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Korea cuisine essay

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Essay about Korean Food - 3270 Words

Korea cuisine essay

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Essay about Korean Food - 3270 Words

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Essay korean food | Korean Cuisine and Hai Ba Trung

resume rn ntc ru Please submit any feedback or suggestions for this document to the OKC IR Clinic team. This document gives your basic trouble shooting steps for text messaging issues. Korea Essay! Additional information may be found in the following KMS documents: Text Messaging Troubleshooting Matrix. Receiving Garbled Messages from Other Users (CDMA) - Troubleshooting |Technical Support. Metcalf Intercarrier Messaging Tool Overview |Technical Support. BMG Tool Overview (CDMA) Block All SMS Text Messages (CSM)

Opt-Out of Premium SMS Messages. Domestic and 1+ Supported Carrier Listing. Receiving Duplicate Text Messages (CDMA) | Technical Support. Block - Unblock - Allow Text Message from Phone by Short Code 9999. SMS Text Message Errors Received from homework sites, 9230 Grid (CDMA) International SMS Text Messaging. Mobile Alerts Overview. These are the basic troubleshooting steps, and do not have to be taken in korea cuisine order listed. Not all steps may need to gray be taken if any others resolved the issue. Check for a CTMS ticket and follow any Trouble Shooting listed in the ticket.

Check for recent Service Alerts from the Network Event Board . Check the korea firmware/software version on the device from the Customer Equipment page and update if needed. Check device compatibility if a recent ESN swap has been performed –in KMS Device Tool, put a check in SMS Text Messaging (2WSMS) and click GO. Revenge Thesis! Check memory available on device . Korea Essay! Clear the inbox, outbox, drafts, cookies and cache , call history and best math homework sites, delete any voice mail or numeric text pages. Test again. Remove the battery from the phone for 1 minute, and then power device on. Have the customer test by cuisine essay, MANUALLY dialing a 10 digit MDN in the TO: field. Send a test message from Watch to see if you receive an error message from

You may get 9230 information. You can also send test messages from BMG and Intercarrier Tools. Check the billing system for blocking SOC code. CBR2SMST : To block both incoming and outgoing text messages to customer’s device. Best Homework Sites! BLOCKTERM: To block incoming text messages to device. BLOCKORIG: To block outgoing text messages from device. Cuisine Essay! IMRSTRCT: Block Java Instant messaging and text messages.

In BMG Advanced tab: PCS provisioning Information: If showing a non SMS capable device add/remove CBR2SMST or through CSM go to the Profile tab then Page Options Switch Activities refresh device scroll down and essay about earth, select SPS-CDMA- VISION/MESSAGING LDAP. SMS Allow MO (message origination) Messaging SMS Allow MT (message termination) Messaging should be YES. Hot Line should be NO. Korea Cuisine! Check Service Pro to outline verify all transactions have completed and verify Messaging LDAP is ACTIVE. In BMG Advanced tab: (login is NTC , password is SPRINT ), choose User Settings They should have ACCEPT ALL OR they should have “block all EXCEPT” and cuisine essay, enter the number in the accept list . Components! Check BMG INBOX or OUTBOX for traffic for this customer. Check BMG INBOX or OUTBOX for traffic for the other MDN (if a NON-SPRINT customer has BMG entries for INBOX / OUTBOX / PROVISIONING INFORMATION in our BMG, create a CTMS ticket under the Sprint MDN reporting a NON-Sprint customer found in korea BMG.) Search Metcalf Intercarrier for 2 way traffic – if the text is RED, click on picture ERROR CODE and look up that code. Verify destination number is cuisine essay dialed correctly and that carrier is supported.

Verify Metcalf Intercarrier info is correct (BOTH carriers by of an essay, MDN) – If not, your RMT can call Verisign to correct. Check SPV to verify Mobile Active = Y and PLSL / SLSL start with a 1. If customer is roaming , check coverage and SMS abilities in IMPACT. If customer is ROAMING in a Sprint coverage area, set the phone to SPRINT ONLY. Essay! Remember some devices can not use SMS while Roaming refer to biographical the Customer Equipment (SEBU) page. Essay! Reprogram the phone and verify MDN and MSID are correct. Check for hook+essay, known issues for that device on the Customer Equipment (SEBU) page.

Use NETi to korea essay check for picture of dorian gray, a CDMA customer in the Nextel BMG (see below). ##RTN the phone if customer cannot send to everyone or receive from korea cuisine essay, everyone if the customer is willing. ( If not, create an eTicket and send to repair center for hard reset.) Reprogram the device then test again. Do not ##RTN if cannot send or receive to only one person or carrier. Create a CTMS ticket. Homework! Verify one way messaging was found. Make sure customer is trying to send to someone they cannot receive from and visa versa. Provide MDNs, carriers, and korea cuisine essay, time/date stamps in notes. All examples need to be within the past 24 hours. MDN must be found in BMG to biographical essay use SMS. Korea! If you get MDN not found, add CBR2SMST in CSM , save, remove CBR2SMST , and then save.

Watch Switch Control and Service Pro for the transaction to complete . ( DO NOT FORCE CLOSE the LDAP 32 error if occurs, the error will close in 2-4 hours.) Search the BMG by MDN again. Once found in BMG then retest SMS. Customer with SMS Allow MO Messaging NO or SMS Allow MT Messaging NO in hook+essay BMG. Please look for any block SOC codes. Remove if needed. If no blocks found please add CBR2SMST , save, remove CBR2SMST , and then save. Watch Switch Control and Service Pro for the transaction to complete . ( DO NOT FORCE CLOSE the LDAP 32 error if occurs, the error will close in 2-4 hours.) Search the BMG by MDN again to verify it updated to SMS Allow MO Messaging YES or SMS Allow MT Messaging YES then retest SMS.

MDN that shows HOTLINED YES will not be able to use SMS. Korea! This is a legitimate hotline or “ghost” hotline issue in BMG. Essay! First look for ANY HOTLINE SOC codes in korea CSM. Remove them if you should. If no HOTLINE SOC codes are found, add the HUHL soc, save, remove HUHL , and then save. Watch Switch Control and Service Pro for the transaction to complete . Once BMG shows HOTLINED NO then retest SMS. This is BAD provisioning. Essay Earth! This is GOOD provisioning. Do not create CTMS tickets if customer is not provisioned correctly. THE MOST COMMON REASON for korea, customer who cannot receive from ANYONE is BLOCK ALL is turned ON in BMG under USER SETTINGS.

The BMG login is hook+essay NTC and the password is SPRINT . CDMA customer’s have been found in the Nextel Messaging system and loaded in NETi as MMS2. Korea Cuisine! If you get any SMS issue where the customer is experiencing difficulties sending or receiving with Nextel subscribers, remove CDMA customer from the Nextel BMG. Select transaction-mms2 query by hamlet, PTN. Enter the korea cuisine essay PTN and hook+essay, click submit. If you get success: proceed to korea cuisine essay step 2. If you get operation error - subscriber not found: continue with normal troubleshooting – they are not in the Nextel BMG. 2. Select device-mms2. Select transaction-mms2 delete subscriber. Enter the ptn and click submit.

You will get a pop up “operation cannot be undone. Are you sure?” click ok. You should get success. Verify they were deleted by performing step 1 again. If you delete a subscriber that should be in the MMS2 for essay, an IDEN device, a REFRESH DEVICE for MMS2 should resolve the issue. Remember that for IDEN a device refresh is a remove and add of that network element you refresh.

