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Alexander Pope "Essay on Man": An Analytical Overview

Analysis essay on man pope

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Pope’s Poems and Prose An Essay on Man: Epistle |…

Biblical Interpretation Presuppositions Self-Awareness Essay. For my Biblical Hermeneutics class we were instructed to write a 3-5 page essay on pope the presuppositions and preconditions that color how we read and interpret the Scriptures. I thought I would share my thoughts and challenge you to think through your own. While it was fairly easy to point backwards to previous presuppositions, it was interesting to thesis think through and codify current ones. How about you? What do you bring to the Text?

What things from your story color how you interpret God#8217;s words? Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, ЂњLife is a progress, not a station.Ђќ Modern translation: life is a journey, not a destination. I would agree. Especially in my spiritual journey, the on man pope, Great Progressor has taken me through a series of milestones that have influenced and shaped my Christian identity. Like any process, no single variable has contributed to my evolution, and not one area has been left untouched.

In the area of biblical interpretation, for example, I can point to three ЂњmilestonesЂќ that have given me a few presuppositions and preconditions in regard to on death penalty be abolished how I study the analysis essay on man, Bible. My spiritual roots are in fundamentalist Christianity. Specifically, I grew-up in an IFCA (Independent Fundamentalist Churches of America) church that had a high, if not rigid, view of the essay, Scriptures. Essay On Man Pope! A six-day literal creation was a given, and anyone who thought a more theistic evolution of the world could have occurred was branded Ђњliberal.Ђќ A ЂњLeft BehindЂќ understanding of eschatology was a part of my childhood spiritual journey, literally. I remember my churchЂ™s pastor moving through the Book of the Revelation during the essay, evening service for two years, complete with charts and pope, outlines of the good, chronology of the end of the world! Also, Sunday sermons were always inductive, expository events that delved deeply into the Scriptures. So for years I believed in a six-day literal interpretation of the creation event in the Book of Genesis, I was a hardcore dispensationalist who learned to read Ђњsigns of the timesЂќ in any newspaper, and analysis essay on man, preaching was a mining effort to expose the facts of admission essay custom writing, God and Ђњdo and donЂ™tЂќ commands for living like a Ђњgood Christian.Ђќ. Essay! In looking back at this phase of my spiritual journey, I am thankful for a faith community that regarded the Scriptures as the sites, central foundation for our life and determiner of reality. This community knew that the Bible was true and the Truth (capital ЂњtЂќ), and sought to teach both. But I also see how that experience shaped some basic, previous presuppositions: I have had difficulty distinguishing allegorical narrative from analysis essay on man pope literal history; for a while the Bible was viewed and used as a manual for life, like a car manual or encyclopedia; prooftexting was a horrible vice, contributing to poor theology and unnecessary burdens; and the freedom of living that comes in Christ was quenched by reading into the text a conservative understanding of personal piety.

Another influencer on my spiritual development and means of penalty should, handling the Scriptures was my experience at a Christian undergraduate university. This particular institution had a series of rules that regulated behavior, regulations that were presented as biblical and necessary for analysis on man pope, proper Christian living. The administration used verses to support certain regulatory decisions, but mostly those rules were the institutionЂ™s and denominationЂ™s preference for how a Christian should live. Persian Essay! This experience furthered my own misreading of Scripture and worldview projections onto the text of the Bible; my training in picking out essay verses to support preferences and my projection of preferences onto the Text was strengthened. Not until I moved to Washington, D.C. and out of thesis, a conservative ecclesial tribe did I begin to fully understand these presuppositions and how they colored my impressions of what God cared about. The most recent milestone in my journey with Jesus and His Way came at the end of analysis on man pope, 2004.

After Ђњdoing ministryЂќ for a little over a year and feeling spiritually sapped and a bit disillusioned with evangelicalism, I asked God at the end of the year to revitalize my relationship with Him and move me to a new level of intimacy and understanding. In answer to that prayer, He brought me back to the centrality of Christ, in everything. Of my theology, doctrine, spirituality, ministry and life, God called me to drop all preconceived notions, deeply held beliefs and practices in an effort to make Jesus the most central figure. In so doing, I entered into a period of deconstruction and reconstruction, the likes of which I had never experienced in my theology and spirituality. Thankfully, in thesis in cardiac, the midst of this Ђњtearing and building,Ђќ I never rejected foundational, orthodox Christian teachings. On Man! Even though I held to the fundamentals of traditional Christian orthodoxy, I did reject and continue to re-understand my fundamentalist, evangelical roots, including how I interpret and on death penalty be abolished, study the ancient Scriptures. That deconstruction was aided by the helpful and provocative ЂњconversationЂќ occurring in the emerging church movement. Analysis On Man Pope! Through the books and conversations of clerical resume, many forward-thinking Christians, I began to essay on man look at the Scriptures very differently, not as a manual but as a tribal, communal document that told the story of art school, how God has related to His people and how we are to essay on man pope relate to Him and others.

A Reformed, Enlightenment structure for interpretation was also somewhat cast aside in good clerical resume, favor of a more Redemptive hermeneutic that sees an on-going, dynamic (re)painting of analysis on man pope, theology, rather than simply a static, entrenched understanding of God and His reality. Persian Letters Essay! This recent deconstructions has also influenced a more open, free will understanding of God, over against a predetermined, Calvinist understanding. Finally, because I have seen the destruction that comes from analysis essay on man pope sloppy, naЇve, presupposed hermeneutics, sometimes I am hesitant to name and claim what is true about the Truth of homework sites, GodЂ™s Holy words. It isnЂ™t that I deny Truth or believe it is analysis essay beyond our grasp, rather I employ a (healthy) sense of in cardiac surgery, postmodern hesitancy as I study the Bible and teach others. Analysis On Man Pope! As I conclude this reflection, I can identify several past presuppositions and essay, preconditions that influenced how I read and interpreted the Scriptures: I employed a rigid literalness to analysis on man itЂ™s events, writings, and prophecies; a fundamentalist, conservative framework was often projected onto the Text, creating undo burden for me and persian letters essay, others; I used the text of Scripture and studied it as a sort of encyclopedia and assumed God gave us a book of facts and propositions, rather than a living story of GodЂ™s redemptive work through history and relational interaction with humans. Some current presuppositions might include a skepticism for analysis essay on man pope, all things Reformed and much of evangelicalism, a predisposition toward a Redemptive view of the Scriptures, an open view of God that influences how I view certain passages and books of the Bible over against other interpretations, and thesis, a postmodern hesitancy to make definitive truth-claims about a reading of the Bible. Signup for updates on my work, resources making the vintage faith relevant, and analysis essay, my first book on showing Jesus and telling his hopeful story wellЂ”for FREE! Hurray! You've successfully subscribed.

Thanks a bunch! You're in, and won't regret it :) (FYI: You may need to check your spam folder and mark me as un-spammy, just to clerical resume be safe.) DonЂ™t worry, we hate spam too! You can unsubscribe at pope, anytime. This was beautiful! It was like reading what a catapillar must experience to become the butterfly.

It was honest, real, and perfectly expressed. Thanks Michael! Though I wouldn#8217;t at all classify myself as #8220;becomed#8221; џ™‚ Definitely still in the emering stage! How about you? What sort of presuppositions do you bring to the Text of God#8217;s words? I, too, think this is best math homework sites a clear and analysis on man, honest appraisal of essays, your journey.

Good job! One precondition I#8217;ve come to is that the Bible is a Story that is to shape us rather than a #8220;text#8221; from which we mine for #8220;relevant applicational truths.#8221; A Spiritual Coming-of-Age Story for this Generation. Signup for analysis on man pope, updates on my work, resources making the vintage faith relevant, and a free book! Hurray! You've successfully subscribed. Thanks a bunch! You're in, and won't regret it :) (FYI: You may need to check your spam folder and mark me as un-spammy, just to be safe.) DonЂ™t worry, we hate spam too!

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Alexander Pope's Essay on Man

La Cour Supreme des Etats-Unis et la decision Hamdan c. Analysis Essay Pope! Rumsfeld. Sommaire des nouveaux numeros. Votre alerte a bien ete prise en compte. Vous recevrez un email a chaque nouvelle parution d'un numero de cette revue. Erreur lors de l'enregistrement de votre alerte. Vous avez deja enregistre cette alerte.

Vous pouvez gerer vos alertes depuis le menu Mon cairn.info. La decision de la Cour Supreme dans Hamdan c. Writing University! Rumsfeld le 29 juin 2006, vint clarifier un certain nombre de considerations legales concernant les commissions militaires autorisees par le president George W. Analysis! Bush par un ordre militaire du 13 novembre 2001, a la suite des attentats du 11 septembre sur le World Trade Center et le Pentagone – ordre qui souleva de vives polemiques et qui prit par surprise le secretaire d’Etat Colin Powell et la conseillere a la Securite nationale Condoleezza Rice [1] [1] Jane Mayer, “The Hidden Power”, The New Yorker, 3 juillet. Essay Writing University! . L’administration Bush avait soutenu dans l’affaire Hamdan que les pouvoirs inherents qui appartiennent au president aux termes de l’article II incluaient le plein pouvoir de creer des commissions militaires. Analysis Essay Pope! Aux termes de cette position, il n’etait donc pas besoin de solliciter une loi a cet effet aupres du Congres. Letters! Telle qu’elle fut exprimee dans le brief du departement de la Justice, cette position de l’administration affirme que les pouvoirs presidentiels aux termes de l’article II « incluent le pouvoir inherent de creer des commissions militaires meme en l’absence d’autorisation statutaire specifique, parce que ce pouvoir est un element essentiel des pouvoirs de guerre [du president] et existe de longue date » [2] [2] Brief for on man pope Respondents, Hamdan c. Essay On Death Should! Rumsfeld, N° 05-184. Analysis Essay On Man! . Admission! En consequence, soutient l’administration Bush, tout au long de l’histoire de la nation, les presidents successifs ont exerce le pouvoir inherent dont ils disposent en tant que commandants en chef pour etablir des commissions militaires sans autorisation du Congres [3] [3] Ibid., p. Analysis Essay! 22. Math Sites! . Analysis On Man! Et l’administration se fonda sur les precedents offerts par des causes similaires pour soutenir que le president pouvait determiner que les protections accordees aux prisonniers de guerre et aux detenus aux termes de la Convention de Geneve ne s’appliquaient pas a Al-Qaida en Afghanistan ou ailleurs, et que les detenus d’Al-Qaida ne pouvaient etre consideres comme prisonniers de guerre [4] [4] Ibid., p. Resume! 38. On Man Pope! . Art School Admission! Une position qui souleve de nombreuses critiques aux Etats-Unis et notamment au sein de ce qu’on en vint a appeler la quatrieme branche du gouvernement. Analysis On Man! « Ce president a mis en avant des theses qui sont reellement alarmantes, commente le New Yorker . Letters! D’apres lui, il n’est pas de limites a son pouvoir, tel qu’il le concoit, de rassembler des informations, d’ouvrir le courrier, d’avoir recours a la torture, et d’utiliser des moyens de surveillance electronique. Analysis Essay! Si nous suivons le raisonnement du president, nous pourrions nous permettre de mettre le Congres hors d’etat de fonctionner en raison de l’etendue des fuites d’information qui proviennent des membres du corps legislatif. Sites! » [5] [5] Voir Jane Mayer, art. Analysis Essay Pope! cit., pp. Essay Penalty! 44-45. Dans Hamdan , la Cour Supreme soutint que les commissions militaires du genre de celles qui etaient etablies par l’administration n’etaient expressement autorisees par aucune loi ( statute ) du Congres. On Man! La loi en vigueur, y compris l’article 21 du Uniform Code of should Military Justice (UCMJ), ne reconnait pas au president un mandat pour autoriser toute sorte de commission qu’il decide d’etablir. On Man Pope! La Cour ne trouva pas non plus de justification dans le texte meme ou dans l’histoire legislative de l’ Authorization for should Use of on man pope Military Force (AUMF), qui fut adopte apres les evenements du 11 septembre 2001, qui entendait etendre la portee de l’autorisation reconnue aux termes de l’article 21 ou en modifier les termes [6] [6] Hamdan c. Good! Rumsfeld, 126 S.Ct. Essay On Man! 2749, 2006. Thesis In Cardiac Surgery! . Analysis Essay! L’AUMF fut adopte afin d’autoriser les operations militaires contre l’Afghanistan.

Aucun membre du Congres ne fit mention, au cours des debats legislatifs portant sur l’AUMF, de l’etablissement de tribunaux militaires. Homework! La Cour ne trouva pas non plus d’autorite pour etablir des telles commissions dans le Detainee Treatment Act du 30 decembre 2005. Analysis! Cette loi fut promulguee par le Congres afin de fournir des criteres uniformes pour l’interrogation de personnes detenues par le departement de la Defense. Art School Admission! Dans l’une des sections de cette loi (la section 1005), le Congres mentionna les commissions militaires, mais la Cour considera cette reference insuffisante pour justifier legalement des commissions comme celles envisagees ou creees par l’administration. Analysis Essay On Man! Ainsi, la Cour identifia dans l’etablissement des commissions militaires des deficiences fondamentales du point de vue de la separation des pouvoirs. Admission Custom University! Les commissions comme celles qui etaient envisagees ou etablies par l’administration « risquaient de concentrer entre les mains du pouvoir militaire un degre de pouvoir de juger et de sanctionner qui excedait celui qui fut envisage par la loi ou par la Constitution ». La Cour decida que la commission militaire etablie par l’administration violait pour ce qui est de sa structure meme et de ses procedures a la fois l’UCMJ et les quatre Conventions de Geneve. Analysis On Man Pope! La haute juridiction conclut en effet que l’article 36 de l’UCMJ n’avait pas ete respecte, parce que le president avait mis en avant des justifications insuffisantes pour s’ecarter des procedures qui gouvernaient les cours martiales. Essay! La Cour s’inquieta de ce que l’accuse et son conseil civil « pouvaient etre exclus et empeches de connaitre quelles preuves furent presentees au cours d’une partie quelconque du proces que l’autorite qui avait etabli la commission ou l’officier qui la presidait decideraient d’“interdire” ». Analysis Pope! Egalement inquietant etait le fait que ni « les temoignages devant la commission, ni les depositions des temoins ne devaient etre faits sous serment ».

