talk about phd degree no dissertation, college admissions and our student-led series, #8220;The Envelope, Please.#8221; Watch the components full interview below. College Admissions Books for Your Summer Reading Pleasure. In collaboration with our sister blog, The Learning Network, The Choice will join a Twitter celebration of summer reading on Thursday, using the phd degree no dissertation hashtag #summerreading. Here is cuisine essay a small sampling of college admissions books #8212; and no dissertation, there are many #8212; that might be useful to readers of essay on value, The Choice this summer. Feel free to phd degree no dissertation find more reads in our Book Report, and to add your recommendations in the comment box below. Essays 1954. #8216;Colleges That Change Lives#8217; by Loren Pope. Every year, when it comes time for yet another group of high school students to begin thinking about no dissertation, colleges, an enormous amount of attention is paid to the nation’s most elite schools. However, in the 2006 book “Colleges That Change Lives,” Loren Pope underscores 40 small, less-selective liberal arts institutions, which he believes are exceptional. These colleges and universities are generally explored much less than those in the Ivy League, are all across America and have certain idiosyncrasies that help their students thrive.
It is on value clear that the institutions outlined in Mr. Pope’s book #8212; including Guilford College, Reed College and Clark University #8212; actually want you. Read more#8230; A New Book Argues Against the SAT. When Wake Forest University announced three years ago that it would make the SAT optional for its undergraduate applicants, among those cheering was Joseph Soares, a sociology professor at the university. Mr. Soares has channeled his enthusiasm for phd degree Wake Forest#8217;s decision #8212; as well as for similar policies at several hundred other colleges #8212; into a new book, “SAT Wars,” that argues for looking beyond standardized test scores in college admissions. (The book was published last month by Teachers College Press.) “The SAT and ACT are fundamentally discriminatory,” Mr. Korea. Soares said in phd degree no dissertation, a phone interview last week.
Through his own essays in the book, as well as those of korea essay, contributors that he edited, Mr. Soares seeks to phd degree no dissertation build a case against the SAT. He characterizes it as a test that tends to favor white, male, upper income students with the means to prepare for it. Chang Young Chung, a statistical programmer, and Thomas J. Espenshade, a sociology professor, both at Princeton University, co-authored one chapter in ayer 1954, which they cite a study that examined national SAT data from the late 1990s. That study broke applicants into three socio-economic classes. They found that 29 percent of students from the highest social class scored above 1400 on the SAT, compared to 24 percent of middle class students and 14 percent of lower class students.
Turning that pyramid on its head, the no dissertation study found that those students from lower social classes were more likely to obama wednesday have earned a top high school G.P.A. In seeking academically engaged students, Mr. Soares said in an interview with The Choice, colleges should pay more attention to high school grades and give less credence to standardized test scores. Book Reviews: #8216;Don#8217;t Stalk the phd degree Admissions Officer#8217; and #8216;I#8217;m Going to College #8212; Not You!#8217; The Choice has taken a close look at two recently published college admissions books, each with especially catchy titles. One, #8220;Don#8217;t Stalk the Admissions Officer,#8221; is of humanity intended for applicants; the other, #8220;I#8217;m Going to phd degree no dissertation College #8212; Not You!#8221; is for parents. #8220;Don#8217;t Stalk the Admissions Officer#8221; (Ten Speed Press, 2010) by Risa Lewak, who describes herself as a former #8220;pre-admissions counselor#8221; and recruiter for why i want to be an interior designer Hunter College, is a tongue-in-cheek #8220;survival guide#8221; aimed at high school students. While the book purports to be a practical how-to companion, it#8217;s more satire than substance. It#8217;s a book with a distinct brand of humor #8212; sarcastic, cynical and highly irreverent #8212; and, if it doesn#8217;t alienate its reader, it#8217;s more likely to #8220;restore sanity#8221; by way of incredulous laughter than actual preparedness. The book is phd degree broken into three parts: Part One: #8220;Enjoy High School Now, Avoid Therapy Later,#8221; playfully asserts that #8220;Overachiever and Loser Have the Same Latin Root.#8221; A Murder Mystery Unfurled in a College Admissions Essay.
Every so often on The Choice, we traverse into do-not-try-this-at-home territory, and the story told in a new novel called #8220;The November Criminals#8221; would seem to fit that category. As described in writer, a review in The Times Book Review on Sunday, the book, by Sam Munson, is #8220;a murder mystery that takes the form of a rambling college admissions essay.#8221; Here#8217;s how the reviewer, Joseph Salvatore, who teaches writing and phd degree no dissertation, literature at the New School, synthesizes the plot: Applying to college can feel downright novelistic, with its stress and suspense catapulting some families into faraway fantasy worlds and alternate frames of mind. Karen Stabiner, an why i want an interior designer essay author with a typically nonfiction take on parenting and education (she writes a column called The College Insider for phd degree no dissertation The Huffington Post), has drawn inspiration from an admissions system rife with creative material. Want To Be Essay. Her latest book, “Getting In,” (Hyperion, March 2010) is a work of fiction that chronicles the senior year strife of five high school students as they file college applications, confront rejection and acceptance, and phd degree no dissertation, prepare to leave home. The novel’s greatest strength is obama wednesday its greatest downfall: it’s too real. “Getting In” captures student and parent stress well – too well to make it an escapist, light read.
At the same time, its characters lack the depth and likability to endear them to the reader and inspire much other than resentment for having absorbed their fictional anxieties and borne witness to neurotic what-ifs. The question is, once you or a child has jumped the collegiate gatepost, do you want to relive the associated angst? And if you’re in the midst of applying, or are anticipating the process, do you want to expose yourself to no dissertation a powerful strain of the virus? (Maybe you do.) Read more#8230; Book Report: #8216;Admission Matters: What Students and Parents Need to Know About Getting Into College#8217; “Admission Matters,” by Sally P. Springer, Jon Reider and Marion R. Franck is writer s world essays 2nd ed a direct and human companion to phd degree no dissertation the college admissions process. The second edition of the book, which was recently published, is by no means revelatory, but it is thorough and psychologically sensitive, making it a good read for on value the overwhelmed or under-prepared student. The authors seek to minimize the phd degree no dissertation hype surrounding the admissions process. They spend a lot of time describing the intensity of competition today and the fallacy of want to be an interior designer essay, associating the quality of a school’s education with its selectivity. There is a nurturing, humanistic emphasis on “good-fit” colleges. Read more#8230; Illuminating Low College Completion Rates, and Offering Potential Prescriptions. No Dissertation. In his #8220;Economic Scene#8221; column in today#8217;s Times, my colleague David Leonhardt dives into #8220;Crossing the essay Finish Line,#8221; a new book about the college dropout crisis by William Bowen (the former Princeton president who is an phd degree no dissertation economist) and Michael McPherson (another economist who is the former president of Macalester College.) The book, Mr.
Leonhardt writes, is based on the records of about 200,000 students at korea cuisine 68 colleges. No Dissertation. Mr. Essay On Value. Leonhardt begins his piece by no dissertation, framing the problem as follows: At its top levels, the American system of higher education may be the best in the world. Of Humanity. Yet in terms of its core mission — turning teenagers into educated college graduates — much of the system is simply failing. No Dissertation. Only 33 percent of the freshmen who enter the University of to be designer essay, Massachusetts, Boston, graduate within six years.
Less than 41 percent graduate from the University of Montana, and 44 percent from the University of New Mexico. The economist Mark Schneider refers to colleges with such dropout rates as “failure factories,” and they are the norm. The United States does a good job enrolling teenagers in college, but only half of students who enroll end up with a bachelor’s degree. Among rich countries, only Italy is no dissertation worse. That’s a big reason inequality has soared, and productivity growth has slowed. Economic growth in this decade was on pace to be slower than in essay, any decade since World War II — even before the financial crisis started. He continues, though, on a note of surprising optimism: For all the phd degree book’s alarming statistics, its message is ultimately uplifting — or at least invigorating. Yes, inadequate precollege education is a problem.
But high schools still produce many students who have the skills to complete college and yet fail to do so. Turning them into components of an proposal, college graduates should be a lot less difficult than fixing all of American education. An Argument for Cutting the Standard College Experience to Three Years. Should the standard, undergraduate academic experience be shortened to three years at colleges and universities across the country? Robert Zemsky, a professor of education at the University of Pennsylvania, raises this provocative question deep in his forthcoming book, #8220;Making Reform Work: The Case for Transforming American Higher Education#8221; (Rutgers). Professor Zemsky, who also leads a higher-education advisory group called the Learning Alliance at UPenn, sent a galley copy of the book along to The Choice over phd degree no dissertation the weekend.
In the book, which will be released on Sept. 10 but can be pre-ordered now, he calls for #8220;a dislodging event of sufficient magnitude that it breaks the gridlock that now holds attempts to why i to be reform higher education hostage.#8221; One such event, he argues, would be a #8220;process of reform#8221; that #8220;concluded that the standard undergraduate degree in the United States, as in phd degree, Europe, should be a three-year baccalaureate.#8221; As Mr. Zemsky puts it: With more and more Americans pursuing advanced degrees, it makes sense to look for ways to philosophical essays 1954 shorten the undergraduate portion of their post-secondary educations. There is abundant testimony that for college-ready students the senior year in high school is something of a waste. No Dissertation. More of that year#8217;s curriculum could be devoted to acquiring advanced college-ready skills in a foreign language, composition, and mathematics, in particular, so that students are ready for more advanced work in their first year of college.
Though the community colleges will see themselves as threatened, a nationally adopted three-year baccalaureate degree could well prove to be a boon to ayer philosophical 1954 them by clearly identifying and funding them as the places where students go to phd degree no dissertation complete their precollegiate education. Community colleges could continue to 1954 provide the phd degree first year of collegiate instruction for students of limited means as well as students seeking a low-risk higher education portal. Finally, provided the four-year curriculum was actually pared to components proposal three years, an no dissertation undergraduate education would see an obama wednesday immediate 25-percent reduction in cost.
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Macroeconomic Analysis Essay Sample. Deciding to start a business is phd degree no dissertation brave and adventurous. The first step to success is a brilliant, viable, profitable idea. Whether you have decided to do it on your own because you are tired of working for why i an interior someone else, or you are laid off after many years in your organization, before you decide to invest your life savings and get buried in debt, consider the big picture, the current economy, your demographic target consumer and do your research. The idea of no dissertation, solar energy is one such brilliant, viable idea. True the demand is present for such energy, but before taking the leap, consider the market saturation, competition, governmental rules and regulations and other determent factor that will influence the success of your venture.
The American Economy. Annual percentage growth rate of GDP at writer s world, market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP is the phd degree, sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the components, products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. The United Stated economy and those of other high income economies are expected to grow by 1.9 percent in 2014, accelerating to 2.4 percent in phd degree no dissertation 2015 and 2.5 percent in 2016.
The Euro Area is on target to grow by 1.1 percent this year, while the United States economy, which contracted in the first quarter due to the canadian writer, severe weather, is expected to grow by 2.1 percent this year (down from the phd degree no dissertation, previous forecast of 2.8 percent). Essay! The global economy is expected to pick up speed as the year progresses and is projected to phd degree no dissertation, expand by 2.8 percent this year, strengthening to 3.4 and 3.5 percent in 2015 and 2016, respectively. High-income economies will contribute about half of global growth in 2015 and 2016. (Bank, 2014) As you can see, the economic forecast for obama wednesday the United States is forecasted to rise over the next several years. Market saturation is a situation in which a product has become diffused (distributed) within a market; the actual level of saturation can depend on consumer purchasing power; as well as competition, prices, and technology. (Investopedia, 2014) When a product of service is first introduces, the goal is to get in on the ground floor of the idea, before competition enters the market. Most competitors will enter the market and phd degree, create that same or similar product, good or service with the thought process of making a profit. The problem may be the market you are targeting is saturated the product, good or service. This will cause decrease demand for philosophical your product, and a reduction in no dissertation in profit, if any after paying your overhead. Unless you have the ability to enhance the product and somehow reinvent or upgrade it at essay, a minimal cost to your business overhead while making it affordable for the consumer, you may find your product will not be in demand.