If you find a Nextel customer in the Sprint BMG please do a CTMS ticket as explained in step 13 above . Customers can now block sender, allow sender, or report SPAM from sender on their handset. The subscriber sends a text message to short code 9999 that contains a command to cuisine block, allow, or list sender addresses. Block Sender via SMS allows users to: Block text messages from specific PTNs. Block text messages from specific short codes. Block text messages from specific e-mail addresses.

Block text messages from specific domains (For example: Block all text messages from e-mail addresses. Remove users from the block list - allow users to send text messages. Essay Mother! Receive a text message with a list of all blocked senders. Receive a text message with help information. The application sends a confirmation SMS message back to the user indicating completion of the attribute change. See 9999 Command Table . The actions are reflected in the Messaging/Settings and Preferences page of, as well as under the cuisine essay Advanced Tab/User Settings tab of the biographical essay BMG GUI used by Customer Care. Customer needs to have Short Message Service (SMS) text messaging capable phone on subscription. Korea Cuisine! There is no charge for text messages sent or received from the 9999 short code regardless if the user subscribes to a text messaging plan.

Customer should not have the essay about mother following text messaging blocking SOCs on subscription: CBR2SMST BLOCKTERM BLOCKORIG IMRSTRCT. Common Short Codes- If short code is cuisine essay not listed below please check BMG help option for more short codes. Unknown – If a SMS is sent from the front page , the sender will be listed as UNKNOWN even if they list a callback number. 333 – MMS Picture Mail. 3344 – When sending Picture Mail to biographical essay outline another supported domestic carrier, customers will get a SMS explaining the picture may not be delivered due to file size (unless blocked in PMG) 6245 – Email to text (ex. Korea Cuisine Essay! Email sent to 8888 –IOTA.

This is picture of dorian gray essay a whisper the customer should never see. If a customer sees this ON THE CORRECT HANDSET, ##RTN the phone. 9016 – Voice SMS or Visual Voicemail. If an ESN is swapped from a Voice SMS enabled phone to a non-voice SMS enabled or from and Instinct to another device. 9017 – Notification from Sprint. Usually the message is “SprintFreeMsg: Your call tone has expired. Korea Cuisine! For more information….” 9048 – These are alerts that the customer has subscribed to on essay about mother earth MSN. YOU go to MSN OPT OUT and Username: PW Sprint01 to korea cuisine essay unsubscribe for the customer.

9055 – This is a text alert for hamlet revenge, Shortmail. 9099 – ASL notifications. These are informational message for the customer. 9099 – If a customer logs on at, and sends a SMS from the My Sprint Page or from My Online Tools. 9103 – ozsms – This is an instant messenger application (Yahoo, AOL or MSN) telling the customer the received and instant message. 9114 –Sprint Mobile Email. Have the customer setup their Sprint mobile Email on the phone or delete the customer from the SMEW TOOL ( see IR Clinic Document Mobile Email .) 9203 – Systems message from Sprint – error details 2112 or 2113 if recipient is not provisioned. 9230 – When texting is rejected on our BMG, it says The customer you are trying to text is temporality out of service” as a response.

9471 – OMA DM – These should be invisible to the device unless the provisioning has gone wrong. 9485 – Core Mobility whisper for Mobile Sync device. 83960 – This is a download link from Handmark. It can be to download On Demand / Pocket Express OR to download purchase on cuisine a Windows device or Blackberry (like a ringer). 83960 – If a PDA is not getting the download SMS for premium content, verify there is math homework NOT a BLOCK ALL in essay PMG . 44550 – Sprint Alerts – Customer can customize these from Content Manager Messaging Mobile Alerts (see SPRINT MOBILE ALERTS section below) 22331 – This is content from Mobile Alerts (Like CNN News Headlines) A customer that previously had a Visual Voicemail, Voice SMS, Mobile Sync or Sprint Mobile Email capable device and the previous device was not returned to the original factory settings after the hamlet thesis ESN change, the new device may receive garbled or unrelated text messages from these short codes. When the previous device is powered on it may attempt to configure the PTN/NAI and ESN for the “old” capabilities. Since the “new” device is unable to essay utilize these services because it is a non-capable device, the customers may receive these text messages as garbled or spam messages.

If the about customer does not have the old device then we can change the customers NAI which will create a change that will no longer link the korea essay old device with the new device. Opt out of Sprint Marketing and of an essay proposal, Educational Alerts. To opt out for korea essay, a customer, go to and revenge, login: sprint with password: sprint . Enter the customers MDN and follow the prompts. Sprint customers are able to send and receive international SMS to supported countries . Please note that not all countries and carriers are supported. Verify the customer can send/receive domestic messages. Verify carrier /country is essay supported for international text. (KMS: International SMS Text Messaging ) Check Device type (Short mail devices cannot send Intl text [with the exception of the 8100]). Check Metcalf Intercarrier for the International number/correct info (dialing sequence). Verify customer is of an using the correct dialing sequence (there are 1+ and korea cuisine essay, 011+ for International #s).

If the essay earth messages do show up in the Metcalf tool as “outgoing” without any errors, then the customer needs to cuisine be referred to the far side carrier for them to remedy the issue. Sometimes unsupported international will have traffic, but we cannot troubleshoot beyond basic SMS troubleshooting if stops working. Verify the hook+essay digit format needed in supported list. We will need recent attempts either sent or received. Same rule applies for international as domestic. Verify one way messaging was found.

Make sure customer is trying to send to someone they cannot receive from and visa versa. Provide MDNs, carriers, and time/date stamps in notes. This short template can help but these questions are asked in korea the CTMS ticket. All examples need to be within a 48-72hr time frame. Supported Carrier: Y or N. 2 Recent Message Samples from Metcalf: Short mail is text messaging for different devices. This service will be discontinued in the near future.

Short mail requires web access and a customer must be able to get into the vision site in order to go to messaging and view their messages or to send their messages. If customer does not have a vision plan, they will be charged per kilobyte. With Short mail, the components essay proposal notification message sent to the customer’s phone advising them that they have a message will always be 90 characters in length. In the BMG they all appear as the korea essay same length. Troubleshooting for Short mail begins with VISION troubleshooting. Customers can purchase these text message alerts via the mobile phone or the internet. Customers can opt out by replying “STOP” to THAT short code. Cooling-off period for previously blocked PTNs in math the PMG: Sprint has an agreement with some 3 rd party content providers that causes the Sprint MDN/PTN once blocked in the PMG to remain blocked in the 3 rd party system for up to 45days once UN-blocked in the PMG. Cuisine! This means that short code providers may not be able to immediately resume sending text to hamlet revenge the Sprint customer. They may still be blocked in their systems and they cannot be unblocked / white-listed by any other means other than waiting for the cooling-off period to pass. Time frame to unsubscribe from the third party content: Once the korea cuisine unsubscribing goes thru it may take up to 24 hours for the 3 rd party to proposal actually STOP the text . This is because the messages have been queued and may still be delivered on a timeline.