L’administration n’etait pas tenue de suivre chacune des procedures etablies dans l’UCMJ, mais tout ecart vis-a-vis de ces procedures devait etre proportionne a l’exigence qui l’avait rendu necessaire. Letters! Or il s’agit la d’une exigence a laquelle l’administration ne s’etait pas conformee. Essay On Man! A moins d’etre impraticables, les regles etablies aux termes du Manual for essay penalty Courts-Martial « devaient s’appliquer aux commissions militaires ». Analysis Essay! Or rien dans les documents soumis a la Cour ne montrait qu’il serait impraticable d’appliquer les regles et procedures des cours martiales dans le cas d’espece. Math Sites! Le fait que l’administration soit incapable de demontrer le caractere impraticable ou le fait qu’elle ne veuille pas le faire est particulierement troublant lorsqu’on le considere a la lumiere de l’echec evident de l’administration quant au respect de l’une des protections les plus fondamentales reconnues non seulement par le Manual for on man Courts-Martial , mais aussi par l’UCMJ : le droit pour l’accuse d’etre present. La Haute cour s’exprima en ces termes : La commission militaire, un tribunal qui n’est ni mentionne dans la Constitution ni cree par statut, est nee de la necessite militaire. Penalty Should Be Abolished! La necessite seule ne peut justifier l’etablissement de tribunaux militaires penaux et le recours a de tels tribunaux qui n’ont pas ete envisages par l’article I § 8 et l’article II § 1 de la Constitution, a moins qu’une autre partie de ce document n’autorise une reponse a une telle necessite lorsque celle-ci se fait ressentir […].

Et cette autorite, si elle existe, peut seulement decouler de pouvoirs confies de facon concurrente au president et au Congres en temps de guerre […]. Essay! Pris ensemble, continue la Cour, l’UCMJ, l’AUMF et le DTA reconnaissent tout au plus une autorite presidentielle d’etablir des commissions militaires dans des circonstances qui seraient justifiees aux termes de la Constitution et des lois, y compris la loi de la guerre. Clerical! En l’absence d’une autorisation plus specifique de la part du Congres, le devoir de la Cour est de decider comme elle l’a fait dans [Ex parte] Quirin si la commission militaire qui doit juger Hamdan est justifiee. Ayant ecarte les objections d’ordre juridictionnel, le juge Stevens affirma qu’« aucune des actions que Hamdan etait accuse d’avoir commis ne constitue une violation du droit de la guerre ». Analysis Essay! Ces faits a eux seuls jettent un doute sur le caractere legal de l’accusation, et en consequence, de la commission elle-meme. Surgery! […] Le delit dont on analysis essay accuse Hamdan « n’est pas susceptible d’etre juge par une commission militaire etablie aux termes du droit de la guerre […]. Thesis! Il n’est pas suggere que le Congres, en exercant son autorite constitutionnelle de “definir et de punir […] les delits contre le droit des gens” a identifie le “complot” ou la “conspiration” comme constituant un crime de guerre ». Analysis Essay! Or, « sans autorisation explicite de la part du Congres », on clerical resume encourt le risque de « concentrer dans les mains du pouvoir militaire un degre de pouvoir judiciaire et punitif au-dela de ce qui fut envisage par les lois ou par la Constitution ». Que le gouvernement ait inculpe Hamdan d’un delit contre la loi de la guerre susceptible d’etre juge par commission militaire ou non, « la commission n’a pas le pouvoir de juger Hamdan, affirma le juge Stevens pour la majorite. Pope! L’UCMJ soumet le recours par le president a des commissions militaires a l’exigence de conformite non seulement avec la common law of admission essays war mais aussi avec le reste de l’UCMJ, en tant qu’il s’applique, et avec les regles et les preceptes du droit des gens » [7] [7] Hamdan c. Analysis On Man Pope! Rumsfeld, 548 U.S., Ibid. Good! , y compris, entre autres, les quatre Conventions de Geneve signees en 1949. En plus de vices de procedures que le juge Stevens identifia, notamment en ce qui concerne le mode d’administration de preuves au sein de la commission et l’acces par l’accuse aux preuves et temoignages introduits contre lui, il souligna que « les procedures gouvernant les proces par commission militaire historiquement ont ete les memes que celles gouvernant les cours martiales. Essay On Man Pope! […] Le principe d’uniformite n’est pas inflexible ; il n’exclut pas une deviation des procedures dictees par le recours aux cours martiales. Letters Essay! Mais toute deviation doit etre a la mesure de l’exigence qui l’a rendue necessaire. Analysis On Man! […] Les regles mises en avant dans le Manual for art school essays Courts-Martial doivent etre appliquees aux commissions militaires a moins qu’elles ne soient impraticables. Essay On Man Pope! […] Rien dans les documents ou dossiers qui nous sont soumis ne montre qu’il serait impraticable d’appliquer les regles des cours martiales dans le cas d’espece » [8] [8] Ibid. Good Clerical! . Enfin, la Cour affirma que les procedures adoptees par l’administration pour les tribunaux militaires violaient les Conventions de Geneve. Analysis Pope! Une cour federale inferieure avait ecarte cet argument aux motifs suivants : (1) Les Conventions de Geneve ne sont pas susceptibles d’etre mises en ?uvre devant les tribunaux ; (2) dans tous les cas, le demandeur dans le cas d’espece (Salim Ahmed Hamdan) ne jouissait pas du droit de se prevaloir de la protection de ces conventions et (3) meme dans un tel cas, l’abstention judiciaire etait en l’occurrence la reponse la plus appropriee a sa demande.

En ce qui concerne ce dernier point, les cours federales conclurent qu’elles devaient attendre l’issue d’un proces militaire en cours avant de pouvoir connaitre d’une mise en cause de ce meme proces. Best Sites! La Cour Supreme rejeta chacun de ces trois arguments. Analysis Essay Pope! Quels que soient les droits qui devaient etre reconnus a Hamdan, la Cour decida que ces droits faisaient partie du droit de la guerre. Admission Writing! De plus le respect du droit de la guerre est « la condition en vertu de laquelle l’autorite mise en avant aux termes de l’article 21 est reconnue ». Analysis On Man! La Cour decida qu’il etait au moins une disposition des Conventions de Geneve qui s’appliquait a l’affaire Hamdan – l’article 3 auquel l’on se refere souvent comme le Common Article 3 (article 3 commun) parce qu’il est commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve. Math Homework Sites! Le Common Article 3 prevoit [9] [9] L’article 3 commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve. Analysis Essay Pope! qu’en cas de conflit arme ne presentant pas un caractere international et surgissant sur le territoire de l’une des hautes parties contractantes, chacune des parties au conflit sera tenue d’appliquer au moins les dispositions qui « protegent les personnes qui ne participent pas directement aux hostilites, y compris les membres de forces armees qui ont depose les armes et les personnes qui ont ete mises hors de combat par […] la detention ». Thesis Surgery! L’une de ces dispositions interdit que des condamnations soient prononcees et des executions effectuees sans un jugement prealable, rendu par un tribunal regulierement constitue, assorti des garanties judiciaires reconnues comme indispensables par les peuples civilises. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! La cour federale d’appel fut d’accord avec la these de l’administration selon laquelle le Common Article 3 ne s’appliquait pas a Hamdan, puisque le conflit avec Al-Qaida avait bel et bien une portee internationale et n’appartenait donc pas a la categorie susmentionnee de « conflit arme ne presentant pas un caractere international ». Clerical Resume! La Cour Supreme considera que ce raisonnement etait errone.

Le conflit avec Al-Qaida etait bel et bien inclus dans les protections minimales prevues par le Common Article 3 . La Cour s’exprima ainsi : L’Executif […] soutient que la guerre avec Al-Qaida echappe a la portee des Conventions de Geneve. Analysis Essay On Man! Nous […] sommes en desaccord avec cette conclusion. On Death Be Abolished! Le conflit avec Al-Qaida n’est pas, d’apres le gouvernement, un conflit auquel s’appliquent toutes les protections reconnues aux prisonniers aux termes des Conventions de Geneve de 1949 parce que l’article 2 de ces Conventions (qui apparait dans chacune des quatre Conventions) rend les protections dans leur entierete applicables seulement aux cas de guerre declaree ou tout autre conflit arme qui pourrait avoir lieu entre deux ou plus des Etats signataires. On Man Pope! Etant donne que Hamdan a ete capture et detenu a l’occasion du conflit avec Al-Qaida et non au cours du conflit avec les Talibans, et puisque Al-Qaida, contrairement a l’Afghanistan, n’est pas un [Etat signataire] desdites conventions, les protections de ces conventions ne sont pas, soutient le gouvernement, applicables a Hamdan. Nous n’avons pas besoin de decider cet argument sur le fond car il est au moins une clause des Conventions de Geneve qui s’applique au cas d’espece, meme si le conflit en question n’en est pas un entre des parties contractantes. Art School! L’article 3, auquel on analysis on man se refere souvent comme Common Article 3 parce que, comme l’article 2, il est commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve, prevoit qu’en cas de « conflit qui n’ait pas de caractere international qui se deroulerait sur le territoire de l’un des Etats signataires, chaque partie au conflit serait tenue d’appliquer, au minimum », certaines clauses protegeant « les personnes qui ne prennent pas de part active a ces hostilites, y compris les membres des forces armees qui ont depose les armes et qui ont ete mis hors de combat par […] la detention ». Homework Sites! L’une de ces clauses interdit que des sentences soient prononcees et des executions mises en ?uvre sans que des jugements prealables soient rendus par une cour dument constituee, et reconnaissant toutes les garanties judiciaires qui sont admises comme etant indispensables par les nations civilisees [10] [10] Voir Hamdan c. Analysis! Rumsfeld, 548 U.S., p. Penalty Should Be Abolished! 73. Pope! . La Cour conceda que l’expression « cour dument constituee » n’est pas specifiquement definie ni dans le Common Article 3 ni dans les commentaires l’accompagnant, mais que d’autres sources venaient eclaircir le sens qu’on devait essentiellement lui donner. Thesis! Les tribunaux regulierement constitues incluent « les tribunaux militaires ordinaires » mais excluent « tous les tribunaux speciaux ». Essay Pope! L’un des traites de la Croix Rouge definit « les tribunaux regulierement constitues » tel que l’expression est utilisee dans l’article 3 commun comme signifiant « etabli et organise en conformite avec les lois et les procedures qui sont deja en vigueur dans un pays donne ». Persian Essay! Les tribunaux militaires regulierement constitues des Etats-Unis sont les cours martiales etablies par les lois du Congres, et non les commissions militaires etablies par le president Bush. La decision de la Cour forca l’administration a chercher aupres du Congres l’autorite legislative necessaire.

Hamdan marqua en effet un rejet clair et significatif du raisonnement legal et constitutionnel adopte par l’administration et pourtant les hauts fonctionnaires de la branche executive repondirent comme s’il n’etait pas de failles serieuses dans la structure et les procedures qu’ils avaient adoptees pour les commissions militaires. Analysis On Man! Au cours des auditions du Congres, les membres de la branche executive du gouvernement qui comparurent pour temoigner, furent d’avis qu’il suffisait au Congres d’adopter une loi qui endosserait ce que l’administration avait propose avant que la decision de la Cour n’ait ete rendue. Letters! Au cours d’une audition devant la commission des affaires judiciaires du Senat, le 11 juillet 2006, Steven Bradbury, haut responsable du departement de la Justice, affirma que la Haute Cour « n’avait pas aborde le pouvoir constitutionnel du president et ne s’etait prononcee sur le fond sur aucune question constitutionnelle » [11] [11] Temoignage de Steven G. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! Bradbury, 11 juillet 2006. Persian! . Essay On Man Pope! Il s’agit la d’un bien etrange argument. Persian Letters! Il est clair que la Cour s’est bel et bien prononcee sur une question constitutionnelle de fond lorsqu’elle rejeta la position de l’administration selon laquelle le president possedait une autorite suffisante aux termes de l’article II de la Constitution et n’avait nul besoin d’une loi du Congres. Analysis Essay! De plus, la Cour se fonda sur le pouvoir du Congres aux termes de l’article I de la Constitution afin d’adopter les Articles of thesis in cardiac War 21 et 36 et d’exiger que le president se conformat a ces articles. Analysis On Man! Bradbury tourna en derision la decision de la Cour en soulignant que « la notion meme selon laquelle les militaires devaient lire sur le champ de bataille aux ennemis combattants faits prisonniers leurs droits aux termes de la decision Miranda n’a aucun sens » [12] [12] Ibid. Resume! . Analysis Essay On Man Pope! Ces propos critiquaient implicitement la Cour pour une position qu’elle n’avait cependant jamais adoptee ou meme suggeree. Essay On Death! Bradbury insista que la Cour dans Hamdan « n’avait pas decide que les Conventions de Geneve dans leur ensemble s’appliquent a notre conflit avec Al-Qaida ou que les membres d’Al-Qaida ont droit aux privileges qui accompagnent le statut de prisonnier de guerre ». On Man Pope! La Cour a bel et bien affirme, cependant, que les criteres essentiels contenus dans l’article 3 commun aux Conventions de Geneve s’appliquent au conflit avec Al-Qaida [13] [13] Ibid. Essay University! . Bradbury prevint que l’article 3 commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve « devrait etre interprete comme s’appliquant uniquement aux transgressions serieuses ». Essay On Man Pope! Il considera qu’il etait « indeniable que certains des termes de l’article 3 commun etaient intrinsequement vagues », comme la prohibition concernant « les atteintes a la dignite des personnes », et notamment « les traitements humiliants et degradants ». Essay! Il souligna que le document etait vague quant au sens qu’il fallait donner aux « garanties judiciaires reconnues comme indispensables par les peuples civilises » [14] [14] Ibid., p. Analysis Essay On Man! 5. Essay Should Be Abolished! . Essay On Man! Au cours de ces memes auditions, Daniel Dell’Orto, du conseil juridique du departement de la Defense, entreprit lui aussi de critiquer la Cour de maniere injustifiee. Resume! Il invita le Congres a adopter des procedures « visant a eviter le resultat absurde qui reviendrait a reconnaitre des protections aux terroristes que les citoyens Americains ne recoivent pas devant les cours civiles » [15] [15] Declaration de Daniel Dell’Orto, Principal p. Analysis Essay On Man! 1 ; . Sites! . On Man Pope! Il ajouta qu’il n’etait simplement pas praticable en temps de guerre de reunir des preuves d’une facon conforme aux exigences strictes des procedures penales [16] [16] Ibid., p. Admission Essays! 2. Analysis On Man! . Persian Letters Essay! C’etait la une question a laquelle le Congres devait faire face en decidant si les preuves obtenues des detenus par la force pouvaient etre utilisees contre eux devant les tribunaux. Au cours d’auditions devant la Commission des services armes de la Chambre le 12 juillet 2006, un legislateur suggera : « nous pourrions simplement ratifier ce que la branche executive et le departement de la Defense ont fait et aller de l’avant ». Analysis Essay Pope! « Ce serait en effet une maniere souhaitable de proceder » [17] [17] Jonathan Weisman, “Battle Looms in admission custom writing university, Congress Over Military. On Man! , souligna Dell’Orto. Best Homework! Mais d’autres membres du Congres mirent en garde contre cet esprit cavalier. Analysis On Man Pope! Le senateur Lindsey Graham, fort de son experience d’avocat specialiste des questions militaires remarqua que « l’idee de valider les commissions militaires telles qu’elles avaient ete concues et etablies serait une erreur » [18] [18] Jonathan Weisman, “Senators Gain Momentum to art school Change. Essay Pope! . Les auditions du Congres revelerent une division importante entre les avocats civils et militaires au sein de l’administration.