You will be fighting to sell in a saturated market. Phd Degree! The value of philosophical essays 1954, your product will be reduced. When you consider your consumer market, let look at the current solar market in the United States and market saturation. GDP Target Markets. The United States the top solar states for total power capacity per capita and the top U.S. No Dissertation! solar per capita and new solar power capacity are Arizona, Hawaii, Nevada, New Jersey and California.
The largest populous state is California that seems to have the largest total solar power capacity, new solar power capacity in the year 2012. The California market will prove to be a good area to market solar panel installation. California has become one of the largest solar energy markets in obama wednesday the United States due to incentives the state offers for installation of solar panel on roofs of homes and businesses. In addition, government subsidies help to fund installation projects. Choosing to do business in this region will be very competitive, but it seem there is still opportunity in no dissertation these states. (Wang, 2013)
International trade is another option to consider when looking into marketing a product. Solar energy is a resource that can be utilized by any nation willing to invest in this natural resource. According to the research attained from the why i to be essay, EPIA’s 2012 Photovoltaic Barometer report, and data attained from population numbers from Internet World Stats (IWS) and the GDP numbers come from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the phd degree, top countries that utilize solar energy Sources are Germany, Italy and Belgium, (Shahan, 2013) whereas the top counties that trade with the United States are Canada, China Mexico Japan Germany and the United Kingdom. (Wikipedia, 2012) Considering the international market would open up additional opportunity to korea, expand your target market. The countries that the United States trade the most with still have demand for solar energy. Another important factor to consider when starting a business is the “business cycle.” The business cycle is the fluctuations in economic activity that an economy will experience over a period of time. Phd Degree! We have experience may business cycles in the United States. We refer to them as expansions and recessions. In an expansions, the economic outlook is good and growth happens, without inflation.
Recessions are when the economy is shrinking and the determination factors for a recession include unemployment, low industry production, decrease sales and lower incomes. Since 1854, The United States has experienced 33 business cycles. Each consisting of expansions and recessions. Korea Cuisine Essay! (The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014) The business cycle peaked in late December 2004, and headed downward through January 2006. No Dissertation! Increase global economic confidence caused rise in 2007. The cycle continues to lower and raise on a steady basis with 2015 looking very positive. (Now and the Future, 2014) Unemployment is a major determinate factor on the success of a new business venture to to be designer, the impact unemployment has on no dissertation, the economy. Unemployment rate is defined as the percentage of the labor force that is unemployed. The unemployment rate measures the percentage of the labor force that is why i to be essay unemployed: Determining the labor force is essential to estimate the phd degree no dissertation, unemployment rate in the United States.
The labor force is defined as the percentage of the working-age population in the labor force. The labor force participation rate is important because it determines the philosophical 1954, amount of labor that will be available to the economy from phd degree, a given population. Essay Of Humanity! The higher the labor force participation rate, the more labor that will be available and phd degree no dissertation, the higher a country’s levels of GDP and GDP per person. (Glenn 643-646) When economic uncertainty exist, manufacturers cancel new investments and freeze the hiring process. Uncertainty in the economy harms economic activity, with effects similar to a decline in aggregate demand. Companies cut back on spending which causes unemployment to rise. When unemployment rises, there is a reduction in output. (United States Department of Labor, 2014) Heightened uncertainty lowers economic activity and inflation, and thus operates like a fall in aggregate demand. During the Great Recession and recovery, we estimate that higher uncertainty has boosted the unemployment rate by at least one percentage point. Policymakers typically try to mitigate uncertainty’s adverse economic effects by the canadian writer s world essays lowering nominal interest rates. Phd Degree No Dissertation! However, in the recession and the canadian writer s world, recovery, nominal interest rates have been near zero and no dissertation, couldn’t be lowered further.
As a consequence, high uncertainty has been a greater drag on economic activity in the Great Recession and recovery than in previous recessions. There is a close relationship between unemployment and inflation. As more people work the national output increases, causing wages to increase, causing consumers to have more money and to spend more, resulting in consumers demanding more goods and cuisine, services, finally causing the phd degree, prices of goods and services to increase. This means that unemployment and inflation share an inverse relationship: inflation rises as unemployment falls, and inflation falls as unemployment rises. In this day and age, many countries depend on each other and if one economy suffers, somehow there is an effect on korea essay, another country.
Whether the effects are from a political event or the preference of one currency over another. The United States has a trading relationship with many other nations. There has been an increase in the amount of good imported into no dissertation, the United States over the years, in addition to many goods from the United States that are exported to why i want to be designer essay, other nations. To regulate the phd degree no dissertation, international trade process, there are polices that promote and restrict the growth ot imports and exports which has an effect on the United States economy. Trade barrier exist that may hinder international trade. One of these barriers is tariffs and quotas. Trade barrier are often put into place during recessions, or when national unemployment rates are on the rise, or faced with competition from foreign companies, the government will but trade barriers in place to protect the obama wednesday, industry to preserve the economy. When participating in international trade, currency plays a major role in the process. The value of no dissertation, currency rises and falls according to supply and demand. Want To Be An Interior Designer Essay! In addition, changes in preferences for goods and services in other countries reflects on the supply and demand for phd degree no dissertation different national currencies. A nation’s currency value is influenced by korea essay prices of goods and services in phd degree the country, the nation’s inflation rate, interest rates and the amount of investment opportunities.
The cost of United States investments rise as when the American dollar trades at a higher value that other national currency. On the other hand, if the supply of dollars on the exchange market increased faster than the demand, the value of the US dollar will depreciate and look weak against other currencies. As of today the exchange rate for essays one US dollar is highest exchange value is the Japanese’s yen. The value of the currency fluctuates according to that nation’s economy. Currently the US dollar is exchanging at a favorable values. (Oanda, 2014) Monetary Policy and phd degree no dissertation, Interest Rates. On a short term basis, monetary policy influences inflation and the economy demand for goods and obama wednesday, services. During normal times, the Federal Reserve has a large influence over the financial conditions by adjusting the rate banks charge each other for short term loans. Phd Degree No Dissertation! In addition to the banks benefiting, this low interest benefit is passed on to the households and firms. The goal is to influence firm and household borrowing.
Short term loans are more attractive and borrowers feel as if they need to act to of an proposal, lock in phd degree the lower interest rate. When short term and long term interest rates decrease, it is cheaper to components of an proposal, borrow, the consumer borrow and no dissertation, purchases goods and services, which helps firms justify hiring and increasing the workforce, which boost production. It is interesting to components of an essay proposal, note that the monetary policy influence is phd degree not instant and often does not appear immediately, do to measure the essays, effects of the monetary policy on the economy can be difficult to phd degree no dissertation, predict. Monetary policy has a considerable significance on inflation. Federal fund rate reductions result in increased demand for good and serviced and of an proposal, results in a wage and elevated cost, meaning a push for phd degree demand for workers and materials to increase production.
Predictions can be made for the future of the economy, including predictions on price and wages when monetary policy is used and those expectations also influence the current inflation rate. The most recent monetary influence happened in 2008 when short term interest rates were at obama wednesday, zero. When interest rates are at no dissertation, zero, they are unable to korea cuisine essay, fall any lower, therefore the Federal Reserve decided to no dissertation, support the economy by purchasing long term mortgage backed securities in addition to notes issued by certain government-sponsored enterprise and long term Treasury bonds and notes. The goal was to lower the level of longer term interest rates with hopes of improving financial conditions. Although considered non-traditional, this monetary policy measures where implemented through the same path as traditional policy. (Francisco, 2004) Fiscal Policy and Unemployment. Fiscal policy is the means by essay on value of humanity which a government adjusts its spending levels and tax rates to monitor and influence a nation’s economy. It is the sister strategy to monetary policy through which a central bank influences a nation’s money supply. (Heakal, 2014) The government takes measures to influence the economy by adjusting tax levels up or down.
The overall goal is to contain inflation and decrease the unemployment rate and keep a blooming value on the US dollar. Recent government intervention and influence on the US economy with fiscal policy is the phd degree no dissertation, American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012. This act of essay, influence was a move to increase tax rates and cut government spending. Government spending contributes to the deficit. The federal government budget deficit has fallen sharply in recent years?from almost 12 percent of GDP in 2009 to less than 7 percent in 2012. And recent budget reports show that the deficit is shrinking faster than expected only a few months ago, to a projected 4? percent of GDP for phd degree no dissertation the current fiscal year, which ends September 30. Components Of An Proposal! Plus, health care cost growth has slowed down dramatically since the Great Recession, alleviating the pressure on public health care programs at least temporarily. (Igan, 2013) Deficit reduction is the phd degree no dissertation, primary goal of fiscal policy. It is believed that a lower deficit will reduce government borrowing which will have an effect on interest rates. As we learned, lower interest rates stimulate household and firm confidence and borrowing power. Firms will hire workers to keep up the demand for goods and services, therefore reducing unemployment. The government performs a balancing act when attempting to maintain tax rates and public spending.
If the balance tilts too far in one direction, inflation will rise or if the shift is designer too far in the opposite direction the phd degree no dissertation, value the dollar decrease. Due to this ongoing balancing act the government does use fiscal policy to curve inflation by application of brakes to the economy by increasing taxes to decrease the amount of money flowing into essay, the economy. Government spending is also reduced which decreases the amount of money in circulation. The outcome of this fiscal policy application means a slow economy, increased unemployment. Nothing says economic confidence than a personal investment. By investing your personal savings to start a business in phd degree addition to borrowing helps the to be an interior, economy recover.
Thank advantage of tax an no dissertation, interest benefits serves to essay on value, attract small business starts. According to the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index, the small business loan approval rates at big banks ($10 billion+ in assets) increased 17.6% in December 2013 from 17.4%. Phd Degree No Dissertation! Further, in a year-to-year comparison, lending approval rates at big banks have increased nearly 20%. The recession of affected small business owners in 2009 -2010, however, the 2011 – 2013 banks are confident and 1954, are lending to potential borrowers. As a female business owner, it is essential to do your due diligence in researching the best start up opportunities such as borrowing method, institution, market and chances for phd degree no dissertation success. We have learned that the why i want designer essay, market you target can be national or international, therefore there are many opportunities for success in that arena. Starting up is the hardest part. According to Biz2Credit,the The Top 25 metro areas by annual revenue were: Jacksonville, FL; Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC; Chicago, IL-IN-WI; Denver, CO; Pittsburgh, PA; Atlanta GA; Los-Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA; Las Vegas, NV; Dallas-Fort Worth, TX and San Francisco-Oakland CA. Consideration of start up in these locations will provide a good chance of business success. Phd Degree No Dissertation! Consideration of the annual revenue of t the demographic area will help estimate the success of the overall economy of your city and the viability of your new blooming business. If you choose to borrow funds, consideration of the credit score of your demographic area is essential as well.
When sorted by Credit Score, Portland was the leader. Rounding out the Top 25 were Denver, San Francisco-Oakland, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Las Vegas, New York metro, Chicago, Pittsburgh, Indianapolis, and Seattle. (Biz2Credit, 2014) Recommendations and Economic Justification. The decision to venture out and be a business owner is one that required considerable thought and planning. Knowing when to get into the market as a small business owner is essential. Having a strong understanding of the national and international economy is the canadian s world essential in no dissertation order to essay of humanity, make intelligent informed decision. Understanding how business cycles work, and the ability to identify a time of expansions and recession will help you identify the best time to go forward with your venture. Understanding how monetary and fiscal policies can affect the timing and the length of each business cycle will help you choose a most beneficial time. During a time of expansion the economy will grow, causing an influx of no dissertation, business and job growth.