Please advise customers of this. Essay! Time frame to re-subscribe : To begin to receive 3 rd party content may also vary depending on of dorian when they have their schedules to send out messages. Bank balance notifications: encounter “blacklisting” (blocking or removal of MDN) more often that other providers. Customers will have to contact their financial institution if they want anything corrected that we have already updated. Recycled MDNs: also retain the korea cuisine essay 3 rd party subscriptions OR BLOCKING that was not cancelled by the previous customer, so we will have to assist customers with this as well. Outline! If you see a recycled MDN please be aware that credit may be due and it is necessary. Blacklisting: is not always a complete blocking of texts from certain emails/mdns/3 rd party providers etc. It can be a metered (throttling) of messages coming out of a particular server and these come in with limitations (time and amounts). Please remember a refund request in the PMG refund does not refund the customer. If the customer is not receiving the text message sent by the Digital Lounge to complete the purchase transaction (ringer or screen saver), verify there is not a block in korea cuisine essay the PMG.

The Short Message Service (SMS) is biographical essay sent through the Premium Messaging Gateway (PMG) code 83960. In BMG Advanced tab: (login is essay NTC , password is SPRINT ), check the User Settings . They should have ACCEPT ALL OR they should have “block all EXCEPT” and of an proposal, enter 83960 in the accept list . A message is korea considered delayed if it takes more than 30 minutes to receive. Check coverage area: (roaming or out of math service area in essay Impact) Verify if phone has powered-on and in a PCS coverage area within the last 72 hours. If the phone is of an essay turned off or is out of essay coverage area for picture, the past 72 hours, the message delivery system can store a maximum of 15 messages for up to 72 hours. Any additional messages (over 15) will be dropped until the stored messages are delivered.

If the korea cuisine essay customer is in roaming by default, then ask if they can set to essay questions Sprint only or if they need to korea cuisine essay specifically need roaming. If they have to essay about earth have roaming then please ask customer to power cycle while in roaming and to make a voice call while in roam to assist with registering the korea cuisine essay device and outline, number on cuisine the roaming tower. If customer has received fewer than three duplicate messages, advise them that no additional action is required. If the customer has received three or more duplicate messages, then follow these steps. Check for service alerts.

Verify the customer is earth or has been on a Sprint tower. If they have been on any tower other than Sprint, this can and most likely will produce the issue of korea essay duplicate or delay in hook+essay delivery. The way to korea cuisine verify this is in hook+essay SPV and checking the primary last seen and secondary last seen location. If either of korea these does not begin with a 1 then they are roam towers. Biographical Essay Outline! When SPV does not show roaming make sure that the customer is power cycling and that they have adequate coverage.

Power-cycling is crucial to resolving this issue as well. Essay! Customers need to be educated that power-cycling is a necessary thing and if done on a consistent basis it assists with preventing issues. When a customer receives a text message and picture of dorian gray, they cannot read OR they state they are sending out garbled SMS to essay everyone. It shows up as letters or symbols and cannot be legibly interpreted. Check for essay, service alerts. If the customer has SENT three or more garbled messages from a PDA: Delete signature and retest. If still unresolved RTN the device/ reprogram device and re-test. If the customer is receiving ALL SMS as garbled, complete basic troubleshooting. If occurring on ONE SMS, that could be ONE corrupted message. Delete the one message and korea cuisine essay, retest again. Please be very specific with which message(s) are affected and notate the time and picture of dorian essay questions, date they were sent or received and to what number(s).

Specific examples will be needed. Create a CTMS trouble ticket with all troubleshooting done and korea, tests. One Way Text Messages. These types of messages are originated from a place that does not allow for our Sprint customer to reply. Best Sites! (anonymous) text messages, TAP (usually generated in mass via a computerized system) and Sprint mobile numbers sent via an email type address like and the majority of alerts are specific types of one-way text messages. These messages are difficult to block unless you block all text messages and add in only MDN’s allowed to korea essay text the customer. blacklisting issues), the best sites specialist is to ask the essay customer to have the about mother “service provider” (the one sending the emails that cannot be received) send an inquiry to. for information on how to obtain access to the new. That group will take it from there. They will send the appropriate request documents to the. customer or the service provider, get them provisioned when the necessary documents have been.

received back, and provide assistance with getting their systems configured (with help from. our vendor and/or the SE if necessary) service provider and korea cuisine, then they should be closed. This is hamlet NOT an korea essay educate and close contact. We must speak with the customer to provide the. In CSM plan changes, under Call Restrictions you can elect to block messaging in hook+essay several different manners for our customers, once the plan code is added, customers will not receive standard or premium SMS text messages on their phone. As an cuisine essay added measure, you can choose BLOCK ALL in the PMG.

The customer should opt-out or unsubscribe from all premium SMS text messages they were receiving. Some things CANNOT BE BLOCKED, they must be unsubscribed. When in doubt, have the customer read to you the context of the unsolicited SMS. Sometimes the resolution is best found in the message. Example: “ if you wish to no longer get these messages, please contact to unsubscribe.” To confirm they are receiving TEXT SPAM, and not PICTURE MAIL SPAM, review the entries in BMG. Cuisine! If the entries show 333 or the whole email addresses then you may want to hamlet check the Picture Mail tool in an effort to determine if the issue is indeed SMS or if it is Picture Mail. Normally the email address does not show up in the BMG when a customer is receiving SPAM SMS, it will show 6245 which is a text generated by an email address, so this will help with determining what steps to take. The short code 6245 can be blocked in the BMG under user settings tab, however you must educate our customer that when we do this it will block “all” email based SMS from reaching their device. The most likely anonymous text message a customer will receive is from our website.

This option allows anyone to send a text message to one of our mobile customers. Korea Cuisine! These messages cannot be traced or tracked to find the location of where a message was originated. If the customer is experiencing an issue with anonymous text, you should block all messages via BMG and add only those numbers that the customer would like to receive text from. This is the math homework only current way to cuisine essay prevent these types of messages. Yahoo Mobile alerts – Yahoo alerts will have to be unsubscribed by accessing and biographical, sign in korea cuisine essay with their yahoo id. AOL Mobile alerts – AOL alerts can be cancelled thru this website:

The login is: The PW is: Sprint01 Click on the “User Management” link and then use the drop down on the Search By field and drop to Device address. Math Sites! The device address that you will enter is the customer’s Sprint Mobile Alerts. These types of text messages can be free of charge or have some charge associated with them. Customers can register and maintain these alerts two ways: Go to My Online Tools. Select SMS Messaging.

Click on left banner titled Text Alerts. Enter Cell Number. Korea Cuisine! Click Send It! Text message will then be sent to phone. Essay Questions! Upon receipt of text messages: Click Options. Click Go on the embedded URL. The designated short code for this type of message is cuisine 44550 . If customer no longer wants Mobile Alerts, they can change Sprint Mobile Alerts through handset, opt out by replying STOP or agents can opt out/ block in hamlet the PMG. If a customer cannot receive Sprint Mobile Alerts, check in the BMG Advanced tab: (login is NTC , password is SPRINT ), under the User Settings . They should have ACCEPT ALL OR they should have “block all EXCEPT” and enter the korea essay short code from the PMG (44550, 22331, etc.) in the accept list . Provision time for hook+essay, New Activation or after Porting for Inter-carrier SMS. When a customer ports a number in to cuisine Sprint it can take up to 72 hours for the Metcalf Intercarrier SMS to provision. Verify Metcalf Intercarrier info is correct (BOTH carriers by MDN) – If not, your RMT can call Verisign to correct them. Customers who have ported out from Sprint may still have BMG entries for INBOX / OUTBOX / PROVISIONING INFORMATION and this causes these messages to fail because in all actuality they are “no longer” Sprint (BMG) customers.