Les avocats des services militaires s’opposaient au recours a des preuves fondees sur des ouie-dires ou obtenues par la force. Resume! Ils protestaient egalement contre la pratique selon laquelle des preuves fondees sur des informations classees secretes pouvaient etre communiquees a l’avocat de la defense mais pas a l’accuse [19] [19] R. Analysis Pope! Jeffrey Smith, “Top Military Lawyers Oppose Plan. Clerical! . Essay On Man Pope! Les avocats civils qui avaient redige les nouvelles procedures ne voyaient cependant pas d’inconvenient a denier aux accuses le droit de confronter les temoins a charge ou meme de leur refuser le droit d’etre presents a leur propre proces [20] [20] R. Clerical Resume! Jeffrey Smith, “White House Proposal Would Expand. Analysis! . Good! Pour John D. Analysis! Hutson, l’avocat le plus en vue de la Marine entre 1997 et 2000, les procedures proposees par l’administration lui permettraient d’opposer a un detenu : « Nous savons que vous etes coupable. Essay Penalty! Nous ne pouvons pas vous dire pour quelles raisons, mais il est une personne, dont on analysis on man ne peut vous dire qui elle est, qui nous a donne certaines informations a ce sujet. Admission! Nous ne pouvons pas vous dire quelles sont ces informations, mais vous en etes coupable » [21] [21] Ibid. On Man! . Essay! Si des informations ou des preuves sont classees secretes et ne peuvent etre partagees avec l’accuse, ou si l’identite d’un informateur ne peut etre revelee, il est une pratique qui consiste en ce que ce soit l’administration qui en subisse les consequences en abandonnant l’accusation [22] [22] Voir aussi Louis Fisher, In the analysis pope Name of art school National Security. Essay! . Les auditions du Congres soulignerent egalement l’importance de la reciprocite dans toute decision concernant les commissions militaires. Good Clerical! Au cours des auditions qui furent tenues devant la commission des services armes du Senat le 2 aout 2006, le senateur Graham avanca le raisonnement suivant : La reciprocite est le facteur essentiel qui me guide dans cette decision. Analysis Essay Pope! Ne faisons rien au sein de ce comite que nous ne souhaiterions pas voir appliquer a nos propres troupes. Essays! La question revient donc pour moi a se demander, si un soldat de l’armee americaine vient a etre juge en territoire etranger, souhaiterions-nous que ce proces soit mene de telle maniere que le jury puisse recevoir des informations concernant la culpabilite de l’accuse sans que cette information ne soit partagee avec l’accuse, et que cette personne soit soumise a la peine de mort ? Il m’est difficile d’accepter cette idee. Essay On Man Pope! Le fait d’informer l’avocat de l’accuse ne me satisfait pas non plus car je pense que la plupart des avocats ressentent une obligation morale et ethique de partager leurs informations avec leur client.

Ce que la Cour fit dans Hamdan revenait a restituer au Congres le pouvoir constitutionnel qui lui appartenait aux termes de l’article I de la Constitution, mais qu’il avait refuse d’exercer. Thesis In Cardiac Surgery! La decision enleva egalement aux mains de l’administration une procedure se fondant sur des commissions militaires qui etaient censees assurer « une justice rapide », mais qui avaient en fait echoue de maniere lamentable au cours des cinq dernieres annees a poursuivre en justice et a condamner ne serait-ce qu’un seul terroriste presume. Analysis On Man Pope! L’un des membres de la commission du Senat parla du systeme mis en place par l’administration comme d’« un effort desorganise mene par une poignee d’avocats relativement peu experimentes pour poursuivre en justice des accuses de petite envergure dans un proces qui apparait comme etant truque ». L’une des vertus d’une democratie est la possibilite de debattre de questions de politique publique de facon ouverte, ce qui oblige les hauts responsables a justifier et defendre leurs programmes et a obtenir l’autorite du pouvoir legislatif avant de les mettre en ?uvre. Good Clerical! Le succes n’est jamais garanti, mais cette maniere de proceder offre bien plus d’espoir et de legitimite que l’approche unilaterale, ancree dans le secret, pronee par l’administration. On Man Pope! Le president Bush et ses conseillers deciderent de transferer la tache de rediger le document des avocats de l’armee qui comprennent la loi militaire a ceux qui sont moins informes et qui mettent en avant des theories abstraites du pouvoir presidentiel et qui ont sans doute en vue leur avancement ou leur nomination a des positions de juges ou autres formes de retribution. Persian Letters Essay! Il s’agit la d’un modele a eviter a tout prix a l’avenir.

L’ Attorney General Alberto Gonzales comparut devant la Commission des services armes du Senat le 2 aout afin d’exposer les elements essentiels de la proposition de loi qui etait en cours de preparation. On Man Pope! Il proposa la redaction d’un nouveau code des commissions militaires ( Code of admission essay custom writing university Military Commissions ) qui suivrait le modele des procedures de cours martiales de l’UCMJ, mais qui serait adapte a l’usage dans les proces de combattants illegaux accuses de terrorisme. Analysis Pope! Le nouveau code suivrait une grande partie des procedures et des structures de l’UCMJ. Custom Writing! Les commissions militaires seraient presidees par un juge militaire autorise a rendre des decisions finales au cours du proces concernant les questions legales et la recevabilite des preuves, comme c’est le cas pour les cours martiales. Essay! Aussi, suivant toujours le modele des cours martiales, le juge militaire n’aurait pas le droit de voter au sein de la commission militaire. Letters Essay! Gonzales recommanda que l’on augmente le nombre minimum des membres de la commission a cinq au lieu de trois et que la commission comprenne douze membres dans les cas ou la peine de mort etait requise. Analysis Essay Pope! Il incomberait au gouvernement de prouver la culpabilite de l’accuse au-dela du doute raisonnable. Quant a l’article 3 commun, Gonzales temoigna que l’armee des Etats-Unis n’avait jamais auparavant applique les provisions des Conventions de Geneve en tant que critere de detention. On Death Should! Au lieu de cela, l’armee avait l’habitude d’appliquer les procedures speciales de la Convention aux combattants legaux captures en tant que prisonniers de guerre. Essay Pope! Il dit que plusieurs des provisions de l’article 3 commun interdisaient des actions qui sont universellement condamnees comme le « meurtre », la « mutilation », la « torture » et la « prise d’otages ». Admission! Il s’inquieta de ce que certain langage de l’article 3 commun (tel que l’« outrage a la dignite humaine ») et le « traitement humiliant et degradant » manquait de clarte et risquait de creer « un degre d’incertitude inacceptable pour ceux qui combattent pour nous defendre des attaques terroristes, particulierement parce qu’une violation de l’article 3 commun constitue un crime federal aux termes du War Crimes Act ».

Gonzales proposa que l’on clarifie l’article 3 commun a travers l’adoption de l’amendement McCain qui avait ete inclus dans le Detainee Treatment Act de 2005. Essay! Le langage de cet amendement, dit-il, etait « une interpretation raisonnable des provisions pertinentes de l’article 3 commun ». Essays! L’amendement McCain interdisait les punitions cruelles, inhumaines, ou degradantes. Essay! L’administration Bush considerait le critere etabli par l’amendement McCain comme etant en conformite avec nos obligations aux termes des dispositions pertinentes de l’article 3 commun et comme y apportant des eclaircissements utiles. Math Homework Sites! Au cours de l’audition, les senateurs tenterent de comprendre quel genre de techniques seraient permissibles pour interroger les detenus. Analysis On Man Pope! Le senateur Carl Levin demanda a Alberto Gonzales s’il pensait que l’admission de temoignages ou preuves obtenus par le biais de techniques comme « le supplice de l’eau, les positions stressantes, l’intimidation par le recours aux chiens, le manque de sommeil, [et] la nudite forcee » serait compatible avec l’article 3 commun. Admission! « Je ne peux imaginer qu’un tel temoignage puisse etre fiable ; en consequent, je pense qu’il est improbable qu’un juge militaire, quel qu’il soit, permette de tels temoignages comme faisant partie des preuves recevables », repondit l’ Attorney General . Lorsque la proposition de loi (S. Analysis On Man! 3861) de l’administration fut presentee au Senat le 7 septembre, elle inclut la provision suivante : « L’autorite du president d’etablir des commissions militaires resulte de ce que la Constitution a investi le president du pouvoir executif et du pouvoir de commandant en chef des forces armees » [23] [23] Congressional Record, vol. Persian Letters Essay! 152, 7 septembre 2006, p. Essay On Man Pope! . Good Clerical Resume! C’etait la la position que l’administration avait adoptee dans ses briefs legaux et ses arguments, et c’est la meme la position que la Cour repudia de facon claire et significative. Essay On Man! La Cour identifia l’autorite d’etablir des commissions militaires non pas comme etant attribuee au president aux termes de l’article II, mais plutot comme etant du ressort du Congres aux termes de l’article I, et tel que ce pouvoir etait traduit dans les articles 21 et 36 de l’UCMJ. Thesis In Cardiac Surgery! Si la declaration faite par l’administration dans la proposition avait ete correcte, la Cour aurait decide en faveur du president, non pas du Congres, et il n’y aurait pas eu besoin pour le president Bush de rechercher une autorite legislative statutaire aupres du Congres.

Cette provision dans la proposition de loi de l’administration fut eliminee lorsque la proposition de loi fut adoptee. Comme les negociations continuaient, il apparut que plusieurs senateurs republicains s’opposeraient au projet de loi que l’administration souhaitait voir adopter. Analysis Essay! Le president Bush mit en garde les senateurs republicains recalcitrants John Warner (Virginie), John McCain (Arizona), et Lindsey Graham (Caroline du sud) de ce qu’il mettrait fin a un programme d’interrogation de la CIA s’ils reussissaient a passer leur propre version d’une proposition de loi visant a reglementer la detention d’ennemis combattants [24] [24] Peter Baker, “GOP Infighting on best math homework Detainees Intensifies”. Analysis On Man Pope! . Math! D’autres senateurs republicains, dont Olympia Snowe (Maine), annoncerent leur intention de se joindre a cette opposition a l’administration. On Man Pope! Les articles de journaux et les revues de presse mirent en evidence ce mouvement de rebellion au sein des rangs republicains [25] [25] “How 3 G.O.P. Essay! Veterans Stalled Bush Detainee Bill”. Essay On Man Pope! . Letters! Au cours de cette periode, l’administration avait a peine suffisamment de votes pour gagner le soutien de la commission judiciaire de la Chambre afin d’adopter une proposition de loi soutenue par la Maison-Blanche [26] [26] Charles Babington, “House Panel Supports Tribunal Plan. On Man! . Essay! L’attention de la presse etait focalisee sur les dissidents republicains au Senat [27] [27] John M. Essay On Man Pope! Donnelly, “Detainee Treatment Fractures GOP. Clerical Resume! . Analysis Pope! Dans les jours qui s’ensuivirent, la resistance des senateurs republicains sembla faiblir et la Maison-Blanche reprit le dessus. Admission Essays! Les journaux affichaient maintenant des titres tels que “ Congress Clears Detainee Bill: Critics Question Constitutionality: Habeas Corpus Rights Are Denied; Coerced Confessions, Hearsay Evidence Are Allowed ” [28] [28] Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 2 octobre 2006. Analysis On Man Pope! . Math Sites! Un editorial dans le Washington Post , intitule “ Profiles in on man, Cowardice ”, decrivait les desseins politiques du president Bush comme pressant ses opposants a « se soumettre a sa volonte, allant ainsi a l’encontre de ce qu’ils jugeaient bon, ou de soulever une controverse qui permettrait a son parti de reprocher a l’opposition d’etre par trop faible ou laxiste a l’encontre du terrorisme. Persian Letters! Grace en partie a l’abdication des democrates, il avait en l’occurrence realise les deux buts a la fois » [29] [29] “Profiles in analysis pope, Cowardice”, The Washington Post, 1er octobre. Good! . Le Military Commissions Act de 2006 cree un chapitre a part dans le Title 10 du U.S. Analysis On Man Pope! Code qui regit la structure et les procedures des commissions militaires. Essay Penalty! Il definit un ennemi combattant comme etant toute personne qui « s’engage dans des hostilites ou qui a a dessein et concretement soutenu des hostilites contre les Etats-Unis ou ses allies », et toute personne qui « a ete designee comme etant un ennemi combattant par un Combatant Status Review Tribunal ou tout autre tribunal competent avant, apres, ou le jour meme de l’adoption du Military Commissions Act de 2006, ou par tout autre tribunal competent etabli sous l’autorite du president ou du secretaire de la Defense.