This is the recommend time to jump into the market. Knowing that all cycles must peak, the Federal Government will intervene and attempt to slow down this growth by increasing interest rates to stop inflation. Ayer! Knowing this slowdown will cause the phd degree, economy to slow down, prepare your business to weather this storm. Business demand is driven by korea cuisine essay increasing the income and consumption taxes which directly reflects on the amount of disposable income which slows down business activity. Understanding your market and effectively reaching your consumer with goods and services that are in demand is a determinate factor in for phd degree your business success. The correct demographic area to implement your startup venture is key to success. Researching other small business success, longevity is essential to korea essay, choosing the correct location. In addition, ensuring you are not marketing a product that is currently saturated by competition is another factor of importance. Solar energy is a resource that is very popular. No Dissertation! The competition in this area is stiff, but I foresee opportunity in this area a business. The solar power panel industry has overcome a low and is now booming again.
There was an oversupply of panels which caused prices to drop, making solar power panels competitive which increased the overall demand. Installations are expected to increase. Cuisine! Having a keen understanding of the solar power panel manufactures will help provide strategic planning. Bank, T. W. (2014, June 01). No Dissertation! Global Economic Prospects. Retrieved from Shifting priorities; building for the future: http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/global-economic-prospects Biz2Credit. (2014). Knowledge Center . Retrieved from Research Reports: http://www.biz2credit.com/research-reports/2014-best-small-business-cities-in-america-women Francisco, F. Philosophical 1954! R. (2004, February 06). U.S.
Monetary Policy: An Introduction. Retrieved from How does monetary policy affect the phd degree no dissertation, U.S. economy?: http://www.frbsf.org/us-monetary-policy-introduction/real-interest-rates-economy/ Heakal, R. (2014). Investopedia. Retrieved from What is Fiscal Policy: http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/051904.asp Igan, D. (2013, July 30). iMFdirect. Retrieved from U.S. Fiscal Policy: A Tough Balancing Act : http://blog-imfdirect.imf.org/2013/07/30/u-s-fiscal-policy-a-tough-balancing-act/ Investopedia. (2014, December 3). Market Saturation. Retrieved from. Is this the obama wednesday, perfect essay for you?
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and no dissertation, accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and why i designer essay, trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. No Dissertation! Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on to be designer, it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for phd degree, the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at obama wednesday, hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).
Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about phd degree no dissertation what it means to why i to be designer tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of no dissertation All Jobs. Korea! Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to phd degree include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Cuisine Essay! Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the phd degree, Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to why i to be an interior designer essay what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on phd degree, a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. Obama Wednesday! In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on phd degree no dissertation, reading. So focus on essay on value, putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . Phd Degree No Dissertation! According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to 2nd ed explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and phd degree no dissertation, focus on making the essay, rest of phd degree your resume stellar. There are lots of the canadian s world essays different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is phd degree still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding.
The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and cuisine, credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in no dissertation, less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in obama wednesday, less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to phd degree no dissertation include some visual examples of your work? Instead of why i to be essay trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the phd degree, most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the to be an interior essay, ideal candidate.
We’ll talk about phd degree getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on essay on value, hiring managers’ eyes by phd degree no dissertation using a font size between 10 and 12 and obama wednesday, leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and phd degree, the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman?
Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. Obama Wednesday! If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to phd degree add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. Korea Cuisine! You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to no dissertation make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is essay on value of humanity that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of phd degree no dissertation time on obama wednesday, each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning?
There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only phd degree no dissertation show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. An Interior Designer Essay! If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill.
Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. Phd Degree No Dissertation! No matter how long you’ve been in korea, a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for no dissertation, writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to obama wednesday the average person. Remember that the no dissertation, first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of obama wednesday them. Use as many facts, figures, and phd degree no dissertation, numbers as you can in the canadian writer s world essays 2nd ed, your bullet points. Phd Degree No Dissertation! How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of obama wednesday work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to phd degree no dissertation adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to essay on value show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done!
As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on phd degree, a resume often starts to sound like a list of ayer philosophical essays 1954 meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Phd Degree No Dissertation! Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work.
There’s no law that says you can only of humanity put full-time or paid work on no dissertation, your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to philosophical essays the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Phd Degree No Dissertation! Stuck on which words to ayer include? Dump the job description into phd degree a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and philosophical essays 1954, spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. Phd Degree No Dissertation! 24.
Experience First, Education Second. Components Of An! Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of no dissertation jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by essay listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. No Dissertation! But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Obama Wednesday! Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it.
If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in phd degree, them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out writer essays 2nd ed all the relevant skills you have for phd degree no dissertation, a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. The Canadian Writer S World Essays 2nd Ed! Just make sure to phd degree no dissertation skip including skills that everyone is expected to essays have, like using email or Microsoft Word.
Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of phd degree skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and the canadian writer s world 2nd ed, listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. No Dissertation! Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to essay include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about phd degree no dissertation it. 32. Philosophical Essays! Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial.
Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. No Dissertation! Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of obama wednesday whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the phd degree no dissertation, proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations.
If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interior designer, an interview. No Dissertation! If you have gaps of a few months in obama wednesday, your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only no dissertation (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for ayer philosophical essays, leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to phd degree new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue.
Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. Components Essay! See more tips from phd degree no dissertation, Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume.
For example, if you took time out of the essay, workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and phd degree no dissertation, intense a job as any out want to be an interior there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for phd degree, references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to obama wednesday take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on phd degree no dissertation, how to the canadian writer 2nd ed perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at phd degree, it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to ayer 1954 an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and phd degree no dissertation, send it off?
Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. Of An Proposal! When your resume is updated on phd degree no dissertation, a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape.
Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and why i want designer essay, content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an phd degree, individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to an interior essay go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. No Dissertation! Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for essay proposal, this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Duties, Skills, Knowledge of a Software Architect. SEI work in architecture-centric engineering exploits the phd degree no dissertation, relationship between a system's architecture and its quality attributes, and leverages architecture as the key means for ensuring that systems will support their business and mission goals. Explore our architecture-related training opportunities. Learn about our research in architecture-centric engineering. To Be! Network with other software, systems, and enterprise architects. Duties, Skills, and Knowledge of a Software Architect. Crafting the right architecture to solve the problem at hand is only part of architects' responsibilities. They must also. define, document, and communicate it make sure everyone is using it, and using it correctly make sure that it comes out in stages in a timely way so that the overall organization can make progress before it's complete make sure the software and system architectures are in synchronization act as the emissary of the architecture make sure management understands it (to the detail necessary) make sure the no dissertation, right modeling is being done, to know that qualities like performance are going to be met give input as needed to issues like tool and environment selection identify and interact with stakeholders to make sure their needs are being met make sure that the obama wednesday, architecture is phd degree no dissertation not only the ayer essays, right one for operations, but also for no dissertation, deployment and sustainment resolve disputes and make tradeoffs resolve technical problems maintain morale, both within the architecture group, and externally as well. The latter is done by essay providing a sound design, when needed, and no dissertation providing good presentations and materials to let everyone know the organization is on cuisine the right track. understand and phd degree no dissertation plan for evolutionary paths plan for new technology insertion manage risk identification and risk mitigation strategies associated with the architecture.
Information Contributed by cuisine Readers. The SEI gathered the following input from readers after June, 2006 about the primary duties of no dissertation, a chief software architect, including. duties of an architect skills of an architect knowledge required by an architect duties of an organization to its architects and architecture-based development projects. Christopher Brandt (Systems Architect, Moneris Solutions, Burnaby, BC, Canada) Duties: In my experience, an architect brings together the why i to be essay, pieces of an architecture for all aspects of the system and then communicates the architecture to the stakeholders. No Dissertation! By aspects of the writer, system I mean everything from software development tools to the high level design to the off-the-shelf components and phd degree services required for why i want an interior designer, the system to function. A good architect provides a development team with all of the phd degree no dissertation, tools they need to put together a great system. Skills: An architect must be technically competent and a strong communicator (written, verbal, presentation. ). Knowledge: An architect should be competent in the core frameworks used or to be used, however they need not be an expert programmer in essay on value that framework.
More importantly, they must have a strong knowledge of the problem domain that their systems are meant to provide solutions for. Organizational Support: Architects need time and leeway to experiment and learn. Software methods are continually changing, thus an architect must be given time to learn, communicate with peers and try out new stuff. David Cornish (Technical Architect, JPMorgan, London, UK) Duties: Ensure that new systems are built in a way that best ensures that functional requirements are met whilst also ensure that service qualities (Performance, scalability, extensibility etc) for now and for no dissertation, the future are achievable. Review and improve on existing systems, making use of new technologies and methodologies to seek continual improvement for existing systems. Provide high level guidance and components of an proposal direction on project work, making sure tha new projects fit in with an overall strategic vision. Skills: Strong communication with both technical and phd degree no dissertation business teams; Strong design experience and of an proposal technical knowledge; Analytical and 'joined-up' thinking; Conflict resolution. Knowledge: Business process knowledge; Technical knowledge; Strategic view of where the business are going and how technology will be used to attain that vision.
Organizational Support: Provide clear guidance on project requirements: Provide a clear business strategy; Provide training to allow architects to stay up to speed with new technology developments. Huub van Dijk (Quality Manager, Independent, Amsterdam, Netherlands) Duties: Now: same as system designer. Architecture is generally so loosely defined that it is virtually indistinguishable from design. This situation has been deteriorating for many years.
Should be: Defining a prescriptive architecture based on ubiquitous standards. However, appropriate models are still scarce. An example of an excellent model is OSI. Its layers cater to the needs of many stakeholders and are completely transparent (it surpassed ubiquity and reached the status of user oblivion). Like OSI, architectural models should be layered. Any telescopic or hierarchic model is disastrous. Hence the relentless SE crisis.
Staying absolutely clear of anything that reeks of implementation. Conforming to IEEE 1471 I.e. starting with stakeholders! These are always human, which should settle your question about the human side. Skills: Too many. I am afraid that a SA must be detected rather than selected.
Knowledge: Equivalent to: MSc Computer Science and MBA. Applicable standards (IT and domain specific). Available solutions and models for re-use. George Fankhauser (Head SW, MT, Columbus, OH, USA) Duties: Software PLM Platform Management, often including hardware resolving design decisions harmonizing design portfolio analysis (SW metrics, project metrics) Skills: experienced designer experienced coder (yes!) communicator ambassador (sometimes) Knowledge: sound theoretical skills (e.g. complexity measures) algorithm data structures 101. Organizational Support: management backup veto right in projects.
Theo Gantos (Consultant, TEKA, Flint, MI, USA) Duties: A software architect must manage a constellation of issues, ranging from: Consulting; gathering artifacts, conducting interviews, communicating with stakeholders, selling the no dissertation, NEED for architecture Systems analysis; understanding and representing the various disparate views of information, documenting actual or probable structural issues; reverse-engineering architectures from cuisine essay, existing structures Data modeling; representing the no dissertation, various views and representations of information in their various layers. conceptual,logical,physical; abstracting elements of information and relations to develop alternative unified database models; working with application developers to understand physical IDE limitations Architect-foreman-Sage/mentor or cantankerous crackpot; work hard to korea stay involved during the development process to modify the architecture to phd degree make adjustments for essay on value, various outside forces; communicate and articulate the architectural vision in phd degree terms that each person can comprehend. Skills: A renaissance person. Consulting, diplomacy, organization, conceptualization, abstract thinking, logical reasoning, data modeling skills in several methodologies, ability to self-evaluate and korea cuisine essay adapt quickly, presentation and phd degree communication skills, programming expertise, writing skills, sales skills, charisma, finance and return on investment calculation skills, dealing with difficult and change-resistant people, sense of humor. Knowledge: The knowledge requirement is so staggering and extensive that there are very few persons capable of essay of humanity, performing in an above average capacity. I cannot envision how one could possibly through strictly academic coursework, acquire this knowledge without perilous and phd degree untiring pursuit. There is essay on value of humanity much mis-information, vendor ax-grinding, self-serving, and uncritically reviewed published material that the chances of building a thorough understanding of the fundamentals is daunting. Organizational Support: Appreciate the value of the contributions they can make , especially not in phd degree the short run, but over time. Build a recognition that architecture is vital to the life cycle of the information, does not exist solely to korea serve the application, and may well surpass several generations of application development. Recognize that like building a solid bridge, the value is not in how quickly and cheaply it can be built, but how ultimately useful, flexible, and phd degree no dissertation durable it is over it's expected life.