The only way to revenge get these numbers removed out korea, of the Sprint Messaging system is by opening a CTMS ticket under the Sprint MDN reporting a NON-Sprint customer found in BMG. Entries may mislead the hook+essay language recognition and Spanish may be chosen instead of English for the delivery. Please educate customers to korea cuisine try and avoid using incomplete words or a combination of letters which are found in picture gray questions the Spanish alphabet such as: LL – CH – and so on. Make the messages a bit longer and/or with some clear and proper English language content should prevent sending the message delivery in Spanish. Korea Cuisine Essay! Content such as “U r a liar!” will mislead the language recognition software. Try sending “You are a liar” instead. Content such as “Ha ha ha” will mislead the language recognition software. Try sending “Laughing ha ha ha” instead. Of An Essay Proposal! Content such as “Gorlilla!” will mislead the language recognition software.

Try sending “Hairy gorilla!” instead. Entering the entire word rather than acronyms, abbreviations or utilizing initials for example: LOL or TTYL Smilies or emoticons will cause this as well. Text sent from phonebook not going to MDN selected. Text to someone in korea cuisine their phone book it is also going to hamlet revenge another party that they did not select and often-times do not even have in their phone book. Korea Cuisine Essay! The messages are going to unknowns and the customer is of an essay proposal finding this out when they receive a response text normally stating “who is this?” Or “I think you have the wrong person” and sometimes even “stop texting me” Specific information is cuisine needed when opening these tickets. Please Include Template in CTMS Ticket.

Where the customer was when they sent or received the message to or from a MDN other than the intended party (address). Hamlet! Physical address of where customer was when they sent msg. Cuisine Essay! Originating MDN --- Sprint number sending out the components of an message. Korea Essay! Terminating MDN --- The number we actually sent the message to Errant MDN (MDN that received the about mother message that was not supposed to) Unknown MDN Date and Time of errant message Content of message (if possible) - like the unknown party texting “who is cuisine essay this?” Why are you sending me text? So Fix Agents can locate that mdn in the text logs. Voice SMS Issues.

Confirm phone is capable of sending voice SMS by visiting Confirm the customer has active NAI on subscription. Best Homework! Confirm customer can access the web. Confirm there is no SMS block message on the subscription. Cuisine Essay! Confirm that the customer can send and revenge thesis, receive standard text messages. Confirm customer has listened to Voice SMS Tutorial in korea essay its entirety. If it is not completed, they will not be able to essay send or receive Voice SMS.

If the customer cancelled the tutorial, this is resolved only by performing a ##RTN to the device. Check for service alerts for korea, Voice SMS issues. If the essay outline issue still occurs, create a CTMS ticket. Time Stamp Issues. There are certain areas of the country that have ongoing timestamp issues with SMS, and this issue will NOT be remedied. This is due to the switch the korea specific customers are zoned off of. Most of the time it is a switch that is homed in an area where 2 time zones exist, and therefore the picture gray essay issue appears. Each switch can only korea cuisine be configured for 1 time zone. If the switch supports 2 time zones, then we have to choose and often time it is the “other” time zone, if the hamlet revenge thesis customer is calling in about it. This is just some info so that we do not send up any tickets on this issue since the initial “daylight savings time, spring forward time change” has passed and all the switches have been updated to korea the current time. Customer will state no error message and biographical essay outline, you will not see anything going OUT through BMG OUTBOX.

This is failing on a device level. Check Known Issues below Clear cookies/cache Delete ALL messages from INBOX, OUTBOX, SENT, PENDING, CHAT LOG, and anything else involving messaging memory. Korea! Clear call history/call logs Retest sending SMS Soft reset and try again ##RTN, reprogram the phone and then try again. BLACKBERRY if cannot receive SMS, go to hamlet revenge optionssecurity optionsfirewall disable and korea, verify the SMS field is biographical essay not checked.

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Korea cuisine essay

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Archives pour la categorie Case Study Houses. MC COY Esther Case Study Program 1945-1962 Henessey Ingalls 1977 Los Angeles SMITH Elisabeth A.T. Blueprints for korea Modern Living: History and Legacy of the about Case Study Houses MIT Press 1998 STEELE James, JENKINS David, KOENIG Pierre Pierre Koenig Phaidon Press 1998 MC COY Esther, BLAKE Peter Craig Ellwood Architecture Hennessey Ingalls 1997 ALBRECHT D. Cuisine? The Work of Charles Ray Eames COLOMINA Beatrice The Work of biographical outline Charles and Ray Eames, A Legacy of invention 1997 STEELE James Eames House, Charles and korea cuisine essay Ray Eames Architecture in Detail Phaidon 1995 HINES Thomas S. Richard Neutra and Search for Modern Architecture University California Press 1994 MC LAMPRECHT Barbara Richard Neutra Complete Works Taashen 2000 SACK M. Richard Neutra Gustavo Gili 1994 Barcelone. List of articles: Baboulet, Luc; Le Case Study Program et la tradition americaine ; AMC (France); n°98; 05/1999; ; On the Mies Edge ; Domus (); n°614; 02/1986; Goldstein B.; The Entenza Years ; Art and Architecture (Etats-Unis); n°; 1990; ; ; Architecture d’Aujourd’hui (France); n°; 02-03/1966; Case Study House n°16′, by C. Ellwood. Craig Ellwood was still a very young architect when he was selected to design a Entenza Case Study House. This is the biographical essay first in the series of three villas he designed for the Case Study House Program. Korea Essay? It offers a house here where he developed while working on multiple outdoor spaces qualities that come to extend and enrich the home of various and hook+essay unexpected ways…. For his house just Elllwood used metal columns that had appeared on the market. Cuisine Essay? Indeed, due to proposal, the decline of the korea essay railway, many found themselves unused rails produced.

They were recast which raised metal companies to sites, develop new product lines … The use of square columns instead of columns H can save a lot of money, they are lighter and can simplify a number of details such as those bindings woodwork. Essay? The beams used are I to 6 inches and 36 feet long. Translucent panels 10 feet in height are treated as extended walls of the house. The interior walls of the house are also treated as screens. They are of the same material as the exterior walls to express continuity between interior and exterior spaces spaces.

These panels are by exposing the structure which is painted black. They are off the ground, and biographical are separated from the ceiling by korea essay, a transom window. The villa consists of best a grid of 8 feet. The house is divided into two areas occupied by korea, the circulations, one inner and one outer longitudinally extending in the direction of the project. About? The boundary with the street is korea freely drawn by revenge thesis, a solid line turn opaque or translucent tower. This watershed limits any tower covered and not confined areas (like the porch); other spaces, enclosed and discovered (as the court of korea cuisine children); or some interior spaces and gray essay with others outside.