Un ennemi combattant legitime est une personne qui est membre des forces regulieres de l’une des parties contractantes, qui se trouve engage dans des hostilites contre les Etats-Unis ou qui porte un embleme distinctif reconnaissable a distance, qui porte ouvertement les armes et qui respecte le droit de la guerre. Analysis Essay! Une commission militaire etablie aux termes de ce chapitre est un tribunal regulierement constitue, reconnaissant toutes les garanties judiciaires necessaires qui sont reconnues comme etant indispensables aux peuples civilises pour les besoins de l’article 3 commun aux Conventions de Geneve. Resume! Plus loin dans le statut, dans la Section 5, il est enonce : « Aucune personne ne peut invoquer les Conventions de Geneve ou l’un quelconque de ses protocoles comme source de droits ou privileges dans des proces ayant trait a une demande de privilege d’ habeas corpus ou tout autre proces civil auquel les Etats-Unis, ou l’un de ses officiers, fonctionnaires, ou membres de ses services armes actuels ou ex-officiers, fonctionnaires, ou membres de ses services armes ou autre agent des Etats-Unis sont parties prenantes dans l’un quelconque des tribunaux des Etats-Unis, de ses Etats ou de ses territoires. Essay Pope! Les personnes sujettes a etre jugees devant des commissions militaires sont tout ennemi combattant illegitime etranger ». Quant aux procedures, cette loi prevoit que l’incrimination forcee de soi est interdite ( compulsory self-incrimination) . Good! Cependant, la loi entreprend ensuite de decrire les differents types de depositions obtenues par le biais de techniques coercitives. Analysis Essay On Man! Une deposition obtenue avant le 30 decembre 2005 (date du Detainee Treatment Act ) et dans l’obtention de laquelle le role de la coercition est en cause peut etre admise comme preuve seulement si le juge militaire determine que (1) les « circonstances dans leur ensemble rendent la deposition fiable et presentant une valeur suffisante en tant que preuve », et que (2) « les interets de la justice sont mieux servis par l’admission des depositions en question comme preuves recevables ». On Death Be Abolished! On est en droit de se demander, cependant, comment des preuves obtenues par la coercition peuvent etre considerees comme « fiables » et comme ayant valeur de preuve. Analysis Pope! Quant aux preuves obtenues apres l’adoption du Detainee Treatment Act , si le degre de recours a la coercition est en cause, les declarations peuvent etre admises seulement si le juge militaire determine les elements (1) et (2) susmentionnes, et constate que les methodes d’interrogation utilisees pour obtenir ces declarations ne s’apparentent pas au « traitement cruel, inhumain, ou degradant interdit aux termes de la section 1003 du Detainee Treatment Act de 2005 ». D’autres procedures qui sont egalement sujet a controverse ont trait a l’acces des accuses aux temoins et aux preuves avancees contre eux. Art School Admission Essays! L’accuse aura le droit de presenter des preuves pour assurer sa defense, de contre-interroger les temoins a charge, et d’examiner les preuves admises contre lui ou qui contribuent a determiner la sentence. Analysis Essay On Man! Ces garanties sont rendues plus complexes par le recours a des informations classees secretes ou confidentielles. Afin de proteger des informations confidentielles, le juge miliaire, sur la demande de l’administration, peut « permettre autant que faire se peut, (1) que certains elements des informations confidentielles soient effaces des documents qui doivent etre presentes comme preuves devant la commission militaire ; (2) la substitution d’une partie ou d’un resume de l’information emanant de ce document classe confidentiel ; ou (3) la substitution d’un enonce de faits pertinents que ces informations confidentielles seraient a meme de prouver ». In Cardiac Surgery! Mais supposons que le gouvernement supprime le nom de l’informateur ? Dans ce cas, l’accuse n’a ni le droit de confrontation, ni celui d’examiner les preuves presentees contre lui ou d’y repondre.

Il n’est pas tout a fait clair, dans le statut, si l’avocat de l’accuse pourra avoir acces a ce genre d’informations classees secretes. Essay On Man Pope! L’avocat de la defense « aura une opportunite raisonnable d’obtenir des temoins et autres preuves en conformite avec les reglements prescrits par le secretaire de la Defense ». Art School Admission Essays! L’etendue de ces opportunites sera decidee par la suite, par la branche executive du gouvernement. Essay On Man Pope! En ce qui concerne l’obligation d’enquete qui incombe au procureur, le juge militaire, sur la demande du conseil du gouvernement, « autorisera, autant que faire se peut, la suppression de certains elements specifiques dans les informations classees confidentielles qui doivent etre rendues disponibles a l’accuse, peut substituer une portion ou un resume des informations contenues dans des documents classes secrets, ou peut substituer/inclure une declaration admettant des faits pertinents que l’information classee secrete aurait pu prouver ». En ce qui concerne l’interpretation de traites et des obligations qui en resultent, le statut autorise le president a interpreter le sens et l’application des Conventions de Geneve « et de promulguer des criteres et des reglements administratifs plus rigoureux pour la violation d’obligations resultant de traites qui ne constituent pas des infractions graves aux Conventions de Geneve ». Penalty Should Be Abolished! Le president emettra de telles interpretations par Executive Order et les fera publier dans le Federal Register . Analysis On Man! Tout Executive Order qui sera ainsi publie aura autorite de loi (excepte en ce qui concerne des violations graves de l’article 3 commun) en tant que faisant partie des lois americaines au meme titre que les autres reglements administratifs. Thesis In Cardiac! Bien que ces Executive Orders fassent autorite, ils ne sont pas necessairement executoires et exclusifs. Analysis Essay! Le statut prevoit que « rien dans cette section ne sera interprete de maniere a affecter les fonctions constitutionnelles et les responsabilites du Congres et de la branche judiciaire des Etats-Unis ». Le statut inclut une section qui tente de definir la responsabilite legale des officiers americains qui interrogent les detenus. Admission Essays! Quand sont-ils susceptibles d’etre soumis a des poursuites judiciaires aux termes du War Crimes Act ? Le terme « violation serieuse de l’article 3 commun » signifie toute conduite definie aux termes de neuf sous-titres, mais le langage dans chaque cas exige qu’il y ait une intention. Analysis On Man! Ainsi, l’interdiction de la torture est definie de cette maniere : « L’acte d’une personne qui commet, ou conspire en vue de commettre, ou tente de commettre, une action specifiquement intentionnee afin d’infliger des douleurs ou des souffrances physiques ou mentales severes (autres que les peines et souffrances resultant de sanctions legales) sur toute autre personne sous sa garde dans le but d’obtenir une information ou une confession, une punition, intimidation, coercition, ou autre raison fondee sur une discrimination de quelque sorte que ce soit ». In Cardiac! Qu’en est-il si « l’intention specifique » est d’obtenir une information et la peine physique ou mentale est corollaire et non intentionnelle ? Y a-t-il dans ces conditions une responsabilite aux termes du War Crimes Act ? La Cour Supreme rejeta dans Hamdan c. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! Rumsfeld l’argument de l’administration selon lequel le president a le pouvoir, aux termes de l’article II, de creer des commissions militaires et de determiner leurs structures et leurs procedures.

La Cour exigea que le president Bush obtienne une autorisation statutaire du Congres aux termes de l’article I de la Constitution. Letters Essay! « Sans doute l’effet le plus significatif de la decision, longue de 185 pages, est, comme le souligne le Washington Post , qu’elle rejeta la these du president Bush selon laquelle la necessite de mener une guerre globale contre le terrorisme lui donnait des pouvoirs extraordinaires qui se situaient au-dela de la juridiction des tribunaux. Essay On Man Pope! La decision rappelle le « devoir de la Cour en temps de guerre comme en temps de paix de preserver les sauvegardes constitutionnelles de la liberte civile » [30] [30] Eugene Robinson, “Checking the in cardiac Decider”, The Washington. Essay On Man! . Homework! Cependant, bien qu’il y ait eu une resistance substantielle de la part du Congres au cours des premiers stades des negociations entre les branches executive et legislative concernant la redaction de la proposition de loi, la resistance du corps legislatif s’affaiblit petit a petit et la Maison-Blanche sembla l’emporter sur les points essentiels du debat. Analysis Pope! Les membres du Congres n’avaient pas affirme leur pouvoir sur l’etablissement de commissions militaires tout au long des cinq annees qui s’ecoulerent depuis les attaques du 11 septembre 2001. On Death Penalty Should Be Abolished! Lorsqu’il leur fut demande de ce faire par la Haute cour, ils montrerent tres peu d’interet ou de confiance en leurs capacites institutionnelles en exercant un role constitutionnel independant et en insufflant une vie nouvelle au systeme de freins et de contrepoids. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! L’on peut esperer qu’a la suite des prononces de la Cour dans Hamdan c. Should! Rumsfeld , et des recentes elections legislatives, le Congres se montrera plus determine a agir de nouveau de maniere plus affirmee et a retablir l’equilibre des pouvoirs entre l’Executif et le Legislatif. Les elections legislatives de 2006 donnent aux democrates l’occasion de reorienter la direction generale de la politique de l’administration americaine. On Man! A travers ces elections, le public a clairement repudie la politique de l’administration actuelle, que ce soit en ce qui concerne la guerre en Irak ou pour ce qui est de la reponse qu’elle a apportee a des desastres naturels tels que l’ouragan Katrina . Writing University! Du temps d’un Congres controle par une majorite de republicains, les enquetes du Congres etaient relativement limitees et contraintes. Analysis On Man! Desormais, avec une majorite de Democrates au sein du Senat et de la Chambre des representants, les commissions du Congres sont en mesure de mener des enquetes approfondies.

Et la question de savoir a quel point ces commissions d’enquete seront efficaces dependra en grande mesure du choix de leurs objectifs et de l’objet ou du sujet de ces enquetes. Best Homework! L’opinion publique se montrera certainement favorable a des enquetes qu’elle jugera legitimes, telles que celles qui porteraient par exemple sur la corruption potentielle de certaines entreprises de construction avec lesquelles l’administration a traite en Irak. Analysis Essay On Man! Afin d’eviter l’embarras potentiel et de serieux dommages politiques, l’administration pourrait bien sur decider d’opposer une resistance a de telles enquetes – mais elle ne pourrait le faire qu’au risque de paraitre s’engager deliberement dans une obstruction a la justice et de se livrer a un camouflage de verites auquel le public a droit. Art School Admission Essays! Le Congres a a sa disposition des moyens considerables pour obtenir l’acces aux dossiers et aux temoignages de hauts fonctionnaires de l’Executif. Analysis Essay! En effet, les commissions d’enquetes du Congres peuvent emettre des subpoenas (citations a comparaitre), declarer des fonctionnaires en outrage, et invoquer d’autres mesures. Essay Penalty Should Be Abolished! Au cours des six dernieres annees, les democrates ont mene leurs propres enquetes au sujet d’eventuelles mauvaises conduites au sein de la branche executive.

Cependant, etant desormais le parti majoritaire au sein des deux chambres du Congres, il peuvent demander de facon officielle que les departements concernes soumettent tout document requis par le biais de subpoenas , et que les fonctionnaires de l’Executif comparaissent pour temoigner sous serment. Analysis On Man Pope! Le Congres a non seulement le pouvoir constitutionnel mais egalement le devoir de calibrer la politique nationale lorsque cela s’avere necessaire. Thesis Surgery! En consequence, le public americain devrait bientot etre en mesure de mieux comprendre ce qui a ete accompli au nom de pouvoirs inherents tels que ceux invoques dans les briefs presentes au nom de l’administration dans Hamdan c. Analysis Essay Pope! Rumsfeld . Louis Fisher est specialiste pres la Bibliotheque du Congres charge de la bibliotheque juridique. Good Clerical Resume! Il a ete specialiste senior dans le chapitre Separation des Pouvoirs au sein du Service de recherche du Congres. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! Auteur de plus de 15 ouvrages, dont American Constitutional Law , et plus de 300 articles, Louis Fisher fut a deux reprises recipiendaire du prix Louis Brownlow de l’Academie nationale d’administration publique, pour Presidential Spending Power (1975) et Constitutional Dialogues (1988). Persian! En 2000, les presses de la State University of analysis New York ont edite Politics and persian essay, Constitutionalism: The Louis Fisher Connection , collection de huit essais qui analysent l’ensemble de son ?uvre. Nada Mourtada-Sabbah est professeur invitee de droit public a l’universite Paris II et directrice du departement de relations internationales de l’universite americaine de Sharjah (AUS). Jane Mayer, “The Hidden Power”, The New Yorker , 3 juillet 2006, vol. On Man Pope! 82, N° 20, pp.

44-45 ; Peter Baker et Michael Abramowitz, “A Governing Philosophy Rebuffed”, The Washington Post , 30 juin 2006, p. Admission! A 01. Analysis Essay Pope! Les conseillers juridiques de la C.I.A., et les conseillers juridiques des differents services militaires furent eux aussi surpris a l’annonce du decret militaire. Persian! Aucun d’entre eux n’avait ete consulte. Analysis Essay! John Bellinger III, le conseiller juridique du Conseil de securite nationale et conseiller juridique adjoint de la Maison-Blanche, a qui l’on avait formellement confie la tache de creer une procedure legale pour le jugement de personnes etrangeres soupconnees d’actions terroristes, n’etait pas non plus informe de ce decret qui aurait ete redige dans le secret par David Addington et certains de ses collaborateurs. Math Sites! Sur John Bellinger, voir « Le droit international, nouvel ecueil aux relations transatlantiques ? », Politique americaine , N° 4, Printemps 2006, pp. Analysis! 41-51. Brief for letters essay Respondents, Hamdan c. On Man! Rumsfeld , N° 05-184, Cour Supreme des Etats-Unis, fevrier 2006, p. Essay Writing University! 21. Voir Jane Mayer, art. Analysis Essay On Man! cit. Clerical! , pp. Essay Pope! 44-45. Hamdan c. Clerical! Rumsfeld , 126 S.Ct. Analysis Pope! 2749, 2006.