Stefan Grasmann (Manager Competence Center Microsoft, Zuhlke, Eschborn, Germany) Duties: Create a common technical vision, which fulfills quality requirements. Maintain and explain this vision to anybody interested in obama wednesday it or those who are not, but should be. Technical quality assurance (before, during and after development). Create partnership with project manager to phd degree give him technical assistance regarding important decisions. Elaborate quality requirements and urge to test them early. Drive technical evaluation of brilliant ideas. Skills: Communicate complex issues in simple words adjusted to the audience and their skills. Endurance in korea cuisine essay repeating the same idea again and again and again. Creativity to find simple solutions to complex issues. Ability to feel like a developer.
Knowledge: Experienced development know-how in different areas. Phd Degree! Architectural styles and design patterns - from essay on value of humanity, a practical point of no dissertation, view. Deep understanding of underlying technologies and future trends. Software Factories and productivity aspects. Domain knowledge. Understanding of potential customer base. Organizational Support: Trust him, but control results.
Durga Srinivas Gudimetla (Associate Consultant, Tata Consultancy Services, Hyderabad, AP, India) Create an organizational IT roadmap, closely interact with CXOs in defining the IT objectives Understand the business processes, Create a visionary roadmap to align business vision to korea IT vision, Create a robust IT architecture framework and enforce across IT systems, Decision authority/signoff authority on application architecture Ambassador between Business organization and IT organization Oversee platform selection, HW, SW selection processes, Pilot studies across all IT. Should have extremely good knowledge on SDLC processes Should posses sound knowledge on IT Application architecture, Design methodologies across multiple platforms Should have good grip on non-functional areas like performance, scalability studies, human interaction, software ergonomics Commitment to quality Should have clarity on phd degree no dissertation what business wants and ability to transform wants to results Thought provocative leader Critical reasoning skills, Decision making skills ROI calculation skills. Modelling skills Data modelling skills Inter modular interaction and necessary middleware skills for distributed components Project management skills Selling/Marketing skills. Create innovation environment Risk reward based environment Encourage innovative thinking Encourage certification, sponsorships for higher studies.
Moonesh Kachroo (Technical Manager, WNS, Gurgaon, Haryana, India) Duties: Undermentioned are some points (other than already mentioned) which are also important duties of an Architect: Should know how to strike a right balance between the major four -time, scope, cost and quality. To enforce and monitor the agreed upon policies and why i to be an interior designer best practices through out the organization. To manage the no dissertation, perception of various stakeholders (parties) and try to the canadian s world 2nd ed bring them on no dissertation the same page and under the same thought umbrella. Needs to keep himself updated on all the relevant subjects. Skills: Should have an ability to an interior designer switch between macro and micro visions effectively and efficiently, as time demands; Should have an no dissertation, excellent analytical skills for korea essay, obvious reasons; Decision making is also one of the must haves; Should have an ability to foresee, plan and mitigate any type of risk. Rajesh Kanna (Development Manager, PT. 1rstWAP, Jakarta, Indonesia) Strong Communication Skills Should be able to no dissertation understand the BRDs(Business Requirement Document) Stick on to simpler, cost effective and less error prone frameworks Need to philosophical essays 1954 understand the right framework/software components and use them in right place. Framework should be designed with manageable, scalable, portable and performance consideration in mind.
Should have a deep workable knowledge in OOAD and implement the same in terms of standards and policies within the architecture. Based on the complexity of the project security levels, workflows should be designed to phd degree no dissertation fine granular level. Convert all the technical details into good TDDs explains about the end-end architecture,custom tailored famework components and their relationships. Performance considerations, profiling techniques. Should possess excellent english knowledge Need not be a programmer but should be able to understand every code programmer codes and identify loop holes in the coding standards being followed.
Should monitor the code written very closely. S World Essays 2nd Ed! Should have a fast knowledge in software testing methodologies and types. Should posses deeper knowledge in open source projects and frameworks. Phd Degree! Should have a deeper understanding about pros and cons of the architecture designed and contigency plans incase of failure. Obama Wednesday! Should understand to the team member inputs. Frameworks Spring, Struts Knowledge in phd degree no dissertation Industrial Standard Profiling Tools Knowledge in Unit Testing Knowledge in essay of humanity Mobile Technology and frameworks being used. Working knowledge in High-End databases TIBCO, web methods, web services.
Organizations might sometimes need to understand the importance of best software architecture and support indeed. Should encourage architects to attend conferences, certifications if necessary and self update on the latest frameworks and products either in open source or commercial community. Encouraging architects to certify in Project Management will be an added advantage for the company. Venkatesh Krishnamurthy (Technical Architect, Valtech India, Bangalore, KA, India) Understand the no dissertation, business requirements from the customer and convert them to technical design. Be available to the team members, stake holders Drive the product development Provide design and architecture and ayer 1954 explain this in detail to the team members Be hands on with programming. The architect with no programming skills cannot make a good decision Keep updating knowledge with latest and greatest tools and phd degree technologies Bring the best tools and his past experience into the organization Create a low coupled-extensible architecture Be aware of the process in want to be an interior essay place Make quick decisions and stand by it Be open for suggestions from all the no dissertation, team members He should provide good configuration plan Review the test cases Make decisions to reduce waste in obama wednesday software development. Keep a close watch on developer’s code, and review it to phd degree ensure there are no extra features added to the code. Develop a good coding practice Mentor and coach the team on latest tools and technology Not try to become a PowerPoint architect Ability to extract the korea cuisine, non-functional requirements from the user.
He needs to no dissertation keep an eye on this all the essays 1954, time Performance optimization. Skills: Architect needs to be. Creative An Artist Politician Strong willed Excellent communication skills Excellent presentation skills People person Matured Articulative Courageous to make decisions and stand by it Risk taker Good observer Negotiator. He is supposed to no dissertation know end to end design. That is, from presentation tier till the database layer Latest tools and technology. It could be Java/J2EE, .NET, Eclipse, Visual Studio, CVS/Subversion, TIBCO, Security related like encryption, decryption, and session management Strong in OOAD/OOP/UML Domain knowledge is required but not mandatory Principles of TDD, Refactoring. An organization should provide resources (tools, technology and human resource) as and when needed. Korea Cuisine! The organization should not sacrifice the no dissertation, code quality by cutting costs and not listening to architects It is becoming a de-facto standard that, an architect is highly necessary for each and every project. No project can be executed without a proper architecture. It is like building a house.
Whether it is a small house or big house, one needs to build a good plan, good foundation and then construct it. Organizations need to sponsor architects by sending them to technology conferences quite often. Donna Maskell (Principal Software Engineer, Raytheon, Fort Wayne, IN, USA) Duties: The SA is responsible for philosophical 1954, defining the overall structure of the system based on the forces driving the system (e.g. Phd Degree! ilities). It has to be robust, effective, and korea maintainable. It does not have to be optimal, much less perfect, or there would be very few software projects. The SA has to decide what the most important drivers are in order to justify his approach, because there will be questions.
The SA has to be able to communicate the no dissertation, architecture intelligibly to the stakeholders at a level of detail that becomes progressively more refined as the comprehension of the audience becomes more sophisticated. An architecture created by one person will be limited to essay what one person can think of, so the SA has to phd degree no dissertation be open-minded about to be essay, criticism and treat it as constructive. The SA should seek buy-in from the stakeholders, including the people who have to implement it all the no dissertation, way down to the code. Skills: An SA needs a thick skin and an open mind; communication skills to articulate the architecture and respond instructively to questions about the ayer essays, architecture; the ability to recognize that the no dissertation, architecture quality is more important than the architect's ego; leadership qualities, because software engineers are an independent lot who cannot be herded; courtesy, since you can't give everyone everything they want, but you can listen fairly and be courteous in saying no. Knowledge: Patterns of analysis and design; architectural archetypes; available tools and notations for representing architecture artifacts; presentation skills to convey information with clarity and conciseness. Organizational Support: Document all the requirements, including the corporate business goals to be supported. To Be! See the architect gets the training he/she requests. Provide opportunities for the architect to flowdown the current state of the no dissertation, architecture to s world essays lower-level stakeholders (e.g. implementers). Have multiple architects, with one lead POC, and decisions by consensus. Mayank Sugandhi (Sr. Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India)
Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. An architect can be of any type based on organization structure and its hierarchy. Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect. According to me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager.
Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of System Focus on scalability, maintainability, performance and modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business. In some organization .Contact CXO to phd degree suggest new path for creating business by use of technology Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for cuisine, team to understand their problem and ideas. Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. He must have sound knowledge of phd degree, programing and it's concept. Peter Pavlovic (Global Senior Architect - Rates Credit Markets, JPMorgan, New York, NY, USA) Duties: Provide guidance to others on how software should be built. Oversee development in build mgmt role to ensure successful delivery. On Value! Provide insight as to how to phd degree make products robust, efficient and extensible from a technology perspective. Be accountable for what is going on in the firm.
Skills: Programming in common languages (C,C++,C#,Java); Ability to produce QUALITY docs illustrations; Ability to impart knowledge to others. Knowledge: Latest technology trends, up coming languages, products, initiatives, language optimizations, etc. Organizational Support: Trust their architects to deliver quality product (not just opine on how things should be done). Provide enough authority to ensure their accountability is the canadian writer essays warranted and able to be supported. Victor Alejandro Baez Puente (Chief Technology Officer, Grupo Nacional Provincial, Mexico City, DF, Mexico) Duties: Chief Architect will be responsible for all aspects of technology including the high-level architectural designing, construction, reconstruction and refactoring, technology standardization and modernization. The Chief Architect will establish the phd degree no dissertation, strategic technical direction for cuisine, the enterprise products. They will also serve as the evangelist of the architectural vision, strategy, and principles to internal staff, customers, industry analysts, and throughout their peer groups. The main areas of phd degree, responsibility include the following: Technology Oversight: Maintain an ongoing awareness of emerging developments and trends in technology that could impact current projects and influence new projects Industry Participation: Participate in essay of humanity external standards organizations, industry groups, panels etc. No Dissertation! that could enhance company's image and essay reputation as well as provide vital information on technology trends and best practices Vendor / Tool Analysis: Lead the evaluation of software vendors targeted for possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools and utilities Evangelism of architectural vision, strategy, and principles Creation and delivery of detailed technical presentations Leadership of phd degree, architectural alignment implementation efforts High-level technical consultation and cuisine essay developer mentoring Plan and phd degree implement the technical Enterprise Architecture, including both short and long term strategies for retiring certain legacy systems, integrating existing systems and new systems implementation recommendations Refinement, documentation and communication of architectural principles Oversight and guidance of new product initiatives ensuring adherence to architectural principles Customer Technical Resource: Serve as the chief technical resource and essay on value reference for phd degree, the new product, and help define appropriate customer support responses, as well as dealing directly with customers on why i an interior essay high-level issues. Experience designing an no dissertation, enterprise application with financial auditing, contract management, enterprise workflow, business process integration, and perhaps asset management components Experience with Service Oriented Architecture (SOA).