This boundary separates Similarly, the prices of the rooms from the street by a series of panels of translucent glass … The indoor and outdoor spaces are organized around the two perpendicular axes carry the project. The partition between social spaces and essay individual spaces is along a North-South axis passing at the entrance. It amazing how close the essay about villa whose area is in a simple rectangle, which is built with a completely systematic metal structure does not prevent to achieve a wide variety of cuisine spaces and uses. Each space is fully qualified. This remark is picture questions particularly sensitive to the game of indoor and outdoor spaces. This is illustrated for example in the input sequence: the porch is divided into korea cuisine, two parts, creating a covered walkway for sites pedestrian access. Basically, the villa allows a double entry: service entrance that allows access to the court and the kitchen but also main entrance angles. The patio at the entrance allows movement of the light at the output while creating a view. Cuisine? Each room is picture of dorian essay extended by outdoor spaces in cuisine, direct continuity with the interior space. Of An? The master bedroom has a double orientation opening on two distinct areas, each with a different status: an enclosed space and privacy to the east; a terrace that opens fully to the outside overlooking the korea cuisine far south … Similarly, the living areas have a triple orientation with three types of large spaces.

Open to of an proposal, the outside distant and providing a wide view to cuisine, the south: the view terrace as baptized Craig Ellwood. Open to foreign direct space and close to the garden: the earth living-terrace is protected under large pergolas. It comes in korea cuisine essay, direct extension of the dining room. Much more protected, the child-play may have lived both as a space service and much more closed and essay intimate space. The position and status of the korea service areas is much less clear. Ellwood seems to picture essay questions, make the essay difference in math sites, service areas such as bathrooms that are treated as opaque and irremovable cores while the space kitchens are treated as completely at cuisine Koenig transferable manner … These spaces are scattered and fragmented in best homework sites, the plan of a house. The diagram shows the spatial sequence extending along one of the two structural axes of the project … From west to east, succeeding are: the living terrace / child court / the entrance patio / porch for cars. Case Study House n°9, by C. Eames et E. Cuisine Essay? Saarinen. This house was designed in collaboration with Charles Eames and math Eero Saarinen. This villa was built on the same site and essay with the same construction system that the villa # 8. It is nevertheless the antithesis and develops a radically different reflection.

This villa was built for J. Sites? Entenza himself. She adapted to its requirements. Entenza wanted to focus on the reception areas. The house structure is based on a metallic structure, with columns of H to 4 inches (10 cm) to 7.5 feet tall. Essay? The aim was to thesis, enclose the maximum possible space in shape and structure as simple as possible. This villa has been designed to be built to essay, industrial methods but it was not really thinking as a prototype. Biographical? The living room was designed according to korea cuisine essay, the principle of elastic space. Architects have developed the biographical essay idea that space can expand or contract depending on the life of its occupant and the number of guests. Korea Essay? The engineer Edgardo Contini project expresses the general advantage of the villa: “ The intention of the Entenza House is to math homework sites, eliminate structure to be anti-structural, to be anonymous as possible. In the Entenza house no beams are expressed, no columns visible.” “ The total concept was architectural : it was resolved in essay, terms of architecture, in contrast to the Eames house, which was structurally assertive.”

This villa is in about mother earth, addition and in contrast to the Case Study House No. 8 also called Eames House, located just next door. They both use the korea cuisine same structural system. This system is homework sites based on the metal profiles of high lightness. Yet in each case the architects make a radically different use. Korea? It is interesting how two radically different about best can be developed on the same site with two identical structural systems and korea a similar programming.

In the Eames House structure is completely highlighted. It is essay mother structuring, not only korea essay, literally but figuratively: it articulates, rhythm and components essay cadence of the project. It is everywhere the korea first expression. – In the Entenza House , the search is at an entirely different level. The structural system is used in biographical, a much more minimal and paradoxically much more efficient than in the Eames House. Moreover, the structure is not used here to articulate and rhythm space. Rather, the goal seems rather in Entenza House to korea cuisine, break free completely to access full spatial and programmatic flexibility. The Entenza programmatic requirements for outline the house allows us to better understand the basics of thinking developed by Eames and Saarinen. It is in the treatment of the relationship of the korea common areas and individual, intimate and shared the villa shows all its richness. Sites? The house is in a square of 54 feet (about 16.50 meters) square it occupies almost entirely.

The program is distributed as follows: the North-East quarter is occupied by individual rooms and private (rooms, bathroom); the northwest quarter, for service parts (laundry, garage, cellar …) Finally, the cuisine essay southern half of the common areas (living room, dining room, kitchen …) – Each part is separated by full or partial opacities games but also translucency. Hook+essay? They have with each other but also with the outside space of the subtle relationships. Thus, the input is separated by korea, a simple translucent filter garage which is lit from overhead way. Math? The light is thus transmitted and scattered by the filter in korea essay, the manner of hook+essay lateral entry. The kitchen is separated by a wall furniture fair amount has so obscure the view. Korea? This makes it possible to maintain a unit of hook+essay space while introducing discontinuities. The separation between the master bedroom and dressing room is treated in the same way … The connection between the room is treated with a sliding panel will allow to separate or unite spaces in the main bedroom and living room. Another type of discontinuity is introduced by korea essay, the fireplace, treated fairly minimal, floating and movable. A final type of discontinuity is of dorian introduced by treating the cuisine soil levels of differences in the villa. This difference between the northern half and mother south of the house is equivalent to about 90 cm. It allows the creation of large footboards in the middle of the stay.

These steps by creating casual seating allows the opportunity to strengthen the space of the living room around the fireplace. On the other side, between the bedroom and korea cuisine the living room, the height difference allows the creation of a sofa next stay with the top of the essay file arrives at korea cuisine essay the chamber floor. Essay Earth? These dispositions allow to obtain spaces of great functional flexibility. They have a high spatial malleability and high versatility while remaining perfectly qualified. A number of scenarios illustrating this elasticity are studied in a series of diagram (see next page): Scenario 1 : We start here with the basic element around which is built the common area in the villa Entenza. This is the part of the korea cuisine living room occupying the south-eastern part of the villa. This element is limited by essay about earth, the fireplace and the sofa that closes the space of very intimate way. On the cuisine essay other side, the kitchen that can be associated indifferently to 3 different types of areas: living room with part of hook+essay which is bounded on the east by emmarchement transforming this part of cuisine living a formal dining room ; or with the internal extension of the kitchen open to the living room: creating an picture of dorian essay questions informal dining room. Finally, it may be associated with the outdoor terrace in the kitchen extension. Thus creating a place for outdoor dining. Cuisine Essay? Scenario 2 : In this scenario, the basic unit is math homework associated with the chamber and part of the terrace creating a very intimate spatial sequence type: bedroom + living room + terrace, privatizing some way the living room and terrace.

This scenario shown in photos 3 and 4. We clearly see the alcove effect in korea cuisine essay, which the hook+essay chamber is taken. Scenario 3 : Here, the master doubled the portion of the essay space on the other side of the about mother fireplace. The home is no longer a limiting factor but a central stay home … And this part is in korea cuisine, complete continuity with the components of an essay outdoor terrace, which still has larger space. Cuisine Essay? Scenario 4 : This scenario explores the possibility or common areas are assembled and dilated to picture essay questions, the extreme. Here they form a very large reception area. This space is both fragmented and united. Essay? It includes an outline input sequence and various conducive to discussion forums. “It is korea cuisine a period to which many of us have been anxiously looking forward for hamlet thesis long years ”. These words written by Neutra early in the program shows how the Case Study Program was an expected event. Cuisine? Indeed, Neutra wore a constant interest in innovation in the field of design and construction of essay about mother individual houses. During these long years, Neutra thought to bring out of the home craft to cuisine, industrialization.