L’article 3 commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve est applicable aux conflits armes non internationaux et enonce en quoi consiste un minimum de traitement humain. En cas de conflit arme ne presentant pas un caractere international et surgissant sur le territoire de l’une des hautes parties contractantes, chacune des Parties au conflit sera tenue d’appliquer au moins les dispositions suivantes : 1. Essay University! Les personnes qui ne participent pas directement aux hostilites, y compris les membres de forces armees qui ont depose les armes et les personnes qui ont ete mises hors de combat par maladie, blessure, detention, ou pour toute autre cause, seront, en toutes circonstances, traitees avec humanite, sans aucune distinction de caractere defavorable basee sur la race, la couleur, la religion ou la croyance, le sexe, la naissance ou la fortune, ou tout autre critere analogue. A cet effet, sont et demeurent prohibes, en tout temps et en tout lieu, a l’egard des personnes mentionnees ci-dessus : les atteintes portees a la vie et a l’integrite corporelle, notamment le meurtre sous toutes ses formes, les mutilations, les traitements cruels, tortures et supplices ; les prises d’otages ; les atteintes a la dignite des personnes, notamment les traitements humiliants et degradants ; les condamnations prononcees et les executions effectuees sans un jugement prealable, rendu par un tribunal regulierement constitue, assorti des garanties judiciaires reconnues comme indispensables par les peuples civilises. Voir Hamdan c. Essay On Man Pope! Rumsfeld , 548 U.S., p. Admission Essay University! 73. Jonathan Weisman, “Battle Looms in analysis on man pope, Congress Over Military Tribunals”, The Washington Post , 13 juillet 2006, p. Homework! A6. Jonathan Weisman, “Senators Gain Momentum to essay pope Change Military Tribunal System”, The Washington Post , 15 juillet 2006, p. Should Be Abolished! A6. R. Essay On Man! Jeffrey Smith, “Top Military Lawyers Oppose Plan for homework Special Courts”, The Washington Post , 3 aout 2006, p. Analysis Essay Pope! A11. R. Persian! Jeffrey Smith, “White House Proposal Would Expand Authority of essay Military Courts”, The Washington Post , 2 aout 2006, p. Be Abolished! A4.

Voir aussi Louis Fisher, In the essay Name of persian letters essay National Security: Unchecked Presidential Power and essay on man pope, the Reynolds Case , 2006, pp. Best Homework! 230-240. Congressional Record , vol. Analysis Essay Pope! 152, 7 septembre 2006, p. Letters! S9113. Peter Baker, “GOP Infighting on analysis essay Detainees Intensifies”, The Washington Post , 16 septembre 2006, p. Custom University! A1. “How 3 G.O.P.

Veterans Stalled Bush Detainee Bill”, The New York Times , 17 septembre 2006, p. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! 1. Charles Babington, “House Panel Supports Tribunal Plan, 20 to math homework sites 19”, The Washington Post , 21 septembre 2006, p. Essay Pope! A6. John M. Surgery! Donnelly, “Detainee Treatment Fractures GOP: Influential senators’ challenge to on man pope Bush proposal on thesis in cardiac terrorist suspects keeps issue at essay, cutting edge of good security debate”, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report , 18 septembre 2006, p. Analysis Essay On Man! 2458. Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report , 2 octobre 2006, p. Art School Admission! 2624. “Profiles in analysis on man, Cowardice”, The Washington Post , 1 er octobre 2006, p. Art School Admission! B6.

Eugene Robinson, “Checking the on man pope Decider”, The Washington Post , 30 juin 2006, Editorial, p. Essay Should! A27. Cairn.info utilise des cookies a des fins de statistiques. On Man Pope! Ces donnees anonymes nous permettent ainsi de vous offrir une experience de navigation optimale. Writing University! En continuant votre visite vous acceptez de recevoir ces cookies. Essay On Man Pope! Vous pouvez toutefois les desactiver dans les parametres de votre navigateur web.

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pe synoptic essay Synoptic problem appeared when scholars compared first three Gospels, Matthew, Mark and Luke and found them very similar to one another. That is the why Gospels by Matthew, Mark and Luke are united in the section of analysis, Synoptic Gospels. Essay On Death. The word ?synoptic?? derives from essay on man Greek language and means something united together by common views. These three Gospels can be viewed together and together they create one and the same picture. Problems which arise concerning these Gospels are based on the idea of some researches that all three Gospels are very alike and may derive from persian letters essay one written source.

There are things which are similar in analysis essay pope all three Gospels. Some things are similar only in two of three Gospels. For example, there are things, which are similar between Gospels of Mark and Matthew, and surgery, there are things, which are similar between Mark’s and Luke’s Gospels. Today there are four official scientific versions of analysis essay, relationship between three gospels which correspond to the appropriate hypotheses. The first version presumes Markan priority and refers to Farrer Hypothesis and Two-Documents Hypothesis. Good Resume. In accordance with this version, Mark’s work is an analysis essay on man, original and in cardiac, the other two are copied from analysis it. The second version, Matthean priority is based on thesis in cardiac surgery Augustinian hypothesis which presents the Gospel of Matthew as the primary source, which was copied by Mark, which, in its turn, was copied by Luke. Analysis Essay Pope. The third version is the so-called Lukan priority. It presumes that Luke was first, then Mark copied his work from it and at last Matthew copied Mark. In accordance with the fourth version, Markan posteriority, it was Mark who combined both, Matthew and admission, Luke’s gospels.

The Gospel of analysis pope, John is the last of four canonic Gospels. It was written later than the other three Gospels and differs from admission essays them in style and composition. The Gospel of John is the on man pope, most controversial of all Gospels. Clerical. There are a lot of doubtful questions about the analysis essay on man, authorship, the good, date of composition and sources of the Gospel. The authorship of the fourth Gospel is still doubtful. In the Gospel the author defines himself as a ?Beloved Disciple?? and this phrase is usually associated with John the Apostle.

This fact has become the evidence of John’s authorship. ?The supposition that the author was one and the same with the beloved disciple is often advanced as a means of insuring that the evangelist did witness Jesus’ ministry?? ( The Anchor Bible Dictionary , v. 3, pp. 919-920). At the same time, there is no evidence in the text that the author was the pope, one who eye witnessed the scene. Essay On Death Should Be Abolished. There are only descriptions of the scene but 19:35 does not claim that the analysis on man pope, author was the one who witnessed the scene but only that the scene is related on the sound basis of eyewitness. [1] At the same time most of the scholars find these proofs insufficient and do not believe them to be enough to put the authorship of the Gospel under doubt. Most of the scholars agree with the assumption that the Epistle of John was written before 100 AD. They give such arguments as the lack of mention about the destruction of the temple as the main argument of the composition of the Gospel before 100. Some scientists who find the resemblance with the Epistle of Mark name the date about art school admission essays 90 AD, others propose even earlier dates, such as 50-70. [2] “The earliest date for the gospel hinges upon essay the question of surgery, whether or not it presupposes the destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. Most agree that it does, although there have been persistent attempts to argue otherwise. Essay On Man. The reasons for homework positing a post-70 date include the view of the Temple implicit in 2:13-22. Most would argue that the passage attempts to present Christ as the replacement of the Temple that has been destroyed”. [3]

There is an idea that there existed an account of Christ’s life, birth, death and resurrection and this source was used by Mark, Luke and Matthew for their Gospels. Another possible explanation of similarities between three gospels is an idea that Mark, Luke and Matthew copied each others works. Scientists state that similarities between first three Gospels can not be explained by coincidence only. Not only events described are similar but also the language by all three authors is also very alike. The main task of scientist has become to find out the pope, kind of connection which exists between these Gospels.

Augustine, a recognized authority of religious thought, became the first person to give an idea that the first Gospel war written by Matthew, the second one by be abolished Mark and the third one by Luke. Pope. Each author relied on the earlier ones in his writings. In our time such an order has become a canonic one and that is the way Gospels are usually written in the Bible. Later appeared a theory which got the name the Two Documents Hypothesis. According to this theory, the first Gospel was written by Mark. Essay On Death Should Be Abolished. Luke and Matthew used the Gospel of Mark and some written sayings of Jesus and composed their two gospels at the same time. This theory is based on essay on man pope the assumption that Luke’s and Matthew’s Gospels are based on the two sources and the name of the theory reflects this assumption. Simple calculations prove this assumption. The Gospel of Mark contains 661verses. Only 31 of these verses are not repeated in Luke or Matthew.

About 600 verses are repeated in Matthew and more than 200 are repeated in both Luke and admission essay writing, Matthew’s Gospels. The next theory got the on man, name Q-theory. It is based on the assumption that all three gospels derive fro one common source. This source is called ?Quelle?? in German and that is the reason document is referred to custom university, as Q-document and the theory got the name after this document.[4] Common information which probably derives from Q-document can be found in all three Gospels. In addition to this Q-information, each of the Gospels contains different information peculiar to community to which belonged the author.

The synoptic problem has no one definite solution yet. Each theory has strong and week points. Q theory has considerable counterparts. The theory is analysis essay on man pope based on essays the assumption that there exists Q text of Q Gospel which is common for all three Gospels. The theory is proved by essay on man the fact that most probably the authors of three Synoptic Gospels were not directs witnesses of the event described and this way they should have used some kind of written source as a source for their Gospels. From the other side there is no any reliable evidence that Q Gospel exist in reality. This Q text is only a hypothesis of the scientists. There was not found not a single evidence that this kind of on death penalty should, text ever existed. There was not found any single manuscript which could be considered to be Q text.

Other sources also do not mention this text. In addition in the early sermons there are no references to this text. There is another strong argument against analysis essay pope Q theory. According to essay, historical data Gospels of Mark , Luke and Matthew were written between 50 and 65 A.D. Many Church fathers refer to this gospels in their sermons. If the Gospels were written during the time described Mark, Luke and Matthew must have been the direct witnesses of the essay, events they wrote about. Opponents of Q theory also state that similarities in text should be considered a normal thing since all three authors heard same sermons by Jesus and by down his words the same way. These similarities only in cardiac, prove that all three writers witnessed same things. In addition many specialists do not reject an idea that Mark, Luke and Matthew used other sources when writing their gospels but they do not put so much meaning to this fact.

These researches believes that Mark, Luke and Matthew really eye witnessed events the described and used some additional material only to add credibility to the things they wrote. In addition in many cases the authors wrote themselves that they used some sources for their Gospels. They saw nothing wrong in addressing other sources and confessed that. There are many evidence for and against analysis pope Q concept. The reasons against this theory is manly based on good resume the idea that there was not find material proves of the existence of Q text. If these kind of essay pope, evidence appear Q theory will definitely become one of the main ones. There are other theories and hypothesis concerning the origin and good clerical, order of the synthetic gospels.

These hypotheses include the Farrer hypothesis, the Parker hypothesis, the Griesbach hypothesis and some others, which are more hypothetical and less reliable. In accordance with the on man pope, Farrer hypothesis, the penalty should, first Gospel was written by Mark. Matthew’s Gospel is based on essay on man pope this first one and much later Luke wrote the third Gospel which is a combination of the first two. The opponents of the Parker hypothesis state that at first a proto-Matthew was written as an addition to Q. The Mark Gospel was created on university the ground of the proto-Matthew’s one with some new elements and features added. Analysis Essay Pope. At that very time Luke created his version independently, although in his work we can also find elements of all the essay on death penalty, previous ones: proto-Matthew, Mark and Q and other sources, which were later used by John.

This peculiarity explains the close connection between the Gospel of Luke and later the analysis essay on man pope, Gospel of John. The Griesbach hypothesis is also well known. This hypothesis argues that Matthew was the first who wrote his gospel. The second was Luke who used Matthew’s materials and the third was Mark who thoroughly analyzed both gospels, chose facts that coincided in both works and essay university, made his version taking into account all the details. The representatives of these hypotheses accept one common thing that there was one evangelist who first wrote the on man, gospel and the other two are only his followers and their writing are based on this very first work. Letters. However, there is another group of researchers who argue that all three gospels were written independently. The bright representative of this school is Eta Linnenmann. She states that all three evangelists wrote independent works and the coincidence presented in on man pope them is only accidental. This theory is also the clerical resume, basement of Christian belief. According to Bible, the essay on man pope, Holy Spirit inspired all the evangelists and it is senseless to look for any documents that can prove or disprove the evidence of the data described. Mark is a middle term between Matthew and Luke.

Specifically, the following scenarios are logically possible: the custom writing, content of all three gospels coincide to on man, a particular degree and math, this material forms the Triple Tradition. In Matthew’s work we can find 91% of Mark’s content, while in Luke we see 53% of analysis pope, Mark’s writings. The most part of the Triple Tradition makes Mark’s material, due to this fact some researchers propose the so-called Markan Tradition instead of the best math homework, Triple one. Essay On Man. In general, the Triple Tradition consists of narrative with elements of saysing material. Along with the Triple Tradition it is necessary to speak about the Double Tradition. In Matthew’s gospel we can find 25% of Luke’s content, however, this content is not presented in Mark’s work. Good Clerical. The Double Tradition is presented by sayings, which mostly include Jesus’ saying, and a few miracle stories. If to speak about the unique material presented, in essay the Gospel of Mark it makes only 3%, in the Gospel of Mathew’s it composes 20%, while in the last work ?? the Gospel of Luke ?? it is 35%.[5] The order of the material is of great importance for art school the modern researchers because it can help to find the truth about the on man pope, primary source and so solve the synoptic problem, at last.

The fact that the order in the Gospel of Matthew and best, Mark coincides, especially taking into account that the texts are arranged in on man pope accordance with the topical order, not the the chronological one, is very interesting. This common topical arrangement can be the evidence that both works are closely connected. The arrangements of the Triple Tradition may be considered from another side too. Custom Writing. The materials prove that Matthew’s or Luke’s order always supports Mark’s order. This fact can be the background of the evidence of the Griesbach Hypothesis, however, on the other hand, another group of scientists state that this evidence cannot be statistically meaningful and significant. ?Since Matthew’s deviations are toward the beginning and Luke’s are towards the end, it is not surprising that both Matthew and Luke rarely re-ordered the analysis essay on man, same Marcan pericope??. Math. [6] Even in this question there cannot be found any precise data. This fact makes the researches in the sphere of essay on man pope, synoptic problem complicated. The main problem and subject of controversy concerning Synoptic Gospels debate is a debate whether the clerical resume, authors of these gospels were originally inspired by God or Holy Spirit or they were only analysis essay pope, rewritten from other sources. This question becomes very meaningful for all religions people who view the Bible as holy text inspired by God. Art School Admission Essays. Different theory, which explain different view on Synoptic problem have their opponents and proponents but there is no one theory which would give explanations which would satisfy everybody.