Experience as a chief architect on inception-to-delivery of J2EE projects. Experience with deploying J2EE rich and/or web client applications in ayer philosophical a high-availability, clustered environment Expertise in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) for constructing, and documenting the artifacts of software systems Exemplary general IT knowledge (applications development, testing, deployment, operations, documentation, standards, best practices, security, hardware, networking, OS, DBMS, middleware, etc.) Expertise and experience in lightweight, rapid development, agile methodologies. No Dissertation! Experience in estimating and measuring project velocity Experience with interaction with legacy systems and phased application integration Exquisite attention to detail Written, verbal, and obama wednesday diagrammatic communication skills. Required Technologies Experience: Operating Systems example: Windows NT, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Linux and phd degree other unix flavors, z/Os Java (core), J2EE (Servlets,JSP,EJB,JMS,and related), JavaBeans, Enterprise JavaBeans, J2EEXML(DOM, SAX, XSL, XSLT, DTD, Schema), COBOL Web Services: SOAP, XML, WSDL Middleware examples: JMS, Apache/Tomcat, BEA Weblogic, JBoss, Webshpere, MQ series CICS Databases examples: MS SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, DB2 Business Intelligence Business Process Integration: Java based rules engines and workflow engines EAI/Legacy extension: experience with common tools ETL Tools: experience with common tools. Knowledge: Computational and technical knowledge, deep process definition knowledge, project management. Organizational Support: observe the methodology phases in which architects must participate in order to align the proposed solutions to the general architectural framework. Murugesan R. (Lead Analyst, Saksoft Limited, Chennai State, TN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating architecture and validate it Consulting and educating on the use of Architecture. Skills: MUST have the following qualities:
Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent business communication. Aware of different technologies tools up-to-date Knowledge on essay on value of humanity Architectural patterns Knowledge on Design patterns. Organizational Support: Learn! Think!! Create. Poornachandra Sarang (Practicing Solution Architect, ABCOM Information Systems Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India) Duties: An architect role should not be restricted to creating an architecture document, but should be extended to cover the no dissertation, various responsibilities until the project is delivered and deployed. An architect must be well versed on korea cuisine essay various technologies and should have zest for learning emerging technologies at all times. We would broadly assign the following responsibilities to an architect • Should be well versed with the current day technologies. Should demonstrate keen interest in no dissertation upgrading the skills to emerging technologies. Should be prepared to obama wednesday do some hands-on coding for understanding the phd degree, intricacies of new and emerging technologies.
Should make presentations on emerging technologies and his/her own project experiences to essays 2nd ed user groups and no dissertation conferences. Such contributions help in formulating your thoughts and delivering your ideas to the project team members. Should assist the domain expert in creating the want to be designer, business case. No Dissertation! Should overlook the process of requirements gathering. Should assist analysts and designers to korea create design artifacts Should be familiar to the various tools available in the market for phd degree, creating design artifacts and give recommendations on this to the project team.
Should create an agreeable notation for artifacts amongst the team members Should create vocabulary specific to the business domain for which the application is being created. Should help designers apply the philosophical essays, appropriate architectural and no dissertation design patterns in to be an interior designer their designs. No Dissertation! Should provide assistance to designers in s world essays 2nd ed re-factoring the no dissertation, classes if required. Should educate designers on anti-patterns and other undocumented bad practices that he or she might have learned from the own experiences. Should perform random code reviews to ensure that the philosophical 1954, developers adhere to the specified guidelines. Should provide test points in phd degree the software being developed and obama wednesday assist testers in creating test cases for phd degree no dissertation, evaluating the software. Of Humanity! Should assist developers in creating prototypes. Should be able to phd degree no dissertation create and demonstrate proof-of-concepts (POC) on newer technologies. Should advise customer on the use of appropriate technology and avoid getting carried away with fancy technologies. Essay On Value Of Humanity! Should accept the onus of success/failure of the system. Should help business stakeholders in phd degree no dissertation setting the directions for their product lines.
Skills: To achieve the above purpose, a solution architect would need varied technical skill sets. These may be broadly stated as follows: Should possess a sound technical knowledge of the various current technologies such as J2EE, .NET, Open Source, Messaging infrastructures and 1954 so on. Should have a good understanding of phd degree no dissertation, various technological architectures such as CORBA, J2EE, .NET, JMS, MSMQ, MQ series and so on. Should be well acquainted to several EAI integration technologies such as J2EE connectors, COM-TI components, TIBCO and components so on.
Should possess good knowledge of several database products available in the market. No Dissertation! Should have good knowledge of data warehousing, creating and running analytical queries and business intelligence techniques. Of Humanity! Should be able to phd degree compare and contrast several tools and products available on the various technologies mentioned above. • Should be able to create artifacts using available tools. Essay! Should be able to re-factor the code to apply design patterns and phd degree no dissertation also ensuring appropriate applicability of anti-patterns. Should be able to essay do a code walk-through on sample code selected at random. Should possess good knowledge of no dissertation, various testing tools. To Be An Interior Designer Essay! Should be able to understand and analyze test reports to ensure that quality goals are reached. Should be able to assist developers in resolving the technical issues and providing proof-of-concepts on no dissertation newer technologies. Should provide advice on to be an interior selection of appropriate hardware and no dissertation deployment architectures. Should be well conversant with software process methodologies and processes.
Should be good in team building. Should be able to create architectural documentation. Should possess good communication skills. Knowledge: The above technical skills requirements can easily deter anyone from aspiring to become a solution architect. Though a deep technical knowledge in each of the above areas is not expected, architect should possess a good conceptual clarity on each. Why I Want To Be An Interior Designer Essay! Architect should build a team with individual members specializing in different above-mentioned technologies. Phd Degree! The help may then be obtained from the various team members in achieving the architectural goals for any project. Organizational Support: The organization that is creating and maintaining an architectural team should provide support to the chief architect in building and retaining the team.
The software industry usually faces the problem of quick turn-around of proposal, manpower. The organization should provide enough incentives and facilities to retain the trained manpower. The organization should provide budgets that would enable the architect team to keep abreast with newer technologies. Phd Degree No Dissertation! The organization should be willing to budget Research and Development (RD) expenditures for experimentation, learning technologies, obtaining software licenses and acquiring test hardware platforms. Organization may opt for CMMI certifications to essay ensure quality processes and phd degree building customer confidence in the architectural processes deployed on the customers’ projects. Ramakrishnan Subramanian (Technical Specialist, Cybernet Software, Chennai, TN, India)
Keep it Simple. Architect to Scale by feature and for change. Mentoring Dev team Keeping all stake holders happy with an want to be, excellent balance. Performance Improvement Skills. Phd Degree! Refactoring Skills. Mentoring. Excellent Communication. Understanding Organisation need. Knowledge: Technical knowledge. Domain knowledge.
Organizational Support: Keep politics away Freedom to the Architects Encourage Arch-based development Provide a play area to play / tryout and fail with no threat of consequences! Mayank Sugandhi (Sr. Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India) Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. Cuisine Essay! An architect can be of any type based on organization structure and it's herarchy. Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect According to me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager. Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and phd degree process guidelines Design high level view of writer s world essays, System Focus on scalability, maintainability, performance and phd degree no dissertation modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business. In some organization .Contact CXO to on value suggest new path for creating business by use of technology.
Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on no dissertation project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and obama wednesday process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for team to phd degree understand their problem and ideas Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. He must have sound knowledge of programing and it's concept. He must has solid approach to figure out solution and creative for on value, new ideas. Phd Degree! He should posses skil to communicate and components essay convince that properly. Information Submitted Before June, 2006.
For several years, the SEI had gathered reader comments on the duties of a chief software architect. On June 1, 2006, we expanded our questionnaire to include additional information concerning the chief architect. The following entries were submitted prior to the June change. The previously submitted duties of a chief software architect are alphabetized by phd degree no dissertation submitter's last name. Ammad Amjad (Software Architect, Lahore Stock Exchange (G) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan) In my opinion, a systems architect should possess the following qualities and features relevant to writer s world his/her duties. He should. be innovative and creative have good analysis skills know BEST PRACTICES of the industry be aware of technologies and available solutions be experienced with all the phases of software engineering understand the business objectives be able to gather business requirements and map them to objects in problem solving manners foresee changes and take measures to accommodate them while architecting the no dissertation, system have problem domain knowledge have good communication skills and obama wednesday able to express his ideas be able to follow process. Ezhil Arasan Babaraj (Technical Architect, Cybernet Software System, TN, India)
Should provide appropriate technical solutions for the given requirement. Should effectively communicate the proposed solution. Should be a quick learner to learn new technologies. Need to be a good mentor. No Dissertation! Need to make the architect team to understand and work towards the organization vision. Essay On Value! Should be able to think beyond expectations. Srihari Boregowda (Technology Director, Canarys Automations (P) Ltd., Bangalore, KA, India)
Extends on that of phd degree no dissertation, any Engineer. dealing with the practical application of why i want, scientific knowledge to phd degree the safe and cost-effective solution of Human Problems. The Architect is adept at use of components proposal, heuristics to cause the best change in phd degree no dissertation a poorly understood situation within the to be an interior designer essay, available resources and reduce risk in imminent implementation Everything is phd degree no dissertation created twice . First is the Mental creation followed by a physical cration later. Architect is part of the first creation. He must be able to proposal selectively switch between Abstract and Concrete as required throughout the project. Architect in leadership role, using the right brain, Architect part of business development and pre sales, Professional responsibilities of architect. Mallik Bulusu (Sr. Software Engineer, Intel, DuPont, WA)
I have a 2 step recipe. First and foremost, acquiring good knowledge of domain is essential in defining problem correctly. Then comes, conceiving the ideal foundation or framework on no dissertation which the actual solution can be constructed. Shahid Farid (Student, PUCIT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) In big organizations (Enterprises), architect is not a single person--- it is a team. This team led by an experienced architect, called “Chief Architect”. Hierarchy of the Team: Often (at medium level organizations) this team is divided into two groups. On Value Of Humanity! They are:
Functional architects, who optimize business processes, and have a very good knowledge about analysis methods; Technical architects, who design long-term, reliable and adaptive technical architectures, and constitute a technical gateway between the project manager and the developers. But in big organizations, this team is divided into a number of roles: Software Architect Hardware Architect Data/Communication Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Now we discuss the responsibilities/duties of phd degree, each of these one by one. Software Architect: A software architect is responsible for creating or selecting the why i an interior essay, most appropriate architecture for a system (or systems), such that it suits the: business needs, satisfies user requirements, and achieves the desired results under given constraints. Responsibilities of a Software Architect: A software architect analyses an phd degree no dissertation, organization’s overall business and essay establish how their software is used A software architect assess new software applications to see if they are suitable for an organization and if the current hardware will support them A software architect provide detailed information about costs and benefits of software to ensure that it will serve the no dissertation, client over a long period A software architect abstracts the complexity of a system into korea essay, a manageable model that describes the essence of phd degree no dissertation, a system by exposing important details and significant constraints. A software architect maintains control over the architecture lifecycle parallel to the project’s software development lifecycle. Although A software architect may be most visible during the requirements and design stages of a project lifecycle, he or she must proactively monitor the adherence of the implementation to the chosen architecture during all iterations. Architecture on paper is fruitless unless implemented proficiently. A software architect stays on course in line with the long term vision when projects’ scope creep attempts to manipulate software architecture in writer s world essays 2nd ed a certain way in phd degree no dissertation order to satisfy the cuisine essay, desires of myriad stakeholders.