The two-bedroom house is essay a problem that has already solved many times. Cuisine? Plans in 1948 are in line with all the essay about mother reflection that he developed during his career. Assembling a prefabricated core services and essay containing wet and best homework sites heating installations was a limiting factor of the plan. This core was placed so as not to prevent future extensions of the villa. In a second step, an korea cuisine essay extension was added to essay earth, the south in 1958. The house has an cuisine L-shaped plan with the dining room and living room facing south open on math, a social patio bordered by giant Eucalyptus. Both bedrooms have their own open to the west garden. The composition of the house based on cuisine essay, a frame alternating category successively 10 feet and 4 feet.

The combination of these two measurements: a structural dimension and hamlet revenge the dimensions of prefabricated wet core which houses all services (kitchen and bathroom) for essay the 10 feet. The dimensions of 4 feet of the frame are treated rather as margins in the project. Biographical Outline? All circulations are collected. It allows to arrange a set of continuities and transparency through the project. It also allows the posting of korea cuisine essay items.. Elle autorise egalement le detachement des elements. Hook+essay? The structural system is not emphasized in the project. Korea Essay? The structure has no presence or strong or rhythm in the project. Opacities treated on module 4 feet are worked in a completely fragmented.. They support many advanced and Returns indoor and outdoor play areas.

These effects the villa allows multiple orientations allowing each space to benefit from its own private outdoor space. Hook+essay? The roof is covered in this same principle. It is widely comes in front of the facade is thus withdrawn leaving the elements exceed in height as chimneys .. All these treatments contribute to korea cuisine, the effect of revenge thesis dissolution of the house into the surrounding nature, with which she seems to merge. This diagram shows the korea cuisine essay north side of the house, it helps to understand the relationship maintained by the spaces of the house with the environment. It illustrates a typical indoor-outdoor device with Neutra Both interiors are visible both chambers. Same size, the picture of dorian gray questions relationship of their interior spaces with the exterior space is treated with the same repeating pattern that creates an effect of korea outside in space. Case Study House Program: synoptic.

Elements de Sapin / Platre. Panneaux ondules en ciment. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Platre, Lattes de bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Brique Panneaux de contre-plaque.

Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sequoia / Platre. Panneaux Acier / Platre. Platre et Panneaux de Verre Ondule. Briques, Elements de Sapin. Panneau en bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneau de Sequoia.

Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Beton Poli. The Case Study Houses program: presentation #038; history. The Study Houses program was launched in January 1945. Hook+essay? So he started in the very particular and very conducive context of the United States in the immediate post -war period. Essay? A man , John Entenza was able to math homework, see that it was a key moment . He was able to take the lead in maximizing its benefits . This context and korea cuisine the personality of the latter are the elements that made ??the success of the revenge program. This post-war period is a period of cuisine scarcity where all types of hook+essay building materials are missing. Korea? Paradoxically , it also corresponds to a period where the construction industry works very intense.

This intensity is explained by the long period of essay about mother inactivity that preceded it . On the one hand due to the economic crisis of korea essay 1929, the building activity is very slow throughout the earth thirties. On the other hand , the war of 39-45 marks a complete and total output any breakpoint. All economic activity is oriented to the war effort moment. There was then very little opportunitees construction except for purely utilitarian building structures … During all these years, and especially during the war , there has been a great technological development and many progress. Korea? These new technologies will finally be tested and revenge thesis applied to the building , so for example : – New plastics make possible the construction of cuisine essay homes using panels and translucent screens . – The invention and use of of dorian gray arc welding allows for welding of such quality that they can finally be exposed indoors . – Improvement of synthetic resins, which make them more resistant than natural resins, serves to seal and develop jointings adapted to new light building panels . – The emergence of cuisine new adhesives coming from the components of an aviation industry allows the development of cuisine essay a wide variety of new composite materials . Finally, the construction period was not slowed mean a total shutdown of architectural production . On the contrary, the period between the wars saw a multitude of flower theoretical projects . Essay Earth? All its potientalites will finally be able to know a realization . They will crystallize in essay, the experiments of the Case Study House Program. John Entenza is the man who has by his editorial work and of dorian essay critical to all these reflections to emerge . It opened a whole experimental area . Entenza began the publication of the Arts and Architecture magazine in 1938. Korea Cuisine? Context Californian has certainly always been in of an, favor of Modern Architecture . But it is cuisine essay necessary at the time to communicate through a media suppport to the general public. It is thus promote an understanding of new approaches to construction of individual houses emerged during the postwar period . Biographical? The magazine has become the indisputable leader to win public acceptance of a good design and cuisine work on architectural quality . Hook+essay? Entenza is who was the initiator. Essentially teacher, he is essay convinced that all living with architecture , work on the quality of the built environment affects us all. About Mother Earth? It keeps a democratic faith in the ability of the essay public to understand qualitative work on our built environment when making an essay mother effort to cuisine, submit it . In 1944, he has a good idea of the course will take the modern architecture after the questions war. The weather is favorable for experimentation.

Potential customers have never been so many … Indeed, the korea essay low housing production during the years of biographical depression has led to essay, a shortage of housing that is best sites deeply felt at the end of the war. In addition, there is a real work to cuisine, be done because some potential customers are already thinking about the time in terms of house key in outline, hand . Moreover, the term Architecture seems a big word for families who want , in korea essay, an emergency, fit comfortably and hamlet economically . While the West Coast has always been a great place for experimentation and innovation in cuisine, contemporary architecture ; Entenza sees the risk that the architectural quality of the houses built regresses due to the strong post-war production. It is indeed to be feared and that the essay mother quality is up to the quantity … It certainly there has customers who can wait patiently for the architect completes the plans , which are in a demanding approach to korea, architectural quality . It is also at best math this time that sponsorship organizations can fund experimental work. But Entenza to cuisine, realize that despite all many existing innovative ideas on the drawing board or in gray, the minds of designers may not be able to korea essay, materialize and be permanently lost. In 1945, Entenza abandons its liabilities editor role to play a dynamic role in revenge, the architecture of the postwar period. He committed eight agencies including the cuisine magazine Arts and Architecture becomes the client. Each of these agencies is components of an essay responsible for the design of a house. Korea Cuisine? Thus begins the program will continue after the hamlet revenge departure of Entenza magazine in cuisine, 1962. The Case Study House Program ends in 1967 to earth, stop the publication of Art and Architecture . The success and longevity of the cuisine program is due to best math, its simplicity. The only stated goal is the development of an cuisine environment of math sites well-being without any ideological bias. Architects are encouraged to experiment with new forms and new materials.

But the materials should not be used or only selected according to their objective qualities . There is korea cuisine no question of using a material only because it is new . The approach includes a landscape design close to home as well as designing furniture by renowned designers environment. During the best math sites first three years of the program , six houses are fully completed , furnished and landscaped and korea essay open to the public . Approximately 500,000 people visit the first dozen houses . The critical success houses promotes more than any public acceptance of an experimental design . Financing institutions to become progressively more open and cooperating . Banks are gradually fund contemporary homes . It should be noted that up to this time they refused fairly systematically fund houses with glass walls, open without dining room , kitchen facing the street, a flat roof and concrete slab floor plans; convinced that it was a risky investment without resale value … However, all the houses of Case Study House Program were excellent investments and they prove their resale prices … In the 50s , after 13 houses either completed the program continues at the rate of one house per revenge thesis year. Selected architects are usually young and little known outside of Southern California . Koenig and Ellwood authors of five projects in korea essay, two of them have both barely thirty when they are asked to essay outline, design a Case Study House . Many architects of the end of the cuisine essay program were inspired by the first publications of the magazine. Best Math Homework? Koenig and decided to study architecture after the interest inspired him reading the newspaper . By throwing a look at the achievements of the korea essay program over hook+essay the last eleven years Entenza takes stock of the essay Case Study Houses program : “ We like to think that these houses have been responsible for some remarkably lucid thinking in terms of domestic architecture. While it is hamlet thesis true that not all have been every man’s dream cottage, they have, nevertheless had a demonstrably wide influence in korea essay, the sound use of new materials and in homework, re-use of the old, and cuisine essay had attempted, with considerable success, to suggest contemporary living patterns. The analysis of these documents allow us to identify three distinct periods in the program of the Case Study Houses : 1945-1950 , the program proved its worth. In those first years , priority is given to the economics of the projects . In these early years of the program of hamlet revenge Case Studies, 13 houses were built and korea 7 projects presented.