[1] The Anchor Bible Dictionary, (Oxford University Press 1998), 919-920. [2] Graham N. Stanton, The Gospels and Jesus, (The Oxford Bible Series, 1989) 258. [3] The Anchor Bible Dictionary, (Oxford University Press 1998) 920. [4] The Full Life Study Bible (NIV). Donald C. Stamps, General Editor. Grand Rapids, (Michigan: Zondervan Publishing Company, 1990), 158. [5] Colloquy on New Testament Studies: A Time for Reappraisal and Fresh Approaches , Bruce C. Corley, ed., (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1983), 27. [6] Warfield, Benjamin. 1889.

The Authority Inspiration of the Scriptures, (Oxford Uniresity Press, 2006). Retrieved June 10, 2008 from http://homepage.mac.com/shanerosenthal/reformationink/bbwauthority.htm. THANK YOU, THIS HELPED A LOT IN MY RESEARCH, SCHOOL PROJECT.

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?A country I like to essay on man pope visit – Spain Essay. Qoutes about best math sites spain. Analysis Pope! “Barcelona are my favorite team in Spain, let#8217;s put it that way.” – Frank Lampard “In the admission essay custom writing, last 1,000 years, the Arabs have translated as many books as Spain translates in just one year.” – Larry Elder. “It#8217;s like a dream to come to essay on man Spain and stay for a couple of years and get somebody to teach me Spanish music.” Lenny Kravitz. Table of contents. Country Geography Climate ___ 4. History Money Population _____ _5. Political – Famous People 6. Interesting places to visit – Traditions Culture______________ 7. Reference List 8. I choose to write about the Spain for our English A course project work because the country has always interested me due to thesis in cardiac its beautiful soccer and spectral climate.

I would rather call Spain the country of soccer, since two of the world’s best soccer teams are there; Barcelona and Real Madrid. But there is more to it; the summer of analysis on man pope course. Travel to Spain would be a great experience for me since I have heard a lot about the country from friends and seen amazing pictures. Besides the soccer, the country climate is one of the reasons I’d like to visit Spain for. They have a subtropical climate with wild winters and beautiful summers. Homework! Through this project work my knowledge will increase about this country, and the subjects I will bring up will be: * History and on man, Language. * Population Famous People. * Interesting places to best math sites visit. Reino de Espana Kingdom of Spain.

46 million estimated. monarchy, unitary state. King Juan Carlos. Spain is a constitutional monarchy and is officially called the Kingdom of Spain. The country#8217;s capital is analysis Madrid and surgery, Barcelona comes in as the second largest city in the country. The country is located in essay the Liberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. The name Spain comes from the Roman name for persian, Hispania. National Day is 12th October. The official language is Spanish. Spain’s economy is the 7th largest in the world. Essay! Spain is the main tourist destinations for Swedes (nearly 1 million passengers every year) and about 65 000 Swedish people living in the country. There are high mountains such as the Sierra Nevada and the Pyrenees, the highest point in Spain#8217;s Teide on Tenerife and is 3,718 meters above sea level.

Spain is one of the countries that contain mostly mountains in Europe. The mountain chains Pyrenees and the Sierra Nevada is dominant in persian essay the northeastern and southern parts of the country, while the Cantabrian Mountain rises 2500 meters above sea level in the north. There is a high plain in the middle of the country with almost no trees, poor soils and a harsh climate. The highlands are surrounded by analysis essay on man pope, valleys, in many places formed by the rivers Ebro and good resume, Guadalquivir. The beach areas of north and along with south are grasslands.

The heights matters between its regions which decide the climatic variations. The northern coast has a typical Atlantic climate, while further south is much warmer. In the central surroundings, it may be up to analysis on man pope 40 degrees in summer and persian essay, far colder than the rest of the country during the winter months. Essay On Man Pope! Nature disasters and fire from the hot temperature during the summer threatens the large forested areas in the country and the authorities have carried out growing programs to save the forests. Spain is usually split in different climatic zones the Mediterranean coast, the northern Atlantic coast and the Canary Islands. The area around the Mediterranean Sea has mild winters and a subtropical climate and high rainfall during spring and fall. The Atlantic coast has quite a lot of precipitation, even in winter, and calm summers.

The Canary Islands have a subtropical climate, with fine and letters essay, mild weather with temperatures between 18-24 degrees all year. Analysis Essay! The northern regions are cool and tropical, but the central plateau is cold in the winter and hot in the summer, Barcelona is a city located in good clerical resume this climate zone. Madrid has a winter average of 8°C and a summer average of 23°C. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! In the southern regions the climate is comfortable except in admission essay writing the summer. The Phoenicians and Carthaginians ruled Spain until the year, 200 BC, when the analysis pope, Romans conquered the area and founded the province of Hispania.

When the Roman Empire went under the 400-century, Spain fell under different rulers, before the country was conquered by Arab forces, and was under Bagdad Khalifas of 700#8217;s. In the following centuries the Arabic Spain was advanced to a cultural, technical and economic center in southern Europe. Admission Essay Custom Writing! In 1200s the Arabs lost control of essay on man pope Spain and was forced to the south and penalty be abolished, Spain was divided into several territories like today which later end of the 1400#8217;s they counted as a single kingdom. Christopher Columbus#8217; trips to analysis essay on man pope South and Central America made these areas belong into the Spanish Empire, later grew into the strongest in the West. During the 1500 and admission essay writing, 1600#8217;s, when Spain experienced economic collapse and with population decreasing, a lot of people moved to the colonies in South America, which became more and more independent.

In the essay on man pope, 1800s Spain lost all its major colonies in South America and reduced back to an irrelevant European state. After years of dictatorship, the civil war exploded in 1936, a war that was won by the forces of the fascist Francisco Franco, who ruled the good resume, country with a strong hand until his death in 1975. With this history Spain has developed into an important country in the European and global politics and trade. Spain#8217;s GDP is around $ 11,200 per capital. Spain#8217;s currency is the Euro. 1 Euro is almost 9 Swedish Kr.

The country’s economy depends mostly on tourism; it gets more than 70 million visitors per year. Ever since Spain joined the EU, there has been much better for them economically. Spain is the fifth most populated country in Europe, and the third largest country in Europe. Throughout Spain, there are nearly 46 million citizens. There are about 500 million people who mastered the Spanish language in on man pope the world. The majority of the population of Spain lives on the coast. 80% of the population lives in cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Sevilla. It is expected that the normal lifespan of men is about 73 years, and resume, among women 83 years. Almost 1.5 million Spanish citizens live in poorness in Spain and that more than half of the poor people are less than 25 years old, most of on man pope them on the border to Portugal. There are about 15 million families were there the adults does not have a job.

Spain is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. Elections are held every four years. Parliament has two chambers: the art school essays, Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The country is analysis essay pope divided into resume 17 self-governing regions, with varying degrees of independent and their own regional parliaments and governments. The Constitution introduced 1978th that Spain is a member of the EU and NATO. Spain’s current politic is more like the Swedish one; with prime minister and the king as head of state. Much of Spain#8217;s current politics was formed by analysis pope, the fact that Spain was a dictatorship until 1975.

Franco named Juan Carlos as Head of State 1969. Juan Carlos started the voting for democratic process of Spain after Franco#8217;s death, and among the very first thing he did was to call a general election. Spain’s current government Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero major tasks now compromises with Catalonia and the peace negotiations with ETA / Batasuna. Fernando Torres is a Spanish soccer player who have been playing English club Chelsea in the Premier League since 2011. Torres became historical when he became the youngest ever to play an letters essay A team game for Atletico Madrid and essay on man pope, also the youngest to be appointed as captain when he was 19 years old. Raul Gonzalez Blanco is a professional Spanish soccer player. He played for thesis in cardiac, Real Madrid#8217;s team since 1994 and has been captain since 2003, when Fernando Hierro left the club. He has played 741 games and made 323 goals, he#8217;s club record for the number of matches, the number of goals in the league and the number of goals in total. On Man Pope! Meanwhile, the club won the league six times and the Champions League three times. Interesting place to visit. Barcelona is one of the most popular cities.

It has an active nightlife, wonderful climate and clerical, spectacular soccer. Barcelona attracts people from analysis essay pope all over the world and writing, has become known as one of Europe#8217;s largest entertainment cities. Tourist can visit museums and explore the analysis essay, bars in the center. And if you’re interested in historical buildings you can visit Madrid, which offers many beautiful buildings created in the past. Bull Fighting: An honorable sport, it was introduced by Gonzalo Argote de Molinain. The sport is practiced in two different ways, either the rider or his mount was to face the bull directly or they practically sideswiped the animal trying to spear it during the fight. This is one of the most dangerous and unique sport of Spain and admission essay custom writing, an important part of the traditions in Spain.

Spain has an outstanding reputation in the world of football. The Spain’s follow passionately their national team and of course the successful squad La Selection. The Spanish league is filled with star players from on man pope around the world. Thesis In Cardiac! The league is one of the biggest and most popular and essay, followed by millions of fans around the world. The last few years have been very successful for Spanish football. Squad is the ruling European champion and art school admission, was recently ranked first in essay on man pope the FIFA world rankings.

Flamenco in Spain. Flamenco is a Spanish art form with songs, music and dance, whose foundation is unknown. Musically influence shows that they come from many sources, such as India, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and several other countries along the Mediterranean Sea. The songs, which often show strong emotions, are told with music as handclaps, guitars, Cajon. It’s probably the most famous Spanish tradition. http://gospain.about.com/od/spanishlife/tp/spanish_customs_traditions_spain.htm http://www.youthsoccerskills.com/stylesandculture/spain.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spain. Historical altas 2009-11-05 by Cargo Int.

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Deputy Chief, Bureau Of Engineering. Boston , MA 02133. The Department of Conservation and Recreation manages one of the essay largest and most diverse state parks systems in the nation and protects and enhances natural resources and outdoor recreational opportunities throughout Massachusetts. The DCR system includes over in cardiac 450,000 acres of parks, forests, water supply protection lands, beaches, lakes, ponds, playgrounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, golf courses, trails and analysis essay on man, parkways. The Department of Conservation and Recreation seeks qualified applicants for art school essays the position of Deputy Chief of on man Engineering. The Bureau of Engineering is organized into nine Sections; Transportation, Parks and Facilities, Permittingand Accident Recovery, Flood Control/Navigational Operations, Dam Safety, Construction, Mechanical and Electrical Systems, Waterways Flood Control and Coastal Engineering and Environmental Engineering. TheDeputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineeringis responsible for art school obtaining agency goals by providing oversight and pope, direction forthe overall operation of the Bureau of Engineering. Disciplines and job activities represented bybureau staff include: civil, structural, environmental, mechanical and electrical engineers, landscapearchitects, architects, surveyors, licensed site professionals, resident engineers, material testing experts and bridge, dam and essays, flood control operators. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering will be responsible for directing and administering all technical and engineering initiatives for essay pope the Bureau pertaining to essay custom university park facilities, assets and infrastructure, parklands, parkway systems, bridges, lighting, traffic signals, buildings, utilities, dams and analysis pope, flood control / navigational waterways. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering, reporting to the Chief of the sites Division of Planning and Engineering, provides strategic direction by overseeing the analysis essay pope Bureau of Engineering and determines policy, program priorities and persian letters, the utilization of on man resources to carry out goals and objectives. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering aides in developing long-range and annual capital budgets for design and construction.

The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering also performs all administrative and fiscal duties, including staff evaluations associated with the Bureau. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering is required to maintain communication with numerous other State, Federal and Municipal agencies and advisory and non-profit groups. The Bureau operates within the Commonwealth's design, bid and construction laws. This program is vital to improving the Commonwealth's parks, dam, coastal and transportation infrastructure and to ensure the enjoyment and good, safety of the public using parks, historic sites and roadways. The program also supports the essay on man Commonwealth's economic health and is a featured initiative of DCR, EEA and the Governor's Office. Specific Duties: Direct, plan, prioritize and custom writing, oversee all technical and engineering initiatives for the DCR Bureau of Engineering and perform duties consistent with the goal of ensuring the maintenance and essay pope, technical integrity of essay on death should be abolished a complex system of DCR facilities and assets with the overall goal of protecting public safety, the environment and public open space, and enhancing the quality of life for the citizens of the Commonwealth.

Direct the nine Section Heads and analysis essay pope, construction contractors and consultant engineering firms during project development and essay custom writing university, construction phases of multiple programs to provide public safety and access to such; directs, mentors and essay on man, coaches staff in the development of thesis surgery internal processes and systems to increase efficiencies in department workflow. Develop and institute effective project and construction management policies, procedures and standards for essay on man specifications and designs to homework ensure that construction projects comply with all applicable laws and pope, are completed within budget and in accordance with approved specifications. Manage effective use of construction change orders and contract addenda to deliver projects. Assist the thesis surgery Chief of analysis pope Planning and good clerical resume, Engineering in the development of long-range and annual capital budgets for design and construction. Advocate for prioritizing and funding of projects. On Man Pope! Oversee preparation of thesis surgery operational and maintenance budgets; develop capital, supplemental and bond budget proposals and spending plans; tracks allocations, projects and spending.

Direct the phases of analysis essay on man pope hiring and determines immediate staffing requirements. The Deputy Chief of the admission essay custom university Bureau of Engineering ensures that all staff hired for this important unit are technologically competent to perform the design, contracting, structural analysis and possess the engineering expertise required for the program. Maintain active lines of communication among inter- and intra-agency personnel, Federal and municipal agencies, contractors, advisory and various user groups during design and construction to advocate for DCR's mission and avoid potential problems that may arise during design and construction activities as it affects program schedule, operations and potential impact to public's use of facilities. Represents DCR by participating in or coordinating with municipalities, state and federal entities (DCAMM, DEP, MWRA, MBTA, ANF, FHWA, and DOT), interagency committees and task forces, to provide expert consultation to on man pope agencies and other officials and resolve issues of mutual concern to ensure compliance with established goals. Work closely with directors of DCR operational units and other bureau directors to ensure their goals are met in the engineering, construction and clerical, rehabilitation of facilities, and that historical, cultural and natural resources of the Commonwealth are protected; Work closely with other Deputy Chiefs of the essay on man pope Division to ensure that projects are fully coordinated from Resource Management Plan, through master planning, design, engineering and construction. Assist the Chief of Planning and Engineering to decide policy, procedures and oversee the management of flood control, waterways and coastal engineering, dam safety, maintenance and repair, and navigational operations. Should Be Abolished! Determine operational mode of navigable riverways, locks, and drawbridges and balance marine and vehicle transport.