A software architect must focus on phd degree no dissertation actions that produce results early while staying on philosophical essays 1954 course for the long term. When project variables outside of one’s control change the architect must adjust the strategy given the resource available while maintaining the long term goal. A software architect progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system in terms of no dissertation, implementation, operations, and maintenance. The critical decisions must be faithfully made and backed up by obama wednesday understanding and evaluation of alternative options. These decisions usually result in tradeoffs that principally define characteristics of a system. Additionally these decisions must be well documented in a manner understood by others. A software architect sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system. The fitness of the architecture is measured against set marks. A software architect works closely with executives to explain the benefits and phd degree no dissertation justify the investment in essay on value software architectures. This may be done by participating in business process re-engineering activities, by using Cost Benefit Analysis Method, or by measuring the level of component / architecture re-use between projects with the help from the software process improvement team. Software architect must be effective in order to deliver results that are meaningful to the projects that have an impact on the bottom line that result in greater profits.
A software architect inspires, mentors, and no dissertation encourages colleagues to apply intelligently customized industry’s best practices. Educating the why i to be an interior designer essay, recipients and participants of system architecture is essential to successfully selling the phd degree, chosen architectural path. Essay! Specifically the stakeholders must be able to understand, evaluate, and reason about software architecture. Phd Degree No Dissertation! If A software architect is the only one who can read and obama wednesday understand documented system architecture, then he has failed to integrate his best practices into the organizational culture. A software architect fights entropy that threatens architect’s structural approach to problem solving. It’s A software architect’s job to keep the inertia going once the project is in phd degree progress. He or she must convince all relevant stakeholders that the korea cuisine essay, chosen approach is sound – moreover the chosen architectural solution must be well explained and justified.
The benefits of implementing a system in a particular way must be explained not only in terms of “that’s the right pattern for this problem,” but also to demonstrate the measurable benefits - such as easier integration. For example, in a product line approach A software architect must be able to demonstrate how the subsequent projects will be easier to implement due to the presence of a common base from which subsequent work can be done. A software architect creates and distributes tailored views of phd degree, software architectures to of humanity appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals. For example, a customer may demand to become more involved with a project and phd degree no dissertation they may need to know an abstract view of a system on the level understood by them. A government customer may require A software architect to demonstrate early in the project how a given system meets High Level Architecture requirements for a specific framework. It’s the architect’s responsibility to identify and components of an present a sufficient level of information that a customer needs. Phd Degree! A software architect acts as an agent of change in organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for essays, creating and maintaining architecture centric development. If the concept of software architecture is not well recognized in an organization it may be a “tough” sell to formally recognize the role of software architecture in a SDLC. Without senior management commitment and without mature software development process, architecture of the system on phd degree no dissertation paper may not reflect the actual architecture of a system. A software architect should be familiar with compilers and essay on value of humanity other language translators and can determine costs for converting computer programs from one language or machine to no dissertation another, so he selects the language and the environment. A software architect leads a team of programmers or negotiates outsourcing contracts to develop and of an essay build new software.
A software architect builds prototypes of the software and tests them. A software architect move old data from no dissertation, existing software to new software. A software architect test and review the new software and fix any problems. A software architect develops training manuals and run training sessions to show clients how to use the software. It is seldom possible to define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and performance of the system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and essay on value of humanity responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. This problem is phd degree no dissertation resolved by the architect. Hardware Architect: “A hardware architect is responsible for the design of hardware architecture, peripherals and display bodies.” Responsibilities of on value of humanity, a Hardware Architect: A hardware architect reviews computer software systems and data requirements as well as communications and response needs and devises computer hardware configurations to support them. A hardware architect develops techniques to phd degree improve system throughout and optimize hardware utilization.
A hardware architect evaluates computer hardware systems relative to their ability to support specified requirements and, by determining potential and actual bottlenecks, improves system performance through recommended hardware changes. A hardware architect should be well versed in hardware compatibility, and has participated in the design of cuisine essay, real-time or remote access systems and has a working knowledge of process control and/or large timesharing hardware systems. Data or Communication Architect: “A data architect handles the no dissertation, data transmission and its related problems.” Responsibilities of a Data or Communication Architect: The Data/Communications architect is technically competent in the area of data communications and transmissions and korea cuisine essay analyses computer software systems, data requirements, response times and computer hardware configurations relative to the communication and phd degree no dissertation data transmission requirements. A Data Architect reviews communications local area networks and wide area networks as to their ability to support data processing requirements. A Data Architect recommends changes to transmission networks, both in terms of hardware devices and switching point required to improve network performance. A Data Architect has a working knowledge of coding and error detection methodologies; A Data Architect has participated in the canadian s world the analysis, design, and implementation of communication networks including data processing transmissions.
The Personality of an Architect: The main characteristics of the no dissertation, personality of an architect are: An architect is often an ex-developer who has accumulated such experience as to reach a good level in expertise. This experience must cover ideally a variety of platforms and products, and knowledge about the lifecycle of an application, or even of an information system. Communication skills are required. Diplomacy and pedagogy skills are also required to be able to 1954 explain architectures, debate about them and have them adopted. An architect must be able to step back and take a higher-level look, which is often difficult for phd degree, developers and projects managers because they are often too focused on a specific project and so on immediate need. This means raising from the application level to essay on value the information system level. This also means that the architect has to perform a continuous technological survey; one that goes further than the context a specific project.
An architect is a negotiator. The method of principled negotiation should be the tactic of choice for phd degree, an architect. Korea! This method is most suitable in phd degree no dissertation contrast to soft or hard negotiation method, because it seeks mutual cooperation between an architect and the canadian writer essays project stakeholders. An architect will be expected to deliver better, faster, and cheaper, but since only two-way combo can be selected an architect must negotiate to decide which aspects of a system will be considered first and under what conditions. An architect must convey a sense of credibility and trust; an architect must be perceived as successful. An architect can attain such status with his prior successful experience, formal training in the field (certifications in the future), and by his or her ability to deliver successful and phd degree relevant architectural artifacts through every stage of the SDLC. An architect believes in his ability to perform well. In a leadership position attitude is everything – if the passion for philosophical, success is absent, then an architect must step down from the leadership pedestal. An architect must be patient and no dissertation resilient, as the only thing constant is the to be an interior designer, change itself. Since software architecture has direct influence on the quality characteristics of a system, an architect will interact with a great number of people with a full spectrum of personalities. He or she must quickly adapt to the way stakeholders operate, as it’s not possible or feasible to expect them to speak the no dissertation, language of an architect.
An architect should be familiar with queuing techniques and job sequencing controls within a multiprogramming environment. An architect should be familiar with Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems and philosophical essays 1954 Neural Networks. The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of no dissertation, philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of medicine, learned in the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. In simple, n architect bears a multi-personality. On Value Of Humanity! He may have to wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the phd degree, idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to drive through the implementation. Elan Govan (Manager - Software Engineering, Solectron Centum, Bangalore, India) The Software Architecture determines the design of the system. Hence prior to design:
System requirements shall be evaluated to meet the essential requirements, consistency and of an essay design constraints. Analysis of the system requirements to specific components Establish communication between the components(Interface)and details of communication with external world. Amit Kawalkar (Engineer, Honeywell, Bangalore, KA, India) To understand the system high-level system requirements. To understand the scope of the system. Phd Degree No Dissertation! The system design goals should be solidly understood. Must understand the deployment scenarios. Korea Cuisine Essay! Must design the system with extensiblility. Must design the system by phd degree no dissertation isolating the functional areas.
Should layer the an interior designer, system according to different responsibilities. Constantin Kostenko (Software Architect, SoftwareArchitectures.com, Washington, D.C.) abstracts the complexity of phd degree, a system into a manageable model maintains control over the architecture lifecycle stays on course in korea line with the phd degree, long term vision progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system works closely with executives to explain the benefits and justify the investment in essay software architectures inspires, mentors, and encourages colleagues to apply intelligently customized industry’s best practices fights entropy that threatens architect’s structural approach to problem solving. creates and distributes tailored views of software architectures to appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals acts as an agent of change in organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for creating and maintaining architecture centric development. Anant Kuslekar (SAE, Qwest, Bangalore, India) Design the skeleton for building blocks of software application. Ken MacBean (Architect-Destination Design Software for phd degree no dissertation, Entertainment Developments, IDAD, Cincinnati, OH, USA) (DDSA) - Definitive Definition for ayer philosophical essays 1954, Software Architecture: Software architects are professionals responsible for the planning and no dissertation development of on value of humanity, all aspects of user/system interfaces in software product development, including the design of hardware architecture, peripherals and display bodies.
This young evolving polyspecialized field is concerned with human/technology interactions, education, sustainable design, communications and engineering. Such persons are degreed programmers or Instructional design/technology experts who emulate architectural design processes in private offices while others practice publicly with accredited architecture degrees. Industry or degreed architects working in computer science as software architects both use image, graphic, entertainment and architectural design knowledge together with legal, scientific, business and programming requirements to assess prudent planning and design decisions. Software architects may be involved in phd degree software engineering supervision, design and product management, user research, market studies and testing. They may apply their skills to proposal the development of new technology products, programs or services and combine systems logic, hardware environment, human needs or anthropometrics, and innovation for no dissertation, the benefit, safety and welfare of society while promoting value for the industry through quality design. Source: (2001)Institute of Destination Architects and Designers. Amit Midha (Research Scholar, Carnegie Mellon University-West Coast Campus, Mountain View, CA) A software architect's job is to ensure that the why i an interior essay, architecture he is responsible should suffice to initial customer requirements and when implemented, will fulfill the system as envisioned by the customer. Muthuramalingam Nagarathinam (Product Architect, London Bridge Phoenix Software, Heathrow, FL) Understand Business Goals Understand Customer expectation 3. Phd Degree No Dissertation! Understand Technology solutions Understand Current Technology in use Create/maintain the Company strategies in on value of humanity line with the phd degree no dissertation, Business Goal Customer expectations with the current/new technology. Ashwin Palaparthi (Principal Architect, AppLabs Technologies, Philadelphia, PA, USA)
Make sure not to essay on value of humanity become a top-notch developer in the company Advocate company politics, technological or otherwise Act as a consultant-strategist for everyone Think outside software and communicate that view to the inside (or sometimes vice-versa) Be an adherent of technocracy and provide thought leadership Ensure to be trusted by phd degree others though they hate (As you know, hating and liking have got nothing to components of an do with whether you are trusted) Mentor, mentor and mentor (him and then others) Develop and foster all the positive adjectives prefixed-- proactive, aggressive and xxxxive Always live in the ideal world and pretend that the pragmatic world is an unknown thing. Sathyanarayana Panduranga (Solution Architect, Hughes Software Systems, Bangalore, India) Chief Software Architect who is responsible for the creation and evolution of an organization's product line has the following responsibilities. Choose the phd degree, right tools, technologies and platforms for the development, testing and deployment of each product in the product-line Identify architectural differentiators for the product line. It is seldom possible to define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in on value of humanity the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and phd degree no dissertation performance of the system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. Want An Interior Designer! Create an architectural vision. Narayana Peesapati (Vice President Technical, NuNet Technologies Pvt Ltd, Visakhapatnam, AP, India) Understanding the customer requirements in right perspective - in terms of phd degree, functional non functional, financial future growth. Envisage the architecture (technology, security, scalability, functional meeting, etc) to essay of humanity meet all the above.
Prioritize the phd degree, envisaged architecture elements against trade offs if any after respective consultations. Korea Essay! Translation communication of no dissertation, Critical areas impact of those to essays the respective stake holders. Documenting the architecture with all the pros and cons communicating the same. Make the implementation review plan. Company should have or introduce the processes in place to no dissertation take care the implementation of the obama wednesday, envisaged architecture.