The period begins in 1945 with the announcement of the sites program and ends with the completion of the house of Eames and Saarinen for Entenza . All the architects of this period are already confirmed and recognized professionals. They each have a personal style already widely proven … Any houses built during this period, that of Eames and Saarinen was the first to korea essay, play with the layout and math homework sites structure. It is also the cuisine first in picture gray questions, the program to korea cuisine essay, focus on the use of industrial materials and techniques in the field of architecture. Homes # 8 and hook+essay # 9 are halfway house between the korea more traditional villas of the first period and purely experimental houses the following years . 1950-60 The experimental period. In a second time, during the decade of 50, the focus is on innovative dimension villas, the hook+essay true economic dimension from the background without , however, be lost sight of.

This period extends from the korea essay summer of 1950 when Soriano started working on picture essay, his house in the summer of 1960 , with the completion of the second house Koenig. Most homes built during this period are experimental metal frame houses , the others being experiments on elements against plywood precast factory. For a century and korea essay a half the industry has been used for building materials but the essay proposal house construction has resisted industrialization. Architects believe at korea essay the time that we must change that. Steel promises to bring domestic architecture to industrialization after the of an end of World War II . But the fundamental difference between houses wood frame and steel frame houses is that in the case of korea a steel frame all the details should be set at design unlike the essay about wooden frame where you can leave a number of korea cuisine details to the discretion of the manufacturer … The priority of essay questions this period is the development of projects that can serve as prototypes for cuisine manufactured homes . Finally, one last time , the program has a broader focus. The Case Studies developed during this period no longer interested only in experiments on one house.

Reflections extend over a larger scale. You work on groups of houses and their integration to the environment and the city. Les Villas experimentales du Case Study House Program. Le Case Study Houses Program est lance en 1945, par un jeune editeur californien John Entenza par l’intermediaire de son journal Arts Architecture . Dans le cadre du programme, le magazine fait appel a differents architectes pour etudier un projet de maison individuelle. Revenge? Les projets est construits, puis meubles. Il est ensuite porte a la connaissance de tous: d’abord publies dans les pages de Arts and korea essay Architecture , les villas sont ensuite ouvertes au grand public pendant une certaine periode et finalement vendues. Cette initiative a plusieurs objectifs designes par Entenza. Il s’agit tout d’abord de promouvoir aupres du grand public une nouvelle maniere de concevoir l’architecture domestique. Il cherche egalement a provoquer cez le public une nouvelle exigence de qualite architecturale pour leurs propres maisons. Le programme des Case Study Houses: presentation #038; historique. Le programme des Study Houses a ete lance en Janvier 1945.

Il a donc debute dans le contexte tres particulier et tres propice des Etats-Unis de l’immediat apres-guerre. Un homme, John Entenza a su voir qu’il s’agissait d’un moment clef. Hamlet Revenge Thesis? Il a su prendre les devants pour en tirer les avantages. Ce contexte ainsi que la personnalite de ce dernier sont les elements qui ont fait le succes du programme. Cette periode d’apres-guerre est une periode de penurie ou tout les types de materiaux de construction sont manquants. Paradoxalement, elle correspond egalement a une periode ou l’industrie de la construction fonctionne de maniere tres intense. Cuisine Essay? Cette intensite s’explique par la longue periode d’inactivite qui l’a precede. D’une part suite a la crise economique de 1929, l’activite constructive est fort ralentie pendant toutes les annees trente. D’autre part, la guerre de 39-45 marque un point d’arret complet et total a toute production . Toute l’activite economique est a ce moment orientee vers “ l’effort de guerre ”. Il y a alors tres peu d’opportunitees de construction excepte pour construire des structures purement utilitaires…

Pendant toutes ces annees et notamment pendant la guerre, on assiste a un tres grand developpement technologique et a de nombreux progres. Ces nouvelles technologies vont enfin pouvoir etre experimentees et appliquees au batiment, ainsi par exemple : – Les nouveaux plastiques rendent possible la construction de maisons utilisant des panneaux et des ecrans translucides. – L’invention et l’utilisation de la soudure a l’arc permet d’obtenir des soudures d’une qualite telle qu’elles peuvent etre enfin exposees a l’interieur des maisons. – L’amelioration des resines synthetiques, qui les rendent plus resistantes que les resines naturelles, permet d’etancher et de developper des jointements adaptes au nouveaux panneaux de construction legers. – L’apparition de nouvelles colles provenants l’industrie aeronautique permet le developpement d’une tres grande variete de nouveaux materiaux composites. Enfin, cette periode de construction ralentie n’a pas ete synonyme d’un arret total de la production architecturale. Bien au contraire, la periode d’entre-deux guerre a vu fleurir une multitude de projets theoriques.

L’ensemble de ses potientalites vont enfin pouvoir connaitre une concretisation. Elles vont se cristalliser dans les experimentations du Case Study House Program. John Entenza est l’homme qui a permis par son travail d’editeur et de critique a toutes ces reflexions de voir le jour. Il a ouvert tout une aire d’experimentation. Entenza debute la publication du magazine «Arts and best Architectures» en 1938. Cuisine? Le contexte Californien a certes toujours ete favorable a l’Architecture Moderne. Mais il est necessaire a l’epoque de communiquer au travers un suppport mediatique aupres du grand public.

Il s’agit de favoriser ainsi une bonne comprehension des nouvelles demarches de construction de maisons individuelles apparues pendant cette periode d’apres-guerre. Le magazine est devenu l’indiscutable leader permettant de gagner le public a l’acceptation d’une bonne conception et d’un travail sur la qualite architecturale. Best Math? C’est Entenza qui en a ete l’initiateur. Essentiellement pedagogue, il est convaincu que vivant tous avec l’architecture, un travail sur la qualite de l’environnement construit nous concerne tous. Il garde une foi democratique en la possibilite du public de comprendre un travail qualitatif sur notre environnement bati quand il est fait un effort pour le lui presenter. En 1944, il a une bonne idee du cours que va prendre l’architecture moderne apres la guerre. Le temps est favorable a l’experimentation.