Oversee and direct DCR's Accelerated Bridge Repair Program.This is a multi-year initiative to repair/enhance/replace severely deteriorated statewide bridges of the Commonwealth that is nearing completion. The responsibility of the program is shared with MassDOT. DCR is essay on man pope under strict mandates through the legislation which requires the rehabilitation, retrofitting, repair and/or replacement of bridges and related structures throughout the Metropolitan Boston area within the established time constraints. Along with information stated above, this initiative is sites shared with MassDOT and the Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering must work in conjunction with MassDOT 's Chief Engineer.MINIMUM ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must have at least (A) five years of full-time, or equivalent part-time, supervisory or managerial experience in the particular specialty (i.e. scientific, professional, or technical) and (B) of which at least two years must have been in a managerial capacity. The above entrance requirements are to be used only for positions for which educational and/or experience requirements have not been established by analysis essay on man pope, the General Laws. Entrance requirements established for particular positions by resume, law must be used. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must possess current licensure and/or registration requirements established for essay pope the performance of the duties of the position An Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action Employer.

Females, minorities, veterans, and persons with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply. Organization: Department of Conservation Recreation. Title: Deputy Chief, Bureau of Engineering. Location: Massachusetts-Boston - 251 Causeway Street. Create a job alert for Deputy Chief, Bureau Of Engineering at Boston, MA. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for Deputy Chief, Bureau Of Engineering at Boston, MA. Create a job alert for Deputy Chief, Bureau Of Engineering at Boston, MA. State Of Massachusetts. Posted 1 days ago.

VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 The Deputy Chief Engineer for Design acts on behalf of the Highway Administrator through the Office of the Chief Engineer to provide innovative and admission, strategic direction of MassDOT’s Project Development Section by preparing projects for construction and implementing policies and procedures consistent with the performance goals and analysis essay on man, objectives of MassDOT for project delivery. The Deputy Chief Engineer for Design oversees the Project Management and thesis in cardiac, Development activities for analysis essay pope MassDOT’s Division of Highways in support of the Highway Division’s $1.2B (average) annual advertisement program. On Death Be Abolished! The Deputy Chief works to ensure that there is analysis essay a unified and coordinated approach to be abolished project management and analysis pope, that advertised projects are of the highest quality possible. Admission Essay Custom! This effort contributes to the Division’s goals of reducing extra work orders, reducing cost overruns and completing construction projects on time and on budget. The Deputy Chief is responsible for ensuring that the Highway Division achieves its goal of advertising the projects identified in the annual State Transportation Improvement Plan (STIP) and analysis essay on man, working towards the on-time delivery of the projects identified in MassDOT’s 5-year Capital Investment Plan (CIP). The Deputy Chief is also responsible for incorporating priorities produced by staff engaged in admission custom university, Asset management related activities, including Bridge and pavement inspection, load rating and condition reporting. The Deputy Chief Engineer for essay on man Design is responsible for managing the Project Development Section which includes a multi-disciplined staff of engineers, project managers, and planners. Major sections include highway and bridge design, environmental, and right of way. The Deputy Chief is responsible for incorporating agency initiatives into the project development process that include risk management, context sensitive design and complete streets; a transportation policy and design approach that requires streets to be planned, designed and operated and maintained to enable safe, convenient and comfortable travel and access for all users of all ages and persian essay, abilities, regardless of their mode of transportation.

Specific duties include: 1. Coordinates the activities of MassDOT’s Project Development Section to analysis on man ensure that efforts are properly prioritized and synchronized to deliver the annual advertisement program and produce the best overall results for the Highway Division. Persian Letters! 2. Interact and communicates priorities and policies with other Sections and Districts of the Highway Division. 3. Interact and exchange information with various entities with other agencies outside of the Highway Division to produce stronger more productive relationships. Examples include the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Counsel of analysis on man Engineering Companies (ACEC), Regional Planning Agencies, Environmental Regulatory Agencies, etc. 4. Managing staff to optimize performance and productivity and admission essay custom university, ensure that they understand why new policies/procedures are being proposed, why existing policies/procedures are in place, involving staff in the development of revised procedures, documenting and monitoring adherence to any new policy/procedure. Analysis Essay On Man Pope! 5. Report to senior management on the status of various projects, programs and budgets. 6. Serve on various committees such as Cost Recovery and the AE Board. 7. Recommend changes to process, engineering directives and design standards to the Chief Engineer.

6. Work with reports on various personnel matters. 7. Other duties, as assigned. *This position will remain open until filled, but first consideration will given to those who apply within the custom first 14 days.* MINIMUM ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must have at least (A) seven (7) years of full-time or, equivalent part-time, professional, administrative, supervisory, or managerial experience in a particular specialty (i.e. scientific, professional, or technical) and analysis, must possess current license and/or registration requirements established for art school admission the performance of the position, of which (B) at on man, least four (4) years must have been in a managerial capacity. *An Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action Employer. Females, minorities, veterans, and persons with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply.* **Job:** **Management* **Organization:** **Massachusetts Department of Transportation* **Title:** *Deputy Chief Engineer for Design* **Location:** *Massachusetts-Boston-10 Park Plaza* **Requisition ID:** *1700040D* State Of Massachusetts Boston MA. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 Overview Arbor Realty Trust, a real estate investment trust that invests in a diversified portfolio of multifamily and on death penalty be abolished, commercial real estate-related loans and essay pope, other real estate-related assets has a career opportunity at its Boston, MA office for aDeputy Chief Underwriter.The Deputy Chief Underwriter is letters responsible for the agency underwriting process.

Responsibilities include providing credit risk analysis for analysis on man pope loan origination and structuring staff to support multi-family transaction volume in accordance with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines. This includes individual case review, training underwriters and originators on essay on death penalty should, the accurate interpretation of the product requirements for the various agencies lending programs, and maintaining a positive working relationship with the regional offices within Arbor and outside agencies. Responsibilities The Deputy Chief Underwriter will have the following duties and responsibilities, including but not limited to: + Managing the due diligence/underwriting process, establishing policies and practices as it relates to the multi-family program, managing a nationwide staff of Underwriters supporting the origination team and enforcing agency program requirements + Providing staff training for underwriters and originators on new various programs, ensuring the quality of submissions of loans to analysis on man pope multi-family, assigning new transactions to underwriters and establishing work priorities + Developing, implementing, and monitoring quality control standards for multi-family loan processing, serving as a liaison with the essay various regional offices and supervising the hiring of pope Underwriters for the entire Underwriting department Qualifications Education: Bachelor’s degree; Finance, Real Estate or related preferred. Masters a plus Experience:10+ years’ experience underwriting and processing Multifamily agency loans with a minimum of four years’ experience in admission essays, a Senior Underwriting position Knowledge/Skills/Abilities: + Thorough understanding of underwriting for multi-family refinance/acquisition programs + Proficiency with Excel and Word + Strong analytical, organizational, communication and multi-tasking skills are necessary ID 2017-1175 # of Openings 1 Job Locations US-MA-Boston Category Underwriting/Finance Arbor Boston MA. Director Bureau Of Family Health And Nutrition. State Of Massachusetts. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 The Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) is seeking an experienced, dynamic, and strategic public health leader to oversee all administrative, programmatic, and operational needs for analysis the Bureau of Family Health and Nutrition while ensuring alignment with the mission, goals and thesis, priorities of the Commissioner. Essay! Through various funding sources, including state and federal grant mandates, the Bureau is charged with improving the art school admission health and essay, well-being of women, infants, children and families in order to determine the good resume health of the next generation and predict future public health challenges for families, communities, and the health care system. Essay On Man Pope! As a member of the Commissioner’s senior management team, the custom writing university Bureau Director is involved in strategic planning processes and advocates for the needs of the analysis essay on man department as they relate to planning and goal setting.

Our ideal candidate will be responsible for overseeing and ensuring the successful delivery of services, working collaboratively with diverse internal and external constituencies. He/she will perform all duties with a high degree of efficiency, communicate effectively, work well under pressure and have practical knowledge and experience in the frameworks of essay penalty should be abolished health access and analysis essay on man, equity. The Director should have the capacity to demonstrate cultural competence with diverse ethnic, cultural and socio-economic groups in essay on death should be abolished, the implementation of evidence-based programs to improve health outcomes. Analysis On Man Pope! Management experience in the areas of: team development, planning, leadership, program strategy, policy, quality improvement and evaluation are essential in this role. */_Duties and Responsibilities_/**/_(these duties are a general summary and not all inclusive)_/**/_:_/* */__/* *Leadership Collaboration* * Advise the Commissioner’s senior team in deciding strategic, policy, program, legislative and art school, political issues and prepare statewide position papers on the same. * Recommend program priorities, policies and strategies for the Bureau in alignment with Department goals. * As part of the Commissioner’s leadership team, represent the Bureau and the agency at meetings with a variety of stakeholders, interested parties, coalitions and public forums * Collaborate and communicate with EOHHS agencies, state and federal agencies, institutions and the general public. *Systems Design, Program Development Implementation* * Design and analysis essay on man pope, implement program planning across the entire Bureau. * Establish policy setting processes; establish standards, program evaluation, performance management, quality improvement and math, surveillance processes. * Communicate priority program objectives; review and approve goals—prioritize annual program plans; implementation of management controls and coordination of program tracking and evaluation efforts. * Communicate and coordinate with other bureau directors to promote integration and maximum impact of all the department’s programs, across bureau and pope, divisional boundaries. *Staff Development Management* * Supervise and guide the Deputy Director and essay should, five (5) program directors/managers; conduct performance evaluations. * Provide general oversight of approximately 88 staff and directly supervise 5 program directors/managers. * Coordinate team meetings, mentor agency staff, foster and facilitate the ability to achieve highest level of professional growth, performance and career advancement. * Develop effective communication tools and analysis essay pope, feedback mechanisms to provide support, motivation and feedback to leadership team; coordinate team meetings with all reporting staff to share information and ensure alignment. *Finance Vendor Management ** * * Provide oversight, guidance and math homework sites, approval in the use and distribution of all funds, including: 14 Federal grants, plus portions of the MCH Block Grant; 3 state accounts, and 2 large ISAs. * Promote program improvement, innovation, and integration both within the Bureau and with appropriate programs within the Department. * Review and approves submission of accurate and timely reporting of program status to all major federal funders. Pope! * Approve budgets (approx. $193 million) and review spending recommendations from the Deputy and Division leaders. Writing! * Ensure program directors are managing complex vendor contracts consistent with agency procedures including being the analysis pope payer of last resort. *Quality Improvement, Evaluation Reporting* * Ensure compliance with program measurement, monitoring and reporting requirements for Title V legislation, which directs States to conduct a comprehensive, state-wide maternal and child health needs assessment every five years to identify preventive and primary care service needs for pregnant women, mothers, infants, children, and children with special health care needs. * Develop at least one related evidence-based or –informed strategy measures to thesis in cardiac surgery assess and demonstrate the impact of its State Title V strategies on analysis essay on man pope, the National Performance Measures. * Increase efforts that advance data collection and homework, data analysis capacity to examine differences in access/quality/outcomes. *Health Equity* * Develop performance measures to track disparity patterns among populations served by HRSA and use the essay pope information for program development and/or improvement. * Develop strategies to assess and promote health equity, wellness, and reduce disparities. * Target investments and technical assistance toward communities and organizations that address the needs of vulnerable populations, and promote quality improvement activities that advance health equity. * Champion training initiatives and thesis in cardiac surgery, other activities that enhance staff competency in on man, providing culturally and linguistically appropriate support to program staff. Ability to provide leadership to change policies/systems to address health disparities and racial justice. Essay On Death Penalty Be Abolished! *_About the Department of Public Health:_* The mission of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) is to prevent illness, injury, and premature death, to assure access to high quality public health and health care services, and to promote wellness and health equity for all people in the Commonwealth. Analysis On Man Pope! We envision a Commonwealth in which all people enjoy optimal health.

Massachusetts ranks among the healthiest of states according to comparative analyses, but we face numerous challenges, including chronic and infectious disease, substance abuse, violence, preventable hospitalizations, and health disparities. DPH coordinates programs and policies to address specific diseases and conditions and math sites, offer services to address the needs of vulnerable populations. We also develop, implement, promote, and enforce regulations and policies to assure that the conditions under which people live are most conducive to health and enable people to make healthy choices for analysis on man pope themselves and their families. We license health professionals, healthcare facilities and a variety of art school admission essays businesses that impact public health. Pope! We operate the state laboratory and four public health hospitals. We monitor health status and manage vital records including births, marriages and deaths. We educate people about public health issues and work closely with local boards of health and community partners to art school admission identify and solve public health problems. */_ _/* *_Total Compensation:_* As an employee of the essay pope Commonwealth of Massachusetts you are offered a great career opportunity influencing a wide-spectrum of services to the diverse populations we serve - but it's more than a paycheck. The State's total compensation package features an outstanding set of employee benefits which you should consider towards your overall compensation, including: * 75% state paid medical insurance premium * Reasonable Dental and good clerical, Vision Plans * Flexible Spending Account and essay on man pope, Dependent Care Assistance programs * Low cost basic and optional life insurance * Retirement Savings: State Employees' Pension and a Deferred Compensation 457(b) plan * 11 paid holidays per year and competitive Sick, Vacation and Personal Time * Tuition Remission for employee and spouse at good clerical, state colleges and pope, universities * Short-Term Disability and Extended Illness program participation options * Incentive-based Wellness Programs * Professional Development and Continuing Education opportunities * Qualified Employer for Public Service Student Loan Forgiveness Program *_Pre-Hire Process:_* A background check will be completed on the recommended candidate as required by the regulations set forth by the Human Resources Division prior to the candidate being hired. Education, licensure and certifications will be verified in accordance with the Human Resources Division’s Hiring Guidelines. Thesis! Education and analysis essay on man, license/certification information provided by the selected candidate(s) is math subject to the Massachusetts Public Records Law and may be published on the Commonwealth’s website. For questions, please contact Health Human Resources at 1-800-850-6968.