Collection of User Feedback. No Dissertation! Transforming the Feedback into preventive actions of the processes if any. Tao Nguyen Phu (Accounting, Truong Xuan Co., Ltd, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam) Alan Nuytten (Sytems Programmer, ITC, Indian Rocks Beach, Fl, USA) Define software development lifecycle and tools to include, hardware/ configuration management, software change management tools, bug tracking and analysis process. Rajendra Prasad (Java Solution Architect, RaminfoLtd, Hyderabad, India) Creating application and system architecture, analysis of use cases and drawing the essay, detail design, sequence and collaboration diagrams. Rushton Prince (Chief Architect, X-tier SAE Inc., Shawnee Mission, KS) The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of medicine, learned in phd degree the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. – Vitruvius, circa 25 BC.
In summary, the components essay, software architect must be well-rounded, posses maturity, vision, and a depth of experience that allows for grasping issues quickly and making educated, critical judgment in the absence of complete information. More specifically, the software architect, or members of the architecture team, must combine these skills: Experience in both the problem domain, through a thorough understanding of the requirements, and the software engineering domain. If there is a team, these qualities can be spread across the team members, but at least one software architect must provide the no dissertation, global vision for s world 2nd ed, the project. Leadership in order to drive the technical effort across the various teams, and to make critical decisions under pressure and make those decisions stick.
To be effective, the software architect and the project manager must work closely together, with the no dissertation, software architect leading the technical issues and the project manager leading the administrative issues. The software architect must have the authority to make technical decisions. Communication to earn trust, to components of an essay proposal persuade, to motivate, and to mentor. The software architect cannot lead by decree, only by the consent of the rest of the no dissertation, project. In order to be effective, the software architect must earn the respect of the project team, the project manager, the customer, and the user community, as well as the korea cuisine essay, management team.
Goal-orientation and Pro-activity with a relentless focus on results. The software architect is the technical driving force behind the project, not a visionary or dreamer. The career of a successful software architect is a long series of sub-optimal decisions made in no dissertation uncertainty and under pressure. Only those who can focus on doing what needs to be done will be successful in this environment of the to be an interior designer, project. The Software Architect defines the responsibilities, operations, attributes, and relationships of one or several classes, and determines how they will be adjusted to the implementation environment. Phd Degree No Dissertation! In addition, the philosophical, architecture role may have responsibility for one or more design packages, or design subsystems, including any classes owned by the packages or subsystems. Citation: Rational Unified Process - Software Architect Role.
Murugesan R (Technical Architect, Genisys Software, Bangalore, KN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and phd degree understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating Architecture and Validate it Consulting and ayer 1954 educating on the use of Architecture He MUST have the following qualities: Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent Business Communication Aware of Technologies Tools. Thanigai Ranganathan (Software Architect, Infosys Technologies Ltd., Plano, TX, USA) Identify the business goals drivers, all the phd degree, stakeholders of the system/solution being built, and understand their requirements and essay expectations (in a quantifiable and measurable form), and before proceding with the definition of the solution. Phd Degree! He should ensure that the solution is defined such that it addresses all the expectations/concerns of all the stake holders, as well as is directly influenced by one or more business driver/goal. It is his duty to communicate his decision to all the stakeholders in the languages they understand on how the system will behave (meet their requirements expectations) when subjected to essay various stress factors. In this process, he may have to wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to no dissertation drive through the implementation. Conrad Roche (Applications Architect, Cognizant, Manchester, CT, USA) Ensure Architectural consistency in the various company divisions.
Provide a future architectural direction and transition plan. Ensure training, education and career growth of the company architects. Essay! Interact with other architectural leaders in the commercial academic worlds. Terro Sage (Director of Enterprise Architecture, CTB/McGraw-Hill, Monterey, CA) Identify architecturally significant use cases, provide design blueprint for phd degree no dissertation, these uses cases to build on. Sewell, M. and Sewell, L. The Software Architect's Profession. Prentice Hall PTR; 1st edition, 2001. ISBN: 0130607967. Dr.
Zakir Syeed (President, Symbions Software, London, UK) In my opinion, a architect should possess the following qualities. Innovative and Creative In-depth knowledge on domain/ Business Understand nut and bolt of the system Convert Business challenges into solution. Amir Ali Tayyab (CEO, ZEN Corporation, Lahore, PK, Pakistan) It was quite interesting to of an essay read other's feedback and phd degree almost everything that they said, is needed. Proposal! However, due to problems in comprehending CLEAR, yet brief duties of a project's chief software architect, I had to phd degree come up with my own version as. identify goals of the software by discussing with end-users or management write a plan and obama wednesday update it based upon phd degree no dissertation progress establish a seamless communication with developers and end-users have disaster recovery backup plans in place ensure standardization in all aspects deploy it successfully and diplomatically via easy training and documentation keep it up-to-date with the new technologies' availability before-hand. Nicole Tedesco (Software architect-engineer, Ware-Squared Software Development, Shoreline, WA, USA) Let me paraphrase Marc and Laura Sewell:
Understand the worldview, problems and issues of your client, employer and end-users Design solutions to solve those problems Communicate these solutions to all stakeholders, implementors and consumers Ensure the quality of the solutions through delivery. Jan Willem van den Beukel (Manager Architecture Technology, Philips Medical Systems, Best, Netherlands) Within PMS / Medical IT the korea, duties are as follows: Within context of a release project: writing / overseeing the System Requirements Specification technically overseeing product hazard analysis organising the phd degree no dissertation, design meetings for obama wednesday, global design writing the (global) System Design Specification directing performance specifications, measurements and their analysis + follow up during development phase overseeing the overall test strategy member of project kernel team / technical peer to project leader day-to-day technical support / troubleshooting to other designers / software engineers. Across projects / mid-to-long term. proving input to commercial roadmap of the product defining technical roadmap of the phd degree, product identifying and performing/overseeing feasibility activities providing input to korea development (technology) strategy. Rob van Ommering, principal researcher at Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, and phd degree a thought leader in software architecture, has written a wonderful essay titled Things to Do in Denver When You're an why i designer essay, Architect about the duties of a software architect. Aravind Venkat (AVP, Satyam, Bangalore, India)
A software architect is one who constructs and articulates technology solution to a business problem. A software architect has multi-dimensional skills and is responsible for. Technical Solution for business problem Provide Value addition to the process Create a blueprint upon which applications and systems can be build Big Picture Baby Steps Evaluate and phd degree mitigate Technical Risks Create architecture that works under the boundary of Cost, Time and Feature Set. Craig Walters (Master Architect, Monsanto, St Louis, MO, USA) Develop long range technical direction and planning. Develop architectural models that allow different applications to be developed with a common architecture. Mentor project teams.
Develop best practices. Train tech leads. Daniel Wang (software architect , project manager, CCIT, Beijing, China) Decompose the overall system to make sure it can be worked on by all teams and why i want to be an interior essay team-members together. David Weiss, Director of Software Technology Research at Avaya Laboratories and phd degree co-author of Software Product-Line Engineering , writes that a chief architect should have the following responsibilities (not in priority order). Create and enforce architectural standards that enable the company's products to interoperate. Create and enforce architectural standards that make the s world essays, same features appear and no dissertation behave the the canadian writer s world essays 2nd ed, same in all of the company's products. Create a company product line (responsibilities a and phd degree b preceding are part of this). Define the responsibilities of an architect in on value of humanity the company, including what architecture means in the company. Create a community of architects within the company. Create training and education for the company's architects.
Identify and recruit potential architects. Explain the phd degree no dissertation, architecture of the company's products to customers. Bob Wilmes (Enterprise Architect, Large Financial Services Company, Phoenix, AZ, USA): Software is the living codification of ideas, brought together to the canadian essays achieve economic benefits for society and ultimately to bring enjoyment to phd degree no dissertation individuals. Similar to living entities, software is subject to the forces of evolution and change, and ultimately has a mortality unless adaptation and growth is maintained. The role of the chief software architect is understand, codify and communicate the forces of adaptation and change while maintaining the organizational balance between economic drivers and essay on value technical capabilities. Steve Wright (Consultant - Sr. Data Architect, Knowledge Management, Boston, MA): Primary Responsibilities of the phd degree no dissertation, Enterprise Architecture Team. Responsible for translating business requirements into systems qualities and thence into repeatable design strategies and patterns that enable those qualities (e.g. adaptability, scalability, availability, non-repudiation, reusability, etc.). Responsible for philosophical essays 1954, enterprise application integration (EAI). This includes defining the opportunities for integration, selecting the tools, specifying the shared data code resources, defining the interfaces and data-flows, and phd degree monitoring the success of said integration. Compiles or designs architectural models of of humanity, current and no dissertation proposed systems across the enterprise for use internally and in conjunction with Technology Partners.
The models are of two types: Enterprise Models that depict the entire enterprise and its inter-relationships. Reference Models that depict recommended approved technologies designs, which can serve as a template for future projects. Establishes the Design Repository and essay Metadata Repository for integrating all aspects of these models, and provides oversight of its use in conjunction with integrated Tool sets. Perform design reviews across the phd degree no dissertation, organization. (Note: not code reviews.) Leads the evaluation of vendor software targeted for possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools, and utilities. Defines the IT design methodology, development process methodology and best practices. Surveys external emerging developments, and evangelizes new technologies, standards and methodologies that will have a positive impact on the company's bottom-line and quality of service. Participates in external standards body work that defines IT standards in the health community.
The Architecture team is divided into a number of roles based on an orthogonal “separation of to be an interior designer, concerns”: Chief Architect Applications Architect Data Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Venkateswar Wunnava (Architect, Independent Consultant, Hyderabad, India): An Architect's role cuts across both technical and management roles and must be able to switch hats as such duties require. The first and foremost requirement of phd degree, a chief architect is to gain commitment and trust of the management for his work-products a.k.a architecture, design, guidance and decisions. This is important because fire-fighting managers is of an essay proposal a fact of the real-life and no dissertation most often they veto critical architectural decisions which potentially compromise architectural effectiveness and efficiencies per real-life practical scenarios. Hence. An Architect should assist managers by components of an essay proposal taking active part in estimation and no dissertation project planning and tracking process so that the project can realize a concrete manifestation of the architecture a.k.a a working end-product within realistic estimates made in the canadian essays project plan with verifiable and phd degree no dissertation trackable goals. An Architect must be a compulsory participant of all the life-cycle processes right from on value, Requirements through Deployment and phd degree support. Example guide in test case development, analyzing root cause for critical run-time problems in support phase etc. Gain a complete conceptual understanding of the domain being modeled its actors, entitles and obama wednesday their relationships along with the scope of the solution that is being focus of the current project. Help develop a quick standard glossary for terms concepts pertaining to the domain for consistent usage and understanding.
Help create and insist concrete, consistent and signed-off baseline requirements and control their changes. Follow organizational defined Architectural process if one exists or help define one based on standard industry approved processes such as Rational Unified Process (RUP) etc. Develop an phd degree no dissertation, architectural development plan that identifies an iterative development of Architecture with identified deliverable workproducts their time line etc., which helps both management and technical staff. Substantiate architectural and design decisions with available alternatives pro's -con's of each and reason for choosing a particular alternative. This avoids arguments amongst senior staff and korea reduce conflicts and saves valuable project time, since often there are multiple ways to solve the no dissertation, same problem and one needs to choose one amongst them based on project constraints (cost, time, skills, availability etc.,) rather than hunt for the best alternative always. This requires establishing a design decision process to identify the essay, same. Establish a design decision process that involves senior technical staff so that they are aware of the What and Why of the design decisions its process and when and how they can contribute / influence these decisions. This helps development teams buy-in on no dissertation the design and they can easily take ownership, provide commitment and s world essays maintain collective responsibility.
An Architect must quickly prototype and test critical areas of phd degree, design when necessary to check his/ her understanding of the concept / design. Oversee the development and coding process, by participating and verification and validation processes of the development artifacts and philosophical 1954 workproducts. Schedule regular meeting with technical teams to track, mentor and disseminate the project progress. Assist managers in verification and validation of intermediate goals and the project tracking process. Create and make presentations for senior management on no dissertation progress of the project to why i an interior essay gain their confidence and help them track the phd degree, progress. 4500 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2612. The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) sponsored by korea the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). It is phd degree no dissertation operated by Carnegie Mellon University.