Les clients potentiels n’ont jamais ete aussi nombreux… En effet, la faible production de logements pendant les annees de depression a entraine une penurie d’habitations qui se fait durement ressentir au sortir de la guerre. De plus, il y a un veritable travail a effectuer car une partie des clients potentiels pensent deja a l’epoque en terme de maisons clef-en-main. Qui plus est, le terme d’«Architecture» semble un bien grand mot pour des familles qui veulent, dans l’urgence, se loger confortablement et economiquement. Meme si la cote Ouest a toujours ete un grand lieu d’experimentation et d’innovation en matiere d’architecture contemporaine; Entenza entrevoit le risque que la qualite architecturale des maisons construites regresse du fait de la forte production d’apres-guerre. Il est, en effet a craindre que la qualite laisse ainsi place a la quantite… Il y a certes des clients qui peuvent attendre patiemment que l’architecte acheve les plans, et qui sont dans une demarche exigente de la qualite architecturale. Il existe egalement a cette epoque des organismes de mecenat qui peuvent financer des travaux experimentaux. Mais, Entenza se rends compte que malgre tout beaucoup d’idees innovantes existants sur les tables a dessin ou dans l’esprit des concepteurs risquent de ne pouvoir se concretiser et d’etre definitivement perdues.

En 1945, Entenza abandonne donc son role passif d’editeur pour jouer un role dynamique dans l’architecture de l’apres-guerre. Il engage huit agences dont le magazine «Arts and Architecture» devient le client. Chacune de ces agences est chargee de la conception d’une maison. C’est ainsi que commence le programme qui se prolongera apres le depart de Entenza du magazine en 1962. Korea Cuisine? Le Case Study House Program s’acheve en 1967 a l’arret de la publication de “ Art and hook+essay Architecture ”. Le succes et la longevite du programme sont dues a sa simplicite. Cuisine Essay? Le seul but annonce est le developpement d’un environnement de bien-etre sans aucun prejuge ideologique. Les architectes sont encourages a experimenter de nouvelle formes et de nouveaux materiaux. Mais les materiaux ne doivent etre selectionnes ou utilises seulement en fonction de leur qualites objectives. Il n’est pas question d’utiliser un materiaux seulement parce qu’il est nouveau.

La demarche inclut une conception paysagere de l’environnement proche de la maison ainsi que la creation de mobiliers par des concepteurs reconnus. Durant les trois premieres annees du programme, 6 maisons sont totalement achevees, meublees et paysagees puis ouvertes au public. Environ 500 000 personnes visitent la premiere douzaine de maisons. Hook+essay? Le succes critique des maisons favorise plus que tout l’acceptation du public d’une conception experimentale. Les institutions de financement deviennent au fur et a mesure de plus en plus ouvertes et cooperantes. Cuisine? Les banques commencent peu a peu a financer les maisons contemporaines. Ils faut preciser que jusqu’a cette epoque elles refusaient assez systematiquement de financer des maisons avec des murs en verre, plans ouverts, sans salle a manger, une cuisine faisant face a la rue, une toit plat et des dalles de beton au sol; convaincues qu’il s’agissait d’un investissement hasardeux sans valeur de revente… Or, toutes les maisons du “ Case Study House Program ” furent d’excellents investissements et elles le prouvent par leurs prix a la revente… Dans les annees 50, apres que 13 Maisons soit completees le programme continue au rythme d’une maison par an.

Les architectes selectionnes sont habituellement jeunes et peu connus hors du Sud de la Californie. Koenig et Ellwood auteurs de cinq projets a eux deux ont tout deux a peine trente ans quand ils sont sollicites pour concevoir une Case Study House. Best Homework Sites? Beaucoup d’architectes de la fin du programme ont ete inspire par les premieres publications du magazine. Cuisine Essay? Ainsi Koenig decida d’etudier l’architecture suite a l’interet que lui inspire la lecture du journal. En jettant un regard sur les realisations du programme au cours des onze dernieres annees Entenza tire un bilan du programme des Case Study Houses: “ We like to think that these houses have been responsible for some remarkably lucid thinking in biographical essay outline, terms of domestic architecture. While it is essay true that not all have been every man’s dream cottage, they have, nevertheless had a demonstrably wide influence in essay proposal, the sound use of new materials and in re-use of the korea old, and had attempted, with considerable success, to suggest contemporary living patterns. (Nous aimons a penser que ces maisons ont ete responsables de quelques reflexions remarquables dans le domaine de l’architecture domestique. Essay Mother Earth? Meme s’il est vrai que toutes ne representaient pas la maison revees de tout homme, elles ont en revanche eu une tres large influence dans l’utilisation de nouveaux materiaux et dans la reutilisation de l’ancien et ont tente avec un succes respectable de suggerer les voies d’un mode vie contemporain.)

L’analyse de ces documents nous permettent de degager trois periodes distinctes dans le programme des Case Study Houses: 1945-50, Le programme fait ses preuves. Dans ces premiere annees, la priorite est donne a la dimension economique des projets. Dans ces premieres annees du programme des Case Studies, 13 maisons furent construites et 7 projets presentes. Cuisine Essay? La periode debute en 1945 avec l’annonce du programme et se termine avec l’achevement de la maison de Eames et Saarinen pour Entenza. Tout les architectes de cette periode sont deja des professionnels confirmes et reconnus.

Ils ont chacun un style personnel deja largement eprouves… De toute les maisons construites au cours de cette periode, celle de Eames et Saarinen est la premiere a jouer avec le plan et la structure. Elle est egalement la premiere dans le programme a se concentrer sur l’utilisation de materiaux et de techniques industrielles dans le domaine de l’architecture. Thesis? Les maisons #8 et #9 sont des maisons de transition entre les villas plus traditionnelles de la premiere periode et les maisons purement experimentales des annees qui suivent. 1950-60, La periode experimentale. Dans un deuxieme temps, au cours de la decennie 50, l’accent est mis sur la dimension innovatrice des villas, la dimension veritablement economique passant au second plan sans cependant etre perdue de vue. Cette periode s’etend de l’ete 1950, quand Soriano commence a travailler sur sa maison a l’ete 1960, avec l’achevement de la deuxieme maison de Koenig.

La plupart des maisons construites au cours de cette periode sont des maisons experimentales a ossature metalliques, les autres etant des experimentations sur des elements en contre-plaques prefabriques en usine. Depuis un siecle et demi l’industrie a ete utilisee pour les materiaux de construction mais la construction de maison a resiste a la l’industrialisation. Les architectes pensent a l’epoque que l’on doit changer cela. L’acier promet d’amener l’architecture domestique a l’industrialisation apres la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale. Cuisine? Mais la difference fondamentale entre maisons a ossature de bois et les maisons a ossature acier est que dans le cas d’une ossature d’acier tout les details doivent etre regles au moment de la conception contrairement a l’ossature bois ou l’on peut laisser un certain nombre de details a la discretion du constructeur… La priorite de cette periode est le developpement de projets qui peuvent servir de prototypes pour des maisons industrialisees. 1960-65, Changement d’echelle. Enfin, dans un dernier temps, le programme a pris une orientation plus large. Les Case Studies developpees pendant cette periode ne s’interessent plus seulement a des experimentations sur une seule maison.

Les reflexions s’etendent sur une plus large echelle. On travaille alors sur des groupements de maisons et sur leur integrations a l’environnement et a la ville. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Panneaux ondules en ciment. Elements de Sapin / Platre.

Platre, Lattes de bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Brique Panneaux de contre-plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sequoia / Platre.

Panneaux Acier / Platre. Platre et Panneaux de Verre Ondule. Briques, Elements de Sapin. Panneau en bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneau de Sequoia.

Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Beton Poli. Visite virtuelle de la villa Savoye de Le Corbusier.