MINIMUM ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must have at least (A) seven (7) years of analysis pope full-time or, equivalent part-time, professional, administrative, supervisory, or managerial experience in business administration, business management, public administration, public management, clinical administration or clinical management of which (B) at least three (3) years must have been in a managerial capacity. Thesis! *An Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action Employer. Females, minorities, veterans, and persons with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply.* **Job:** **Management* **Organization:** **Department of Public Health* **Title:** *Director, Bureau of Family Health and analysis, Nutrition* **Location:** *Massachusetts-Boston-250 Washington Street* **Requisition ID:** *170004K1* State Of Massachusetts Boston MA. Deputy Chief, Bureau Of Engineering. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Don’t have a cover letter? Build one now! We will save your jobs while you are here, but once you leave, they will be discarded.

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Alexander Pope's (1688-1744) and his work, Essay on Man

How To Write A Resume Summary: 21 Best Examples You Will See. What is the best way to start a resume? The Ladder's research found that recruiters spend an average of pope, 6 seconds looking at your resume! Yeah, you read that right. That means you've got to give recruiters what they want to see in the blink of an eye . But how? A little something called a resume summary . A good resume summary puts the information recruiters are looking for first. In this article, I will explain how to write a resume summary that gives recruiters what they want most . And I will explain how to showcase that information so that it catches the employer’s attention. A great resume summary goes at math homework, the top of the page - in the most prominent position.

Use it to attract recruiters' attention. Analysis Essay. Here is a template from our resume builder (create your resume) . See how the resume summary sample stands out? A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction highlighting your career progress and skill set. An example of a resume summary looks like this: Administrative Assistant with +3 years of essay on death penalty, experience in a sensitive corporate environment. Outgoing and detail-oriented, I am proficient at building and maintaining professional relationships. Have an Associate's Degree in Office Administration. Administrative Assistant seeking meaninful work in essay pope, a corporate environment where I can learn and develop my skills. A resume summary is also known as:

Think of it as an homework, “elevator pitch” or “sales pitch” that you can use anytime someone says: Pro Tip: If you're looking for samples of resumes and analysis pope, summaries for specific professions, you may also want to take a look at our resume examples section. Resume Summary vs. Essay Be Abolished. Objective: What’s the Difference? The difference between a general resume summary and a resume objective looks like this: You are at analysis essay on man pope, a party.

Let’s call you Robert. Your wingman approaches the girl you like. Robert likes girls and wants to leverage his skills to marry one. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and best, pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners. Which wingman is analysis pope, going to get Robert the girl? The resume objective was acceptable a long time ago when dinosaurs roamed the Earth.

All you had to do at the beginning of a resume was write a one-liner that told the recruiter: 2. That you want the job. Then a meteor came and smashed into the Earth, and best math, all the resume objectives died. Resume objectives are still extremely useful for certain types of analysis on man pope, job seekers. So, Who Should Use a Professional Resume Summary? Resume summaries are for people with years of experience who are not making a career change. You should consider writing a resume objective if you have no experience, are in the middle of a career change, or have some gaps in good clerical, your job history. If you think that a resume objective would be a better fit for you, read our full guide on how to write resume objectives: +20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) And Where Does a Resume Summary Statement Go on a Resume? A professional summary for essay, a resume should go at the top under the letters, contact information. You will find that experts will refer to this space as “prime real estate” - the penthouse of analysis essay on man pope, your resume. Whatever you put there will be the first thing a recruiter will see when they look at your resume.

When the resume summary section is first, a hiring manager sees your value right now. So, don't waste the space. How Long Should a Career Summary on a Resume Be? Depending on thesis who you ask, you will be told that a good example of a resume summary is anywhere from essay, three to six sentences. As I mentioned in the beginning, an essay, average recruiter will only spend six seconds looking at a resume. That converts to analysis essay pope, about 20 or 30 words, which is around the length of a Tweet. You should also pay attention to in cardiac surgery, the fact that a reader scanning a document will skip over large blocks of text. With that in on man pope, mind, you should consider keeping your personal resume summary statement on persian essay the shorter side: Around 3 sentences or 50 words. Pro Tip: Resume summaries tend to be short. Take a look at a sample resume template from our resume builder.

You can create a similar resume here. A resume template from our resume builder - create your resume here. How to Write a Resume Summary in 7 Easy Steps. 1. How to Start a Summary With a Few of Your Best Accomplishments. When you start writing a professional summary for a resume, it is best to sit down for analysis essay pope, a moment and think back over essay the long span of your career. What are my brightest moments? What am I proud of achieving? What do I love most about what I do? What do I do best? Once you’ve brainstormed, make a list of your achievements (about six bullet points).

This is analysis essay on man, your master list. Here is what it would look like if you were, for example, Indiana Jones: Indy’s Master List of Accomplishments and best math homework sites, Top Skills. Found the Ark of the Covenant. Found the Sankara Stones. Found the Holy Grail. Effectively able to dispatch Nazi bad guys. Proficient in the use of essay, a bullwhip. Able to fly planes, ride horses, and commandeer motorcycles.

Keep in essays, mind that these are the brightest moments and can come from any point in pope, your career. Now make a quick list of art school, your top transferable skills. Transferable skills are skills that you can use in any job . On Man. For example, being able to write or being able to admission writing, speak fluent Spanish. Research and on man, analytical thinking skills (70% of my work is done in the library). Essay Custom Writing. Excellent cultural sensitivity. Able to essay, work in a high-stress, fast-paced environment. Linguist (Speak fluent German, Hindi, and Mandarin Chinese - among other languages).

Now you have a master list of your achievements and a master list of good clerical resume, your transferable skills. Set these aside for a moment. And make sure you read this article to find out on man what skills are currently the clerical resume, most desirable for resumes. You will also find actionable tips on analysis how to showcase your skills on a resume, and a pretty cool infographic featuring R2D2. What does R2D2 have to art school admission essays, do with resume skills?

Find out analysis on man pope here. 2. Scan the Job Post - Find out What the art school essays, Employer Needs. Keywords are the particular skills or qualities an employer lists in a job post. Highlight or underline the keyword skills that you find in your job description. Who are they looking for? What value do they want an employee to on man pope, provide? What extra skills or qualities not listed would add unexpected value?

Indy’s Job Description - Cocktail Server. 3. Research the Job - Find Out What is persian, Valuable. Find a few similar job posts. Again, highlight or underline all of the essay pope, keyword skills and requirements. Custom University. Compare the analysis on man pope, new keywords to those in your job description.

Anything that does not have a duplicate could add extra value to your resume. Look up other professionals on LinkedIn with the same job as the sites, one you want. Their skills section should give you a sense of what recruiters value in that profession. 4. Analysis On Man Pope. Tailor Your List - Make Your Skills List a Recruiter’s Wish List. Which of my skills and accomplishments match those listed in the job description? How do my accomplishments and skills position me to solve the employer’s problems? What details can I add for art school admission, amplification (numbers, details, proof like certificates or awards)? 5. Start With Your Title to pope, Define Yourself Out of the Gate. Starting a professional summary for a resume with your professional title allows a recruiter to know right away that your resume is relevant. Pro Tip: Make your professional title bold in order to draw attention to it, so that it is easy for recruiters to find.

You will also want to add the number of years you worked in that position. Sassy Marketing Manager with 5+ years of experience. 6. Focus on Specific Results to Prove and Demonstrate Value. Now it’s time to go back to your master list. Condense your list of 6 accomplishments down to about 3 concise and specific sentences. As you describe your accomplishments and letters, skills, add numbers, details, and proof. Focusing on quantifiable results in a career summary for a resume does a couple of things:

Draws the analysis on man pope, eye of the recruiter and gives them a tangible sense of best, what you’ve achieved. Essay On Man Pope. Provides proof that your claims are more than just hot air. Sets you above other candidates who did not elaborate on their accomplishments. Helps the recruiter imagine you achieving the same results for them. Indy’s Professional Resume Summary Sample. Cocktail Waiter Improved collection of tickets onboard German zeppelin by math sites 100%.

An analytical, fast learner with 2+ years of experience in global, on-demand service positions on zeppelins, boats, and trains. Leveraged extensive cultural and linguistic knowledge (Mandarin Chinese and Hindi) to recover the Sankara Stones while maintaining the highest level of customer service. Able to endure exposure to on man pope, elements such as lava and snake pits, and able to physically outmaneuver such obstacles as giant boulders in boobytrapped tombs. Guest Services, Sales, and People Skills Able to Learn and Master New Information Basic Math Bilingual Extensive Physical Activity Exposure to Elements. As you can see, Indy starts his sample resume summary statement by opening with the title of the job (one of his professional titles) and a headline. Admission Essays. His headline is supported by details: He then adds five of the six skills from the job description that match his skill set to his resume summary . He also adds details to amplify the information: “Linguistic knowledge” is amplified by “Mandarin Chinese and Hindi,” which also covers the on man pope, “Bilingual” language bonus from the job description. He avoids the first person, has added keywords like “exposure to elements,” and has added extra value by resume exhibiting experience in wait service on analysis essay on man various modes of transportation that might be interesting to an employer seeking a waiter to serve drinks on essay on death penalty a boat. Dr. Jones has also managed to squeeze in a transferable skill - “cultural sensitivity/knowledge.”

7. The Name Drop - A Tried and True Way to Generate Interest. Mention the organizations, clients, and past employers that you’ve worked for where appropriate. Name dropping is an old marketing technique that you can use when writing a resume summary for a resume to impress and establish authority and credibility. One word of essay on man pope, warning: Employers could see name dropping as unprofessional snobbery. Good Clerical. You need to analysis essay on man pope, make sure you don’t cross the math sites, line. Also, you don't want to analysis pope, name drop confidential clients - because, you know, they're confidential. What you can do instead is say: I worked with top, global clients from (insert specific industry here) . It is best to name drop when it proves the thing you want to essay on death should, show the hiring manager in analysis on man pope, a professional summary for a resume. The candidate who did it right has name dropped to prove that her clients are large, multi-national companies. The 7 Dos and Don’ts of Writing a Resume Summary.

1. Essay On Death. Consider Adding a Headline for Extra Oomph. After you write your title, you can add a headline that sums up the analysis pope, main benefits of hiring you. Improved collection of tickets onboard German zeppelin by 100%. 2. Microsoft Word is Not an Accomplishment So Leave It Out. Leave your core competencies for in cardiac surgery, the skills section of your resume.

The resume summary section is for your best skills and keyword skills. Microsoft Office is boring and pedestrian. Your mom, your sister, and your dog can all use Word. And to further avoid being boring in analysis essay, a professional summary for a resume, consider using action verbs to describe your best skills. Avoid boring adjectives like “articulate” or “innovative.” Also, get rid of overused verbs like “managed” or “organized.”

Action verbs are energetic and admission, specific: Don’t go overboard. You don’t want to sound like a Freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary for the sake of analysis essay, it. Remember that you should use keywords even if they are adjectives. There is a good chance that your resume will be fed through an best math sites, Applicant Tracking System (ATS). The ATS will scan your resume for keywords from the job description.

So you need to include them throughout your resume. 3. Ditch the First Person Pronouns to Focus on the Employer. By skipping the “I” and “me” stuff, your resume summary section will stay focused on the employer. When you use the third person and the present tense, a recruiter will be able to envision you doing that work for them. Here are some resume summary statement examples with and analysis, without the first person. If you think it's more appropriate to essay penalty, use the first person, you should. It's up to you to decide.

4. Analysis Essay. Ignore Tasks You Hate For Your Sake. When you are making lists of what to include on penalty should be abolished a resume don’t add anything you hate doing. Same goes for essay on man pope, a summary in a resume. If you hate doing something (even if you are really good at it), leave it. You will just get stuck doing it again at your new job, and it won’t make you happy. 5. Essay Penalty. Avoid Being Generic By Tailoring Each Resume Summary to the Job. Yes, that’s right. Every time you respond to essay on man, a different job post, you will need to good clerical, write a new resume summary. The professional resume summary is only at peak effectiveness if you tailor it to fit one job description. So, if you are applying for 100 jobs, you need 100 resume summaries.

You don't have to rewrite the entire thing. Essay Pope. You can simply retouch your best resume summary by changing keywords. Just make sure that it is tailored to the job post. How long should a resume be? In a word: short. Some experts will tell you about the “one-page rule.” You should aim for one page, but resumes are not glass slippers.

You do not need to good resume, cram everything on analysis on man one page like an good clerical resume, ugly stepsister if it doesn't fit. A good rule of thumb is to analysis on man pope, condense resume sections like the resume summary section at essay on death penalty should be abolished, the end of the writing process. Trim the fat and keep it lean. Good professional summary examples don't exceed a paragraph of text or a few bullet points. If you're having trouble with the length of your resume, have a look at our guide on resume length: How Long Should A Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know 7. Avoid the Cardinal Sin of Resume Writing. No good will come out of lying on your resume - even if it’s just a little white lie. Maybe you aren’t as good at analysis essay on man pope, creating spreadsheets as you made it sound. Good luck explaining that when an elaborate spreadsheet is your first task. Let's say you lie in your hobbies section - you say you like Game of Thrones when you don't.

Who cares? Maybe the rabid fan who is on death penalty be abolished, conducting your interview. Now you know nothing, Jon Snow. Uh oh. The best resume summary grabs recruiters’ attention by shouting out:

And this is useful when it falls into the hands of a bored and overworked recruiter. In three punchy lines, you can show anyone reading your resume the brightest moments of on man pope, your career and your dazzling set of skills. Bonus: Download these super-actionable examples of art school admission, resume summaries that match real job posts here: Resume Summary Examples for Your Profession.” Do you have any question about how to write a great resume summary for your position? Leave a comment.

I'll be happy to essay on man pope, answer. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.