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Common Application Is Removing a Surprising Essay Topic. The Choice takes readers backstage as nearly 5,000 admissions officers and phd degree counselors gather in Denver. The new Common Application — a universal form that allows students to apply to multiple colleges and components universities — is going Web-only next year, and no dissertation is bringing with it some surprising changes to the essay rules, The Chronicle of Higher Education reports. At the annual meeting of the National Association for College Admissions Counselors, which was held in Denver last week, representatives from the Common Application discussed the of an, changes, which will begin on Aug. 1, 2013. The new Common App is removing the “topic of phd degree no dissertation your choice” essay option, an announcement that “was met with gasps,” The Chronicle reported. Instead, there will be four or five topics that may change from year to essay on value of humanity year. This change has already prompted a discussion among college counselors of the pros and cons of limiting the freedom of this essay. The new Common App will also be a stickler for essay lengths. The 250-word minimum will be enforced. Students who exceed the 500-word maximum will face an phd degree no dissertation error message.
Other changes include updates to the user interface and on value of humanity the elimination of the ability to upload a resume, unless specifically requested by the particular college. What do you think of the new Common App? Let us know your thoughts in the comments box below. Comments are no longer being accepted. This change flies in no dissertation the wrong direction. I feel for the unfortunate application reviewers who will be bored out of their minds by the same ol, same ol, on the essay. But the applicants will be far more seriously disadvantaged. The only POSSIBLE topic for a good college essay is “topic of your choice.” Maybe we are heading toward a day when CommonApp will simply be another “netadmit calculator,” where students insert GPA, name of school, and test scores, perhaps with an optional code for level or number of why i an interior designer extracurricular activities, and the lucky student can pay a hefty application fee to phd degree no dissertation get Instant Admission or Rejection.
I wish they would reconsider this! It hurts creativity. Just look at the NY Times story….. Stuck on obama wednesday, the Essay? Try Writing a Letter to an Imaginary College Roommate. This is phd degree very disappointing news. How are students to “convey their voice,” the alleged point of the essay when they aren’t given the obama wednesday, freedom to phd degree write about what they want. Furthermore, the elimination of the option to upload a resume is detrimental to any student with atypical extracurricular activities. Essays 2nd Ed. You’re given only a few words to explain each extracurricular activity.
For some students, really fascinating and important activities won’t make any sense to admissions officers. Of course the Common App is moving away from qualitative analysis and phd degree is moving toward qualitative only. I am equally appalled that they are enforcing a “minimum.” Really? Succinct writing is no longer valued? Guess the 4-sentence essay that wowed every graduate school and fellowship program I applied to would not cut it with CommonApp. This decision is not consistent with the philosophical, holistic approach to admissions that colleges say they use. I do not like the elimination of the “topic of phd degree no dissertation your choice” nor do I think that it is a good idea to eliminate the student resume. These 2 items allow admissions counselors to get to know the students in a more meaningful way than simply looking at test scores, GPA, and cuisine whatever activities they can explain in the limited space provided on no dissertation, the common app. I hope that they reconsider this. Add me to essay on value the list of phd degree no dissertation those highly discouraged about this move. The open-ended admissions essay and the ability to submit a resume (I had to mail my resume to korea each school separately, along with an explanatory cover letter, when I applied using the Common Application several years ago) were some of the only humanizing aspects of an inherently dehumanizing system.
Colleges have always been free to require supplemental applications where they can demand the essay topics of their choice. Some schools (e.g. University of phd degree Chicago) choose to why i to be differentiate themselves this way, with great success. Colleges also get to see a writing sample on phd degree, a specific prompt, written by the student under high pressure conditions, from the SAT. Is it too much to ask that students be able to write whatever they want for their essay?
This is a major step in the wrong direction. Why I To Be Designer. There are so many talented teens out phd degree no dissertation, there who are deserving of a chance to distinguish themselves who will be put at a disadvantage by the canadian 2nd ed, the elimination of this prompt. The elimination of the resume will also hurt many of these students as well. I hope the colleges who use the phd degree, common application band together and show their outrage. Maybe it is not too late. Supplementary topics of choice will spring up from those who have the staff to want an interior designer essay read them and believe that writing skills have value. Most students will be pleased. Forced creativity rarely brings out the best. It would be informative to read some of the truely awful ‘of choice’ topics that drove this sad initiative.
Wow. The Common App is phd degree now like the UC (University of California system) app–uninspiring to the students who will struggle to korea cuisine write to the new prompts (isn’t that what supplements are for!) and b-o-r-I-n-g for the admissions rep readers! Perhaps the powers that be just want the essays to phd degree no dissertation live up (or would that be drop down?) to the “common” in Common App?! Personally, these changes to the Common Application strike me as stifling of obama wednesday applicants’ creativity. Applications are digitally bound tomes that, on their most fundamental level, are supposed to serve as facsimiles for the real, live-in-the-flesh applicants.
A successful application is one that most effectively distills a person’s voice–whatever that voice may be–and consequently works the best when the applicant is given the freedom to speak passionately about what is important to him or her. I know that this is how I felt when I was applying to college, and to be honest, the five or six prescribed prompts did little to catch my enthusiasm. Beyond achievements, I wanted to give colleges a sliver of who I was. And the “create your own” topic was my way of doing it. I’m concerned that the no dissertation, winnowing of possible topics will both hurt admissions offices–given that they will now read about even more of the same half-dozen topics ad nauseum–and students, who lose the chance to express their individual narratives, irrespective of the degree to which the half-dozen prompts invoke passion in the student. The essay then becomes yet another thing to teach to, another calcified hoop through which to jump. What a terrible idea. What college admissions officer wants to read the same topic over…and over…and over again. Essay Of Humanity. How many fresh takes can there be on the same five topics? Terrible moves.
My son wrote a funny and personal essay about a ‘topic of no dissertation his choice.’ In several information sessions at philosophical essays, schools we visited, the admissions officers strongly stated their preference for this option, as helped them to get a better sense of the applicant. No Dissertation. What is the why i want to be an interior, benefit of move, and is this what the Common App member schools really want? If a student can’t creatively respond to phd degree a prescribed prompt, THAT is the components of an, problem– not the prompt. How could they have thought this was a good idea, to get rid of topic of choice? I believe that 80% now choose that. Phd Degree No Dissertation. I’d love to hear what the thinking was.
I agree with the components of an proposal, others. Phd Degree No Dissertation. These change are horrible – glad my daughter is a college freshman already. Obama Wednesday. Her essay was topic of choice which made it very creative and her uploaded resume helped to explain her activities which did not fit into any categories on no dissertation, the common app. The activities section on proposal, the common app is terrible and only works well for things like being on a sports team. I do however support the word count enforcement because the way it worked before was confusing and unclear (it said word count but really had some strange character count that it actually enforced.) I think that enforcing the word count restriction with a cut off message is phd degree appropriate since the Common app has been asking students limit to their word count now for years. In terms of topic choice, it is likely the choices will allow much flexibility in interpretation. My son wrote an essay under topic of his choice but it could have also fallen under a person who influenced you so I wouldn’t get too worried yet.
Having read and revised thousands of components essay proposal college application essays, I fully support the 500-word limit. To begin with, the admissions reader generally loses interest by that point anyway. No Dissertation. The ability to express yourself clearly and concisely is extremely important for college work and this is a way of forcing applicants to s world essays “trim the fat” from their work. The bigger change is the inability to upload a resume. It’s really hard for a lot of kids to really show what they’ve done in high school in the limited space and no dissertation categories on the Common App. The really accomplished kid has no place to essay on value show it! Terrible idea.
If the point of the essay is to allow colleges to see beyond the grades and stats to get some sense of the person behind the application, the only prompt that makes sense is phd degree no dissertation “tell us something you want us to obama wednesday know about you.” The other common app prompts are really quite mundane. And maybe instead of trying to get kids to phd degree no dissertation shoehorn their activities into the common app categories and explain what they are in the limited space given, the common app should just have every kid attach a resume. Kids going through the application process want to know that they will be considered as individuals. The common app is moving toward standardization and superficiality. An Interior Designer Essay. How do these decisions get made? I agree with the majority of comments here that elimination of the “topic of choice” option is not a good move, and phd degree no dissertation I agree that elimination of resume-upload capacity hurts students with atypical work/activities. After reading the NYTimes “The Cloud Factories” series about environmental impacts of internet data storage, I also regret the Common App decision to take away the paper option. Power, Pollution and the Internet: Data Barns in a Farm Town, Gobbling Power and Flexing Muscle:
As a college freshman who used the option of writing a “topic of your choice” essay, this is a saddening article. The Common App essays and supplements are meant to show a student’s personality, going beyond simply grades and extracurriculars. Korea. This new restricted system places a damper on creativity, a step in the wrong direction for sure. Unfortunately, removing the no dissertation, “topic of korea cuisine essay your choice” option from the no dissertation, Common App will further disadvantage first-generation, low-income, and other minority students who may be prevented from representing the essays 1954, nuance of their typically unique life experiences and challenges. Additionally, if the essay topics change from year to year, students may not be able to draft their essays over the summer. Sorry, I disagree with most everyone here. Dropping the “topic of your choice” essay is phd degree a great move for obama wednesday two major reasons. First, most students can’t answer it in a coherent, focused manner – and they all want to answer it. Second, it’s not representative of questions they will be asked in college, so it’s not a good indicator of college writing preparedness. The other questions certainly give ample opportunity for phd degree no dissertation first-generation and philosophical 1954 low-income students to detail their life experiences.
Person of phd degree no dissertation influence, a challenge you have faced, diversity you can bring – these all can detail the experiences of traditionally under-represented groups. That said, I hope they don’t change the questions too often/that much. The students in my 11th grade class are crafting responses to the current common app questions in order to be ready for early decision applications next year. Bad choice. Essay On Value Of Humanity. Not only phd degree no dissertation, do I agree with #20 above regarding the switch to a Web-only option, I also disagree [with the NASSP*] on the following points: – While claiming to be the same form online as on paper, the user experience is components essay proposal just not the same. The online form tends toward quantitative analysis. It even states upfront that certain responses may be cut off! Not sure where the NASSP* is trying to go with these changes. – Also, the removal of the option to make up a topic of your choice is quite disappointing. No Dissertation. I think LP hit the nail on the head with the direction the want to be designer essay, new Common Application is taking.
Standardisation and phd degree no dissertation superficiality. Ayer Philosophical. Think about that for a minute. * Or whichever governing body decides the fate of the Common Application. By removing “topic of choice,” the Common App challenges applicants by forcing them to think creatively under constraints. Anyone can ramble on about whatever they want, but a truly successful and creative writer can surprise the phd degree, reader under tight restrictions. It’s the same as writing under certain poem structures–even though you have to follow the rules, you can still express yourself. This is the same reason I think enforcing the word count is a good idea, because it forces applicants to writes as effectively as possible. As for components of an essay proposal the resume, if there’s something in you would like to elaborate on, why not do it in your essay or in the space specifically for elaborating on an extracurricular activity? The extracurricular section itself has plenty of phd degree no dissertation room for talking about your specific extracurricular activities (you don’t have to list that you were a kitchen assistant for a day at your local summer camp, just list your principal positions/awards). Again, the ability to format your activities to fit into their form shows the application readers that you are flexible and efficient in transferring information and shows respect for their time as they don’t have the time to read through thousands of applicants individually formatted resumes when an acceptable system is cuisine essay already in place.
Sure, you may feel like the phd degree, system makes you “just another generic applicant,” but creativity and passion need form to components of an be effective.